# All Questions

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99 views

### Baofeng UV-82 and DM-860 drivers Windows 7

Currently I'm trying to make my radios (Baofeng UV-82 and Baofeng DM-860) friends with my Windows 7 and Chirp. My computer has only USB ports and no COM; Google adviced the Profilic driver (PL2303/...
105 views

### What is NR and a number instead of city and state after my QTH?

I have been a ham for almost 20 years, and when on CW I have always sent my call, name, RST, and full QTH. I have noticed that now many operators send NR 5280 or something similar instead of their ...
48 views

### Can the power output of a software defined radio be adjusted? [closed]

Some SDR transmitters have a very low power output. Can their output be adjusted?
186 views

### Looking for a schematic of a DIY circulator

I would like to build a simple HF, VHF or UHF circulator to get a better understanding of how these devices work. Sadly at the moment I'm unaware of any articles or books that provide corresponding ...
293 views

### How to determine frequency and launch angle given a target skip distance?

I would like to communicate with someone 1000 miles (1600 km) away. I'm not sure how to target a specific distance. (image source) I assume it's an interrelation of the following factors: Which ...
116 views

### ZS6BKW deaf on all bands except 40

I have purchased a high quality ZS6BKW from the U.K. I have it suspended up about 40' between 2 trees. There is 30' of coax from the ladder line to the radio (Kenwood TS-870).SWR on the MFJ269 shows ...
58 views

### Squelch won't stay open on FM 2 meter band

I am currently using a Baofeng BF-F9V2+ radio. I have found the when listening, my squelch won't stay open, despite getting a good clean signal. I am using a homemade verticle dipole antenna for 2-...
96 views

### Is there a way to find the direction of a vehicle using radio?

I was wondering If I could use an Arduino to find the direction of a vehicle using radio. I want the Arduino to find the orientation of the radio/where the object is detected (North, South, East, West)...
86 views

### What gain and power are required for successful DX contacts on 2m/70cm bands in CW?

I would like to practice in CW on 2m/70cm bands when and if there will be a tropospheric or sporadic-E propagation. However I don't have mush space for the antenna. There is a possibility to install 3+...
201 views

### Is a ground plane antenna a poor choice to use in a forest?

Some time ago, when I just started with amateur radio, a few more experienced hams told me that an inverted-V works better in the forest than a ground plane, and that it has something to do with the ...
112 views

### sdr as watts and amps [closed]

Thanks to rclocher3 for helping edit more to English why closed so my struggle to get thought to English thank rclocher3 I round back too best I put in avuenue what I was asking why closed i tryed ...
125 views

### SDR transmit on more than one frequency

I'm new to SDR. Is it possible to transmit on more than one frequency, and if so what do I need? more on computer type network side one for each 800, 2.4, 5, 60 How can I get more than one SDR to ...
30 views

### power limit on wireless FM microphone transmitters [duplicate]

I am building a "toy" radio station as a teaching tool for high school students to work with. I intend to use a small (short-range) wireless FM microphone module as the transmitter. What is the legal ...
80 views

### Receiving different gain values on two RX channels on Ettus USRP B210

I am transmitting a continuous wave and using one USRP B210 with the kitchen_sink tool in order to save the received samples from two RX channels (v.3.15.0) When I look into the received signal on ...
1k views

### Who enacts the FCC's rules and regulations?

I came across an old answer on this site which makes the claim: It would take an act of Congress to change this [FCC Part 97] rule. Is that correct? I was under the impression that United States ...
96 views

### Commercial Loopstick Antenna Manufacturers

Not sure this is the right forum for this but I thought I'd give it a shot. I am an electrical engineer working on a product that needs a loopstick antenna. I had thought that AM radios were so ...
38 views

### how do you tune blind? [duplicate]

I'm about to axe the display on my radio in pursuit of cheapness. However, I need to know, how do blind hams with older rigs tune to a station?
72 views

### How should I stack these folded dipoles?

Looking to stack these 8 folded dipoles on my 100ft tower. I can not find any information whatsoever on these. I have 4 consecutive serial numbered boxes. Bluewave Marathon BME139FN1H0 138 - ...
71 views

### Can I get non demodulate IQ signals from WebSDR

I want to take a non demodulate audio signal from webSDR portals (http://www.websdr.org/). In order to try to feed these in DREAM DRM Radio software or GNURADIO. Could be cool almost try it for ...
59 views

### Do External Signals Affect Antenna S11/SWR Measurement?

Do external signals affect the S11/SWR measurement of an antenna? For example, if I try measuring the S11/SWR of an HF antenna with a SWR meter or a Vector Network Analyzer in the middle of a field ...
90 views

### Advantages of IQ mixer versus baseband sampling SDR architectures?

What might be the advantages, if any, of HF SDR architectures that use a mixer between the ADC/DAC and RF, versus those that sample or generate RF directly at baseband with a fast ADC or DAC? Are the ...
391 views

I am making a Direct conversion receiver from this circuit at this website. I made it for the 80m band and I changed: The frequency of VFO to about 1.75 MHz L1 and L2 to a bandpass filter for 80m ...
61 views

### How to identify type of modulation from recording done by gqrx or gnu radio?

Is there a tool or some other way that would allow me to find out the type of modulation of a specific signal? What I specifically try to do is to decode signal from this remote control: http://www....
89 views

### How is gqrx producing audio?

How exactly is GQRX converting signal in any frequency to produce audio output? Is it actually done by gqrx or some other element of the stack?
126 views

### Working satellite on 2 meters, at what arc distance to sun (center) will noise floor be problematic to a disruption of a communication path?

Is there some simple utility, or published set of charts, or suite of formulae, where one can approach the situation by inputting a space weather summary, (sunspots, various indexes, etc), the receive ...
80 views

### Solid angle for different E/H plane beamwidths

The solid angle formula calculates the surface area on a unit sphere, from projecting a rectangular patch onto the surface of a sphere. Image source This is calculated using the azimuth angle $\phi$ ...
169 views

### Do I always need a tuner at both ends of the transmission line or is that only for certain types of antennas/circumstances?

Last night was my first night on the air as a General licensee and at HF. I've got an IC-7300 with the built-in antenna tuner. I'm pretty sure I understand how to operate the radio, for the most part. ...
77 views

### no contacts with Rockmite

I finished building my Rockmite ][. It's running off of 3x 18650s, or 12v. I connected it to a MFJ-1840T and held the antenna horizontally in the air (also tried vertically) with my hand. I tried ...
41 views

### UK Intermediate training a not qualified newbie

I'm 99.9% certain that this will be OK, but independent verification would be reassuring. I am an "Intermediate" licence holder in the UK. This means that I am authorised to design and build my own ...
50 views

### Calculating receive wattage given transmit power, antennae dBi and path loss

I would like to understand how to calculate receive wattage given the following (excluding feeder loss and SWR): Transmit 50 dBm (100W) => 24 dBi directional antenna => 30 dB path loss => 24 dBi ...
101 views

### How do I alter the low power setting on a QYT KT-8900

There is no difference between the High and Low power settings. Both being around 25 watts. Is there an internal adjustment or do I have to re-program the radio?
213 views

### Is there a freely accessible repeater database?

The well-known repeater listings/apps don't provide a database that you can download and use freely for any use in building your own app. Is there a such a freely accessible repeater listing database ...
221 views

### Why EME with 100W and a single Yagi-Uda antenna is possible?

Recently I've been reading about EME and there was one thing that surprised me. Many sources claim that EME has path loss for 2m band about 252 dB. In the same time they claim (one, two): Recent ...
170 views

### At what watt level is it safe to use metal strips for modulated signals?

In my working design, I have a transceiver TX on low power; Then boost it in a preamp phase in the back. The way I'm sending the signals (RX and TX) through the radio is by a network of 1/8 to 1/4 ...
68 views

### Where to find HF channel models or statistics?

When designing a waveform for packet radio usage, it'd be helpful to know a few things, mainly distribution of coherency bandwidths distribution of coherency times Whilst such statistics are ...
253 views

### How to send DMR SMS using MMDVM modem or hackrf?

I have a baofeng DMR radio with SMS feature, and since there is not much DMR radio owners in my area I want to do something myself. The easiest thing I can do I thought is to send myself some SMS as ...
251 views

### Yaesu FT-817 Won't transmit on 160m to 6m

I'm having the following problem with my FT-817: 1) Receives fine on all bands 2) Transmits fine on 2m and 70cm 3) Doesn't transmit at all on 160m through to 6m 4) Keying the MIC on 160m to 6m, ...
81 views

### How to properly measure sensitivity of the receiver?

I have Kenwood TH-D72 2m/70cm HT. According to the manufacturer the sensitivity is "Less than 0.18 uV". I would like to check this, since the radio is not new and I'm not it's first owner. To do this ...
26 views

### Did I enter my digital ID in Hytera PD785G?

Some time ago, I set up my Hytera PD785G. Unfortunately, I can't remember whether I have only requested my digital ID (I can look it up on ham-digital.org) or whether I have also entered it into the ...
91 views

### How to use FE-5650A rubidium frequency standard?

I bought a FE-5650A rubidium standard reference from eBay in the hope I can readily use it: https://www.ebay.com/itm/142361240786 Unfortunately this is far from "reasily useable". First and ...
74 views

### What is an optimal amplifier arrangement with ham radios?

As I am settling on a design for a radio I need to figure out one thing: Should I modulate on low power and boost it up with a post amp, or should I go on full power right out of the gate?
93 views

### How safe is 100 watts on 2-40 meters?

So I have the misfortune of being an apartment dweller. I know that 50 watts is pretty safe as it is what first responders use on 2 meters. Am I really going to have to run around with an analyzer ...
94 views

### Small size vertical 10 m antenna with high gain

I need a directional antenna for 10 m that is less than half the size of a yagi or quad with more than about 7 dBi of gain, does anyone know if such a thing exists ?
110 views

### 2.45GHz: constructing a horn of *thin* steel, what are good ways to join the edges (at least one joint along corner?)

TL/DR: How does someone make a good horn antenna system without using expensively made parts? Welding thin steel for this is not something even pro welders can do (it's a specialty app.) What are DIY ...
235 views

### Malicious interference to repeater

Our local repeater is severely sabotaged by unknown parties. For example, broadcast radio transmissions are repeated. Other times someone will send a transmission, when a qso is in progress. Local ...
117 views

### Wide band TX capable band-pass filter for VHF and Airband

I want to share the same antenna for VHF (TX/RX 144-148 MHz) and for Airband RX-only (116-136 MHz). I live on a very congested area where filter is a must, so I'm looking for the best solution for my ...
77 views

I'm looking for an amateur radio license class in central Iowa, near Des Moines. I've been unable to locate anything through web searches.
124 views

### Why does the 60 meter band have special operating characteristics?

Why does this band have special operating characteristics and what do they mean.