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0
votes
1answer
8 views

How is gqrx producing audio?

How exactly is GQRX converting signal in any frequency to produce audio output? Is it actually done by gqrx or some other element of the stack?
0
votes
0answers
9 views

RF signal Multiplier or Chopper [migrated]

I'm trying to design a circuit that "multiplies" two signals. Here is my problem. I have an electrical unit with two separate circuits. One circuit drives the other one with a square signal. The ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Working satellite on 2 meters, at what arc distance to sun (center) will noise floor be problematic to a disruption of a communication path?

Is there some simple utility, or published set of charts, or suite of formulae, where one can approach the situation by inputting a space weather summary, (sunspots, various indexes, etc), the receive ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

Antenna modelling - pse check my model in EZNEC

With success I use the Fuchsantenna especially for SOTA. Now I would like to know how is the radiation (Azimuth/Elevation) I made in EZNEC a model. But I do not know whjether it is correct. Any OM ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Solid angle for different E/H plane beamwidths

The solid angle formula calculates the surface area on a unit sphere, from projecting a rectangular patch onto the surface of a sphere. Image source This is calculated using the azimuth angle $\phi$ ...
1
vote
3answers
142 views

Do I always need a tuner at both ends of the transmission line or is that only for certain types of antennas/circumstances?

Last night was my first night on the air as a General licensee and at HF. I've got an IC-7300 with the built-in antenna tuner. I'm pretty sure I understand how to operate the radio, for the most part. ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Scan and identify bluetooth device [closed]

Being a quasi-newbie in this game, I'm trying to identify a device which communicates on 2.4Ghz, a Bluetooth mouse talking to his dongle. My goal is to identify the MAC address of the device and then ...
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

What should Elecraft add to thier preliminary KX4 Specification [closed]

I was sitting in a bar in Watsonville CA the other day, unwinding with a well earned beer. Some guy sitting next to me got up and left, but he forgot to take what looked like a folder of important ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

no contacts with Rockmite

I finished building my Rockmite ][. It's running off of 3x 18650s, or 12v. I connected it to a MFJ-1840T and held the antenna horizontally in the air (also tried vertically) with my hand. I tried ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

UK Intermediate training a not qualified newbie

I'm 99.9% certain that this will be OK, but independent verification would be reassuring. I am an "Intermediate" licence holder in the UK. This means that I am authorised to design and build my own ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Calculating receive wattage given transmit power, antennae dBi and path loss

I would like to understand how to calculate receive wattage given the following (excluding feeder loss and SWR): Transmit 50 dBm (100W) => 24 dBi directional antenna => 30 dB path loss => 24 dBi ...
0
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0answers
11 views

How do I alter the low power setting on a QYT KT-8900

There is no difference between the High and Low power settings. Both being around 25 watts. Is there an internal adjustment or do I have to re-program the radio?
2
votes
3answers
92 views

Is there a freely accessible repeater database?

The well-known repeater listings/apps don't provide a database that you can download and use freely for any use in building your own app. Is there a such a freely accessible repeater listing database ...
3
votes
3answers
144 views

Why EME with 100W and a single Yagi-Uda antenna is possible?

Recently I've been reading about EME and there was one thing that surprised me. Many sources claim that EME has path loss for 2m band about 252 dB. In the same time they claim (one, two): Recent ...
-3
votes
2answers
145 views

At what watt level is it safe to use metal strips for modulated signals?

In my working design, I have a transceiver TX on low power; Then boost it in a preamp phase in the back. The way I'm sending the signals (RX and TX) through the radio is by a network of 1/8 to 1/4 ...
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Where to find HF channel models or statistics?

When designing a waveform for packet radio usage, it'd be helpful to know a few things, mainly distribution of coherency bandwidths distribution of coherency times Whilst such statistics are ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How to send DMR SMS using MMDVM modem or hackrf?

I have a baofeng DMR radio with SMS feature, and since there is not much DMR radio owners in my area I want to do something myself. The easiest thing I can do I thought is to send myself some SMS as ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Yaesu FT-817 Won't transmit on 160m to 6m

I'm having the following problem with my FT-817: 1) Receives fine on all bands 2) Transmits fine on 2m and 70cm 3) Doesn't transmit at all on 160m through to 6m 4) Keying the MIC on 160m to 6m, ...
5
votes
2answers
68 views

How to properly measure sensitivity of the receiver?

I have Kenwood TH-D72 2m/70cm HT. According to the manufacturer the sensitivity is "Less than 0.18 uV". I would like to check this, since the radio is not new and I'm not it's first owner. To do this ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Did I enter my digital ID in Hytera PD785G?

Some time ago, I set up my Hytera PD785G. Unfortunately, I can't remember whether I have only requested my digital ID (I can look it up on ham-digital.org) or whether I have also entered it into the ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

How to use FE-5650A rubidium frequency standard?

I bought a FE-5650A rubidium standard reference from eBay in the hope I can readily use it: https://www.ebay.com/itm/142361240786 Unfortunately this is far from "reasily useable". First and ...
-1
votes
2answers
61 views

What is an optimal amplifier arrangement with ham radios?

As I am settling on a design for a radio I need to figure out one thing: Should I modulate on low power and boost it up with a post amp, or should I go on full power right out of the gate?
1
vote
3answers
67 views

How safe is 100 watts on 2-40 meters?

So I have the misfortune of being an apartment dweller. I know that 50 watts is pretty safe as it is what first responders use on 2 meters. Am I really going to have to run around with an analyzer ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Small size vertical 10 m antenna with high gain

I need a directional antenna for 10 m that is less than half the size of a yagi or quad with more than about 7 dBi of gain, does anyone know if such a thing exists ?
3
votes
5answers
79 views

2.45GHz: constructing a horn of *thin* steel, what are good ways to join the edges (at least one joint along corner?)

TL/DR: How does someone make a good horn antenna system without using expensively made parts? Welding thin steel for this is not something even pro welders can do (it's a specialty app.) What are DIY ...
3
votes
5answers
147 views

Malicious interference to repeater

Our local repeater is severely sabotaged by unknown parties. For example, broadcast radio transmissions are repeated. Other times someone will send a transmission, when a qso is in progress. Local ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Wide band TX capable band-pass filter for VHF and Airband

I want to share the same antenna for VHF (TX/RX 144-148 MHz) and for Airband RX-only (116-136 MHz). I live on a very congested area where filter is a must, so I'm looking for the best solution for my ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Amateur Radio License classes in Central Iowa

I'm looking for an amateur radio license class in central Iowa, near Des Moines. I've been unable to locate anything through web searches.
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Why does the 60 meter band have special operating characteristics?

Why does this band have special operating characteristics and what do they mean.
0
votes
1answer
39 views

What are the most common EMI blockers for household computer cords, monitors, etc.?

Ferrite beaded cords, and especially double-sided ferrite beaded cords, seem especially uncommon. Are there other, perhaps more effective ways, which I should be minimizing the EMI of my overcrowded ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What are the practical differences between the different voice modes (and why aren't there any SSB Handheld Transceivers (HT's))?

It's my understanding that FM is used for UHF, VHF, and SSB is generally reserved for other bands. From my understanding, FM better audio quality when reception is good SSB: more efficient (can ...
-3
votes
4answers
100 views

Transmitting as SW AM station, not ham [closed]

What if I wanted to run a radio broadcast station on a commercial SW band? Say, I am on a boat in international waters. Or say I am in a free country. I monitor the frequency for months and I check ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Lowest cost portable HF radio with at least 100 W output?

My use case is intercontinental HF radio, and I am frequently traveling. Lugging a big rig is inconvenient and expensive ones get you into customs trouble all the time. So, I'm looking for a low cost ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

HF propagation prediction using machine learning

Anyone out there know of or developed s/w to predict HF conditions using ML?
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Which digital modes are formally specified sufficiently to be implemented?

Which currently popular digital/SDR modes do not require a pre-compiled library or pre-written source code? (e.g. has actually been used for QSOs as implemented from specification or sufficiently ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Clocking A and N in a Dual-modulus PLL Prescaler

In an effort to "up my game" attempting to build a VFO for my DIY transceiver, I've been looking at PLL theory and circuits. Many of my research references are quite old and I understand that many of ...
0
votes
4answers
98 views

How do I get a ham radio license in my country?

What is the best way to get an amateur radio license in different countries? This question is a community wiki, which means that it's sort of a placeholder, an index of answers. More info Answers are ...
6
votes
2answers
321 views

CW: when I supposed to send “E E”?

I'm new to CW and one thing I couldn't figure out is when I supposed to send "E E". Let's say I'm calling CQ and somebody answers me. The QSO is almost over. Should it be ended like this: ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What configuration of a BJT IF amp can I use for a superhet receiver?

I am making a superhet SSB CW receiver with a crystal filter on the input after the mixer. Do I have to use IF transformers as the coupling method? Or can I use capacitor coupling with resistors as ...
3
votes
2answers
41 views

What VHF & UHF frequencies are important during an emergency?

If something bad goes down (state-wide or nationwide), what frequencies should I be tuning into? I did see this answer, but I have a BaoFeng UV-82HP which cannot do HF at all, so what are my options? ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Will my neighbor's amateur RF antennas effect my own utilities?

I am buying a house in the UK and the property next door has two poles for antennas. The next door lady seems to be very nice person and said her husband is an RF engineer and he used these on ...
2
votes
3answers
156 views

What Frequencies Are Open To People Without A License?

I am in rural Alaska and I am very far from anywhere that gives Ham Exams. I got a Ham Radio and I want to operate it and talk to people. However, I read that frequencies are not allowed to be ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

Calculating the signal-to-noise ratio for CW (Morse Code) signals?

How is the signal-to-noise ratio for received CW and QRSS CW (and/or other ultra narrow-band DSP digital modes) typically computed? e.g. What noise bandwidth should be used to measure the spectrum ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

How can i adjust the IF strip in a single conversion SSB receiver which has a product detector?

I have an analog 27 MHz transceiver which i am planning to convert to 10 m. The radio is an AM / SSB unit with a single conversion superhet receiver with an IF of 7.8 MHz using a crystal filter. This ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Icom 7300 low frequency broad-spectrum noise

What's causing these horizontal bands of noise? It's the middle of the day here in a low density city neighborhood. They were not present about 20 minutes ago; now they are even stronger and filling ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Unknown kit from DK0TV

When my father - who became a ham years after I did - passed away, I found an unstarted project (board + components), which I only re-discovered again years later. The board is marked DK0TV-001, and ...
7
votes
1answer
72 views

What exactly was a decremeter and how did they work?

In A Century of WWV, I found this mention of an unusual sounding instrument that may have once been commonplace: Calibration work was mainly focused on decremeters, instruments designed for ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Both OOK and FSK used in the same transmission

My gas burning heating unit takes its temperature readings from a 433 MHz thermostat, which is emitting precisely the same data packets in a packet train at some ~100 ms interval like this: 2 x OOK ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

If I cancel my amateur license, will my address be removed from the FCC database?

When my university encouraged me to apply for an amateur radio license, they never mentioned the fact that my address would be listed on the public FCC database, for anyone who Googles my name to ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

measures for quantifying non-linearity of a HF linear power amplifier

I am DIYing a class-AB HF Linear Power amplifier. How to quantify the non-linearity of this amplifier. What are the common measures of non-linearity as applicable to RF power amplifiers? How to ...

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