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Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

2
votes
2answers
318 views

Antenna polarization when dealing with satellite communications

It's easy to understand, conceptually anyway, the difference between a horizontally polarized antenna and a vertically polarized one, when referenced to ground. However, when they are pointed nearly ...
7
votes
3answers
78 views

Can I use a helical ground plane radial in the same way that a loading coil works?

I'm working out the science behind mounting an antenna on a vehicle, and I came across the concept of ground planes. This answer says that longer is better but don't worry about it too much, but this ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Triband vertical antenna 6/2/70

I wish to fit this on the house gable end, however the location has a metal phone line bracket that will be just bellow the antenna radials. Will this cause any detrimental effects?
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Antenna for receiving 868MHz rocket telemetry: QFH(QHA), Helical, or?

I'm building a radio communication system for an amateur rocket project. We've decided to use LoRa 868MHz system. My question is, which antenna for the ground station will be the best choice? We're ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Yagi-Uda antenna - energy flow density calculation

This task is our milestone, even the lecturer doesn't know how to do it, I will be grateful for even the smallest clue, thank you in advance. There are given two, identical, parallel, short dipoles ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

How to characterize and select UHF linearly loaded antennas?

Q1.1: Why can a helix calculator not be used for linearly loaded antennas? Those online calculators suggested that the turn pitch/wavelength should be around 0.25. However, a typical linearly loaded ...
3
votes
3answers
86 views

How thick should counterpoise wires be?

I would like to use a shortened whip antenna with a coil in it's base, e.g. OPEK HVT-400B. My transceiver maximum power is 100 W (and antenna's - 120 W). To make the antenna work I need counterpoise ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

What are these large antenna structures (used for)?

Flying around the area, I noticed this from the air - I have tried doing some searching but have been unable to find the name of the design or its specific use; What is this massive antenna, and what ...
7
votes
2answers
98 views

How to derive antenna gain from radiation pattern

I need to calculate the antenna gain in both dimensions: azimuth and elevation. The datasheet of the antennas I am using has two different radiation patterns, one for the elevation and one for the ...
5
votes
2answers
546 views

RF Antenna - V pole - Should one leg go to ground and the other to signal?

I'm attempting to follow this white paper in order to build an antenna. This is my first antenna and as such I have a rather simple question. DIY 137 MHz APT Weather satellite antenna by Adam-9A4QV ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Will wrapping an antenna around my house next to metal affect it?

My unit is 25' by 25' each side and the front is 22' across. The overhang is about one foot with aluminum and vinyl underneath. If I wrap an OCF dipole (fed with 4:1 balun) around this overhang in ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

ADS Simulation: How to model an antenna in a simple rectifier circuit?

As titled, I'd like to explore the output power of a simple diode-based rectifier circuit, excited by an antenna (assumed to be 50 ohm impedance). Please give me some advice as to how to do this. It ...
16
votes
5answers
4k views

How does the signal know where the cable ends and the antenna starts?

I know very little about antennas. I know, that for a certain frequency the antenna needs a certain lengths for good sending/receiving conditions. Often the antenna is at the end of a cable. Why doesn'...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Raising height of inverted V by 2 meters

Now that I have a working G5RV Jr. and have had some good luck with DX (Croatia and Venezuela on 20m, Morocco on 40m from Michigan at 100w output), of course I want to mess with the configuration. It'...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

How to make a ferrite bar antenna for RTL-SDR?

I bought a RTL-SDR (blue one with little MCX antenna). I modified its Q branch, and can receive short wave radio with Degen 31MS antenna now. For MW, Degen 31MS antenna has a ferrite bar antenna ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Antenna Type of a Chinese Antenna

Recently, I have received an antenna from one of the Chinese manufacturer and they haven't disclosed the detailed specification with us. Below is the picture of my antenna (please ignore the ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Antenna height for LoRaWAN Gateway

I have designed a LoRaWAN gateway and it is under testing. I have been using omnidirectional ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Dipole antenna radiation field equation

Can anybody provide me with an idealised formula that describes the radiation pattern of an omnidirectional dipole antenna? In particular I am interested in the formula that creates a plot similar to ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Is it possible to make antenna for one specific frequency?

I have a GSM Modem that works on 2300MHz Frequency (LTE), but it could only receive 3 bar of signal strength. I plan to make a DIY directional antenna that is made specifically for this Frequency ...
5
votes
2answers
110 views

Can this 960 MHz CelWave fiberglass antenna be retuned for the 70cm band?

I recently inherited a CelWave fiberglass antenna pictured below. It is marked that it's for 959.9875 MHz. The model number appears to be either 339 or 359. It is 96 1/2 inches from base to tip. I ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

How do I have a full signal of noise on a handheld?

I'm new to ham (although I've had a license for a long time) and I'm having issues with receiving on a basic handheld. I have a cheap BaoFeng UV-82HP and I keep getting full signal noise at random ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Can I reflect a radio wave by receiving it with one antenna and then sending it back out with another?

An outside source is broadcasting an RF signal at 406 MHZ. I want to know if it's possible to receive this signal with one antenna, and then simply send the signal to another antenna that sends it ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

If one were to add reflector elements above and below a dipole would it change the direction to horizontal?

Since adding a reflector and a director horizontally to a dipole (as in a three element Yagi) causes the beam to reflect horizontally, what should happen if reflectors above and below the dipole were ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

100MHz to 1000MHz Antennas for Transmit and Receive

I am building a ground and wall penetrating frequency modulated continuous wave radar. The only components that I have not been able to track down are the antennas. I need two antennas (one for ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What does co-phasing of cross-polarized antennas mean?

I was working with the 3GPP release 14.6, and it mentioned that modern communication systems have cross polarized antennas, and in order to perform beam-forming we need to co-phase our pre-coder. Pre-...
3
votes
3answers
364 views

The right antenna size

I'm preparing for the USA Technician exam and I was reading in the manual that the ideal size for a dipole is following this strange formula: 1/2-lambda. But based on what I read after, it seems it ...
4
votes
3answers
210 views

Efficiency of short dipole receiving antenna

For a transmitting dipole antenna, its length is important. If it is close to half the wavelength, it will be efficient and most of the input power will be radiated. How important is the length of ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Twisting copper wire for a less-flexible DIY antenna

I am making DIY antenna for a home project. The antenna is going to be "V-dipole" with leg length about 53cm. Unfortunately, I didn't find a thick copper wire, but I have a lot of thin core from tv ...
2
votes
3answers
90 views

Do PCB antennas suit for NOAA and ADS-B?

I saw many designs for creating DIY antennas for NOAA (~137MHz) and ADS-B (~1090MHz) but never seen it in a PCB implementation. So I have a rookie question: why nobody uses PCB antennas for such ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Choke at feed point of delta loop with Q match

I am working on putting together a 40 meter delta loop using a 1/4 wavelength of RG-6 as the matching section. However I'm unsure of where to create my feedpoint choke. Do I coil up the RG6 right at ...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

Design and impedance matching for simple resonant loop antenna (2 GHz)

What is the best way to impedance-match a simple, resonant loop antenna (intended for transmission) to a 50 ohm amplifier? Assume that the antenna is: circular, with a circumference equal to the ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

G5RV Jr. fed with ladder line and coax

I am a new ham and I was just given a G5RV Jr. I have about 20 feet of coax plus about 60 feet of 450 ohm ladder line I can feed it with. Can I extend the G5RV Jr. feed line with the ladder line I ...
2
votes
4answers
380 views

Is a copper J-Pole antenna better than a Slim Jim for transmitting?

I live in a fairly sheltered valley but there are several hill-top VHF repeaters that I can receive very well. However the one repeater in particular I want to transmit to, I can't reach well. I ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

True near field distance for a short monopole antenna?

Antenna properties: Height x Diameter = 3.3 inches x 1.4 inches Test Frequency: 900 MHz (Wavelength = 33 cm or 13 inches) I see some conflicting formulas to calculate the near field distance for ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is this a broadcasting antenna?

We bought an old house and found an antenna inside the attic of the house. I don't know much about antennas or radio but searching in Google I found a similarly shaped one and it describes it as a ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Improving coverage of AIS receiving station

I have just set up my first AIS receiving station with compliments of Marinetraffic.com. They have supplied me with a Comar SLR350Ni receiver and a http://www.sirioantenne.it/en/products/vhf/gp-3-e ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Can I build a radio telescope out of a parabolic TV satellite dish?

I have the possibility to buy a very inexpensive 2.4m parabolic satellite dish and I would like to build a radio telescope from it. Originally this dish was designed to be a satellite TV antenna. ...
3
votes
3answers
100 views

Mounting a J-Pole and Yagi on the same mast

I have two 2-meter antennas, a copper J-Pole and a Hy-Gain VB-25FM. The J-Pole is my all-around antenna, what I use for general 2 meter stuff like connecting to my local repeaters using my main 2-...
5
votes
4answers
244 views

Why does not a bigger antenna receive more power?

According to http://www.antenna-theory.com/basics/aperture.php, the power received by an antenna depends on the power density of the incoming wave, the wave length (which I consider to be fixed) and ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Why would a nearby antenna cause intermittent transmission?

I'm having an issue with some handheld transmitters, and not sure if they're bad, or the newly-installed antenna is bad, or if this even makes sense. I've been using a handheld Icom aviation radio (...
5
votes
5answers
122 views

Signal path to maximize RFI rejection in an urban environment

Urban ham here (Cambridge, MA - FN42ki - KC1JZE) looking for tips to make this hobby possible in the city. I rarely can hear both sides of HF phone transmissions, and have yet to make contacts despite ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Benefit to remote antenna tuner for end-fed non-resonant antenna?

Does addition of a remote feed-point antenna tuner affect the use of the coax braid as a radiator? If it no longer "radiates" in such a setup, what does? Is a shack or remote tuner better for ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

What type of this antenna is it?

Could you please tell me which kind of this antenna is? I supposed it is a modified dipole, but not quite sure. Is there any available equation for calculating the original dimensions of this type of ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

What does an antenna range really mean?

When I hear that a base camp antenna has a range of 15-50 Miles does that mean it could reach a radio with a small antenna within that range, or that it would need to reach a radio with the same ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Is it possible to get a set of radios that will work 10 Miles in suburbs? [duplicate]

I don’t have much experience with radios, but I was wondering if it would possible to have two CB or GMRS radios that will connect to each other over 8-12 Miles og distance? My budget is about $175. ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Could I expect 12 mile range with the GXT1000VP4 radios?

I’m considering buying a Midland GXT1000VP4 radio set from amazon here: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B001WMFYH4/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_6BfmBbBQZ5VBY In Suburban Pennsylvania how much range could I expect ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

4G extension cable and antenna height?

I have recently bought a 4g Sim Card Router (TP-Link mr6400) and a 4g exterior LTE Antenna. With testing I have now doubled my connection speed. To go one step further, I am looking at the possibility ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Can the Q of a loop antenna be changed?

Can the Q of a loop antenna be changed? If so what are some common techniques? (Formulae appreciated).
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Two way ham radio to communicate between two stations

Apologies if this not the right place for this question. I'm into electronics and now endeavouring into radios and communications. Unfortunately I'm not sure what terms to use to find what I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Current flow in a coaxial cable

I was wondering how the current flows in a coaxial cable. Say for instance that the inner conductor transfers the signal, so there flows a current. How will in the outer conductor(shield), flow a ...