# Questions tagged [noise]

Questions about noise in the sense of that inevitable component of any real signal. For questions about avoiding or eliminating interference from manmade sources, use [rfi] instead.

56 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
112 views

### High electrical noise only when coax shield is connected

I'm trying to understand a noise issue on my Yaesu FT-891. I have very high 60 hz electric buzz on most bands with 40 and 15M being the worse at about S9+. My antenna is a MyAntennas 66ft EFHW fed ...
57 views

### Why so high values of noise température of a spectrum analyser?

We know that the displayed average noise level(DANL) and noise figure(NF) of a spectrum analyser is given by the following equation: NF_{𝑆𝐴} = 𝐿_{𝐷𝐴𝑁L}[dBm] + 174dBm −10 \cdot ...
45 views

### How do you take into account the SNR of a transmitter in a fade margin?

I have a fade margin for a RF bridge, but it only compares the sensitivity of the receiver to the received power - or alternatively calculates the Eb/N0 from the net received power divided by the ...
1 vote
104 views

### Ignition Static on 2m mobile but not 70cm

I have an ICOM 2730a 2m/440 mobile rig in a 2015 Ram 1500. Tx and Rx with truck not running is excellent. With engine running I hear static popping, but only on 2 meters. If I Tx I can hear the ...
• 11
42 views

### How to analyse the distribution of the noise being received by my RTL-SDR device?

I'm very new to RTL-SDR and signal processing in general, but have managed to get my device (NOOELEC NESDR Mini) working and data into Python (via the pyRTLSDR library). I am able to output a complex-...
• 101
1 vote
55 views

### What are the unintentional radiation limits in U.S. HF bands?

What are the radiation limits in U.S. HF bands in terms, not in terms of uV/M, but in dBm or uV levels transmitted though an HF dipole antenna? I assume that if the antenna is connected to a receiver ...
• 12.4k
891 views

### QRN: How to chase down a solid S9 noise floor on 40m only

I am new to this, having just set up my station. I have "very bad" QRN on 40m: S9. Here is the setup: High density suburb with flats and houses Yaesu FT450D with fan dipole at 6m-9m above ...
151 views

### Why is QRN so bad on the low HF and MF bands?

If one tunes an HF/MF radio at night, the lower the frequency (or the longer the wavelength) of the band, the more QRN (static and atmospheric noise) there is. 80m is noisier than 40m, and 160m is ...
• 8,922
510 views

### If receive performance doesn't depend on SWR, then how can I tune my manual HF antenna tuner by band noise?

The popular question "What is the relationship between SWR and receive performance?" asks if a receiver with a well-matched antenna (low SWR) beats a receiver with a poorly-matched antenna, ...
• 8,922
1 vote
146 views

### Where to find QRM and/or QRN audio files?

I'm looking for some QRN/M audio files to "show" someone what said noise can sound like, particularly interested in static crashes or lightening bursts. Have Googled same with no joy other ...
• 11
94 views

### How to track down and neutralize this apparent mixer creating noisy emissions around my signal?

When I transmit, it there seems to be something mixing and reflecting my signal. For example, when I transmit on 14.300 MHz, I see signals above my transmitted signal at at 14.500, 14.700, 14.900, etc....
• 191
95 views

### Buzzing FM interference

What kind of interference or other receiver issues can cause a constant buzzing noise (picket fence lines in the audio spectrum) in the demodulated audio of a received NFM VHF signal? With AM, it ...
• 12.4k
205 views

### Easy Digi hum with isolated ground

I am creating an Echolink simplex link using a Raspberry Pi 3 B+, a Pluggable USB sound adapter, and an "Easy Digi" sound card interface which has 2 - 600ohm isolation transformers for audio in/out as ...
• 43
1 vote
317 views

### Extremely strong QRM on VHF?

I don't usually operate in 2 m, save for FM satellites. I usually go to a nearby park when I do this, for better view of the horizon. But I tried working them from home for the past couple of days, ...
• 1,159
163 views

### Working satellite on 2 meters, at what arc distance to sun (center) will noise floor be problematic to a disruption of a communication path?

Is there some simple utility, or published set of charts, or suite of formulae, where one can approach the situation by inputting a space weather summary, (sunspots, various indexes, etc), the receive ...
153 views

### Icom 7300 low frequency broad-spectrum noise

What's causing these horizontal bands of noise? It's the middle of the day here in a low density city neighborhood. They were not present about 20 minutes ago; now they are even stronger and filling ...
489 views

### What causes the light and dark bands (of background noise) in an HF waterfall display?

While monitoring the 40-meter band (among others) throughout a typical day/night as propagation changes I have noticed there are often bands of very low noise (black area) and others with much higher ...
• 138
596 views

### What is Spectral Subtraction for noise reduction?

I previously asked a general question about noise reduction, but none of the answers mentioned this specific method or algorithm. (the noise reduction button on some radios and DSP software seems to ...
• 12.4k
174 views

### What does a receiver's noise reduction function do?

Some receivers contain a noise reduction button or function. What does this noise reduction do? Is there more than one type of noise reduction? How does the circuit or software know what part of ...
• 12.4k
1 vote
231 views

What is the definition of these terms? Would a system with signal to noise ratios of uplink 100dBHz and downlink 80dBHz be downlink-limited?
• 11
41 views

### Noise Floor when receiving Es'hail 2

I'm currently trying to receive the Es'hail 2 satellite using a standard TV LNB, 60cm dish and RTL-SDR. My dish is slightly offset by 2 degrees, and my SNR is only about 15dB unfortunately. My main ...
• 157
443 views

### Does a loop antenna have less susceptibility to atmospheric noise than an open ended antenna?

I always get the feeling that an antenna which has a loop for the driven element such as a folded dipole or quad will pick up less static or 'high impedance' noise than an antenna that has free ends ...
• 3,321
1 vote
496 views

### Noise reduction

I live close to an AM transmitter broadcasting in the kW of power. My RTL SDR dongle gets very overloaded. Using 2 AM broadcast filters, I have mostly managed to stop the overloading, at least from ...
• 157
2k views

### How does lowering the RF Gain help with SNR?

Let's say for sake of example we are in the 40m band. I've read articles and posts about riding the RF gain (or even just simply lowering it). And I can see how it is useful in overload situations. ...
• 740
1k views

### Doublet with ladder line vs coax w.r.t. noise

I live in the city, with 50’x 100’ lots. I use an 80 meter doublet at 30 feet, fed with ladder line to a tuner. My noise floor ranges from S5 to S9 depending on the time. Would a coax feed reduce ...
• 21
1 vote
215 views

### Measuring S21 against TX-RX distance (a.k.a path loss modelling) with a network analyzer didn't give expected results

Task: Path loss modelling Target frequency: 433 MHz; Laboratory environment: in a basement where there were other equipment and metal shelves. A few acoustic absorbers were placed around the setup. ...
• 57
1 vote
759 views

### High Noise Floor on 40/80m at Night

I've notice a couple of times over the past couple of weeks that the noise floor, particularly on 40 and 80, is exceptionally high as the grayline passes me into night. I'm looking at the general band ...
1 vote
198 views

### What's the Noise Floor?

What's the noise floor according to this picture? Is the noise floor S5 as it shows in the Signal meter at the top right or is it S1 as it shows on the panadapter? The reason why I ask is I'm trying ...
172 views

### How do I have a full signal of noise on a handheld?

I'm new to ham (although I've had a license for a long time) and I'm having issues with receiving on a basic handheld. I have a cheap BaoFeng UV-82HP and I keep getting full signal noise at random ...
• 153
1 vote
206 views

### What can I do about my strong RF noise?

I have a problem with strong and constant received noise, from S7 to S9+20. I've shut off the power, both in my house and two neighbors' houses. I took my portable rig with a Hustler antenna and ...
2k views

### High 40m noise floor during the evening but quiet in the afternoon

I've been dealing with S7 static on 40 meters ever since I got started a few weeks ago. It's so bad that I have to use my RF ATT so that the static is not deafening. I did some research about ...
• 740
779 views

### Signal path to maximize RFI rejection in an urban environment

Urban ham here (Cambridge, MA - FN42ki - KC1JZE) looking for tips to make this hobby possible in the city. I rarely can hear both sides of HF phone transmissions, and have yet to make contacts despite ...
321 views

### Rolling QRM from 3000-10000 kHz - What Is It?

Video I was lucky to catch the QRM start this morning @ approximately 10 AM Pacific Standard time. It was wide, starting around 3000 kHz up to 10000 kHz. It starts fast then slows to a crawl. The ...
1k views

### How can I calculate the effects of an LNA, antenna gain, etc. on noise performance?

There are many things I might do enable my station to hear weaker signals that would otherwise be buried in noise. Just a few possibilities: Install a nice LNA Increase antenna gain Reduce feedline ...
• 49.8k
182 views

### Accounting for feedlines in noise temperature calculations

In writing an answer to "Use noise figure and gain to calculate weakest signal radio can receive?" I've managed to confuse myself. I believe this much is true:  T_\text{eq} =T_1 +{T_2 \over G_1} +{...
• 49.8k
205 views

### Use noise figure and gain to calculate weakest signal radio can receive?

An FM radio receiver, using a 1 kHz tone at 3 kHz deviation has a 12 dB SINAD (Signal To Noise and Distortion) of -116 dBm. I would like to increase the 12 dB SINAD sensitivity of the receiver to at ...
• 7,412
832 views

### What are these continuous sine wave tones I keep hearing?

I'm messing around on WebSDR and by just scanning through I sometimes come across these continuous tones in USB. One in particular was 28.800 MHz USB. I've picked them up on nearly every WebSDR unit ...
375 views

### How can I determine if out of band interference is affecting my AIS reception?

AIS I am receiving ship AIS messages. These are low power, digital messages periodically sent on two marine channels close to 162mhz. This frequency is surrounded by FM broadcast, weather radio, and ...
• 229
5k views

### Is 20m noisy, or do I have a lot of local interference?

I'm making my first ventures into HF with a Yaesu FT-450D and a homebrew 20 Meter inverted-V antenna a local ham helped me set up. I've noticed that the 20 Meterm band seems to have lots of ...
• 371
4k views

### Baud rate/frequency/bandwith/characters per second

I'm trying to filter a noisy serial line that comes in to a radio (mostly as a thought excercise in line filtering). The data comes in on a RS-232 line, 9600 baud, 8n1. I've found a lot of ...
1 vote
41 views

### Determining if what's on a frequency is signal, or noise [duplicate]

I have the spectrum binned into 5kHz bins. For each bin, I'd like to determine (via software) whether what's in that bin is primarily signal (an FM broadcast station; a ham repeater) or noise (just ...
• 561
5k views

### HF Noise Level S5 to S9+18

Since I got my HF radio a year and change ago, I've been able to hear very little except noise and the WWV time station on 10MHz. Noise seems to vary by band, but not how I'd expect: 80m: S7-S9 40m: ...
• 753
1k views

### Is FM modulation still more resistant to noise when given the same bandwidth as an AM signal?

FM modulated radio is much more resistant to noise and can deliver better sound quality than AM radio. But FM signals also use more bandwidth than AM signals. In general a wider bandwidth signal is ...
• 283
262 views

### Cell Phone Filter / Interference?

How do cell phone filters filter out all the extraneous EM waves and noise (especially noise) when you get a call? I would expect a phone to have a bandpass filter to get rid of most noise but even ...
248 views

### Realistic UHF noise floor when receiving signal from moon - 433 / 2400MHz

Let's imagine we're at ground station trying to receive UHF signal transmitted from moon at 433 / 2400 MHz. Our antenna with 25dB gain (circular polarization) points to the moon. Our LNA has 1dB NF. ...
• 379
569 views

### How does the antenna noise temperature vary with antenna elevation?

I'm using a 14 element cross Yagi antenna in my system. For my link budget calculations, what antenna noise temperature should I consider? How does this vary with elevation?
1 vote
560 views

### Loop Vs Whip for MW DX

MW reception is often plauged by man made interference these days. Most man made interference comes from small close sources like say a laptop power supply .Is a loop antenna better than a whip when ...
• 449
330 views

### Strange Noise Floor observed in UHF Band

I have a tracking station for UHF band satellites which comprises of a cross yagi of 12 dBi and a wideband LNA of 40 dB Power Gain and 1.3 dB Noise Figure. I observe a Noise floor of about 300 kHz ...
1 vote
68 views

### Inquiry regarding thermal resistor noise

In the simplest form, how could thermal resistor noise be described? I've looked up online but just found the calculation part.
• 113