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Questions tagged [dipole]

Use this tag for questions relating to dipole antennas.

1
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2answers
60 views

Using a common-mode choke on symmetrical antenna system

I am curious as to what happens to a symmetrical dipole center-fed with balanced feeder-line. Let's assume the dipole is arranged as a sloper - that means it's not parallel to ground (horizontal). ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Wire dipole antenna proving ground / test bench

i am considering building two movable (concrete base with wheels) non metallic poles with hooks every ten centimeters or so, in order to test wire dipoles of various sizes at various heights with an ...
2
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2answers
55 views

Effective area of a dipole

Effective area of a dipole is $\lambda^{2}/4*\pi$. Consider 1 GHz em waves. Consider two antenna of length 15cm ie half wave length and 1 cm. Both have same effective area. This is very non-intuitive ...
3
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3answers
338 views

The right antenna size

I'm preparing for the USA Technician exam and I was reading in the manual that the ideal size for a dipole is following this strange formula: 1/2-lambda. But based on what I read after, it seems it ...
4
votes
3answers
148 views

Efficiency of short dipole receiving antenna

For a transmitting dipole antenna, its length is important. If it is close to half the wavelength, it will be efficient and most of the input power will be radiated. How important is the length of ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Folded balun, impedance matching

I am planning on building a half-wave dipole that is fed by a coaxial cable. I found a way to do this on antenna-theory (http://www.antenna-theory.com/definitions/foldedbalun.php). The article talks ...
1
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1answer
81 views

Connecting a coaxial cable as feed to a halfwave dipole

I have as assignment to make a half wave dipole antenna, that radiates at 433 MHz. I am trying to figure out how to use a coaxial cable as transmission line. I know that the coaxial cable is ...
1
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1answer
62 views

How the performance of the half wave dipole antenna changes as the length changes?

I have been doing some research online and I found that some sources say if you have a full wave dipole antenna, there would be no transmission on the other hand some sources say that this is not true....
2
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3answers
98 views

One dipole for multiple bands?

I've just get my license, and I'm reviewing some equipend my father in law had when he passed away. I have found a dipole antenna with 15m aprox in each side, so, 60m band antenna. It feels weird to ...
1
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4answers
385 views

Turn 75 Ω TV “Rabbit Ears” with a balun into a 50 Ω dipole antenna

I got myself a TV "Rabbit Ears" module originally for a TV. It came with a small length of coax, permanently attached to the antenna foot, and a Belling-Lee connector on the other end. My idea was to ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

How low can a vertical dipole be mounted?

An answer to this question suggests that raising a vertical dipole sufficiently can create the effect of a phased array. How about the opposite. How low can a vertical dipole be mounted? Can a ...
4
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2answers
285 views

Using two short mobile HF antennas to make a vertical dipole

Instead of using a metal vehicle roof or multiple radials as the counterpose to a shortened vertical antenna, can one use two of them, one pointed downward to construct a balanced vertical dipole, and ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

How to find transmitting (voice and CW) Amateur stations in UK?

Background info: I own an SDR (model "SDRPlay RSP1") and I have a fully working HDSDR software system installed on my PC. I can successfully use this to tune-in to my local airport's radio traffic ...
2
votes
3answers
122 views

Which antenna would you use?

I'm starting to study RF propagation at college, and I'm thinking about what antenna I should choose for this scenario: The distance between the transmitter and receiver is just 700 meters, and the ...
3
votes
2answers
281 views

proximity of rain gutter to dipole antenna

I am a new ham and wish to mount a center-fed G5RV dipole antenna under the eaves of my house, where I have a 78' clear run available two stories above ground. The problem is a metal rain gutter which ...
1
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1answer
66 views

Resistance of antenna dipoles

A quick question: Is it a disaster if the two legs of a v-dipole antenna are different resistances? Thanks.
3
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1answer
87 views

How much leeway does an antenna tuner give me?

As far as I can tell, currently a 20m dipole has to be within a few inches to have a reasonable SWR without a tuner. How does this change with one? Does it depend on what tuner I have?
2
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5answers
170 views

What happens if an HF dipole is made longer?

Does a longer dipole (than half wavelength), for example twice as long, tuned to 50 Ω using an antenna tuner perform better than a half wavelength dipole for the same frequency?
5
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1answer
529 views

What frequency to set trap on?

I plan to build trapped multiband dipole so I read lots of documentation I found. There is one thing that confuses me: various authors recommend setting resonant trap frequency differently: some say ...
2
votes
1answer
430 views

What material is best to design a dipole antenna working at VHF frequency? [duplicate]

I need to design an antenna using the tool FEKO. The antenna is supposed to work in VHF frequency and has a gain of around 2.2 dB. What is the best material to use and what are the specifications of ...
1
vote
2answers
267 views

Linear-Loaded Cage Dipole?

I've recently learned about linear loaded dipoles as one way of building a physically shortened antenna. As I understand it, any shortened antenna will have reduced bandwidth and linear-loaded dipoles ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Transition Point Between Fan and Cage Dipoles

A fan dipole is a dipole with multiple active elements, either for different frequencies or different directions (see turnstile antenna) while a cage dipole emulates a larger conductive by having ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Grounding a dipole

How do you properly ground a dipole (RX only for VHF scanning) to protect it against ESD/lightning? In my set up i'm putting a dipole on my roof. I've connected the two dipole elements together with ...
6
votes
2answers
467 views

Dipole Antenna Current Distribution at any Time Instant

Above is a connection of half-wave dipole antenna. The book states that the current profile is same at any given time instant on both the radiators, each of quarter wavelength length. Now my ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

What effect does a balun have on s-parameter, beam patterns?

I have a dual-dipole antenna with a subreflector slightly above it and a ground plane below it, and attached to the ground plane is a balun. While simulating in CST microwave studios, I didn't include ...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

Dipole Center Spacing

I have a question about dipole construction. I am working with a turnstile, but building dipoles to validate my system with linearly polarized transmission before moving on to circular. My design has ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Polarisation loss Dipole antennas

For a school assignment I need to calculate a link budget between two half wave dipole antennas, but I am stuck at calculating the polarisation losses in the antennas. the antennas are ideal and ...
2
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1answer
132 views

Relay specifications for linked dipole

I currently have a linked dipole up and running at 40,20,15 and 10M. While I have looked at trapped dipoles the losses discourage me as I wish to use as little power as possible. So I now I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
370 views

Will adding a balun to a full-wave dipole help?

I have made a dipole for 40 m, no swr to speak of on 7040 kHz, but I've been told that it should also work on 20 m as it is 20 meters long (2× 9,92 m) but there I get SWR in the 7-9 range. Will this ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Calculating bandwidth of antenna?

Is there a way to calculate bandwidth of an classical dipole antenna having this information: center frequency wire velocity wire diameter I would disregard antenna height, to simplify. I am not ...
3
votes
1answer
350 views

How to feed an array of dipoles for an end-fire pattern

An array of dipoles can be fed to achieve an end-fire pattern. If the phase of the current on each element is equal, the array will have maximum radiation broadside to the array. If the phase of the ...
2
votes
1answer
865 views

Balun and impedance matching suggestions for dipole antenna

I'm a newbie who is attempting to build a half-wave dipole antenna that will be located in the rudder of a sailplane. 123.3 MHz is the most important frequency to me, although it's reasonable to ...
0
votes
1answer
492 views

Which matters most in a fan dipole: Overall linear length or actual wire length?

I'm in the midst of constructing a fan dipole for 80, 40, 30, 20 and 10 meters. I have everything laid out and am about to start cutting wire. I have an ugly balun (RF choke) wound at the feed point ...
5
votes
3answers
968 views

Running ladder line through window from inside shack to outside dipole antenna - what to watch out for?

For HF operating, I am considering running a ladder line from the ATU just inside a window, through the window (squeezing it between the window and the window frame; not actually through the glass), ...
5
votes
1answer
381 views

What happens to the “Yo-Yo Tenna” when you coil up its ends for use on higher frequencies?

I have gathered what is basically a Yo-Yo Tenna using some Camco laundry reels and a spool of cheap speaker wire split in half (pretty much exact duplicate of this build as it turns out). I've got a ...
2
votes
1answer
233 views

Horizontal dipole radiation gaps

Consider the radiation pattern of a horizontal dipole mounted at a height of 1.75λ. Is it possible for a receiving station's antenna to be mounted at a certain height such that the radiation of the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

2 Meter horizontal or vertical dipole polarization?

When should I use one polarization over the other on 2 meters? I've looked at the radiation patterns for horizontal dipole and seen how it changes based on mounting height. I haven't been able to ...
4
votes
1answer
462 views

Correct number of elements in 4nec2 antenna simulation

I am designing a 1.25-wavelength dipole antenna with the 4nec2 software. What I noticed is that the input impedance of antenna is changing greatly when I change the number of segments. How many ...
2
votes
1answer
735 views

Do I need a Balun for a single band QRP antenna?

I have a little MFJ QRP CW 20m rig that I plan to turn into a portable kit for SOTA peaks. I have everything figured out except for the antenna. I am wanting to make a dipole. However, I was wondering,...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the impedance of a 1.25 λ dipole antenna?

I would like to make a dipole antenna. This particular antenna is used for reception only; no transmission is involved. I would like to receive as much power as possible by this antenna as it is used ...
3
votes
1answer
408 views

How to center-feed a single wire dipole?

I have heard that it is possible to feed single wire like a dipole from the center-point without actually making two separate wires. How would I do this, what impedance would I expect to see, and ...
8
votes
6answers
20k views

What is a Gamma match in the context of the driven element of a Yagi antenna?

How (and why) does a Gamma match work, when used on the driven element of a Yagi antenna? As shown here: http://www.iw5edi.com/ham-radio/files/2elyagi10m_4.jpg (source: http://www.iw5edi.com/ham-...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Why does ice on a wire dipole affect the SWR?

We just had snow and ice overnight and my wire dipole was coated in ice. Why does the ice covering negatively affect the SWR of the antenna?
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Does propagation affect magnetic and electric fields equally?

In the HF bands loop antennas are common, which, if I understand correctly, emit most of their radio energy into the magnetic field, whereas most dipoles emit largely into the electric field. To take ...
13
votes
4answers
11k views

Why do folded dipoles have greater bandwidth than ordinary resonant dipoles?

This is something I've read in passing, but never encountered an explanation of why. For example, Wikipedia says: Another common place one can see dipoles is as antennas for the FM band; these are ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

80/160m Shortened Dipole Trap Questions

I seem to have forgotten some things I learned years ago for my amateur radio exams. If I am building a 2 band shortened dipole and want a trap between 80 and 160 do I make the trap resonant on 80 or ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How much RF energy do trees and branches absorb?

For the 20m - 10m and 6m bands, will having my dipoles below the tops of trees (I live in redwood forests) drastically affect the RF power out or radiation patterns of my dipoles if I can still get ...
16
votes
1answer
3k views

How does moving a feedpoint off-center in a dipole affect the resonant frequency and resistive load?

Specifically, I understand that OCF dipoles change the SWR, but does it do this via reactance or resistance, or both?