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Questions tagged [antenna-construction]

Materials and methods for building antennas, and design of supporting (non-conductive) structures. For design of antennas themselves, use [antenna-theory] instead.

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78 views

Can I use a helical ground plane radial in the same way that a loading coil works?

I'm working out the science behind mounting an antenna on a vehicle, and I came across the concept of ground planes. This answer says that longer is better but don't worry about it too much, but this ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Antenna for receiving 868MHz rocket telemetry: QFH(QHA), Helical, or?

I'm building a radio communication system for an amateur rocket project. We've decided to use LoRa 868MHz system. My question is, which antenna for the ground station will be the best choice? We're ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Effect of small amount of metal on twin-lead

I have a G5RV Jr. antenna on a fiberglass mast at 10m height. The only metal on the mast is a 1/8" thick steel guy ring with stainless steel snap links, plus a few small metal screws. Hanging freely,...
5
votes
2answers
546 views

RF Antenna - V pole - Should one leg go to ground and the other to signal?

I'm attempting to follow this white paper in order to build an antenna. This is my first antenna and as such I have a rather simple question. DIY 137 MHz APT Weather satellite antenna by Adam-9A4QV ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Will wrapping an antenna around my house next to metal affect it?

My unit is 25' by 25' each side and the front is 22' across. The overhang is about one foot with aluminum and vinyl underneath. If I wrap an OCF dipole (fed with 4:1 balun) around this overhang in ...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

How to make a ferrite bar antenna for RTL-SDR?

I bought a RTL-SDR (blue one with little MCX antenna). I modified its Q branch, and can receive short wave radio with Degen 31MS antenna now. For MW, Degen 31MS antenna has a ferrite bar antenna ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Antenna Type of a Chinese Antenna

Recently, I have received an antenna from one of the Chinese manufacturer and they haven't disclosed the detailed specification with us. Below is the picture of my antenna (please ignore the ...
4
votes
3answers
167 views

Size of ground plane disk for vertical antennas?

I’m looking for information about the diameter of a ground plane disk that I can use with a regular car radio and car type antennas in my home. DIY would be best, or any other ideas for a antenna that ...
4
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2answers
106 views

100MHz to 1000MHz Antennas for Transmit and Receive

I am building a ground and wall penetrating frequency modulated continuous wave radar. The only components that I have not been able to track down are the antennas. I need two antennas (one for ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Running mag loop feedline INSIDE the loop tube

We are building a 4 ft diameter mag loop using 1" copper tube. The coupling loop will be at the top of the loop (we are using a large vacuum cap in a weatherproof box and it is too heavy to be ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Do Loading Coils Supply “Missing Degrees” to Electrically Short Radiators?

References are made on this and other websites to the effect that loading coils can/will supply "missing degrees" to electrically short radiators. But do they?
9
votes
3answers
216 views

Capacitive hats on wire dipoles?

Capacitive hats seem to be advertised as an option for mobile vertical antennas. One mentioned advantage is the they can widen the SWR bandwidth, making the antenna easier to tune. What might be the ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What does co-phasing of cross-polarized antennas mean?

I was working with the 3GPP release 14.6, and it mentioned that modern communication systems have cross polarized antennas, and in order to perform beam-forming we need to co-phase our pre-coder. Pre-...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Wire dipole antenna proving ground / test bench

i am considering building two movable (concrete base with wheels) non metallic poles with hooks every ten centimeters or so, in order to test wire dipoles of various sizes at various heights with an ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Ferrite beads on a wire antenna?

Will putting a ferrite bead or beads near (but not at) the end(s) of a wire antenna electrically lengthen or shorten it? (lower or raise its resonant frequency)?
7
votes
5answers
167 views

Wire antenna slightly too long

Say I have a wire antenna that is slightly (a few percent) too long for the desired frequency (of resonance or lowest SWR). What are the options, other than cutting the wire(s) and very likely ending ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Twisting copper wire for a less-flexible DIY antenna

I am making DIY antenna for a home project. The antenna is going to be "V-dipole" with leg length about 53cm. Unfortunately, I didn't find a thick copper wire, but I have a lot of thin core from tv ...
2
votes
3answers
90 views

Do PCB antennas suit for NOAA and ADS-B?

I saw many designs for creating DIY antennas for NOAA (~137MHz) and ADS-B (~1090MHz) but never seen it in a PCB implementation. So I have a rookie question: why nobody uses PCB antennas for such ...
17
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3answers
2k views

Can I build a radio telescope out of a parabolic TV satellite dish?

I have the possibility to buy a very inexpensive 2.4m parabolic satellite dish and I would like to build a radio telescope from it. Originally this dish was designed to be a satellite TV antenna. ...
3
votes
3answers
100 views

Mounting a J-Pole and Yagi on the same mast

I have two 2-meter antennas, a copper J-Pole and a Hy-Gain VB-25FM. The J-Pole is my all-around antenna, what I use for general 2 meter stuff like connecting to my local repeaters using my main 2-...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Antenna design - Ground plane in simulation and in practice

For monopole antennas, the ground plane acts as another arm of an equivalent dipole antenna. I'm wondering how we can expect the behavior of that antenna in practice, because the ground plane is ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Understanding of NFC Reader Antenna matching

I have been designing a 20 x 20 cm square NFC reader antenna which looks like this: In order to make it work and detect NFC tags at certain distance, it needs to be matched. To do that I was trying ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

NFC coil matching - Q factor improvement

I have been trying to match my NFC reader coil of size 20*20 cm with a three element circuit - one capacitor in series, another in parallel and one resistor in parallel. I have been using Texas ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Irrigation system for ground plane

Could a aluminum irrigation system over about two acres work as a ground plane? Pros and cons? Shaped like an F but with 4 horizontals rather than 2. Sometimes it has water in it. The two top ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Is a J-pole an appropriate antenna for mounting to a steel handrail?

Last year, a group of us placed a battery-powered 2m digipeater using a J-pole antenna on a mountaintop. We're planning on doing the same this year except we plan to use a surge arrestor from the feed ...
5
votes
1answer
56 views

Will stainless steel bolts work with my copper antenna?

My antenna is copper, elements and the beam. I would like to bolt them together where they cross. Would stainless bolts work? Just sweating them together lets them twist and move some in high winds.
2
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2answers
90 views

Thermostat wire for antennas?

While checking out the local hardware store wire section, I came across thermostat wire priced significantly lower than other types. I have been trying to determine the reason but details online are ...
3
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5answers
171 views

Tune a very short 3-5m random wire for 40m (around 7.030 MHz) for listening or occasional QRP CW sending

I would like to use a small trx first for listening CW on 7030 kHz and then for transmitting, locally, among friends. My conditions are "prohibitive" as for antennas: a block of flats, 4th floor in ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

Making WiFi access point range shorter on purpose

Not sure if this is the right place to ask, but I'm trying to build a system of multiple WiFi access points that are spread out across a store. Since every smartphone and WiFi enabled device ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Microstrip Loop Antenna Design

I am trying to design a loop antenna for operation at 2.4 GHz, I would like for it to have above 2.5 dB gain at 2.4 GHz and have relatively good return loss (<-10 dB). I have started my design as ...
4
votes
5answers
231 views

How important is the impedance and resonance of a receive antenna?

I'm very new to shortwave radio, as evidenced here: Can an antenna be too powerful for certain receivers? I want to build a longwire receive-only antenna for the HF frequencies. I've been using ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

What is the turn spacing on a Helix Antenna?

I want to do some satellite communication so I thought why not build my own helix antenna. I found this page: Helix antenna design and construction details The most things are clear except for the ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Yagi elements connected to boom?

I'm considering building this yagi for some local contests: http://www.i1wqrlinkradio.com/antype/ch90/chiave3.htm. The question is should the elements be electrically connected to the boom or not? I ...
3
votes
2answers
200 views

Stabilization of an antenna pole with anchoring cables

I am mounting my first antenna. It is a TRAM 1481 (about 16' height), which will be placed on a 20' pole, on my home's flat roof (about 25' height). To properly stabilize the pole/antenna: - How far ...
5
votes
2answers
205 views

Dipole antennas: Will paracord hold up well enough in the sun? Is there a better alternative?

Tower is up and pre-stretched multi-strand 14 Ga wires are cut & terminated for a multiband fan-style dipole antenna system. Location is the desert southwest of the USA. Stringing up parts of it ...
5
votes
3answers
198 views

Will an iron chimney work well as an antenna?

There is an iron chimney near my house that is not used anymore. It is ~15 meters in length and ~0.5 meter in diameter. How good will it be as an antenna for rtl-sdr?
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vote
2answers
76 views

Is a “shorted” coax feedline ok for a G5RV type antenna?

I have "inherited" what I believe to be a G5RV antenna with two 51 foot wire centerfed radiators. If I remember correctly from measuring 2 months ago, there is about 31 feet of 450 ohm ladderline ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

RF inert adhesive for building antennas in the UHF to low GHz region

I want to experiment with different mechanical designs for some Yagi antennas for 440 MHz through perhaps 2.3 GHz. I am looking for some adhesives and/or potting-like materials that would be ...
3
votes
3answers
109 views

How do I get my crystal radio to receive?

My 8 year old and I are trying to figure out how to get this crystal radio we made working. It's based off this youtube video. We get clicks when we put the crystal ear piece either side of the ...
4
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3answers
183 views

Suggestions for mounting a mini-whip as high as possible

I've ordered two mini whip antennas from Ebay (Russia) for HF and MW. As power lines cross my city property in a L shape - the only way to get away from them is to go up. So I'm hoping that going 5-...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Aluminum vs copper antenna element lengths

Does the particular metal used in antenna elements make any difference in element length or spacing, i.e. 1/2" aluminum tube vs 1/2" copper tube? I know that length and diameter have an effect on ...
5
votes
2answers
339 views

How to adapt commercial VHF yagi for 2 meter amateur use?

I recently acquired a Decibel 3-element VHF Yagi that was formerly in commercial service. I connected my MFJ-259B antenna analyzer to the antenna and found its minimum SWR at 155 MHz. I have not ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Resistance of antenna dipoles

A quick question: Is it a disaster if the two legs of a v-dipole antenna are different resistances? Thanks.
5
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2answers
2k views

Can I use a CB antenna with a ham radio?

I just passed General and purchased a FT-450D with an internal antenna tuner. While my ultimate plan is to use a G5RV, it will be a while before I can get it up. What modifications would I need to ...
4
votes
2answers
119 views

Good Coating for a Radome

My club has a well used Motorola branded StationMaster UHF repeater antenna that needs to be sanded and recoated. Besides the surface, the antenna is in very good working order so we're not ...
4
votes
3answers
142 views

Substitute for Dacron rope in antennas

I am building an antenna that specifies the use of Dacron rope to help support the spreaders, but that is not readily available in Trinidad and Tobago. What will be a good replacement with regards to ...
3
votes
2answers
790 views

Optimising a small magnetic loop with 1:1 SWR but little radiation

I'm trying to build a small magnetic loop for 5W on at least 40m - 20m following ideas of G4ILO's wonder loop. For this, I'm using coax with a ~2mm copper core and ~1mm spacing to the braid (see 1st ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Effect of paint / uv coating on velocity factor of PVC

I own an Ed Fong TBJ-1 antenna, which is like a twin-lead J-Pole with a coax stub and some inductors added. It's enclosed in an unfinished PVC pipe. I'm tempted to paint the PVC with non-conductive ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Will rewiring this antenna change the characteristics?

Speaking of the antenna in this question: What kind of 2 meter antenna is this? The connections are rusted and corroded so I'd like to rewire it. If I move the shield from where it is currently ...
5
votes
3answers
350 views

HF antenna design for high-altitude balloon

I'd like to put a WSPR or JT65-like transmitter on a high-altitude balloon, but lacking much experience with HF antennas, I don't quite know where to start. I'm thinking it will operate on 20 meters, ...