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Questions tagged [physics]

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2
votes
2answers
177 views

Using approximate signal strength at a distance to estimate reception strength of a radio station

I have some historical data on radio stations, but unfortunately, the dataset only has these variables: the power of the transmitter, in watts the coordinates of the radio tower Unfortunately, I don'...
2
votes
2answers
505 views

How do you calculate the field strength at a given distance?

Given this question from the full license exam in the UK: What is the field strength at a distance of 7m from an antenna with an effective radiated power of 100W? in which the answer is: 10 V/m ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

Will removing the metal coating smartphone shell (made of plastic) improve reception/signal strength?

smartphone: Samsung Galaxy S4 mini coating is probably crome, a few microns thick could it be that removing the coating will have the opposite effect, as in lowering the signal strength instead of ...
6
votes
1answer
521 views

What's this “crossover” toroid winding called and what is its purpose?

I am winding an EFHW matchbox and many of the designs I've found (including the diagram provided with the kit I bought) include a sort of "twist" when winding them: (Image taken from this post and ...
5
votes
1answer
203 views

Does a low amount of atmospheric noise reliably indicate a lack of propagation?

We know that the primary source of interference at HF is atmospheric noise. Thus, all else being equal, the strength of heard noise is a fair indicator of RX system performance (such as in adjusting ...
4
votes
1answer
739 views

Why does the ionosphere reflect some frequencies and not others?

Why is it that some frequencies transmitted at some known direction are reflected back to earth, yet others transmitted at the same direction, power and polarity pass through into space with no ...
4
votes
2answers
194 views

Antenna Design for specific directions

I am designing an antenna for a device and was hoping to gain some insight in the correct design direction for the antenna. The Idea: A receiver & antenna that fits in a 6" diameter by 3" deep ...
4
votes
3answers
304 views

Energy vs power in transmitters

Higher frequencies have a higher energy, simply stated by Planck's constant. When I am transmitting 100 watts on 500 kHz, and transmitting 100 watts on 5 GHz, is there an energy difference in the wave?...
28
votes
2answers
38k views

Effect of different metals for antenna elements

Other than rust, corrosion, and other reactions with air that would make the use of a metal unfavorable, how do different metals affect the performance? Let's give Yagi an example: Let's say I use 4 ...
12
votes
3answers
547 views

Why do concurrent FM signals not mix together?

Generally when I hear two conflicting signals they do not mix together, but rather one dominates then the other. This phenomenon can be observed on FM broadcast station when driving out of range from ...
9
votes
1answer
293 views

Why is the speed of light rounded to 286 Mm in calculations involving frequencies below 30MHz?

I understand that in order to make the maths simpler, frequency ($f$) is expressed in megahertz (MHz) and the velocity of propagation in free space ($c$) for frequencies above 30 MHz is expressed as ...
9
votes
4answers
17k views

Calculating Antenna Length on the FCC Exam vs. in Reality

I have seen the following formulas for calculating half and quarter wavelength antennas: Formula for $\frac{1}{2}$-wavelength antenna (in free space): \begin{equation} \mathrm{Length~(feet)} = \frac{...