Questions tagged [antenna-theory]

Designing antennas, selecting antennas for specific applications, properties of a given antenna design.

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19 views

Loop on ground for transmit?

If a large horizontal loop antenna, insulated but laying at ground level, works as an MF and low HF receive antenna, why (even though it has very high ground losses) can't it be used for transmit (to ...
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1answer
65 views

How do I use a signal generator + oscilloscope to measure feeder length?

I could relatively easily take the feeder down and use a tape measure but it’s more of a challenge to learn how to measure the length using my oscilloscope -Red Pitaya - but I have to admit I have no ...
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1answer
74 views

Why does damping between two antennas increase with frequency?

While studying for a HAM license exam I ran into a question that I am having trouble with answering. There are two aspects that I cannot explain, given my current admittedly little understanding of ...
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1answer
61 views

144/430 MHz antenna on 155 MHz?

We have a local radio shop that started selling us Relm P150s with a high gain 9 inch antenna, and those are ok. He also has thrown in longer 15 to 14 inch dual band antennas saying use those in ...
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0answers
49 views

Circular polarized antenna feed changes as I rotate it?

I had a 100cm prime focus dish laying around and I thought of making a circularly polarized feed for it, since it seemed pretty straightforward from what I've been reading. Helical feeds are supposed ...
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4answers
113 views

Indoor HF/VHF/UHF antenna, have someone an Idea?

My wife doesn't think that having tall antennas is acceptable. Does anyone have a solution for this? Our house is 16 meter long and 10 meter wide. I have an antenna tuner (if it can help).
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2answers
75 views

Estimating near-field electric field strength at LF (137 kHz)

I'm experimenting with low frequencies, but due to the inherent nature of LF, I strive for more transmit power and bigger antennas. Now of course I want to comply with regulations, which allow (in my ...
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1answer
197 views

Is a ground plane antenna a poor choice to use in a forest?

Some time ago, when I just started with amateur radio, a few more experienced hams told me that an inverted-V works better in the forest than a ground plane, and that it has something to do with the ...
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1answer
69 views

Solid angle for different E/H plane beamwidths

The solid angle formula calculates the surface area on a unit sphere, from projecting a rectangular patch onto the surface of a sphere. Image source This is calculated using the azimuth angle $\phi$ ...
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2answers
159 views

For a resonant 1/2 wave dipole, does the reflections being in phase with the applied signal cause the zero reactance seen in the feedpoint impedance?

For a resonant 1/2 wave dipole when used for transmitting, does the fact that the reflected waves on the antenna are in phase with the applied signal result in zero reactance at the feed point, or ...
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1answer
68 views

Is shortening a half wave dipole to make it resonant by removing the inductive reactance a good idea?

A dipole which is exactly one half wave length allows reflections within the antenna to be in phase with the applied signal. To me it seems that this situation gives an antenna which will produce the ...
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108 views

For an antenna when used for transmittiing, what is the optimum radiation resistance?

For a 100 % efficient antenna, the real part of the impedance is equal to the radiation resistance. If the antenna were a dead short with zero impedance then the radiation resistance would be zero. ...
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113 views

Modelling a folded dipole

I am looking at using NEC to model a $0.5\lambda$ rectangular folded dipole, for closely spaced larger sides (choosing a separation of $0.01\lambda$). In Antenna Theory, Analysis and Design by ...
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118 views

What exactly makes an antenna resonant?

When an antenna is resonant, the impedance seen at the feed point is purely resistive and has no reactance. What are the physical properties of an antenna that actually make it resonant and how do ...
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90 views

How can a half wave dipole which has an impedance of 73 + j43 ohms ever be resonant?

Is it true that for a half wave dipole, cancelling out reactance using for example a gamma match does not make the antenna resonant at all, but rather just cancels out the reactance of what is ...
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1answer
46 views

Can I use a directional coupler to block reflected AC current from a mismatched antenna?

Is there any kind of directional coupler device such as you find in a SWR meter that only allows traveling AC waves of one direction to pass which i could use to block the reflected wave from my badly ...
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1answer
26 views

Can received and transmitted signals on the same antenna combine to produce standing waves?

Standing waves are seen on a transmission line when for example there is a change in impedance and a transmitted wave is reflected back from one end and then the incident wave and reflected wave ...
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1answer
85 views

If i transmit on the same frequency using two separate transmitters joined together will they both add up in a reciever to produce a stronger signal? [duplicate]

If i were to use a passive transmit coupler to connect two transmitters of equal power output to the same antenna, and connect one microphone to both transmitters, and then transmit on both at the ...
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1answer
2k views

Why do amateur radio operators call an RF choke a balun?

When using a balanced antenna such as a half wave dipole, with an unbalanced feed line such as coax, an RF choke can be used to block RF current emitted by the transmitter from splitting up at the ...
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1answer
70 views

Does an antenna work the same for pure sine waves as compared to other waveforms?

Antenna theory it seems is always described assuming that the transmitted or received signal being talked about is a pure sine wave usually at the resonant frequency. Standing waves for example are ...
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1answer
74 views

Can any one explain E,H plane definitions?

I read in some text books that E-plane is formed by taking constant azimuth angle and scanning elevation angle from -90:90. H-plane is formed by taking a plane perpendicular to E-plane. What is ...
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1answer
87 views

Is the voltage at the centre of a dipole zero only at it's resonant frequency?

For transmit, the voltage at the center of a dipole not cut in the center and fed with coax and a gamma match is zero in the center at the resonant frequency. This is why apparently a 'plumbers ...
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1answer
39 views

What is the effect of coil Q on a shortened dipole?

I made a small yagi, with the driven element being a coil loaded dipole. What is the effect of coil Q in this situation? The coils I built are 18 turns of 1.2mm enameled wire wound tightly with a ...
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2answers
163 views

Is an antenna resonant at the frequency of lowest impedance?

I understand that an antenna is resonant at the frequency where the capacitive and inductive reactance cancel out to 0. Only the resistive impedance remains at resonance. Does this mean that the ...
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0answers
59 views

Ferrite Rod Antenna Array?

The ferrite Rod is a reasonably effective Receiving Antenna for LW MW and Lower HF spectrum .It is well known that a ferrite rod is much more effective than an air cored coil of the same dimensions ....
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135 views

What kind of loop antenna is this, and what is the relationship between its diameter and wavelength?

At the bottom of webpages in the advertisement swamps I keep seeing this image of an antenna, accompanied by an offer that I won't be clicking on. But the antenna itself looks quite intriguing. It's ...
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164 views

Actual Impedance of a folded dipole at resonance

I am using a Folded Dipole which I bought when I first got my General License. It was advertised as an all band antenna. My results with it were less than the claims made by the makers to say the ...
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1answer
304 views

How does a Viper Antenna work?

Are any of you guys familiar with a "Viper" antenna? It came up in a recent discussion with club members for higher frequency bands (6m, 4m, 2m). I hadn't heard of it before and internet searches ...
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3answers
174 views

High Altitude Balloon Antenna Design

I'm designing a weather balloon with a club at college. We want to build the antenna from scratch to learn more about antennas but are at a loss as to which antenna design would actually work for high ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Gain of Yagi turnstile?

I am currently working on a system to communicate with amateur CubeSats. I have decided to use the turnstile crossed-dipole style yagi because it is relatively easy to construct and uses circular ...
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1answer
51 views

Can you measure how much radials you are lacking for HF vertical?

I have tried mount ham sticks on SUV and a convertible use trunk lid mount, especially on 40m on the convertible I notice the SWR changes from opening the door and close the door. Now I am quite ...
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1answer
79 views

Inverted L Feedpoint Height

I have this antenna EFHW 40-10 from Maple Leaf Studios. My current configuration: Inverted L with feed point 3m above ground, with "L" at 9m. I have 45 20-foot in-ground radials just below the feed ...
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2answers
83 views

Using two VHF antennas vs one because of a large obstruction

We have a VHF Omni directional antenna, 2.5 W and 119 MHZ (approximate) mounted on top of a commercial hanger. Access to the antenna is out of the question because of the lack of fall protection. ...
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1answer
74 views

Can i use an anaolgue IC switch to change a 10 m yagi's directivity by somehow combining received signals with different variable phase?

Can i use an analogue IC switch being triggered at the same frequency I am receiving on to change a 10 m yagi's directivity by somehow combining received signals with different variable phase either ...
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106 views

Which 10 m antenna will give the most rejection in one direction for received signals which are vertically polarized?

I want to null out a particular direction so that i can't receive some vertically polarized interference on 10 m coming from that direction. Which 10 m antenna will give the most rejection in one ...
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83 views

How would I calculate aperture efficiency for an antenna?

How to calculate aperture efficiency for an antenna with the following parameters: Big reflector diameter= 24 mm Gain= 9.265 dbi Frequency= 11.60 GHz
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3answers
1k views

Vertical Yagi spun at 1000 RPM: gain properties?

If I were to mount my 10 m vertical Yagi on a pole with a motor attached at the bottom with the appropriate fastening and coax mounted via electrical brushes, if the Yagi is spun at say 1000 RPM would ...
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3answers
123 views

Why is self-resonance important in a loop antenna?

I visited a "small loop antenna" calculator web site today and fed in my horizontal loop gepmetry, curious to see what it would say. 2" dia wire, 72' circumference, 3.935MHz. Interesting results, ...
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2answers
61 views

Will ferrite rings around a metal pole hide it in an RF sense from my vertical 10 m Yagi?

If i mount my vertical 10 m 4 element yagi directly on a metal pole so that the pole is between the elements and so messes up the radiation pattern and input impedance, if i put lots of type 43 ...
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1answer
204 views

When I am told that a dipole must have a determined length, does that include the space between both elements?

I am trying to build an antenna for receiving NOAA satellites and I need to build two 137,5MHz dipoles. When I enter the frequency and width of the wires in a calculator, I obtain that $λ/2=1.09\,\...
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2answers
85 views

Basic antenna matching theory?

I'm fairly new to antenna matching, other than having built a base loaded vertical. I'm also new to EZNEC and I tried to simulate an horizontal loop. I arbitrarily chose a 10x10M loop, so I added 4 ...
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2answers
86 views

How to estimate a dipole feedpoint impedance?

An ideal dipole, at resonance, will have an impedance around 73 ohms. A folded dipole, around 280 ohms. How can I calculate the impedances when not at resonance? Let's assume I have a span of 15M in ...
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4answers
99 views

Can I make signal transmitter without decoder?

I'm sorry if my title seems weird but I just started to learn about signal transmitting and I don't know where to start I'm searching about simple ways to make diy radio but I can't really ...
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1answer
103 views

Counterpoise wire voltages?

One practice which seems common when operating temporary or portable QRP, SOTA, etc., is to throw a counterpoise wire out on the park lawn or shrubbery, mountaintop or hillside or parking lot ground, ...
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1answer
57 views

Voltages in a beam antenna's passive elements?

This question has good answers for the voltages reached in portions of a dipole antenna during transmit. In a beam (Yagi or Yagi-Uda) antenna, do points along passive or parasitic elements (...
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1answer
70 views

What sort of antenna would use a bicone or lozenge-like arrangement of vertical wires?

In another QA here, there's a picture of an antenna I identified as a "discone": What are these antennas used for? One commenter noticed that antenna was actually a "Discone, but no disc, just the ...
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2answers
134 views

Will using a 1:1 balun at the feedpoint of a center feed dipole result in no common mode current on the outside of the coax?

Will using a 1:1 balun at the feedpoint of a center-fed dipole when using coax result in no common mode current on the outside of the coax ?
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90 views

Passive antenna system as a Wi-Fi repeater [duplicate]

I want to extend WiFi signal using a passive repeater between two isolated boxes (have to make both box wireless). Transmitter antenna from box A is placed in the gap between box A and B. In the same ...
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3answers
202 views

ARRL handbook as a reference for all your radio learning needs?

Looking to take up learning understanding everything from basic electronics to how today's wideband radios work, so that I can build my own radio systems (not just ham radios), and talk radio concepts ...
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2answers
96 views

resonance vs resonator in antenna

Resonance in electronic means: reactance of zero. (maybe wrongly/correctly someone's calling the minimum VSWR, the resonance of antenna! and this cause confusion) I've heard in Antenna Design for ...

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