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Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

4
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2answers
76 views

How can I calculate current distribution on an end-fed dipole antenna in theory?

I understand that in a half-wave center-fed antenna current distribution has a sinusoidal wave approximately, so the current in the center has max value and it has to become zero at the ends of dipole ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Are there reasons why a receive-only wire antenna should not be λ/2 in length?

The answers to this question explain why it's difficult to transfer power from a transmitter to an antenna that is λ/2 in length (or a multiple for long wires, or as half a dipole's length). Are ...
2
votes
3answers
125 views

Why long wire antenna length shouldn't be a multiple of λ/2?

Numerous sources say that LW length shouldn't be a multiple of λ/2 for any frequency in interest. This will cause the antenna to have a high impedance at this frequency. Since the coax cable impedance ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What happens to the transmitted power cancelled out by a yagi antenna's reflector?

For a yagi antenna, for transmit, does the waveform traveling away from the driven element towards the reflector get cancelled out by the reflector and then simply disappear ? Or is that cancelled ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Antenna relay switch design

I want to build a generic multi-antenna switch using relays. Many projects on the web have done this but the relays have silver contacts. This would be fine if I were to transmit to all antennas so ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Can an indoor antenna damage unshielded electronics?

I have a 25w radio running through a ~4.5db gain antenna. If I use a 4W HT indoors, I can hear a loud buzzing noise emmanating from my computer speakers. If I used the 25w mobile with the 4.5db gain ...
5
votes
4answers
155 views

Why are there differences in antennas that depend on electrical component and magnetic component of a radio wave?

I understand the idea that when we are targeting the electrical component of the radio waves we need to have some form of a linear conductor that receives the electrical component, this creates a ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

Share wide band antenna with multiple transceivers

I'm trying to incorporate several transceivers on my board design; I need WiFi (2.4 GHz) SatCom (~1.6 GHz) RF (~900 MHz) and GNSS (~1.5 GHz). I need to combine them into one antenna. I found a wide ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Magnetic Loop Antenna with RFI Choke

Because of space limitations, am purchasing a magnetic loop antenna. Because of needing to move the antenna around, do i need a RFI choke in the feed line?
8
votes
3answers
600 views

Why does “Ethics and Operating Procedures” suggest tuning on a dummy load?

The seminal work "Ethics and Operating Procedures for the Radio Amateur" suggests in subsection II.8.1 to perform tuning only on a dummy load. Sometimes before transmitting it is necessary to tune (...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Simple Longwire/Dipole Antenna design

In a couple of days I am going to a mountain cabin and I were thinking about making myself a semi broadband antenna for LF/HF (300KHz - 20MHz or so) for receiving only. I was thinking about creating ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

What's the earth in this antenna exactly?

This antenna: comes with an balun (or unun) that has three connectors. One for the coaxial cable to the radio, one for the antenna and one for the earth. My understanding is that the earth is an RF ...
4
votes
4answers
139 views

Partially Collapse Telescoping Antenna to Change Effective Length

I recently purchased a cheap RTL-SDR kit to experiment with SDRs and different frequency bands. This kit came with 23cm and 100cm telescoping antennas. I now wish to use the 100cm antenna to pick up ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

6 meter mobile antenna grounding

So I've been looking at my different options for 6 meter mobile antennas. My question mainly pertains to grounding. I've heard hams talk about needing a ground to the frame of the vehicle when using ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Mobile VHF/UHF antenna coupling to surrounding objects?

Will a mobile antenna --either mag mount or NMO mount-- couple to surrounding objects such as tall trees, taller trucks, buses, or even people walking by? If that is the case, would you get slightly ...
3
votes
2answers
392 views

Antenna polarization when dealing with satellite communications

It's easy to understand, conceptually anyway, the difference between a horizontally polarized antenna and a vertically polarized one, when referenced to ground. However, when they are pointed nearly ...
7
votes
3answers
96 views

Can I use a helical ground plane radial in the same way that a loading coil works?

I'm working out the science behind mounting an antenna on a vehicle, and I came across the concept of ground planes. This answer says that longer is better but don't worry about it too much, but this ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Triband vertical antenna 6/2/70

I wish to fit this on the house gable end, however the location has a metal phone line bracket that will be just bellow the antenna radials. Will this cause any detrimental effects?
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Antenna for receiving 868MHz rocket telemetry: QFH(QHA), Helical, or?

I'm building a radio communication system for an amateur rocket project. We've decided to use LoRa 868MHz system. My question is, which antenna for the ground station will be the best choice? We're ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Yagi-Uda antenna - energy flow density calculation

This task is our milestone, even the lecturer doesn't know how to do it, I will be grateful for even the smallest clue, thank you in advance. There are given two, identical, parallel, short dipoles ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

How to characterize and select UHF linearly loaded antennas?

Q1.1: Why can a helix calculator not be used for linearly loaded antennas? Those online calculators suggested that the turn pitch/wavelength should be around 0.25. However, a typical linearly loaded ...
3
votes
3answers
108 views

How thick should counterpoise wires be?

I would like to use a shortened whip antenna with a coil in it's base, e.g. OPEK HVT-400B. My transceiver maximum power is 100 W (and antenna's - 120 W). To make the antenna work I need counterpoise ...
3
votes
2answers
205 views

What are these large antenna structures (used for)?

Flying around the area, I noticed this from the air - I have tried doing some searching but have been unable to find the name of the design or its specific use; What is this massive antenna, and what ...
7
votes
2answers
102 views

How to derive antenna gain from radiation pattern

I need to calculate the antenna gain in both dimensions: azimuth and elevation. The datasheet of the antennas I am using has two different radiation patterns, one for the elevation and one for the ...
5
votes
2answers
561 views

RF Antenna - V pole - Should one leg go to ground and the other to signal?

I'm attempting to follow this white paper in order to build an antenna. This is my first antenna and as such I have a rather simple question. DIY 137 MHz APT Weather satellite antenna by Adam-9A4QV ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Will wrapping an antenna around my house next to metal affect it?

My unit is 25' by 25' each side and the front is 22' across. The overhang is about one foot with aluminum and vinyl underneath. If I wrap an OCF dipole (fed with 4:1 balun) around this overhang in ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

ADS Simulation: How to model an antenna in a simple rectifier circuit?

As titled, I'd like to explore the output power of a simple diode-based rectifier circuit, excited by an antenna (assumed to be 50 ohm impedance). Please give me some advice as to how to do this. It ...
17
votes
5answers
4k views

How does the signal know where the cable ends and the antenna starts?

I know very little about antennas. I know, that for a certain frequency the antenna needs a certain lengths for good sending/receiving conditions. Often the antenna is at the end of a cable. Why doesn'...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Raising height of inverted V by 2 meters

Now that I have a working G5RV Jr. and have had some good luck with DX (Croatia and Venezuela on 20m, Morocco on 40m from Michigan at 100w output), of course I want to mess with the configuration. It'...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

How to make a ferrite bar antenna for RTL-SDR?

I bought a RTL-SDR (blue one with little MCX antenna). I modified its Q branch, and can receive short wave radio with Degen 31MS antenna now. For MW, Degen 31MS antenna has a ferrite bar antenna ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Antenna Type of a Chinese Antenna

Recently, I have received an antenna from one of the Chinese manufacturer and they haven't disclosed the detailed specification with us. Below is the picture of my antenna (please ignore the ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Antenna height for LoRaWAN Gateway

I have designed a LoRaWAN gateway and it is under testing. I have been using omnidirectional ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Dipole antenna radiation field equation

Can anybody provide me with an idealised formula that describes the radiation pattern of an omnidirectional dipole antenna? In particular I am interested in the formula that creates a plot similar to ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Is it possible to make antenna for one specific frequency?

I have a GSM Modem that works on 2300MHz Frequency (LTE), but it could only receive 3 bar of signal strength. I plan to make a DIY directional antenna that is made specifically for this Frequency ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Can this 960 MHz CelWave fiberglass antenna be retuned for the 70cm band?

I recently inherited a CelWave fiberglass antenna pictured below. It is marked that it's for 959.9875 MHz. The model number appears to be either 339 or 359. It is 96 1/2 inches from base to tip. I ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

How do I have a full signal of noise on a handheld?

I'm new to ham (although I've had a license for a long time) and I'm having issues with receiving on a basic handheld. I have a cheap BaoFeng UV-82HP and I keep getting full signal noise at random ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Can I reflect a radio wave by receiving it with one antenna and then sending it back out with another?

An outside source is broadcasting an RF signal at 406 MHZ. I want to know if it's possible to receive this signal with one antenna, and then simply send the signal to another antenna that sends it ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

If one were to add reflector elements above and below a dipole would it change the direction to horizontal?

Since adding a reflector and a director horizontally to a dipole (as in a three element Yagi) causes the beam to reflect horizontally, what should happen if reflectors above and below the dipole were ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

100MHz to 1000MHz Antennas for Transmit and Receive

I am building a ground and wall penetrating frequency modulated continuous wave radar. The only components that I have not been able to track down are the antennas. I need two antennas (one for ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

What does co-phasing of cross-polarized antennas mean?

I was working with the 3GPP release 14.6, and it mentioned that modern communication systems have cross polarized antennas, and in order to perform beam-forming we need to co-phase our pre-coder. Pre-...
3
votes
3answers
389 views

The right antenna size

I'm preparing for the USA Technician exam and I was reading in the manual that the ideal size for a dipole is following this strange formula: 1/2-lambda. But based on what I read after, it seems it ...
4
votes
3answers
267 views

Efficiency of short dipole receiving antenna

For a transmitting dipole antenna, its length is important. If it is close to half the wavelength, it will be efficient and most of the input power will be radiated. How important is the length of ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Twisting copper wire for a less-flexible DIY antenna

I am making DIY antenna for a home project. The antenna is going to be "V-dipole" with leg length about 53cm. Unfortunately, I didn't find a thick copper wire, but I have a lot of thin core from tv ...
2
votes
3answers
102 views

Do PCB antennas suit for NOAA and ADS-B?

I saw many designs for creating DIY antennas for NOAA (~137MHz) and ADS-B (~1090MHz) but never seen it in a PCB implementation. So I have a rookie question: why nobody uses PCB antennas for such ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

Choke at feed point of delta loop with Q match

I am working on putting together a 40 meter delta loop using a 1/4 wavelength of RG-6 as the matching section. However I'm unsure of where to create my feedpoint choke. Do I coil up the RG6 right at ...
2
votes
2answers
286 views

Design and impedance matching for simple resonant loop antenna (2 GHz)

What is the best way to impedance-match a simple, resonant loop antenna (intended for transmission) to a 50 ohm amplifier? Assume that the antenna is: circular, with a circumference equal to the ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

G5RV Jr. fed with ladder line and coax

I am a new ham and I was just given a G5RV Jr. I have about 20 feet of coax plus about 60 feet of 450 ohm ladder line I can feed it with. Can I extend the G5RV Jr. feed line with the ladder line I ...
2
votes
4answers
520 views

Is a copper J-Pole antenna better than a Slim Jim for transmitting?

I live in a fairly sheltered valley but there are several hill-top VHF repeaters that I can receive very well. However the one repeater in particular I want to transmit to, I can't reach well. I ...
1
vote
2answers
87 views

True near field distance for a short monopole antenna?

Antenna properties: Height x Diameter = 3.3 inches x 1.4 inches Test Frequency: 900 MHz (Wavelength = 33 cm or 13 inches) I see some conflicting formulas to calculate the near field distance for ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is this a broadcasting antenna?

We bought an old house and found an antenna inside the attic of the house. I don't know much about antennas or radio but searching in Google I found a similarly shaped one and it describes it as a ...