Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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2answers
19 views

Loop on ground for transmit?

If a large horizontal loop antenna, insulated but laying at ground level, works as an MF and low HF receive antenna, why (even though it has very high ground losses) can't it be used for transmit (to ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the radiation pattern of an ~60 foot end fed wire antenna used for 40 meters?

I live in a retirement center. The rule here is “Never do anything anywhere at anytime.” That translates to “No Antennas” which I have been told means I can put out an antenna as long as it is ...
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4answers
49 views

Magnetic loop antenna: vertical vs horizontal

I have a magnetic loop antenna for T/R with remote tuning. I would like to mount this in the attic horizontally. Will I loose much performance between mounting it horizontally verses vertical?
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1answer
62 views

How to model my rooftop vertical on 4NEC2?

A few months ago I built a coil loaded vertical, and put it on my rooftop. My roof is made of corrugated metal, so I connected GND to it, to act as a ground plane (or is it a counterpoise?). With some ...
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1answer
65 views

How do I use a signal generator + oscilloscope to measure feeder length?

I could relatively easily take the feeder down and use a tape measure but it’s more of a challenge to learn how to measure the length using my oscilloscope -Red Pitaya - but I have to admit I have no ...
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4answers
100 views

Building an AM Radio receiver

I am making an AM radio with the specifications of: Part 1. Design a circuit with an antenna for tuning your receiver to a signal of a specific carrier radio frequency so that you can select a certain ...
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5answers
74 views

Optimal length of HT antenna for VHF UHF and diminishing return

I see folding antennas of various lengths that people are using for for their HT. My question is about the optimal length. I know it may "depend" on many factors so let me know if I need to provide ...
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0answers
68 views

What is happening in a gutter “antenna”?

can you explain me what is happening with RF in a iron gutter? I've tried to simulate with nec2, but I'm just a beginner and doesn't really know all the parameters to come close to reality. This is ...
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1answer
61 views

144/430 MHz antenna on 155 MHz?

We have a local radio shop that started selling us Relm P150s with a high gain 9 inch antenna, and those are ok. He also has thrown in longer 15 to 14 inch dual band antennas saying use those in ...
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2answers
104 views

Short low dipole, better if horizontal or vertical?

Say I have a shortened HF dipole (with significant inductive loading and/or capacitive hats), and can only mount it very close to ground level (but not touching), over lossy ground, and with no ...
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2answers
71 views

4:1 Balun question

With an OCF dipole, does it matter which leg, short or long, is connected to which side of the 4:1 balun, hot(coax center) or shield? How can you tell which is which, the balun is not marked. Thank ...
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5answers
122 views

Coax fed dipole: shield goes to one side, yet is grounded via chassis line to Earth

Suppose I have a coax-fed half-wave dipole antenna. The coax shield goes to one side of the antenna, the center conductor to the other side. The transceiver's chassis is connected (via the coax ...
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2answers
67 views

Vertical antenna

I'm installing a vertical antenna in back yard. About 20 feet in height and using 1 counterpoise wire 16 feet for 20 meters. Does installing two or more counterpoise wires help?
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1answer
70 views

ZS6BKW deaf on all bands except 40

I have purchased a high quality ZS6BKW from the U.K. I have it suspended up about 40' between 2 trees. There is 30' of coax from the ladder line to the radio (Kenwood TS-870).SWR on the MFJ269 shows ...
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1answer
51 views

Squelch won't stay open on FM 2 meter band

I am currently using a Baofeng BF-F9V2+ radio. I have found the when listening, my squelch won't stay open, despite getting a good clean signal. I am using a homemade verticle dipole antenna for 2-...
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1answer
75 views

What gain and power are required for successful DX contacts on 2m/70cm bands in CW?

I would like to practice in CW on 2m/70cm bands when and if there will be a tropospheric or sporadic-E propagation. However I don't have mush space for the antenna. There is a possibility to install 3+...
4
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1answer
197 views

Is a ground plane antenna a poor choice to use in a forest?

Some time ago, when I just started with amateur radio, a few more experienced hams told me that an inverted-V works better in the forest than a ground plane, and that it has something to do with the ...
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0answers
65 views

Commercial Loopstick Antenna Manufacturers

Not sure this is the right forum for this but I thought I'd give it a shot. I am an electrical engineer working on a product that needs a loopstick antenna. I had thought that AM radios were so ...
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1answer
52 views

Do External Signals Affect Antenna S11/SWR Measurement?

Do external signals affect the S11/SWR measurement of an antenna? For example, if I try measuring the S11/SWR of an HF antenna with a SWR meter or a Vector Network Analyzer in the middle of a field ...
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2answers
115 views

Working satellite on 2 meters, at what arc distance to sun (center) will noise floor be problematic to a disruption of a communication path?

Is there some simple utility, or published set of charts, or suite of formulae, where one can approach the situation by inputting a space weather summary, (sunspots, various indexes, etc), the receive ...
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1answer
69 views

Solid angle for different E/H plane beamwidths

The solid angle formula calculates the surface area on a unit sphere, from projecting a rectangular patch onto the surface of a sphere. Image source This is calculated using the azimuth angle $\phi$ ...
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3answers
159 views

Do I always need a tuner at both ends of the transmission line or is that only for certain types of antennas/circumstances?

Last night was my first night on the air as a General licensee and at HF. I've got an IC-7300 with the built-in antenna tuner. I'm pretty sure I understand how to operate the radio, for the most part. ...
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1answer
72 views

no contacts with Rockmite

I finished building my Rockmite ][. It's running off of 3x 18650s, or 12v. I connected it to a MFJ-1840T and held the antenna horizontally in the air (also tried vertically) with my hand. I tried ...
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2answers
90 views

Small size vertical 10 m antenna with high gain

I need a directional antenna for 10 m that is less than half the size of a yagi or quad with more than about 7 dBi of gain, does anyone know if such a thing exists ?
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5answers
94 views

2.45GHz: constructing a horn of *thin* steel, what are good ways to join the edges (at least one joint along corner?)

TL/DR: How does someone make a good horn antenna system without using expensively made parts? Welding thin steel for this is not something even pro welders can do (it's a specialty app.) What are DIY ...
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2answers
121 views

Can I use a “bunny ears” TV antenna for RTL-SDR?

I'm trying to get into SDR and was planning on buying an RTL-SDR. For an antenna, I was thinking of using an old set of bunny ears I have lying around. However, I first want to make sure that they'll ...
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1answer
74 views

Can any one explain E,H plane definitions?

I read in some text books that E-plane is formed by taking constant azimuth angle and scanning elevation angle from -90:90. H-plane is formed by taking a plane perpendicular to E-plane. What is ...
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0answers
34 views

Center-loaded vertical, high SWR at lower frequencies

I built a center-ish loaded coil-shortened vertical. The lower radiator is 3 meters, then the coil, then 5M more radiator, like this (Early prototype with shorter radiators and no covers for the coil ...
3
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2answers
135 views

What kind of loop antenna is this, and what is the relationship between its diameter and wavelength?

At the bottom of webpages in the advertisement swamps I keep seeing this image of an antenna, accompanied by an offer that I won't be clicking on. But the antenna itself looks quite intriguing. It's ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Do Far-Field Radiation Patterns/Gains of NEC Software Accurately and Always Show the E-M Fields “Launched” by Vertical Monopoles?

Judging from posts on the Internet, this belief commonly is considered to be valid. But what is the correct answer?
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1answer
64 views

Convert NEC antenna file to .out-file for Wattwächter

I've just wrote a NEC Antenna file of my longwire with xnec2c on Ubuntu. To calculate protection distance with Wattwächter, I need an .out-file. Protection distance means the safety distance for human ...
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3answers
174 views

High Altitude Balloon Antenna Design

I'm designing a weather balloon with a club at college. We want to build the antenna from scratch to learn more about antennas but are at a loss as to which antenna design would actually work for high ...
2
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1answer
157 views

300 ohm to 50 Balun at antenna feedpoint, or near receiver?

If I build a folded dipole, it will have an impedance close to 300 ohms. I have to match this impedance to the 50 ohms of my transceiver. I know many people match that impedance with varying lengths ...
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3answers
112 views

To folded dipole, or not to folded dipole?

I currently operate a 20M half-wave dipole with a balun. It's a little lower than ideal, but it gets me on the air. I've read about folded dipoles. But I've found contradicting information about them....
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1answer
92 views

Use for Verizon 4G tower antenna

Our church had a Verizon Cellular site until about 6 months ago when Verizon cancelled the lease. After they left we negotiated for them to leave the cabling between the cell site and the antenna ...
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2answers
77 views

ISOTRON 80m 75m Antenna Position

I know, a dipole is the way to go, but cannot fit one, only a 'birdhouse' antenna like the 75m 80m Isotron antenna. Is it better to put at 15 feet Above Ground Level outside, or 20 feet AGL ...
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3answers
146 views

Tweak antenna resonant frequency higher

This is a very simple question and I'm sure if I had a bit more background knowledge, I could figure it out myself. Let's say I have a 1/4 wave vertical antenna that is slightly too long, but it is ...
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1answer
83 views

How would I calculate aperture efficiency for an antenna?

How to calculate aperture efficiency for an antenna with the following parameters: Big reflector diameter= 24 mm Gain= 9.265 dbi Frequency= 11.60 GHz
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1answer
204 views

When I am told that a dipole must have a determined length, does that include the space between both elements?

I am trying to build an antenna for receiving NOAA satellites and I need to build two 137,5MHz dipoles. When I enter the frequency and width of the wires in a calculator, I obtain that $λ/2=1.09\,\...
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2answers
85 views

Basic antenna matching theory?

I'm fairly new to antenna matching, other than having built a base loaded vertical. I'm also new to EZNEC and I tried to simulate an horizontal loop. I arbitrarily chose a 10x10M loop, so I added 4 ...
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2answers
86 views

How to estimate a dipole feedpoint impedance?

An ideal dipole, at resonance, will have an impedance around 73 ohms. A folded dipole, around 280 ohms. How can I calculate the impedances when not at resonance? Let's assume I have a span of 15M in ...
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1answer
58 views

Lead in wire size [closed]

I have a copper wire antenna about 100 feet long that I have relocated and now need about 75 feet of lead in wire. What type & size of wire should I use?
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3answers
474 views

Can I build a Yagi antenna for my Baofeng UV-5R?

I would like to build a Yagi antenna for my Baofeng UV-5R, but I'm a total newbie when it comes to amateur radios. The antenna will be for UHF and shouldn't be too long (like 1.5 meters max). So my ...
4
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1answer
57 views

Voltages in a beam antenna's passive elements?

This question has good answers for the voltages reached in portions of a dipole antenna during transmit. In a beam (Yagi or Yagi-Uda) antenna, do points along passive or parasitic elements (...
4
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2answers
299 views

Base vs center loading a vertical antenna

I currently use a homebrew 40/60/80m vertical consisting of a 5M aluminium tube with a multi tapped coil at the base. The ground plane is the metal roof at my house, and the antenna is not centered in ...
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3answers
503 views

Cheap antenna for new HF HAM

I just got a 100W HF radio and I am new at this. What is the cheapest antenna I can hook up without burning up my radio or shocking myself?
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2answers
77 views

Beam antenna changed directivity

My Hy-Gain TH6DXX antenna has been up on a tower about 20 years, with excellent results. Suddenly, the gain of the antenna is off the side; in other words, when the boom is broadside to the ...
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2answers
119 views

Strong but unreadable signal received on 2m FM voice, transmitter less than 2km away. What could be the cause of the readability problem?

I conducted an experiment today using a prototype copper wire 2m dipole at a ground level base station (noted on images) and a FT2D HT with an SRH77CA antenna. I recorded my transmissions using a ...
4
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3answers
120 views

Do resonant antennas actually resonate?

Do resonant antennas actually resonate (in the lumped circuit sense, exchanging stored energy between inductive and capacitive elements at a natural oscillation frequency)? If so, can this resonance ...
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2answers
96 views

resonance vs resonator in antenna

Resonance in electronic means: reactance of zero. (maybe wrongly/correctly someone's calling the minimum VSWR, the resonance of antenna! and this cause confusion) I've heard in Antenna Design for ...

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