Questions tagged [wire-antenna]

Anything to do with wire antennas, including how to build one, how different wire antennas perform, how to tune them or when to use a balun, and what types of wire work best in certain antennas.

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Help designing a random wire antenna to work with my tuner

I recently picked up an Icom M802 marine HF radio that includes ham bands and an Icom AT-140 antenna tuner. I have a ham license, but have been away from HF for many years and have never used a random ...
4 votes
2 answers
170 views

Is Army surplus steel wire suitable for an antenna?

I have a whole spool of military communications steel wire that I've been thinking about using to string up a doublet. We used this stuff when I was in the 138th Signal Btn and let me tell you, it's ...
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2 votes
4 answers
205 views

Is an off-center fed dipole (and/or doublet) inherently unbalanced?

Does a balun/choke have to "work harder" in an off-center fed dipole than when the feedpoint is at the center? Or do the standing waves that develop keep the antenna balanced electrically ...
1 vote
2 answers
339 views

How to best ditch the counterpoise of a random wire antenna?

The "ground" has several effects on antennas, most of them negative (see e.g. Why does an HF "monopole" need dozens and dozens of radials while a VHF/UHF "ground plane" ...
1 vote
2 answers
133 views

Is a 94' dipole antenna fed directly by coax useful for any particular known purpose?

I'm trying to figure out an old handmade antenna I picked up at a swap meet a few years back. It is a dipole (or "doublet"?) that is both made of coax but also fed by a length of built in ...
7 votes
2 answers
662 views

Are "end-fed" antennas really more multi-band than dipoles?

Several "end fed" antenna kits (including the ARRL's for example) include wording suggesting that they are useful as multi-band antennas. But does feeding a wire antenna highly off-center ...
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1 vote
2 answers
152 views

Can fanned/parallel endfed antennas be used to get higher gain in some directions?

I have two pieces of antenna wire which are roughly 10 m long, with banana plugs at the ends, which I bring to hang in the trees when operating portable. I also bring a 49:1 unun and hopes that my ...
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0 votes
1 answer
525 views

End fed long wire antenna for 40 meters length

I have a hex beam antenna that gets me onto bands from 20 meters to 6 meters very well. I wish to have an antenna that gets me onto 40 meters at night very well also. Recently I purchased an end fed ...
3 votes
4 answers
426 views

Issues with high SWR on HF Kits EFHW 49:1 UnUn kit

I recently tried assembling a EFHW kit, and some problems came up in testing. I believe this is the kit; I bought it through ARRL: HF Kits website. This is my first time making an UnUn and EFHW kit. ...
2 votes
2 answers
181 views

Where can I find information regarding RESONANT long wire antennas?

So multiples (by 3x-5x) of full wave lengths long? It's my understanding that you can build an antenna that is 802.28 feet long and it's naturally resonant WITH GAIN on all the usual Field Day ...
2 votes
2 answers
97 views

Can I convert an inline 1:1 CMC into a balun feed for a dipole?

I built my first 1:1 CMC transformer recently using 100 ohm CAT5e pairs in parallel. I used an FT-114-43 with 9 turns on each side and squeezed it into a small box with female coax connectors. I plan ...
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7 votes
1 answer
688 views

Is it ok to use a length of wire as an RX only antenna to test my new radio?

I have almost finished building my first shortwave transceiver kit (mcHF). Remarkably it's fired up and not gone up in a puff of smoke. The kit still needs some finishing off and I need to decide on ...
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2 votes
2 answers
239 views

How bad is it to make dipole elements slightly helical?

I'm looking to make a dipole for 10 M. TX power won't be more than 10 W, likely less than 1 initially, but I would prefer that it be reasonably good performance for reception. EDIT: After a ...
2 votes
1 answer
233 views

What kind of wire would be good for a 160m - 40m fan dipole?

I want to know the best copper wire or tinned copper wire for a fan dipole for 160, 75, 40 meters. It would be coax fed and I would like it to handle 1500 watts or more. I would like 65/30 strands of ...
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5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Do these look like amateur radio antennas?

I am planning to move into a new apartment, and of course would like to install a HF antenna there, on the roof if possible. Today I noticed a small Yagi antenna on the roof of the building , more ...
7 votes
4 answers
359 views

If I tie antenna wire in a knot, will there be damage to the wire?

I'm building HF kits 80m EFHW kit, and in the instructions it directs you to tie a knot in the antenna wire. I'm concerned of damage to the wire. I have found no source as of yet that indicates if ...
1 vote
1 answer
351 views

Common-mode choke (CMC) hurting my SWR. Live with it? Drop the choke?

I have been using a Par EndFedz Mk2 Trail Friendly 40/20/10 though using the matchbox from an EndFedz EF-QUAD (with Vibroplex’s blessing) so I could transmit at more than 25W. On all three bands I ...
2 votes
1 answer
60 views

can i convert an FM coaxial antenna to just speaker wire?

I have a Sony MHC-GX450 compact mini stereo system. The connector for the FM antenna is coaxial, and is labeled 75 Ω. I'm wondering if somehow I can use speaker wire for the FM antenna.
4 votes
1 answer
315 views

How does the material of a fishing-pole mast affect antenna performance?

I'm a newly-licenced ham and currently starting out with HF. My home doesn't allow for a permanent setup. I can therefore only operate portable from parks and such, with limited TX power (my rig goes ...
3 votes
2 answers
423 views

What gauge of winding wire will be "invisible" but sturdy as an antenna?

I plan to build a receive-only longwire/Beverage antenna. The wire will be at least 40m/120' long and strewn at about 7m/21' above ground. Tried "regular" thin insulated wire but it was an ...
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1 vote
2 answers
213 views

Is there such thing as a center-fed longwire?

I want to make a longwire/Beverage receive antenna that will work on a wide range of bands (80-10m or wider). I've got a place where I can put a wire of at least 50m/150'. The only problem is — the ...
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0 votes
2 answers
138 views

Isolated linearly loaded antenna?

Is there a name or common descriptive term for a linearly loaded dipole or end-fed, where a (near) parallel loading element or elements are not connected (galvanically isolated) to the fed element or ...
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0 votes
1 answer
101 views

What type of Cable Should I use between a Long Wire antenna and a Transmatch?

I installed a Yaesu System 600with a MFJ Versatuner 2 on my 31ft sailboat and Idont know what type of cable should I use between the MFJ and the long wire antenna I have on my back Stay. Any ...
3 votes
1 answer
159 views

Using crocodile clips to make modular QRP antennas? Are there downsides?

I'm trying to get into backpacking QRP, which has lead me to read up on various ways to construct very portable wire antennas. I would ideally like to have a single antenna for the CW parts of the 40, ...
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6 votes
3 answers
184 views

Antenna options

I am considering a new ham station in a relatively urban environment on the South coast of England, and would like like some ideas / feedback on antenna options. Aim is to get reasonable performance ...
6 votes
2 answers
111 views

How is phone cable with iron called?

In in Russia I saw a phone cable called "field cable" (провод полевой П-274-М). It is a loosely twisted pair with some iron strains added alongside with copper ones. I tried to lookup ...
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0 votes
1 answer
232 views

Troubleshooting the MFJ 1982 EFHW

I am a beginner with not much experience in HF. My shack consists of a Xiegu G90 connected with 20ft of RG-8x to an MFJ 1982 end fed half wave antenna. There is a small coil of coax next to the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
735 views

How does end loops on a long wire antenna affect antenna length

I've put up a "random" length long wire antenna for HF in my yard at about 124ish feet about 15' off the ground. I got this length from an online resource. Here's my questions: How does the ...
4 votes
3 answers
283 views

Electromagnetic signal from spark gap

I am a power electrical engineer college student, and I have a project to make an antenna for magnetic direction finding. My main topic is to detect lightning strikes, but its to hard due to ...
0 votes
0 answers
220 views

Long wire antenna end fed random length folded back on incline

Trying to lengthen my 10mtr. end fed to 39 metres in length. To do this I need the first leg (10mtr.) to run at a lower height approx (5mtr)turning back on a dog leg, and the final 29 meters then ...
3 votes
2 answers
458 views

horizontal EFHW antenna attached to gutter

I'm brainstorming methods of mounting an EFHW. Unfortunately, I have no trees, so I'm considering a horizontal gutter mount which would afford me about 70 feet. Is this workable or should I consider a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
592 views

What is the optimum length for a random longwire on 10m?

I have all the space in the world and wish to errect a single random longwire to use on the 10 meter band only. I understand that once such a wire is very long, losses associated with the wire itself (...
1 vote
1 answer
122 views

How to calculate of shielded loop antenna correction factor without extra antenna measurements

A lot of article about 60 cm shielded loop antennas and how to measure antenna factor using antennas with already known antenna factor. But for example if I have one shielded loop antenna (...
0 votes
3 answers
569 views

Loop a long wire antenna or EFHW

For a typical EFHW antenna, let's say we are in a very space-restricted environment, says a hotel room. I am thinking of the idea loop around the wire around the room, maybe even many loops. This is ...
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Multi-turn large/full-wave loop antennas?

There seem to be lots of descriptions and/or articles on using multiple turns of conducting element in small magnetic loop antennas (STLs). But I haven't found any information on full size full wave ...
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2 votes
1 answer
541 views

Should I bother with a doublet if I can't go straight to the tuner with open wire?

I have two trees about 135 feet apart and about 55 to 65 feet tall. I have been trying to determine which kind of wire antenna to put up there. Initially I was considering either a fan dipole or ...
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0 votes
2 answers
189 views

Relative disadvantages of impedance mismatch vs. non-resonant length wire antenna

So given a choice between a non-resonant length of wire antenna center fed by 50 Ohm coax, or a resonant length of wire fed highly off-center by 50 Ohm coax, or a resonant length of wire fed by high ...
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2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Modelling a "fan dipole" or "fan inverted vee" using EZNEC - unexpected result

I plan to put up a "fan inverted vee" but for various reasons I will not be able to take it down, adjust wire lengths, put it up, test, etc: I will basically have to cut the wires, put it up and leave ...
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

How do I tune my EFHW 40-10 to have the lowest SWR in the 40, 20 and 15 meter bands?

This is a reading from my RigExpert AA-35 ZOOM of my EFHW 40-10 inverted L with radials, and feedpoint 2 feet above the ground. Any thoughts as to how I can tune or move this antenna to get the ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
145 views

Why can't we use a simple wire for receiving 2.4 GHz signals?

I wanted to build a small drone of my own as a hobby project. My old drones were broken so I wanted to salvage as much as I could to build a small indoor one. I wanted to use an Arduino, however, I am ...
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1 vote
4 answers
1k views

Can I splice a random wire antenna?

I have an Icom AH-4 with a random wire antenna. I have a fence around my property that is 60 feet long by 70 feet wide. The outdoor tuner is placed at the begining of the 60 foot section which leads ...
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3 votes
2 answers
666 views

What is the radiation pattern of an ~60 foot end fed wire antenna used for 40 meters?

I live in a retirement center. The rule here is “Never do anything anywhere at anytime.” That translates to “No Antennas” which I have been told means I can put out an antenna as long as it is ...
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5 votes
2 answers
171 views

4:1 Balun question

With an OCF dipole, does it matter which leg, short or long, is connected to which side of the 4:1 balun, hot(coax center) or shield? How can you tell which is which, the balun is not marked. Thank ...
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2 votes
1 answer
119 views

Convert NEC antenna file to .out-file for Wattwächter

I've just wrote a NEC Antenna file of my longwire with xnec2c on Ubuntu. To calculate protection distance with Wattwächter, I need an .out-file. Protection distance means the safety distance for human ...
2 votes
3 answers
765 views

Tweak antenna resonant frequency higher

This is a very simple question and I'm sure if I had a bit more background knowledge, I could figure it out myself. Let's say I have a 1/4 wave vertical antenna that is slightly too long, but it is ...
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5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Cheap antenna for new HF HAM

I just got a 100W HF radio and I am new at this. What is the cheapest antenna I can hook up without burning up my radio or shocking myself?
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1 vote
1 answer
113 views

Is this antenna "system" really work? [closed]

I posted yesterday asking how can I have signal inside my house which my house is obstructed by a hill from direct signal from the cellular's operator' Base Transceiver System (BTS). The schema of the ...
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0 votes
2 answers
2k views

Understanding RG6-75 ohm Cable Impedance

Here is my measurement to a piece of RG6 cable. It is around 30cm cable. On the shield is written COAXIAL CABLE 5C-2V 75 ohm. From my measurement I got data as below: From that table, we can see that ...
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5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why a capacitor is needed in Fuchs antenna?

I tried to understand the physics of Fuchs antenna and there is one thing that I don't quite understand. This is probably a very silly question, but I spent a lot of time looking for an answer (books, ...
5 votes
6 answers
5k views

EFHW works only on one band - what am I missing?

I tried to build a multiband EFHW antenna as described in articles by PA3HHO, PD7MMA, G0KYA and many others. I decided to start with a short 40/20/(15?)/10 meters version without any loading coils. ...