Questions tagged [coaxial-cable]

Questions about coaxial cables, including different types of cable, connectors, adapters, and other topics.

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Is this amount of loss normal with LMR400?

I have a run of about 150 feet of LMR400 (specifically, it's this DX Engineering "400MAX" product). It connects to an Ed Fong antenna (2m, 1.25m, 70cm tri-band J-Pole) about 75 feet up a ...
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2 votes
3 answers
50 views

Is a UHF connector any real disadvantage off the transmitter circuit board or at an antenna feedpoint?

I have a discone antenna intended for use in the 25-1300 MHz frequency range, but it uses a SO-239 connector. Now, we know that the so-called "UHF" i.e. the PL-259 male plug and SO-239 ...
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4 votes
2 answers
298 views

VNA basics, antenna coax cable

Recently purchased my first VNA (Nano VNA) and I'm trying to learn the basics. I have a 150MHz 1/4 wave whip antenna that I need to install on a large metal object so I was hoping to use a VNA to help ...
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RG-174 vs RG58 for winding toroid

I'm building a balun for a fan dipole, and this chart suggests 9 turns of RG-58 on two FT240-31 cores will give good performance over the frequency range of interest. However, I don't feel confident ...
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5 votes
3 answers
150 views

What kind of soldering iron is best for PL-259 (UHF) connectors?

What do you use to solder connectors onto bulk coax cable? Soldering the UHF connector to the coax shield on a PL-259 is described as requiring a bit of "experience and skill" in Dave Casler'...
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How to calculate coax cable loss for lengths other than 100 feet

Cable loss for coax is mostly given in loss per 100 feet, express in dB. Say I have cable which is 20 dB loss per 100 feet at frequency x. If I use 50 feet (1/2 the length,) would my loss be: 20 dB /...
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How should I think about "extra" impedances inserted within/across a transmission line?

I'm worried this might be two separate questions — or perhaps not any coherent question at all? — but some recent thinking about transmission lines made me realize I still don't know how to think ...
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2 votes
1 answer
112 views

High electrical noise only when coax shield is connected

I'm trying to understand a noise issue on my Yaesu FT-891. I have very high 60 hz electric buzz on most bands with 40 and 15M being the worse at about S9+. My antenna is a MyAntennas 66ft EFHW fed ...
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2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Coaxial cable identification

Is there a way to identify this coaxial cable? I am interested in model and parameters such as epsilon, diameters etc. There is nothing written.
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2 votes
2 answers
141 views

How to choose antenna "pigtail" pragmatically?

I'm starting to tinker with an RTL-SDR (generic, and cheap, so nothing fancy in any respect, hence the "pragmatic" in my question title). It's clear that the antenna provided (about a foot ...
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2 votes
1 answer
218 views

Need advice for running coax for HF to my shack

I'm looking for advice for running coax cable to my shack on the second floor of my house. I'm planning to use this coax line for HF (recently upgraded to General!). I'm a newbie and I am very handy, ...
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can i convert an FM coaxial antenna to just speaker wire?

I have a Sony MHC-GX450 compact mini stereo system. The connector for the FM antenna is coaxial, and is labeled 75 Ω. I'm wondering if somehow I can use speaker wire for the FM antenna.
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2 votes
3 answers
112 views

Velocity Factors of Military Spec Coaxial Cables. Are they accurate and consistent in the real world?

I would be very interested in any real life data collected by fellow radio enthusiasts in regard to the velocity factors stated for milspec coaxial cable. e.g., RG213, RG58. How accurate and ...
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4 votes
3 answers
196 views

RF ground confusion

I'm a bit confused by RF grounding. Let's take a HF 1/4 wave vertical antenna for example. When current flows through the centre of the coax to the antenna, my understanding is that the current then ...
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5 votes
5 answers
787 views

Grounding a vertical antenna from a balcony

I have a multiband vertical antenna mounted onto the railings of my balcony apartment high up on the 6th floor of an apartment building. The antenna is not grounded. This antenna comes without radials....
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2 votes
1 answer
56 views

One cable two different radios

I have a GMRS radio and VHF/UHF radio in car. I have an antenna mount and cable installed. I install appropriate antenna for the radio in use and manually remove and attach cable to matching radio. It’...
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2 votes
1 answer
111 views

When to use air dielectric cables for antenna installation

I'm putting up antennas on a tower, and have a couple of 7/8" cables style on hand. One is Hj5-50 air dielectric cable and the other AVA5-50 "Virtual Air" cable. I notice that the HJ5 ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Ground plane reflects RF or brings it to ground

I'm still confused with the purpose of a ground plane purpose in an antenna. My understanding is this. If an antenna is perfectly balanced, there will be no common-mode currents going to ground. If an ...
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5 votes
3 answers
238 views

When a dipole antenna is fed via coax, what powers the ground-side of the dipole?

I've been trying to understand how dipole antennas work, and I believe I understand the basics when they're fed via a balanced feed line. In fact, every dipole physics YouTube video and web page I can ...
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1 vote
1 answer
75 views

Replacing a N-connector with SMA, easy?

I purchased a cell phone booster for the cottage that came with an external yagi. Since its important to get the antenna as far away as possible from the indoor omni, the yagi has about 25 meters of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Recomended coax for 100ft (2m/70cm)

I recently moved to another house. My setup's current coax is 50ft/RG8x/PL259 (bought in 2018), but it is not enough for connecting my antenna to where I want to place the radio. I believe that 50ft ...
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How do I connect a homebrew antenna using RX-8 to a Yaesu FT-70DR (SMA)?

I made an 2m / 70cm tape measure antenna using RG-8 coax. That part was quite a bit of fun and went fine. But when I tried to connect the coax to my Yaesu FT-70DR, the copper core of the RG-8 was too ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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J Pole, what is the best way to deal with Common Mode Current? [duplicate]

I am planning on utilising a ferrite choke on a J Pole antenna for CMC. Placement directly on the feedpoint poses possible mechanical restraints. Is it okay to place it a quarter wave down the coaxial ...
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0 votes
2 answers
554 views

How to use 75ohm (RG6) coax?

I know that there have been many similar threads on this, but I still need clarification. At the moment, the only thing I have is a 500' roll of RG-6 and a (very) tight budget, and I should be ...
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Hustler BTV coax overhead run

I'm pretty sure this will be fine but thought I'd ask. A Hustler 5btv antenna, the coax from the feedpoint (ground mounted) runs for 3 or 4 meters along with the radials, and am thinking of going up ...
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  • 585
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4 answers
169 views

Weatherproofing coax connection to balun

How should a coax-to-housing connection like this be weatherproofed? It doesn't seem like taping is going to do much good here
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4 votes
2 answers
429 views

How do I know if my coax connectors are good?

In installed a couple of compression style PL-259 connectors to the ends of RG8/U FOAM coax. It's about 16 feet in length. Here is an example of one of the connectors: How do I know if the coax is &...
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Which cable is better for ham radio antenna? RG58, RG59, or RG6? [closed]

Which cable is better for ham radio antenna? RG 58, RG 59, or RG 6? Based on [1], RG6 has lower signal loss. So, is RG 6 a better cable? Or there are no differences? [1] https://sewelldirect.com/blogs/...
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5 votes
4 answers
683 views

50Ohm Coax presents 50 Ohms of impedance on which frequency?

Either there's a simple answer that I'm not finding in a spec sheet somewhere, or, I'm asking the wrong question!
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1 vote
1 answer
685 views

440MHz collinear dipole array - suitable coax?

friends! Finally found my next antenna project..a collinear dipole array for the 70cm US ham band. The general idea: (image courtesy https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-981-...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the maximum antenna cable length allowed in GNSS application?

I am beginner in designing GNSS receiver design and facing concern while testing the high precision GNSS survey.I am using GNSS survey grade antenna for my GNSS receiver application testing, the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
99 views

How to deal with foil shield when adding a connector?

I want to crimp a connector onto some RG58 A/U cable. The cable has a foil shield under the braided shield. What's the recommended way to deal with the foil? Should I treat it just like the braided ...
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7 votes
2 answers
446 views

What does an antenna analyzer tell me about these coaxial cables?

Note: more measurements added after graphs below I recently acquired a RigExpert antenna analyzer and I am trying to learn how to use it to test cables. I took two cables to start with to try and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
160 views

Glass Block Pass Through

In my future shack I will have glass block windows consisting of 6 x 8 blocks and a 6 x 16 vent. I've been searching, but cannot find the best solution to pass coax through the windows. I've thought ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Do the Horizontal Conductors of a Ground Plane Antenna Adequately Decouple Its Feedline?

A NEC4.2 analysis of this configuration may reveal an unexpected truth about this...
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2 votes
2 answers
200 views

coax switches for HF

Like many hams I have several radios and several antennas. instead of constantly connecting and disconnecting coax cables I would like to feed several antennas in to some type of switch so I can ...
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11 votes
4 answers
2k views

Is "low loss" cable required for HF?

I use RG-58 for all my HF antennas, since it's light, flexible, convenient, and cheap. And super easy to choke. Whenever I have a problem I just loop a few turns of it on a ferrite core and the ...
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7 votes
5 answers
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Coax fed dipole: shield goes to one side, yet is grounded via chassis line to Earth

Suppose I have a coax-fed half-wave dipole antenna. The coax shield goes to one side of the antenna, the center conductor to the other side. The transceiver's chassis is connected (via the coax ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Supershield or Superscreen coax: Does it exist? What is its common name?

I'm sure this seems like a Google question, but I've BTDT and come up empty. The problem I'm trying to solve is to obtain cables that are as "leak proof" as possible. Tried Pasternak "...
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3 votes
1 answer
902 views

Trying to understand the work of 4:1 coax balun

Let's consider the following picture (source): When current passes the half-wavelength matching section it changes the phase to the opposite, this is why we get +V and -V in the feed point, 2V ...
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

300 ohm to 50 Balun at antenna feedpoint, or near receiver?

If I build a folded dipole, it will have an impedance close to 300 ohms. I have to match this impedance to the 50 ohms of my transceiver. I know many people match that impedance with varying lengths ...
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1 vote
1 answer
782 views

SO-239 (UHF) vs N connector power handling on 160m

I am curious how much CW power an N connector or SO-239 connector will handle on such a low frequency like 160m band. I know on VHF they will probably handle about 800W before getting too warm. I ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Will using a 1:1 balun at the feedpoint of a center feed dipole result in no common mode current on the outside of the coax?

Will using a 1:1 balun at the feedpoint of a center-fed dipole when using coax result in no common mode current on the outside of the coax ?
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Understanding RG6-75 ohm Cable Impedance

Here is my measurement to a piece of RG6 cable. It is around 30cm cable. On the shield is written COAXIAL CABLE 5C-2V 75 ohm. From my measurement I got data as below: From that table, we can see that ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Why is my calculation for added length of coax for a double cross antenna different to everyone else's?

I'm an amateur amateur radio enthusiast finally building my own antenna, and have decided on a double cross antenna, with the goal of pulling data from NOAA satellites. Four coax cables, two of ...
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2 votes
3 answers
943 views

VHF 50 Ω Antenna Over 75 Ω TV Coax

I have a 50 Ω VHF airband antenna which I’m planning to install in my loft, for use with a RaspberryPi-based RTLSDR scanner/receiver. I already have a UK-standard UHF/Freeview antenna using standard ...
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1 vote
1 answer
500 views

Combining/splitting three different RF signals

Not being so fluent in RF, I decided to ask here if my current approach seems doable or how one would try to achieve something like this: I'm doing research and deciding on an approach for my proto-...
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10 votes
4 answers
250 views

Why are there so many coaxial cable impedances?

Why do we have 50, 75, 62 and 92 Ω coaxial cable, to name a few? Why not just one standardised cable? Is there some technical reason or did Mr. Coax and Mr. Cable have a disagreement, like Mr. Tesla ...
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3 votes
3 answers
13k views

Using 75 Ω instead of 50 Ω coax feed

Can I replace my old 50 Ω coax with RG6? It's cheaper and less loss at VHF/UHF. I would match by L/2 multiples of coax to repeat input and output impedance or L/C matching networks at each end. Is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Should I run RG8x / mini8 zip tied to a cat 5e ethernet cable?

I'm running a feed line from the end of my amplifier to the antenna for HF transmissions. I'm using RG8x / mini 8. There's an existing pathway through my house I'd like to use that has a cat 5e ...
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