10 votes

Can a 1:1 transformer be used as a protection from static electricity?

A transformer can help and could also make things worse. I have some bad experience with this. The way that a radio is damaged by static is simple: Something charges up to a high voltage, and then ...
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  • 8,171
8 votes
Accepted

How can a quarter-wave transmission line transformer be implemented with lumped elements?

It can be done! Remember that a transmission line consists of some self-inductance per unit length, and some capacitance per unit length, and the ratio of these determines the line's characteristic ...
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8 votes
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How to measuring ferrite core efficiency vs frequency

To help identify a mystery ferrite core mix, the most common method is to take some measurements to determine the initial permeability (µi). Then compare your results to a table of µi for common core ...
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  • 138
7 votes
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Why does a sine wave show two peaks in the frequency domain on GNUradio?

Because mathematically, a function like $\sin(\omega t)$ has an angular frequency of $\omega$ and $-\omega$. Consider: $$ e^{i\omega t} + e^{-i\omega t} $$ By Euler's formula this can be expanded to: $...
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5 votes
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Can a 1:1 transformer be used as a protection from static electricity?

Assuming that power losses in the transformer are acceptable, and that it's placed after 1:1 current balun (which eliminates common-mode current), is there any reason why it might be a poor solution? ...
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5 votes
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What's this "crossover" toroid winding called and what is its purpose?

This is a magnetic flux transformer, not a transmission line transformer. It works by flux coupling just like a mains power transformer. So the bifilar part isn't too special, nothing like a ...
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  • 8,171
5 votes
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Toroid Coupling Issue in Common-base Amplifier

The problem is most likely the type 43 core material. It is quite lossy at 21 MHz and is a poor choice for the auto-transformer. Unlike a transmission line transformer, the auto-transformer relies on ...
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  • 18.1k
4 votes

What cause `multiply` has difference result between `float` and `complex` signal?

That's just the math behind it – everything is alright with these results! You need to write down the formula of the real-valued $\sin(t)$ in terms of $e^{j2\pi t}$ and $e^{-j2\pi t}$, and you'll see ...
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4 votes

Why ferrite-core transformers are wideband while air-core are not?

"Why ferrite-core transformers are wideband while air-core are not?" Air-core "transformer" is composed of 2 inductors "TUNED" with a magnetic coupling slightly less than ...
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  • 161
3 votes
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What cause `multiply` has difference result between `float` and `complex` signal?

This is a consequence of what was discussed in your previous question, that any real-valued function like $\sin(\omega t)$ consists of both positive and negative frequencies. Multiplying by a complex ...
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3 votes
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Resonant RF transformer using a piece of wire (no capacitors)

Here's a schematic of a spark-gap Tesla coil from the Wikipedia article: L1 and L2 are coupled together by their magnetic fields, and so act as a transformer. Such a Tesla coil depends upon ...
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  • 8,922
3 votes
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Is there value in grounding the virtual null in an auto transformer?

An end-fed acts more like a highly off-center fed dipole. Thus, the point you label "GND" is really the attachment point to the the remaining portion of the dipole, either something like a 5%...
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  • 12.5k
3 votes

Can a 1:1 transformer be used as a protection from static electricity?

The answer is no. The best way to protect against static build-up would be to have both antenna elements DC-connected to ground. This would be automatically ensured with a 1:1 voltage balun. With a ...
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  • 737
3 votes

Broken IF Transformer (tiny and 455 KHz)

The transformer is most probably a part of a critical tuned circuit. If the ferrite is broken then the radio keeps working but the filtering is worse. There a a number of ways to find a replacement ...
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  • 131
3 votes

Can I wind my 9:1 unun with two wires instead of three?

For illustration, here's a 9:1 unun construction using 3 wires from M0UKD: Since the A and B windings are connected together in series, there's no compelling reason you couldn't replace them with one ...
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3 votes

1:4 Guanella unun current balun

It may help to consider that this: is equivalent to this: The lines above the transmission line indicate it is wound on a ferrite. Because only the common mode affects the electromagnetic fields ...
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3 votes
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How to build a balun transformer for 2m RX with low insertion loss

VHF transmission line baluns are very difficult to construct due to interwinding capacitance. As a result, the balun will have an undesirable self resonant point and will not typically reach the ...
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  • 18.1k
2 votes

Carrier telephone system adaptation

I am still of the opinion that it is “unclear what you are asking”. But I will try to answer the two questions that you actually wrote: Q. How does the carrier telophone system works on the conext of ...
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  • 4,329
2 votes

1:4 Guanella unun current balun

The voltage doubles because the two coaxial cables are connected in parallel on the input side, but in series on the right hand side. In the diagram, there shouldn't be a little i in the middle of the ...
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  • 8,171
2 votes

How to make a 1:2 UnUn

I found this at this page by PA0ROB, which you should absolutely check out. He's focused on higher ratio ununs, but shows the general design principles that you can use to make a 2:1. One of the key ...
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  • 2,885
1 vote
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Current Transformers in Series versus a Single Voltage Transformer

From memory, I don't have Sevick's book and it's been a long time since I saw it. Maybe someone with the book can correct me. All high ratio transformers in the book use mutiple cores. If you want a ...
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  • 8,171
1 vote

Purpose and sizing of capacitors placed across RF push-pull power amplifier transformer windings

I have tried to simulate a part of this PA, where the serial capacitor with resistance is present (not the same value). I found also something interesting despite the difficulty of simulating ... (AC ...
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  • 161
1 vote

Purpose and sizing of capacitors placed across RF push-pull power amplifier transformer windings

If these are broadband (toroidal, coupling ~ 1.0) transformers, then the capacitors in series with the resistor can be used to dampen the resonance that takes place at the edge of the band (higher ...
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  • 161
1 vote

What cause `multiply` has difference result between `float` and `complex` signal?

A real-valued multiply is the same as an AM modulation, where the result includes both upper and lower sidebands. (Similar to the spectrum of an AM radio station on an SDR waterfall.) A complex-...
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  • 12.5k
1 vote

What cause `multiply` has difference result between `float` and `complex` signal?

If I understand your question correctly, the issue is that you have one graph producing a complex output of an FFT and the other producing a floating point output from an FFT. When you produce an FFT ...
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  • 789
1 vote

Why does a sine wave show two peaks in the frequency domain on GNUradio?

The output of the FFT you used is complex. When you input a strictly real signal to a FFT that produces a complex result, half of the complex result is the complex conjugate of the other half (this ...
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  • 12.5k
1 vote

Toroid Coupling Issue in Common-base Amplifier

I thought I'd come back to this having discovered the real reason why I wasn't developing the expected voltage across the 50 ohm load. Glenn's answer was good and is still very relevant, but I made a ...
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  • 937
1 vote
Accepted

Broken IF Transformer (tiny and 455 KHz)

Chances are you can find what you need here. http://www.digikey.com/product-search/en/inductors-coils-chokes/adjustable-inductors/196629?k=toko Could be you broke the slot without moving the coil ...
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  • 46

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