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Questions tagged [noise]

Questions about noise in the sense of that inevitable component of any real signal. For questions about avoiding or eliminating interference from manmade sources, use [rfi] instead.

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3answers
121 views

How does lowering the RF Gain help with SNR?

Let's say for sake of example we are in the 40m band. I've read articles and posts about riding the RF gain (or even just simply lowering it). And I can see how it is useful in overload situations. ...
2
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3answers
79 views

Doublet with ladder line vs coax w.r.t. noise

I live in the city, with 50’x 100’ lots. I use an 80 meter doublet at 30 feet, fed with ladder line to a tuner. My noise floor ranges from S5 to S9 depending on the time. Would a coax feed reduce ...
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1answer
38 views

Measuring S21 against TX-RX distance (a.k.a path loss modelling) with a network analyzer didn't give expected results

Task: Path loss modelling Target frequency: 433 MHz; Laboratory environment: in a basement where there were other equipment and metal shelves. A few acoustic absorbers were placed around the setup. ...
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1answer
99 views

High Noise Floor on 40/80m at Night

I've notice a couple of times over the past couple of weeks that the noise floor, particularly on 40 and 80, is exceptionally high as the grayline passes me into night. I'm looking at the general band ...
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1answer
54 views

What's the Noise Floor?

What's the noise floor according to this picture? Is the noise floor S5 as it shows in the Signal meter at the top right or is it S1 as it shows on the panadapter? The reason why I ask is I'm trying ...
5
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1answer
93 views

How do I have a full signal of noise on a handheld?

I'm new to ham (although I've had a license for a long time) and I'm having issues with receiving on a basic handheld. I have a cheap BaoFeng UV-82HP and I keep getting full signal noise at random ...
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2answers
130 views

What can I do about my strong RF noise?

I have a problem with strong and constant received noise, from S7 to S9+20. I've shut off the power, both in my house and two neighbors' houses. I took my portable rig with a Hustler antenna and ...
7
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2answers
607 views

High 40m noise floor during the evening but quiet in the afternoon

I've been dealing with S7 static on 40 meters ever since I got started a few weeks ago. It's so bad that I have to use my RF ATT so that the static is not deafening. I did some research about ...
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5answers
166 views

Signal path to maximize RFI rejection in an urban environment

Urban ham here (Cambridge, MA - FN42ki - KC1JZE) looking for tips to make this hobby possible in the city. I rarely can hear both sides of HF phone transmissions, and have yet to make contacts despite ...
7
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1answer
141 views

Rolling QRM from 3000-10000 kHz - What Is It?

Video I was lucky to catch the QRM start this morning @ approximately 10 AM Pacific Standard time. It was wide, starting around 3000 kHz up to 10000 kHz. It starts fast then slows to a crawl. The ...
4
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1answer
176 views

How can I calculate the effects of an LNA, antenna gain, etc. on noise performance?

There are many things I might do enable my station to hear weaker signals that would otherwise be buried in noise. Just a few possibilities: Install a nice LNA Increase antenna gain Reduce feedline ...
3
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2answers
66 views

Accounting for feedlines in noise temperature calculations

In writing an answer to "Use noise figure and gain to calculate weakest signal radio can receive?" I've managed to confuse myself. I believe this much is true: $$ T_\text{eq} =T_1 +{T_2 \over G_1} +{...
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2answers
102 views

Use noise figure and gain to calculate weakest signal radio can receive?

An FM radio receiver, using a 1 kHz tone at 3 kHz deviation has a 12 dB SINAD (Signal To Noise and Distortion) of -116 dBm. I would like to increase the 12 dB SINAD sensitivity of the receiver to at ...
6
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1answer
124 views

What are these continuous sine wave tones I keep hearing?

I'm messing around on WebSDR and by just scanning through I sometimes come across these continuous tones in USB. One in particular was 28.800 MHz USB. I've picked them up on nearly every WebSDR unit ...
3
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1answer
161 views

How can I determine if out of band interference is affecting my AIS reception?

AIS I am receiving ship AIS messages. These are low power, digital messages periodically sent on two marine channels close to 162mhz. This frequency is surrounded by FM broadcast, weather radio, and ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Is 20m noisy, or do I have a lot of local interference?

I'm making my first ventures into HF with a Yaesu FT-450D and a homebrew 20 Meter inverted-V antenna a local ham helped me set up. I've noticed that the 20 Meterm band seems to have lots of ...
3
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2answers
204 views

Baud rate/frequency/bandwith/characters per second

I'm trying to filter a noisy serial line that comes in to a radio (mostly as a thought excercise in line filtering). The data comes in on a RS-232 line, 9600 baud, 8n1. I've found a lot of ...
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0answers
37 views

Determining if what's on a frequency is signal, or noise [duplicate]

I have the spectrum binned into 5kHz bins. For each bin, I'd like to determine (via software) whether what's in that bin is primarily signal (an FM broadcast station; a ham repeater) or noise (just ...
5
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5answers
1k views

HF Noise Level S5 to S9+18

Since I got my HF radio a year and change ago, I've been able to hear very little except noise and the WWV time station on 10MHz. Noise seems to vary by band, but not how I'd expect: 80m: S7-S9 40m: ...
8
votes
1answer
907 views

Is FM modulation still more resistant to noise when given the same bandwidth as an AM signal?

FM modulated radio is much more resistant to noise and can deliver better sound quality than AM radio. But FM signals also use more bandwidth than AM signals. In general a wider bandwidth signal is ...
0
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1answer
153 views

Cell Phone Filter / Interference?

How do cell phone filters filter out all the extraneous EM waves and noise (especially noise) when you get a call? I would expect a phone to have a bandpass filter to get rid of most noise but even ...
3
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1answer
165 views

Realistic UHF noise floor when receiving signal from moon - 433 / 2400MHz

Let's imagine we're at ground station trying to receive UHF signal transmitted from moon at 433 / 2400 MHz. Our antenna with 25dB gain (circular polarization) points to the moon. Our LNA has 1dB NF. ...
4
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2answers
306 views

How does the antenna noise temperature vary with antenna elevation?

I'm using a 14 element cross Yagi antenna in my system. For my link budget calculations, what antenna noise temperature should I consider? How does this vary with elevation?
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1answer
280 views

Loop Vs Whip for MW DX

MW reception is often plauged by man made interference these days. Most man made interference comes from small close sources like say a laptop power supply .Is a loop antenna better than a whip when ...
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2answers
207 views

Strange Noise Floor observed in UHF Band

I have a tracking station for UHF band satellites which comprises of a cross yagi of 12 dBi and a wideband LNA of 40 dB Power Gain and 1.3 dB Noise Figure. I observe a Noise floor of about 300 kHz ...
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2answers
56 views

Inquiry regarding thermal resistor noise

In the simplest form, how could thermal resistor noise be described? I've looked up online but just found the calculation part.
5
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1answer
207 views

Does a low amount of atmospheric noise reliably indicate a lack of propagation?

We know that the primary source of interference at HF is atmospheric noise. Thus, all else being equal, the strength of heard noise is a fair indicator of RX system performance (such as in adjusting ...
3
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2answers
139 views

Rain and RF noise

I noticed when operating Field Day this year that during a period of rain, the RF background noise went up as well, from about S2 to S5-6. I was operating inside a tent, with the antenna outside the ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Color of radio noise?

Is typical background RF plus radio receiver electronics noise (wide-band audio) closer to white noise or pink (1/f) noise? Does it depend on the demodulation scheme (AM/FS/SSB/etc.), if any, ...
3
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1answer
3k views

Can I improve reception with a more sensitive antenna / preamplifier / better feedline?

I am trying to receive a station, but I can only barely hear it through the noise. Will doing anything that increases the signal from my antenna help, such as: using a more sensitive antenna adding a ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Jamming with USB SDR

Could an attacker use a simple USB SDR dongle, as long as it is capable of transmitting within a certain range, to jam frequencies? I saw Lady Ada build the WaveBubble which is basically a dual-band, ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Is a vertical noisier than a dipole, and if so, why?

I've had people tell me, anecdotally, that a vertical is noisier than a dipole. Is this true, and if so, why? If it is true: Is this additional noise, such that SNR is degraded, or is the vertical ...