A homemade "rat-tail" ground plane costs 35 cents each to make. A crimp on eyelet to fit your antenna's connector, a string of speaker wire about 19-20 inches long and a little heat shrink tubing to dress it up and done. Soldering the the wire to the connector instead of crimping it will be a better option.
Go here for some details about the "Rat-Tail" ...
There have been a number of good answers already, though I think there are a few additional points worth sharing. Answers would also be more relevant if we knew what situation(s) you were coming up short range wise.
For portable use (out in the field):
The stock Baofeng rubber duck antenna has been shown to be a poor performer. All of the stock rubber ...
In the United States, for the most part, all radio transmissions fall into one of three categories:
The operator is allowed to transmit on that frequency (amateur, "business band", aviation, military, etc.)
The radio is allowed to transmit on that frequency (CB, FRS, MURS).
The transmissions are very low-power ("Part 15": WiFi, Bluetooth, lots of other ...
I just purchased a UV-5R to hopefully integrate into business class radios my company uses.
Unfortunately, this is not likely legal.
Business radio is licensed under the FCC's Part 90 rules; those rules include 47 CFR § 90.203 - Certification required: "[…] each transmitter utilized for operation under this part […] must be of a type which has been ...
Yes, the baofeng stock antenna is the worst antenna I have ever used. I have both. The range on my 5W BaoFeng UV-5R, with the stock antenna is about 3 KM with direct line of sight and no obstacles, and get terrible audio reports and am unable to hit a repeater accurately any more than 2 km away. With the NA-701, I get about 5 KM distance, with better audio ...
The Baofeng UV-5R and any other variations in the UV-5R family of radios have an SMA male connector on the radio mating to an SMA female antenna or SMA female adapter. In the picture I'm holding the anntenna along with the radio so that you can see for yourself which sex connector is on the radio and which is on the antenna.
If you don't need mobility, purchase an inexpensive directional 4 element Yagi antenna for 2m and operate it in vertical polarization, that is with the prongs of the yagi pointing up and down. You can sometimes find these small Yagi antennas used for ~$20-30. But note this will only help you for 2m, and should not be used on 70cm. For 70cm you can get a ...
The plug used in the Baofeng base is a 5.5 mm/2.1 mm barrel connector.
However, you cannot simply parallel a bunch of base charger units and power them off of a single AC or DC adapter without properly considering the total current required. The stock AC wall wart for the charger puts out 10 volts at 0.5 amps. Each charging base will require 0.5 amps. So, ...
I use chirp (http://chirp.danplanet.com) to program it's memories. A simple USB-UART chip like this
..is all that I use to connect to the pc.
With regards to pinouts, use:
The above schematic shows connectivity for the UV-5R and the UV-3R. You can safely leave out the UV-3R stuff..
Courtesy of: http://www.uv3r.com/uv5r.html
1) listen to FM radio, while scanning 2 meters and 70cm bands at background (as in hiking)?
nope (and only 1 band scanning at a time)
2) set scan hi and low limit, via keypad and/or pc software, so that scan within ham band only (instead full transceiver freq range)?
nope, but you can limit the ranges using chirp
3) scan 2m and 70cm 'simultaneously'. ...
See This Chart at BaofengTech.com.
Really the UV-5RE is just a cosmetic variant of the UV-5R.
As to your firmware version you should check out this page at Baofengtech.com. Sadly it is not very helpful with your firmware version:
But it is still a great reference.
The exact answer is given by the Friis equation. If you double the power, your range will increase by 1.413 times whatever it was before doubling the power if you change nothing else. This assumes you do not violate line of sight rules and that there are no additional obstructions in the longer path.
You could get this same effect by doubling the gain of ...
4W to 8W is a doubling of power, or a 3dB increase. That's 3dB you can add to your link budget. Provided of course that the limiting factor is the other station hearing you, not the other way around.
Let's say with 4W you can be heard up to 10 miles away. In idealized conditions (no terrain in the way, no interference, etc) 8W increases your range to 14.1 ...
The main differences with these units is FIRMWARE! The firmware can be checked by powering off the unit and holding the "3" key down as you power it on.
This number however does not always reflect the true firmware version and I recommend using CHIRP and a programming cable to find the firmware listed on your exact radio.
For reference I recommend you ...
How about the software made by Baofeng for the UV-5R?
I have used it and works fine when you figure out how to put it into English mode. The instructions for that are on the link, in the middle of the page.
Battery University has some general information on storing batteries. Relevant points:
Storing a Li-ion battery in a discharged state will permanently damage it
Storing a Li-ion battery at 100% charge is less than optimal
around 40% charge is optimal for storage
Lower temperatures are better
Freezing is bad
Leaving the battery connected to the radio or the ...
In theory, this is a question of the bandwidth - or better said of 2 bandwidths.
In practice it's much more complex. But let's have a look at bandwidth theory first:
the bandwidth of your transceiver
the bandwidth of the signal interfering you.
Let's assume you have your receiver on 151,180,000 Hz.
Let's further assume your receiver has a bandwidth on FM ...
No the UV-5R does have a programming cable but it does not do any more that retrieve/store information to the radio. It is possible to build a small device that will listen to the audio output of the radio, send audio to the radio and enable transmit. This however won't allow you to change the frequency on the radio, or any settings "live" to accomplish what ...
I have a UV-5R, and both the 771 and the 701. Those antennas were the best decisions I ever made. I was having trouble hitting repeaters 1-2 km away when I was indoors. With the 771, I could hit 70cm repeaters from up to 6 km away on a good day. The stock antenna is good for nothing, throw it out and buy yourself a real antenna.
You might want to use a roll up antenna called the DBJ-2 from Ed Fong.
It's a J-pole antenna. I use one with my hand held and it works great! If you email Ed I think you can get your sma female connector installed on it when it is built. I think the antenna is about $28.
I'm using one with my radio shack HTX-202 ...
Of your quoted testimonials, the one I'd put the least credence in is the 10 miles at 4w and 16 miles at 8W, because I'm not sure what they mean by the "elevation difference" disclaimer; at these frequencies even a small difference in location, especially in elevation, can make much more difference than doubling wattage. The rest seem pretty much spot on.
The correct answer to your question is, I believe, that you should expect an increase of between 20-40% in range, depending on the height of the repeater(s) you are trying to hit as well as your local propagation environment (e.g. urban, suburban, free space, etc.).
I think it is a trickier question than it seems because it depends on how marginal you are ...
In theory, yes.
In practice, "probably not". In my experience, the front end on Baofengs is not very good. We have a UV-82, and it just did not work when we tried to use it for amateur satellites (AO-91, AO-92, etc). When we replaced it with a Yaesu FT-60R we were finally able to receive the "birds".
So while theoretically you should be able to receive LEO ...
I'm at the fringe of the coverage area for the local DMR 70cm repeater. Using the "extended" dual-band antenna that came with my HT, the repeater typically reports received signal strength (RSSI) of about -123dBm and a loss rate between 10% and 20%, which is unacceptably high. I wanted a quick and cheap solution, preferably using items on hand.
A mobile mag-...
For home use, I'd recommend a dual-band J-Pole or Ground Plane antenna. There are many instructions on the web for building your own. Or you could go the commercial route as well. I personally own the dual band J-Pole antenna from Arrow Antennas and it works incredibly well.
For the home brewed stuff, start ...
The rubber ducky antennas supplied with handheld radios are not very efficient radiators. The reason they are used is that they are small and portable.Better antennas are bigger and will get much better performance, but are less portable. A quarter wavelength antenna improves your transmitted signal a lot, and isn't that much longer. Alternatively, just ...
As has already been said, your radios won't be able to contact each other directly outside of extremely unusual propagation conditions. So I'm going to address how “things like IRLP” work, since I see some confusion.
The idea of IRLP, EchoLink, phone patches, and other such systems is that instead of just two radios:
simulate this circuit – Schematic ...