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Questions tagged [dipole]

Use this tag for questions relating to dipole antennas.

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votes
1answer
30 views

Calculating SWR for a dipole

I have a dipole wire antenna that is tuned to 14.0 MHz so that it has an SWR there of nearly 1:1. Is there a mathematical formula by which I can compute the expected SWR for other frequencies? I would,...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

How does the material of a fishing-pole mast affect antenna performance?

I'm a newly-licenced ham and currently starting out with HF. My home doesn't allow for a permanent setup. I can therefore only operate portable from parks and such, with limited TX power (my rig goes ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Is the phase difference between the voltage and current of the standing wave on a dipole antenna constant along the dipole's length?

Everyone knows that a 1/2 λ dipole antenna has on it a standing wave of RF energy the voltage and current of which are about 90° out of phase with each other. The standing wave is circulating reactive ...
0
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2answers
101 views

Does the self inductance and velocity factor of the elements of a dipole antenna change its resonant frequency?

Below are well known equations from Wikipedia for the resistance and reactance in the impedance of a dipole antenna. where $a$ is the radius of the conductors, $k$ is the wave number 2πf/c, $η_0$ ...
5
votes
2answers
307 views

Can coax be run through the center of a radiating element without currents being induced on the coax shield?

I run a λ/2 vertical dipole for 20M that's fed to a 1.5:1 balun at its center with coax that is perpendicular to the dipole (parallel to the ground), for about 30 feet before it comes down to the ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

For a resonant half wave dipole, is the phase of the applied RF voltage at the feedpoint in phase with the current reflected from the ends?

For a resonant half wave dipole, the voltage and current of the standing waves on the antenna are 90 degrees out of phase with each other. At resonance, is the phase of the current reflected back from ...
4
votes
3answers
141 views

When a dipole antenna is fed via coax, what powers the ground-side of the dipole?

I've been trying to understand how dipole antennas work, and I believe I understand the basics when they're fed via a balanced feed line. In fact, every dipole physics YouTube video and web page I can ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Is a MagLoop antenna better than my 50ft end fed di-pole for 20-80 meters?

I'm restricted to putting antennas in my attic which is 50 feet long and peaks at about 8 feet. I'm currently using the Nelson UJM-150-50 end-fed dipole 80-10 meter antenna. The attic is about 25 feet ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Identical HF Horizonal Dipoles Operating in Close Proximity

I'm planning to use a multiwave horizontal dipole oriented to work comms toward Alaska from Colorado. That ends up being awkwardly oriented to work east coast and Europe. If I placed a second ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

Destructive interference between two close antennas

let's consider this two planar biconical dipoles of total length and width each one 10mm, at a distance D = 25.6mm. They are excited with the discrete ports in the picture, which corresponds in this ...
4
votes
2answers
429 views

Receiving the ISS SSTV: dipole antenna configuration and orientation

In short I am trying to receive SSTV Images from the ISS (145.8Mhz) and I all have is a simple "bunny ears" dipole antenna. In what configuration (straight, vee shaped, upside down vee, ...) ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Printed Dipole Transmission Line Equivalent Model

let's consider a printed dipole on a substrate with a GND plane: I've seen many times an equivalent model which uses transmission lines like this (reference): This model is useful to understand the ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Phase shifts in antenna arrays

Let's consider a simple antenna array. For instance, this three-elements equispaced dipole array: Each dipole is connected to a signal voltage source. It's well known that it's possible to choose the ...
-5
votes
4answers
267 views

Exactly what is the cause for the zero reactance seen in the impedance at the center feed point of a resonant half wave dipole?

Lots of explanations i've read on the internet written by ham radio operators and in some text books state that a half wave dipole is resonant when the inductive and capacitive reactances cancel out. ...
0
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0answers
41 views

How to decide between Dipole and Monopole antenna for Cubesat Uplink (433 MHz)? [duplicate]

We are currently deciding between a dipole and a monopole for uplink (435MHz) , while the monopole is easier to feed, we are unsure of how effectively we'll be able to implement the ground plane, ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Half wave dipole with parasitic element, (Gain calculation)

good morning all, I have difficulties to find the correct formula that allows me to calculate the gain of half wave dipole in parallel with another parasitic half wave dipole. I'm trying to calculate ...
2
votes
2answers
254 views

How does a 40/15m dipole with capacitance hats work?

I followed an article Antenna Here is a Dipole [PDF] by James Hearly, NJ2L to build a dual band 40/15m dipole: The antenna works more or less as expected. My 40m dipole was resonant at 7.030 MHz and ...
1
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4answers
1k views

How to increase the bandwidth of half-wave dipole antenna?

I have designed a half-wave dipole antenna for frequency range of 150 to 200 MHz. Due to resonant frequency of 175 MHz, Its dimensions are: L=817.44 mm, R=1.71 mm. Impedance is also equal to 73 ohms. ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Yagi performing far worse than a dipole

A few months ago, I built a 6 element yagi: 3 driven elements, and 3 reflectors. For 10-15-20m. I was able to tune it to SWR 1:1 for the FT8 frequencies in each band. This antenna is only 6m above ...
0
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0answers
102 views

Built a 2 meter 5 element Yagi

Straight dipoles. I can't get the Yagi to tune. I have tried the 4:1 Balun method with coax but not able to tune. With the straight unbalanced input to the dipole I get a 1:1 swr on about 129 MHz ...
0
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1answer
177 views

Pondering variations on the vertical bazooka antenna

I've seen these antennas built out of coax that are called a bazooka vertical. It's a kind of 1/4 wave vertical, or perhaps a 1/2 wave dipole. Constructing such an antenna is to roll back the outer ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

How Does the Propagation of H-pol E-M Fields Compare to That of V-pol E-M Fields (other things equal)?

A rather popular belief on this topic is that h-pol is superior to v-pol. Probably that is traceable to published "far-field" patterns over a lossy ground plane generated by Method of ...
1
vote
1answer
387 views

440MHz collinear dipole array - suitable coax?

friends! Finally found my next antenna project..a collinear dipole array for the 70cm US ham band. The general idea: (image courtesy https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-981-...
3
votes
3answers
205 views

What is an expected SWR plot for a trap dipole?

I've build a trap dipole for 20/40m bands. Traps are made of a coil wound on an insulator of RG213 coax and 3 kV NP0 capacitors. The impedance measured with EU1KY antenna analyzer is following: This ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

How Does the Performance of an Inverted V Dipole Compare to a Linear Dipole?

The NEC4.2 comparison in the answer below shows one example, for a practical set of installation conditions.
1
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1answer
165 views

Double Cross Dipole antenna for 437 MHz don't tune

I'm building a Double Cross Dipole antenna for 437 MHz to be used with a SDR receiver for CW cubesat. The idea is to follow this "classic" paper from Gerald Martes, KD6JDJ. I tuned every single dipole ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

What is the impedance of an off-center fed resonant dipole?

Given a dipole approximately 0.48 wavelengths long, such that when fed in the center the feedpoint impedance has zero reactance, how does the complex impedance change as the feedpoint is moved away ...
2
votes
6answers
633 views

For a half wave dipole antenna, what's the value of the reactances that cancel out when the antenna is resonant?

According to a few books and articles on antenna fundamentals I've read recently, including Wikipedia and the ARRL Handbook, when a half wave dipole is resonant, the inductive and capacitive ...
5
votes
2answers
702 views

How to calculate power transmitted by monopoles?

I only studied monopole in sending mode or receiving mode alone but never in both modes together, I have this question which says: Two vertical λ/4 monopoles are parallel to each other with 20 ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Can a 1:1 transformer be used as a protection from static electricity?

It's well-known that under certain conditions verticals and dipoles can gather static charge, which is a common reason of transceiver damage. There are several ways to solve this issue. Some hams ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

4:1 Balun question

With an OCF dipole, does it matter which leg, short or long, is connected to which side of the 4:1 balun, hot(coax center) or shield? How can you tell which is which, the balun is not marked. Thank ...
7
votes
5answers
732 views

Coax fed dipole: shield goes to one side, yet is grounded via chassis line to Earth

Suppose I have a coax-fed half-wave dipole antenna. The coax shield goes to one side of the antenna, the center conductor to the other side. The transceiver's chassis is connected (via the coax ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

How should I stack these folded dipoles?

Looking to stack these 8 folded dipoles on my 100ft tower. I can not find any information whatsoever on these. I have 4 consecutive serial numbered boxes. Bluewave Marathon BME139FN1H0 138 - ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

40 meter band Dipole antenna designed is not receiving any signal at 2 km distance

I am using a Pixie transceiver, giving 1 W power and 7 MHz frequency. A 40-meter band dipole antenna, providing 5 dBi gain at high angles, has been designed and connected at the output of the circuit ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the effect of coil Q on a shortened dipole?

I made a small yagi, with the driven element being a coil loaded dipole. What is the effect of coil Q in this situation? The coils I built are 18 turns of 1.2mm enameled wire wound tightly with a ...
0
votes
3answers
410 views

To folded dipole, or not to folded dipole?

I currently operate a 20M half-wave dipole with a balun. It's a little lower than ideal, but it gets me on the air. I've read about folded dipoles. But I've found contradicting information about them....
2
votes
1answer
214 views

When I am told that a dipole must have a determined length, does that include the space between both elements?

I am trying to build an antenna for receiving NOAA satellites and I need to build two 137,5MHz dipoles. When I enter the frequency and width of the wires in a calculator, I obtain that $λ/2=1.09\,\...
2
votes
2answers
363 views

How to estimate a dipole feedpoint impedance?

An ideal dipole, at resonance, will have an impedance around 73 ohms. A folded dipole, around 280 ohms. How can I calculate the impedances when not at resonance? Let's assume I have a span of 15M in ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Rotatable Dipole & RF Choke

I have a Diamond HFV-5 (rotatable dipole) in the attic fed by ~30ft of coax. The antenna system comes with a Balun at the feedpoint. Would it be worthwhile to add an inline RF Choke (Unun) in addition ...
2
votes
2answers
228 views

Will using a 1:1 balun at the feedpoint of a center feed dipole result in no common mode current on the outside of the coax?

Will using a 1:1 balun at the feedpoint of a center-fed dipole when using coax result in no common mode current on the outside of the coax ?
0
votes
2answers
156 views

Strong but unreadable signal received on 2m FM voice, transmitter less than 2km away. What could be the cause of the readability problem?

I conducted an experiment today using a prototype copper wire 2m dipole at a ground level base station (noted on images) and a FT2D HT with an SRH77CA antenna. I recorded my transmissions using a ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Do these magnetic field measurements of end-fed and center-fed half-wave dipoles corroborate measurements made by antenna experimenters?

Using a sensor and procedure discussed in my article, I made the following plot comparing the magnetic field strength along a 30m-band half-wave dipole fed at center and one end. Key points include: ...
4
votes
2answers
227 views

Dipole increased CM current using choke balun

My 20 meter inverted vee dipole is fed with 56 feet of 50-ohm coax. The SWR measures 1.2 at the center of the band. According to http://arrl.org/grounding a balanced antenna doesn't need a ground, so ...
5
votes
3answers
242 views

Why does no one use a Buddipole as an Inverted V?

I have been looking at the Buddipole, and I've seen the most popular configuration is as a standard dipole with the arms parallel to the ground. I've also seen it configured as an upright V, as well ...
3
votes
1answer
415 views

What are the effects of a ground plane under a horizontal dipole?

What are the effects on signal propagation if this ground plane is just a metal object and what are the effects if the ground plane is actually grounded? I am asking this question because someone ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Passive receiver power needs & data rate

I'm working on a project to design a space-based low frequency array. It will only be receiving signals, and it will operate between 10MHz - 100MHz. It is made of short wave crossed dipole antennas. I ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

3 Band (80-40-20 Meter) Fan Dipole Tuning Question

I built a fan dipole according to the basic instructions in the SRI publication describing the theory and basic design. My questions is about next steps in tuning for the various bands. I am ...
6
votes
2answers
192 views

Effective Area of Dipole Array

I'm trying to design a low frequency dipole interferometer antenna array. I am realizing how little I know about radio antennae. I'm confused by the concept of effective area $A_e$ and how it applies ...
5
votes
2answers
245 views

Does a loop antenna have less susceptibility to atmospheric noise than an open ended antenna?

I always get the feeling that an antenna which has a loop for the driven element such as a folded dipole or quad will pick up less static or 'high impedance' noise than an antenna that has free ends ...
1
vote
1answer
440 views

What is the equation for the arm lengths of a half wavelength dipole antenna?

I was operating under the impression that the arm length of a half dipole antenna is λ/4 while making one that operated at the 145Mhz frequency using a piece of 9.525 mm (3/8 inch) copper tubing, at a ...