# All Questions

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20 views

### Hardened UHF Antennas

Minuteman missile silos used an interesting hardened UHF antenna. What kind of antenna is this? Does anyone have a drawing with a cross section?
8 views

### What are the unintentional radiation limits in U.S. HF bands?

What are the radiation limits in U.S. HF bands in terms, not in terms of uV/M, but in dBm or uV levels transmitted though an HF dipole antenna? I assume that if the antenna is connected to a receiver ...
23 views

### Where can I find help with my hobby to design worlds worst WiFi? [closed]

Hello I'm trying to design an open source wireless electronic scoring system for boffer combat. My idea was to make something like a radio but so terrible that the antennas need to be touching. I need ...
38 views

Romanian amateur radio license Hello. I am wondering how to get a amateur license in Romania, and whether there is any material on this. I am licensed in the US, am a Romanian citizen, and can speak ...
75 views

### When to use air dielectric cables for antenna installation

I'm putting up antennas on a tower, and have a couple of 7/8" cables style on hand. One is Hj5-50 air dielectric cable and the other AVA5-50 "Virtual Air" cable. I notice that the HJ5 ...
52 views

Is there a name or common descriptive term for a linearly loaded dipole or end-fed, where a (near) parallel loading element or elements are not connected (galvanically isolated) to the fed element or ...
103 views

### Can an end-fed be fed with an Isolation transformer? [closed]

Typical half-wave end-fed antenna kits include either a 9:1 or 49:1 toroidal balun or unun, which is a transformer for impedance matching, but with one primary winding endpoint (for the coax shield) ...
34 views

### Net log and QSO submission question

New ham here. Is it common practice and acceptable to submit net logs as QSOs to QRZ, eQSL, LoTW, etc? One person told me they log other's callsigns checking in to a net they're participating in and ...
109 views

### Looking for a way to create a radio link between a pair of antique telegraph keys

I'm trying to design a way to link up two antique telegraph keys wirelessly. This is for a friend to use with his granddaughter between the house and the playhouse, so we plan to use FRS to avoid ...
147 views

### Can I communicate 40 miles away with a base setup

I’m wanting to get a ham radio license and a good base station set up in my home. The reasoning is to communicate to my family approximately 40 miles away from me in case of a emergency or SHTF ...
113 views

### Why are loopstick ferrite antennas commonly wound with Litz wire?

What is the advantage of using Litz wire to wind ferrite (loopstick) antennas? How much of an advantage in what characteristic does this type of wire provide? (over generic single strand enameled or ...
66 views

### How to compute the efficency of an omnidirectional antenna from its gain?

Some antennas have very limited specifications with no stated efficiency. For example, this antenna has the following specifications: Frequency Band 902-928 MHz VSWR <2.0:1 Impedance 50 Ω Gain ...
51 views

### How does a loopstick antenna actually receive signal?

Around 1970, I acquired a little transistor radio (powered by 4xAA cells, 6V) that had no external antenna. Inside the back panel (which opened to allow replacing the battery cells) one could see the ...
477 views

### Measurement of antenna with VNA does not match its specs

I have a NanoVNA V2 Plus (50kHz - 3GHz) and decided to test my LoRa antennas: an unknown antenna delivered with a LoRaWAN gateway (RAK831) a 868Mhz antenna from Linx Technologies (ANT-868-OC-LG-RPS) ...
63 views

### Can I wind my 9:1 unun with two wires instead of three?

All the 9:1 unun tutorials out there are using three wires to wind, but I was wondering if it is possible to wind it using two wires similar to how this 49:1 is built (https://elginradio.files....
31 views

### My Tecsun pl_660 Radio display is not working. Cannot see any thing except display light

My Tecsum PL_660 Radio display is not showing any kind of frequencies. When ever I press any button on the radio nothing shows up on the display. Kindly suggest what need to be done for the problem ...
56 views

### When is it relevant to consider a trace as a RF transmission line

I'm building a simple Greinacher based RF Power meter for the PMR band i.e 446MHz. I intend it to work as a confirmation device and not something really acurate. The circuit is quite simple: The led ...
98 views

### Is it possible to boost WIFI signal? [closed]

Whilst strictly not radio ham question, it does fall in to the RF area so hopefully this is not too far off topic... I have BT broadband account which entitles me to use BT-WIFI hotspots. The trouble ...
74 views

### How to figure out my car battery's capacity?

I was participating in an emergency radio training and I was asked how long I could operate. I'm using an old car battery, which was sometimes not capable of starting the car in winter, which is why I ...
121 views

### What comes first, Voltage or Current?

Impedance can be defined as cause / effect or Z = E / I. This means that a difference in voltage potential causes a flow of current, the rate of current flow depending on the impedance. In a dipole ...
36 views

### For a resonant half wave dipole, is the phase of the applied RF voltage at the feedpoint in phase with the current reflected from the ends?

For a resonant half wave dipole, the voltage and current of the standing waves on the antenna are 90 degrees out of phase with each other. At resonance, is the phase of the current reflected back from ...
84 views

### Does SWR change along the length of a transmission line?

Wikipedia says "SWR is defined as the ratio of the partial standing wave's amplitude at an antinode (maximum) to the amplitude at a node (minimum) along the line". Standing wave voltage ...
40 views

### The amplifier does not work for hack rf one

Good day! I ask for help with repairing the hackrf one amplifier. Doesn't work at all. Accepts signals without amplifier, and LNA and VGA adjustment in SDR sharp works too! But when I put a tick on &...
47 views

81 views

### Yagi antenna isolation from other Yagi antennas

I have multiple Yagi antennas horizontally polarized. They are all placed in closed proximity at the same height horizontally and operating in a similar frequency. The yagis are 2.45GHz, bluetooth ...
93 views

### How can I jam cell phone communications with gnu radio and hackrf? [closed]

I need to make this project, plase help me with some ideas
67 views

### Ground plane reflects RF or brings it to ground

I'm still confused with the purpose of a ground plane purpose in an antenna. My understanding is this. If an antenna is perfectly balanced, there will be no common-mode currents going to ground. If an ...
103 views

### How much dB gain do you need from an LNA in front of an antenna for great low-signal reception from satellites in the 2m and 70cm bands?

We are building a multi-stage LNA for a TR module we are building in the 144MHz and 440MHz range. This LNA we are considering (Qorvo QPL9547) provides about 22dB gain in the 2m and about 27dB in the ...
62 views

### What would cause 3 bursts of FM radio interference every ~3.5 seconds

I’m trying to locate the source of some interference on the FM band — it’s audible as 3 quick staccato bursts of brownish noise approximately every 3.5 seconds. It’s more pronounced at the low end of ...
119 views

### 3D Printed yagi antenna

I'm trying to produce a Yagi antenna for the 2.45 GHz band using a 3D dual extruder printer. The idea is to print the antenna elements using a metal filament and encasing it all in plastic. The ...
63 views

### Where can I find a service manual for the TECSUN PL-660 to replace the failed circuit board flex cable myself?

Diagnosed three nonfunctional TECSUN PL-660 radios (one from eBay Anon-CO, and two from Amazon) where can I find a service manual to replace the failed circuit board flex cable board assembly part? ...
32 views

### Audio Interface wiring diagram of Yaesu FT-65 TNC cable

I want to imitate this cable, but I don't know-how. Yaesu FT-65 TNC cable. Is it need to series a resistor inside of those?
8k views

### FCC sends “Notice of Dismissal” with quite threatening language just for denial of a vanity callsign?

I had applied for a vanity callsign which wasn't available. That was in March. The FCC license system shows my old callsign is still in effect. Today, after a longer absence from my mail, I open a &...
208 views

### NanoVNA(v2)… what to capture for future reference when comparing past antennas?

I'm designing a HF antenna that uses a portion of a downspout (electrically isolated from the gutters above and lower portion) as a bottom-loaded shortened quarter-wave vertical. I'm about to trim the ...
127 views

### Antenna traps - problem with frequency change

I built a two-band antenna (20 and 40m) with traps. I made the traps as a parallel LC circuit on the AL7 toroidal core (3 MHz - 40 MHz), I also used a 1KV ceramic capacitor. I've tuned everything up ...
70 views

### Why is my experiment to produce 3rd order harmonics by saturating a receiver not working

I've been trying to devise an experiment to produce a third order harmonic in radio receiver that's been saturated, but I'm not seeing the expected results. My understanding of the theory is that when ...
181 views

### Globar resistor repair or alternative(s)?

I am restoring a Hallicrafters S-120 receiver and when trying to unsolder the wires, from the electrolytic capacitor, I noticed that one of the terminals of the Globar resistor (880-100 Ohm / 023-...
196 views

### What is proper procedure for asking for “distant” contacts on 2m FM on simplex?

As a new ham, just for fun, I'm planning to hike up to the local high point (which while not high in an absolute sense does have a commanding view of the surroundings) with my 5 watt FT-4XR and a slim ...
4k views

### Why do people say, “get a nickel,” on repeaters?

Sometimes, I'll hear someone say "wait a moment, I'm getting a nickel," and then drop the carrier only to resume talking. Why?
69 views

### What might a “split-ring on a printed-circuit board” antenna for 144 MHz on a downward-looking Space Shuttle window look like? How big would it be?

This excellent answer to First Ham Radio contact from space; what frequency, what kind of antenna, and how did they route the coax out the window? in Space Exploration SE contains the block-quoted ...