Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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15 views

How much loss is there in traps, really?

I searched and couldn't find a direct answer so thought I'd ask. We all know the mantra "traps aren't good as they have losses", but how much loss are we talking about, really? Am I correct ...
5
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1answer
41 views

How does this quarter-wave stub balun work?

I was searching for 1:1 balun designs that would be efficient at VHF yet could easily be made from commonly available materials when I came across these two: While the design on the right seems ...
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1answer
23 views

How to match transmitter to Beverage antenna

Beverage antenna consist of pair of transmission lines - one being the "antenna proper", the other ground. The antenna is being fed via open feed line ( approximately 450 Ohms ) - one side ...
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2answers
74 views

What is an expected SWR plot for a trap dipole?

I've build a trap dipole for 20/40m bands. Traps are made of a coil wound on an insulator of RG213 coax and 3 kV NP0 capacitors. The impedance measured with EU1KY antenna analyzer is following: This ...
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0answers
41 views

BS or Not: Hybrid-Yagi : (horizontal polarization): Angled Twin Director Element Booms Are Effective for DX Antenna [closed]

Using your best knowledge about antennas and their construction and geometry, what would make the antenna below's design choices a best or worst design choice to achieve long distance (up to 140km) ...
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3answers
106 views

Can a receiving antenna really be “as small as you can imagine”?

I read this antenna theory statement somewhere: And, for next-step or future thoughts: a receiving antenna can be as small as you can imagine, without loss of signal to noise. Is this BS or not?
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0answers
63 views

Double Cross Dipole antenna for 437 MHz don't tune

I'm building a Double Cross Dipole antenna for 437 MHz to be used with a SDR receiver for CW cubesat. The idea is to follow this "classic" paper from Gerald Martes, KD6JDJ. I tuned every single dipole ...
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0answers
25 views

How to cut phasing/transformer coax in a right way?

I'm building RHCP crossed dipole for 137 MHz satellites reception (I'm using 137.5 as a central frequency). My calcs are: frequency is 137.5 MHz λ is 2.18 m one dipole leg length equals to the λ/4 so ...
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2answers
58 views

Hexbeam receiving in other directions

Have a K4KIO Hexbeam up at around 20-feet on the corner of a flat metal roof pointing at 290-degrees bearing (Europe, from Sydney Australia). Currently the Hexbeam is fixed to that direction as i don'...
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3answers
70 views

What is minimum resolution for 2 frequencies to interfere each other

I started working with HF frequency. Right now, I am working with 7 MHz frequency. I have been provided a range of 7-7.5 MHz. I have to divide that range into 132 distinct frequencies to assign each ...
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2answers
36 views

RF PCB Design Difference Between Controlled Impedance Track and Impedance Matching Circuit

Im new on RF circuit designing. Im designing an circuit with GSM and GPS capabilities. I know when using high frequency signals the RF traces must be impedance matched. Now what I understand is, I can ...
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1answer
62 views

impedance matching with window twinlead

Question from new ham here, regarding ways of matching impedances between a feedline and an antenna. Is it possible to fashion a broadband HF impedance matcher from a length of windowed twinlead, in ...
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2answers
52 views

What is the formula for coupling between non-parallel wires?

I want to solve the equations for wire antennas where the wires are not all parallel. The classic method for parallel wires is to compute the magnetic potential at points on one wire due to current ...
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4answers
316 views

Any reason not to choose a discone antenna over a Wide/ MultiBand mobile antenna for TX/RX operations

We are setting up a all-band radio in an emergency com center that's intended most for amateur band use, but since its' for emergency use will also be used in the public safety bands; (150-170)MHz, (...
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1answer
37 views

On a horizontally setup 20m delta loop I am looking to determine the calculations for the proper length of a feed wire

Base of loop will be about 6 feet above ground. RG-8 or 213 will be used for the feed wire. Ugly balun as well.
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2answers
72 views

Antenna Basics - Open/Short Circuit & Half-Duplex/Full-Duplex

I am beginner in the Antenna theory and I have a few basic questions. Please help me to clarify my understandings related to the basics which I have read. And this question has 3 basic questions. ...
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5answers
260 views

Significance of 1/4 wavelength with respect to antennas

I am a fresher in the radio design field. My question is, 'What is so significant about 1/4 wavelength with respect to antennas.' From the information I have gathered from various sources, it is my ...
4
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1answer
154 views

Using a trap out of its resonance frequency?

I have a vertical antenna, about 7M total length, with a loading coil at 6M height. This is just because aluminium tubing is sold in 6 meter lengths. The loading coil is used to make it resonate at 7....
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4answers
127 views

Determining one exact antenna length for a whole band (e.g. FM/AM broadcast, Bluetooth and others)

How does a single FM antenna length work in the entire FM frequency band range, when there are theories which state that the antenna size should always be close to wavelength/4 for proper reception &...
3
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1answer
106 views

Grounding for lightning safety - upper floor (UHF/microwave antennas)

I have some UHF, microwave antennas and an antenna rotator on a roof mounted mast. The "radio room" is in the second floor just below the antennas. Also the service entrance for building electricity ...
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6answers
2k views

Can you use a satellite dish for a ham radio antenna?

Can I use a satellite dish as a ham radio antenna? I was thinking that because there are two unused, working satellite dishes that have all appropriate wires attached conveniently to the roof of my ...
4
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2answers
63 views

Setting up an Outdoor Antenna

If I would buy a ham radio with an outdoor antenna, what would I need to do to make it work (e.g can I just stick it outside) especially because I live in Miami and Miami doesn't exactly have the best ...
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7answers
143 views

Space Requirements

As I progress in my path to getting a ham license I notice that a lot of radio enthusiasts avidly talk about their radio shacks (or do they call it cabins?). Do I need that much space to start? Do I ...
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2answers
107 views

Why can't we use a simple wire for receiving 2.4 GHz signals?

I wanted to build a small drone of my own as a hobby project. My old drones were broken so I wanted to salvage as much as I could to build a small indoor one. I wanted to use an Arduino, however, I am ...
5
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2answers
181 views

Designing a helical antenna for a dish

I'm interested in a dish antenna with an axial mode helical feed for receiving video. My target frequency is about 1280 MHz or the 1.2/1.3GHz range. I've been able to figure out helical basics, like ...
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5answers
106 views

Can I use a 1/4 wave decoupling stub to enable mounting of a vertical yagi on a metal pole?

My understanding is that the ground plane radials used on, for example, a free standing 5/8 wave 10 m vertical antenna mounted on a metal pole, are actually 1/4 wave length decoupling stubs, the ...
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1answer
43 views

Why do some 1/2 wave collinear designs have a 1/4 wave element?

I think I understand the basic principles of a collinear antenna. How the Coaxial Collinear Antenna Works? seems to describe it well. However, I've just repaired a 1090MHz (ADS-B receive only) ...
4
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3answers
71 views

What kind of antenna for an automatic high bands monitoring station?

I would like to monitor NCDXF beacons, and WSPR. What kind of antenna would be good for reception in the bands of 6, 10, 12, 15, 17 and 20M? Some antennas I considered: A trapped dipole, with traps ...
5
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5answers
111 views

Is “coil loading” a type of impedance match?

If I have a too short dipole, or vertical, I can add a coil to lenghten in electrically. But it's my understanding that I could also do this with any other kind of match: given the complex impedance ...
3
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2answers
41 views

Connecting Directional Antenna To Two Antenna Ports on NIC

I want my n/ac Wi-Fi card to operate in a spatially directional manner. To achieve that I want to use a directional antenna(s). There is a slight complication though, because my Alfa AWUS036ACH ...
2
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2answers
138 views

Magnetic loop antenna : loops vs selectivity

I've built 2-turn magnetic loop RX antenna using 5 meters of 6.5mm copper tube. I was able to tune it with a variable air-spaced capacitor in the range of 1.8-10Mhz, but I noticed that as tuning ...
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1answer
64 views

I have a hf vertical antenna I'd like to put on my high-rise balcony

If I mount an HF vertical antenna at say a 45 degree angle to avoid a balcony ceiling, what do you suppose might happen?
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2answers
64 views

Loop on ground for transmit?

If a large horizontal loop antenna, insulated but laying at ground level, works as an MF and low HF receive antenna, why (even though it has very high ground losses) can't it be used for transmit (to ...
3
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2answers
195 views

What is the radiation pattern of an ~60 foot end fed wire antenna used for 40 meters?

I live in a retirement center. The rule here is “Never do anything anywhere at anytime.” That translates to “No Antennas” which I have been told means I can put out an antenna as long as it is ...
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4answers
149 views

Magnetic loop antenna: vertical vs horizontal

I have a magnetic loop antenna for T/R with remote tuning. I would like to mount this in the attic horizontally. Will I loose much performance between mounting it horizontally verses vertical?
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1answer
77 views

How to model my rooftop vertical on 4NEC2?

A few months ago I built a coil loaded vertical, and put it on my rooftop. My roof is made of corrugated metal, so I connected GND to it, to act as a ground plane (or is it a counterpoise?). With some ...
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1answer
73 views

How do I use a signal generator + oscilloscope to measure feeder length?

I could relatively easily take the feeder down and use a tape measure but it’s more of a challenge to learn how to measure the length using my oscilloscope -Red Pitaya - but I have to admit I have no ...
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4answers
137 views

Building an AM Radio receiver

I am making an AM radio with the specifications of: Part 1. Design a circuit with an antenna for tuning your receiver to a signal of a specific carrier radio frequency so that you can select a certain ...
2
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5answers
108 views

Optimal length of HT antenna for VHF UHF and diminishing return

I see folding antennas of various lengths that people are using for for their HT. My question is about the optimal length. I know it may "depend" on many factors so let me know if I need to provide ...
2
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0answers
81 views

What is happening in a gutter “antenna”?

can you explain me what is happening with RF in a iron gutter? I've tried to simulate with nec2, but I'm just a beginner and doesn't really know all the parameters to come close to reality. This is ...
2
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1answer
75 views

144/430 MHz antenna on 155 MHz?

We have a local radio shop that started selling us Relm P150s with a high gain 9 inch antenna, and those are ok. He also has thrown in longer 15 to 14 inch dual band antennas saying use those in ...
2
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2answers
132 views

Short low dipole, better if horizontal or vertical?

Say I have a shortened HF dipole (with significant inductive loading and/or capacitive hats), and can only mount it very close to ground level (but not touching), over lossy ground, and with no ...
3
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2answers
84 views

4:1 Balun question

With an OCF dipole, does it matter which leg, short or long, is connected to which side of the 4:1 balun, hot(coax center) or shield? How can you tell which is which, the balun is not marked. Thank ...
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5answers
205 views

Coax fed dipole: shield goes to one side, yet is grounded via chassis line to Earth

Suppose I have a coax-fed half-wave dipole antenna. The coax shield goes to one side of the antenna, the center conductor to the other side. The transceiver's chassis is connected (via the coax ...
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2answers
73 views

Vertical antenna

I'm installing a vertical antenna in back yard. About 20 feet in height and using 1 counterpoise wire 16 feet for 20 meters. Does installing two or more counterpoise wires help?
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1answer
117 views

ZS6BKW deaf on all bands except 40

I have purchased a high quality ZS6BKW from the U.K. I have it suspended up about 40' between 2 trees. There is 30' of coax from the ladder line to the radio (Kenwood TS-870).SWR on the MFJ269 shows ...
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1answer
58 views

Squelch won't stay open on FM 2 meter band

I am currently using a Baofeng BF-F9V2+ radio. I have found the when listening, my squelch won't stay open, despite getting a good clean signal. I am using a homemade verticle dipole antenna for 2-...
4
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1answer
86 views

What gain and power are required for successful DX contacts on 2m/70cm bands in CW?

I would like to practice in CW on 2m/70cm bands when and if there will be a tropospheric or sporadic-E propagation. However I don't have mush space for the antenna. There is a possibility to install 3+...
4
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1answer
201 views

Is a ground plane antenna a poor choice to use in a forest?

Some time ago, when I just started with amateur radio, a few more experienced hams told me that an inverted-V works better in the forest than a ground plane, and that it has something to do with the ...
4
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1answer
96 views

Commercial Loopstick Antenna Manufacturers

Not sure this is the right forum for this but I thought I'd give it a shot. I am an electrical engineer working on a product that needs a loopstick antenna. I had thought that AM radios were so ...

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