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Recently I bought a telescopic antenna, model AL-800: http://www.pryme.com/index.php?l=product_detail&p=2155

It is 863mm (34 inches) long when fully extended. When retracted, it is 785mm long.

Will adding, for example, 4 ground radials increase the transmitting ability?

I'm thinking about using it as a portable base antenna that could be fit inside a backpack or fixed to a roof.

What do you think? Is there any reason for doing this? If yes, will using 1/4-wavelength radials be fine, like 4 radials that are each 17cm long?

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    $\begingroup$ When I am faced by such questions I will throw together an antenna model and run it past NEC2 (actually, I use NEC4 now). NEC2 is a great tool to get a handle on how antennas perform in various circumstances. NEC4, which cost an individual around $300 for the license has improved ground modeling capabilities plus a number of other improvements over NEC2. Once you have a setup for executing NEC2/4 simulations, you can answer lots of questions and avoid going down the wrong path on antenna design. $\endgroup$ – K7PEH Nov 12 '14 at 0:12
  • $\begingroup$ Is that antenna a monopole antenna? 34 inches is suspiciously close to a half-wave at 2m. Unfortunately, the product page doesn't give much information. $\endgroup$ – Phil Frost - W8II Nov 13 '14 at 16:42
  • $\begingroup$ Sorry but i'm not willing pay 300USD for that software, and i'm not sure if this application will help because the antenna have internal tuning coils - they look sealed so opening them to check inside will break it. Here are better pictures: ebay.com/itm/… $\endgroup$ – Marc Nov 15 '14 at 8:39
  • $\begingroup$ The antenna is called duo-band it should fit for 2m and 70cm as full wave length. $\endgroup$ – Marc Nov 15 '14 at 8:45
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The 'inventions' done to make an antenna are generally considered a trade secret by the manufacturers. I found out how my dual band works, when it got crushed after traveling in the cargo hold of an airplane. It's not simple coils... So simulating it in nec is not a simple task.

When used with an HT, all antennas assume that the user has the antenna in his hand, and the body will act as a (bad) 'counterpoise'. Of course, if you want to improve the situation, and make the use more independent of the user's position and 'pose', a groundplane would help. If nothing else, it will reduce the RF current to the hand of the operator.

On the other hand, I'd think twice about adding 3 (or 4) pointy things to the antenna, which will mostly be traveling at or near eye-height. It seems like an invitation for lawsuits.

Note that you groundplane will only work at 70cm. If you want them to work on 2m too, you'll have to add radials for that frequency.

And a final note: if you only want 70 cm, think about looking for a J-pole based design, or a vertical dipole, Neither needs a groundplane, and move the high current node up in the antenna.

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Try a practical test as follows. Find a consistantly-readable but weak station (like a medium-distance repeater) and note the signal strength when you hand-hold the antenna on a handie, possibly at arms' length. Then place the handie and antenna on the centre of a car roof and note the difference in signal strength (if any). That will indicate if the antenna would benefit from a ground plane. Some types (like an end-fed half-wave dipole) will not generate strong ground currents (if correctly matched) whereas a quarter-wave monopole does benefit from a ground plane. The antenna gain is suspiciously similar to that of a quarter wave monopole on 70 cm IF the units are dBi. In that case I wonder if the top (retractable) section is the radiator and the "bulge" at the top of the fixed section is a coil acting like a choke. This is pure speculation...

My guess is that radials will not be much help. If you do use them, then try braid instead of wire, or a metal sheet, and pay lots of attention to making an excellent ground connection at the antenna base. If you don't, then resistive losses will kill the potential gains.

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Many handheld antennas are just a 1/4 wave whip. In this case, the counterpoise is your body, the radio, and anything else around. Obviously this is a less than optimal design, and adding a more deliberate and efficient counterpoise can only help, although it comes at the cost of making the antenna bigger.

A better counterpoise can come in many forms, like a ground plane, a tiger tail, or a vertical dipole.

Unfortunately, the manufacturer seems to provide about zero information on the design of this particular antenna, so it's difficult to determine if this is applicable or not. One bit of information we have is the length: 34 inches. This is pretty close to a half-wavelength at 2m, which might suggest that it is already a vertical dipole of some sort. If this is the case, then adding pieces to the antenna isn't going to make it more effective: it's going to mess it up.

If you are wondering about 70cm also, there's probably no magic there. Because 70cm is the third harmonic of 2m, an ordinary 2m dipole also works for 70cm.

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Simple answer, yes.

Handhelds use a metal support frame inside the unit as its counterpoise. Using a resonant external wire hanging off the unit aka "tiger tail" allows for much better receive and transmit. For temporary base station use (like while camping), yes it would help to create a ground plane setup, but rather than buy something, can easily make one with solid copper wire onto a SO239-BNC adapter piece.

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