Questions tagged [hf]

High Frequency is the frequency range 3-30 MHz. This tag may also be used for questions about the 160 meter band (1.8 MHz), which while not HF is often referred to as such due to its similar propagation.

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2
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1answer
161 views

What would be a good modulation scheme for communicating a single bit of information with no more than 4ms of latency?

This question has been suggested in the comments to a closed question a couple of days ago. I have nothing to do with the original question, but this aspect of the problem made me quite curious, so it ...
3
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2answers
49 views

Are circular polarized antennas on HF subject to polarization fading?

Consider the common scenario of two amateur radio operators communicating through an ionospheric channel. Typically, each station will have a linearly polarized antenna, like a dipole or a vertical. I ...
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1answer
129 views

Transmit data over HF signal 10,000km away [closed]

I would like to transmit trinary data (-1,0,+1) on 20-30m wave to be received 10,000km away. From Europe to US. My first thought was this: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Burst-modulation-mode-f-...
4
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2answers
92 views

Why do horizontally-polarized RF waves reflect better off ground than vertically-polarized waves?

It's a well-known fact among hams who use HF frequencies that horizontally-polarized RF waves reflect better off of ground than vertically-polarized waves. This explains why ground conductivity is so ...
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3answers
121 views

Long range HF polarization

Is it possible to polarize HF signal (20-30m) at long range (thousands of km)? It was commented in my over questions that polarization is not feasible at long range. However in this article is ...
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2answers
95 views

Can I transmit bit data over FM signal on 30m wave 10,000km away? [closed]

I am trying to understand if it's feasible to transmit -1,0,+1 data using FM on 20-30m wavelength to be received 10,000km away. From Europe to US. Ultimately I would like to create a solution which is ...
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2answers
58 views

Hexbeam receiving in other directions

Have a K4KIO Hexbeam up at around 20-feet on the corner of a flat metal roof pointing at 290-degrees bearing (Europe, from Sydney Australia). Currently the Hexbeam is fixed to that direction as i don'...
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3answers
70 views

What is minimum resolution for 2 frequencies to interfere each other

I started working with HF frequency. Right now, I am working with 7 MHz frequency. I have been provided a range of 7-7.5 MHz. I have to divide that range into 132 distinct frequencies to assign each ...
0
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1answer
37 views

On a horizontally setup 20m delta loop I am looking to determine the calculations for the proper length of a feed wire

Base of loop will be about 6 feet above ground. RG-8 or 213 will be used for the feed wire. Ugly balun as well.
2
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2answers
81 views

Modelling a “fan dipole” or “fan inverted vee” using EZNEC - unexpected result

I plan to put up a "fan inverted vee" but for various reasons I will not be able to take it down, adjust wire lengths, put it up, test, etc: I will basically have to cut the wires, put it up and leave ...
3
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1answer
32 views

Bias Tee for HF: noise and losses?

I have a homebrew remote antenna switch. It uses relays and it has a nRF24L01-based wireless link to the band selector (Arduino, taps into CAT and switches antennas accordingly). I would like to ...
2
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1answer
102 views

How do I tune my EFHW 40-10 to have the lowest SWR in the 40, 20 and 15 meter bands?

This is a reading from my RigExpert AA-35 ZOOM of my EFHW 40-10 inverted L with radials, and feedpoint 2 feet above the ground. Any thoughts as to how I can tune or move this antenna to get the ...
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2answers
72 views

What is the best time of day to contact Japan from the east coast?

What are the best times in early April to contact Japan on 40M and 20M from Pennsylvania?
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4answers
843 views

Is “low loss” cable required for HF?

I use RG-58 for all my HF antennas, since it's light, flexible, convenient, and cheap. And super easy to choke. Whenever I have a problem I just loop a few turns of it on a ferrite core and the ...
1
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1answer
73 views

144Hz monitor with freesync noise on 40m

When I tune on 40 m (7.074 MHz USB as test frequency for there's FT8) and turn on my PC with a monitor that's 144 Hz refresh rate and has freesync on, it starts to make noise and makes signals almost ...
3
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2answers
294 views

How to determine frequency and launch angle given a target skip distance?

I would like to communicate with someone 1000 miles (1600 km) away. I'm not sure how to target a specific distance. (image source) I assume it's an interrelation of the following factors: Which ...
6
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1answer
68 views

Where to find HF channel models or statistics?

When designing a waveform for packet radio usage, it'd be helpful to know a few things, mainly distribution of coherency bandwidths distribution of coherency times Whilst such statistics are ...
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4answers
121 views

Transmitting as SW AM station, not ham [closed]

What if I wanted to run a radio broadcast station on a commercial SW band? Say, I am on a boat in international waters. Or say I am in a free country. I monitor the frequency for months and I check ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Lowest cost portable HF radio with at least 100 W output?

My use case is intercontinental HF radio, and I am frequently traveling. Lugging a big rig is inconvenient and expensive ones get you into customs trouble all the time. So, I'm looking for a low cost ...
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0answers
64 views

HF propagation prediction using machine learning

Anyone out there know of or developed s/w to predict HF conditions using ML?
2
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0answers
59 views

Icom 7300 low frequency broad-spectrum noise

What's causing these horizontal bands of noise? It's the middle of the day here in a low density city neighborhood. They were not present about 20 minutes ago; now they are even stronger and filling ...
0
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2answers
76 views

measures for quantifying non-linearity of a HF linear power amplifier

I am DIYing a class-AB HF Linear Power amplifier. How to quantify the non-linearity of this amplifier. What are the common measures of non-linearity as applicable to RF power amplifiers? How to ...
3
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1answer
101 views

What is “up” and “down”, and is it consistent with “top band”?

If I understand things right if you go "down" to "lower bands" you eventually get to "top band", which is 160 meter band. Since this doesn't make any sense to me, is there something I'm missing? You ...
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3answers
206 views

Can a carrier operated relay be used for T/R switching in a HF linear amplifier?

I am building the T/R switching circuit for an HF linear amplifier covering 80m band to 20m band. The current circuit takes a potential-free contact from the exciter and use this contact to turn on/...
4
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1answer
127 views

Using shortwave communication, how difficult is it to transmit messages from the UK to the US?

Is it possible to transmit a short message across the Atlantic ocean from the UK to the US via shortwave? From what I understand, long-distance shortwave communication has lower bandwidth than other ...
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0answers
62 views

50 Ohm Active Termination

I'm looking for a circuit topology that has unity gain, a 50 Ohm resistive input impedance, a 50 Ohm resistive output impedance, and here is the kicker, at least 60 dBm OIP3 over a 2 - 30 MHz HF ...
4
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3answers
426 views

RF Bridge Problem - K6BEZ Antenna Analyzer

(New, simplified edit of the original question) This question regards erroneous SWR measurements of K6BEZ antenna analyzer design from 2013 using Arduino and AD9850 DDS modules. There have been many ...
3
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1answer
88 views

Can the external VFO input in a Heathkit SB-(100, 101, 102) be used to operate on frequencies outside the radio's normal range?

I've got a Heathkit SB-102 that I'm working on making operational (problems with transmit, receiver works just fine). This model radio has a 9-pin Molex connector in the back, intended to connect an ...
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2answers
101 views

ISOTRON 80m 75m Antenna Position

I know, a dipole is the way to go, but cannot fit one, only a 'birdhouse' antenna like the 75m 80m Isotron antenna. Is it better to put at 15 feet Above Ground Level outside, or 20 feet AGL ...
2
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3answers
208 views

Tweak antenna resonant frequency higher

This is a very simple question and I'm sure if I had a bit more background knowledge, I could figure it out myself. Let's say I have a 1/4 wave vertical antenna that is slightly too long, but it is ...
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1answer
194 views

SO-239 (UHF) vs N connector power handling on 160m

I am curious how much CW power an N connector or SO-239 connector will handle on such a low frequency like 160m band. I know on VHF they will probably handle about 800W before getting too warm. I ...
6
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2answers
111 views

Why aren't “ghosts” and intersymbol interference due to unmatched impedance (high SWR) a concern for HF receivers?

In amateur radio, we care about impedance matching when we need to keep the load within the equipment's specification (for best performance, or just to avoid damaging a transmitter), when we want to ...
10
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6answers
212 views

Practical limits to maintaining coherence in an HF channel

Lately I've been thinking about weak signal communication on HF. Very weak, like weaker than even WSPR could achieve. It would be nice if one could simply take any existing modulation and slow it ...
5
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1answer
237 views

How do I evaluate and use a toroidial core for my HF double-balanced mixer?

Last year, I planned to make a double-balanced mixer covering the entire 3-30 MHz band as an upconverter for my RTL-SDR receiver, mainly for learning RF circuits and ham radio. Naturally, it requires ...
5
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3answers
440 views

Why a capacitor is needed in Fuchs antenna?

I tried to understand the physics of Fuchs antenna and there is one thing that I don't quite understand. This is probably a very silly question, but I spent a lot of time looking for an answer (books, ...
5
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2answers
973 views

EFHW works only on one band - what am I missing?

I tried to build a multiband EFHW antenna as described in articles by PA3HHO, PD7MMA, G0KYA and many others. I decided to start with a short 40/20/(15?)/10 meters version without any loading coils. ...
3
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2answers
183 views

House wiring as an antenna on HF and 2 meters?

The apartment I live in is a 1970s type without access to the outdoors. It does have a balcony. A 2m transceiver is the only radio which will enable me to reach the ham world. Would be possible to ...
2
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2answers
863 views

What is this burst transmission sequence across the entire band?

Fairly regularly on the 40m band I hear a quick blip of a tone, and when I look at the waterfall I see these brief transmissions all across the band that look like little dots. What is causing that?
10
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5answers
1k views

Will electrically joined dipoles of different lengths, at right angles, behave as a multiband antenna?

I haven't seen this done, (which, after more than a century of amateur and professional radio development, is probably a bad sign), but I had an idea the other day for simplifying the setup and feed ...
5
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3answers
1k views

What is the proper way to electrically wire in a loading coil to a vertical antenna?

I am trying to put together a vertical pole style antenna with a loading coil housed at the base using a plan very similar to the one described in this ARRL article. I am trying to understand how to ...
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0answers
67 views

Parasitic inductance of relay contacts

I need to switch a bank of filters operating on bands from about 2MHz to 30MHz. The parasitic series inductance of the relay contact system will have an effect on the performance of my system. ...
3
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3answers
419 views

How to splice RG-174 coax?

I'm pretty good at repairing broken regular coax, but I recently had an RG-174 cut and it's too small for me to solder the center wire and keep the braid away from it. What's a good way to do this? ...
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1answer
104 views

How to interpret VSWR results for an attic antenna

I have an Alpha Delta DX-EE antenna in my attic. The antenna is 40 ft long and my attic is about 5ft high by 55 ft long. There's a lot of other stuff up there--a chimney, Romex, Cat 6 cable, RG-6 ...
5
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3answers
247 views

How to measure wire for antenna leg | 40m inverted V

I am building the antenna for the first time and I have choosen to start with 40m inverted-v. I am almost done with the center insulator made of PVC piping elements, three eye hooks and SO 239 ...
5
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5answers
773 views

Loop antenna layout and radiation?

I've got, for the near term, limited resources to put up an HF antenna at my home. One of the options I can manage without excessive cost is a loop, which would enclose the house. I need to transmit ...
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2answers
336 views

Noise reduction

I live close to an AM transmitter broadcasting in the kW of power. My RTL SDR dongle gets very overloaded. Using 2 AM broadcast filters, I have mostly managed to stop the overloading, at least from ...
7
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4answers
1k views

Antenna options for a 10x20m property with a large metal roof?

I live in a house that sits in the middle of the city, in a lot 10x20m in size. The first 6x10m are covered by a metal roof with a rather low angle (IIRC only 50cm difference between the highest and ...
3
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2answers
102 views

Tips for HF Antenna with house near AM transmitter

My back garden is very small - about 500sqft. I also live near an AM transmitter and requires an AM filter. I would appreciate some general tips on the best approach to receiving HF signals (Ham and ...
4
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3answers
214 views

What are these antennas used for?

I noticed this antenna park in Heidmoosstrasse, Switzerland. What is it used for?
4
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1answer
261 views

What are Radio-location Services in the 1.9-2.0 MHz range?

I'm currently studying for the General Exam and in looking at charts of the new frequency privileges have run across a restriction I would like to have further defined. In the 160 meter band the books ...