None of them.
You say you are in the United States. In general, all radio transmissions fall into one of three categories:
The operator is allowed to transmit on that frequency (amateur, "business band", aviation, military, etc.)
The radio is allowed to transmit on that frequency (CB, FRS, MURS).
The transmissions are very low-power ("Part 15": WiFi, ...
It'll be easier just to buy a programming cable and use the free Chirp software to turn off transmit permanently. I did this, and used my Baofeng as a receiver only before getting my licence.
EDIT - When I mean permanently, I mean the radio will not respond to the transmit key being pressed. If you get your license in future, you can reenable this feature ...
Every time I purchase a cheap HT such as the Baofeng you mention I also spend another $10 or so on an antenna, as the stock antenna is noticeably worse than even an inexpensive antenna like the Nagoya NA-771.
There are still better antennas than this, but there are always tradeoffs. The stock antenna is one third to half the length of the NA-771, which is ...
The ARRL runs a booth at Dayton Hamvention since 2012 where people can submit their HTs to be tested for spectral purity. Over the years 2016-2019, 100% of the Alinco, Icom, Kenwood, and Yaesu HTs they tested were compliant with the standards laid out in Section 97.307. Only 7.5% of the Baofeng HTs they tested were compliant, with 27% being "borderline" (...
They are legal to use, but only on the amateur bands. (Of course, you'll need to get a license first).
There was a lot of debate on whether they were legal, but the FCC finally stated that they were. Thus the older search results you found, such as this one.
Since they are not type-accepted, they are not legal to use on other bands such as FRS, GMRS, etc.
The basic PTT (push to talk) button on the HT is a simple switch that is normally open and when it is pressed, the switch is closed (conducting). Internally to the radio, this applies power to the PA (power amplifier) stage of the transmitter, it idles the receiver, it switches the frequency synthesizer to generate the correct transmit frequency and a number ...
I did a bit more reading, and it seems that the new version of the firmware meant I needed to use a different chirp profile. The solution that worked for me was to find a factory image from a radio with the firmware version I have (which Chirp reported), then import my channels via csv, and clone that resulting image onto the radio.
These antennas don't always contain a simple straight length of conductor, but rather usually have coils of wire inside, so the actual physical length doesn't mean that much. They are designed so that the antenna is wound into a coil normally to make the antenna shorter which is more practical for a hand held radio.
That's why you don't see a whip that is ...
Less than $100
Better reception than stock antenna
Tram 1185 (Vehicle)
Cost: $11 on Amazon.com as of March 2014
Cost: $10 on Amazon.com as of March 2014
According to the detailed menu descriptions on the Miklor site:
35 - STE
Transceiver - Squelch Tail Elimination
This function is used eliminate squelch tail noise between UV-5Rs that
are communicating directly (no repeater). Reception of a 55 Hz or
134.4 Hz tone burst mutes the audio long enough to prevent hearing any squelch tail noise.
Yes, the baofeng stock antenna is the worst antenna I have ever used. I have both. The range on my 5W BaoFeng UV-5R, with the stock antenna is about 3 KM with direct line of sight and no obstacles, and get terrible audio reports and am unable to hit a repeater accurately any more than 2 km away. With the NA-701, I get about 5 KM distance, with better audio ...
Yes, kind of. You can program the A and B settings separately. Set channel A to display name, and set B to display frequency. Also, set the receiver to only listen to the monitored channel to ensure you won't run into problems.
Then, in channel mode, use your programmed station (ex station 12) on both A and B simultaneously. A will show your channel name ...
Almost nobody programs Baofeng and similar radios by hand: too difficult, as you discovered. The thing to do is to get your hands on a programming cable and programming software. If you go to a meeting of a ham radio club, there's a good chance that someone will have the cable and the software right there, and will be able to program your radio for you in ...
The Baofeng UV-5R and any other variations in the UV-5R family of radios have an SMA male connector on the radio mating to an SMA female antenna or SMA female adapter. In the picture I'm holding the anntenna along with the radio so that you can see for yourself which sex connector is on the radio and which is on the antenna.
As far as I've read, all Baofeng radios do FM only. The majority of aircraft communications uses AM, so whether or not it can be tuned there, you would not hear the audio, just approximate silence (quieter the stronger the signal).
This is because to a FM receiver's perspective, an AM signal is unmodulated (the frequency stays constant), and vice versa (in ...
With no load, I measure 3.17V
With 100kΩ load, 2.91V
With 10kΩ load, 1.59V
With 1kΩ load, 0.29V
The math works out to a 10kΩ series resistance between +V and ground.
As such the maximum power that can be drawn is at 1.59V/10kΩ load, or 0.25mW max power. Short circuit current would be about 0.3mA.
It is presumed that you were receiving on the 2m band.
It appears that you were listening in, using 'repeater reverse' mode. In other words, you were listening in on the repeater's input frequency rather than on it's output.
On 'reverse', you would hear all the stations within range. In this case only one station would have been within range.
Had you ...
Commercially-sold radios that transmit for nearly every purpose other than the amateur service (Part 97) and Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) equipment (Part 18) in the US must be type-accepted by the FCC. That means that the manufacturer must apply to have the radio tested and certified by the FCC as being acceptable according to the laws that ...
I would first measure the current draw of your ESP32 to rule out a fault there.
The +V pin on the Baofeng microphone connection is probably intended to bias an electret microphone. These are essentially a capacitor, with sound pressure changing the spacing between the plates and thus the voltage. They contain a FET buffer since the capacitor could not drive ...
You don't say where you are hearing the Morse code. You say "on the same channels", but don't specify where you are listening.
If you send Morse code using a buzzer, then that generates an audio tone. As with any audio, that can be sent over AM, FM, SSB or any other mode that can send audio.
It is quite common for Morse code to be sent as an audio ...
Chirp can only disable Transmitting on pre-programmed memory frequencies, if you select the vfo it will still transmit.
Searching Google for 'uv5r transmit inhibit' yielded this on the fifth hit
"Within the Uv5R there is a thin rubber pad that pushes against the TX ...
Unfortunately not in the eyes of Ofcom.
While you can restrict the power usage down to 0.5 Watts, the antenna is removable. You'll notice that most of the stuff sold on the high-street will have solid antennas.
For the PMR frequency use, as part of the "license-free agreement", apparatus in use must meet the high-street requirements.
Worth noting though, ...
CTCSS tones are not an effective privacy mechanism. Anyone at all with a FM two-way radio or scanner can receive your transmissions; attempting to prevent this by locking down your radios gives you only the illusion of privacy.
(P.S. This site is for Amateur Radio, and I'm guessing you're actually a commercial radio user. I'm answering your ...
You want your switch to short the shield of each of the connectors to each other, strange as that sounds. These plugs are commonly known as TRS, or tip-ring-shield, so the shield is the part closest to the body of the plug. The ones you want are both marked PTT in this image (don't let the other stuff confuse you, these pins do multiple things when connected ...
No, you cannot display "Name & Frequency" if the unit is in "Channel Mode".
what you could do is program (part of) the frequency in the "Name field" of the channel. This way it helps you, like a hint, of what frequency the channel is set to.
Obviously it will get more complicated if you have different RX and TX frequencies programmed in the Channel, ...
The plug used in the Baofeng base is a 5.5 mm/2.1 mm barrel connector.
However, you cannot simply parallel a bunch of base charger units and power them off of a single AC or DC adapter without properly considering the total current required. The stock AC wall wart for the charger puts out 10 volts at 0.5 amps. Each charging base will require 0.5 amps. So, ...
The antenna included with the BaoFeng is notably bad, even for a rubber duck. To answer your question of what would be better: anything would be better. You'd have to switch to a dummy load to do worse.
Whatever antenna you do select, it need not be anything specific to your radio. Any antenna suitable for whatever bands you wish to operate will be fine. ...
1) listen to FM radio, while scanning 2 meters and 70cm bands at background (as in hiking)?
nope (and only 1 band scanning at a time)
2) set scan hi and low limit, via keypad and/or pc software, so that scan within ham band only (instead full transceiver freq range)?
nope, but you can limit the ranges using chirp
3) scan 2m and 70cm 'simultaneously'. ...