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316 views

Beyond Maximum Stable Gain of a transistor

I was plotting constant-gain circles on the Smith chart the other day for a potentially unstable RF transistor. I recently read on-line that for a potentially unstable transistor the maximum gain ...
143 views

Hardened UHF Antennas

Minuteman missile silos used an interesting hardened UHF antenna. What kind of antenna is this? Does anyone have a drawing with a cross section? Edit: Jay Moore added a picture to a different type of ...
122 views

How to estimate input and output impedance of an amplifier?

I'm trying to figure out how to design power amplifiers which input and output are properly matched to 50 Ohm. My thinking was that the most bullet proofed approach would be to model an amplifier in ...
94 views

Choice of PCB coil design for filter inductor at ca 20 to 400 MHz, 5 W

Looking at the diplexer schematic from this nice question, I realized this can completely be done in PCB-formed elements (minus the connectors). (As a kind of counter-action to the original question'...
103 views

What causes differences in properties of ferrite cores from same material?

Why are the shapes of the impedance curves different for cores made of the same ferrite material? The impedance (Z) of an inductor wound on a ferrimagnetic core is: Z=j\omega L_s + R_s = j\omega ...
43 views

S Parameters in HFSS

I'm new to HFSS Software and I'm trying to plot Scattering parameters for a dielectric resonator excited by a probe (shown in image). I know that the top cylinder has a higher dielectric than the ...
84 views

Checklist for QRO remote setup

In a few weeks I'm hoping to set up a solid state linear amplifier at a remote shack that I've set up at the house of a friend who lives in a rural area. I've been connecting to this shack remotely ...
212 views

Teaching myself 4NEC2 and have most of it under control, which is good. Regarding radials & grounds, i've been learning the "rules" NEC(2) has, summarised below. 4.1. Free space. In the ...
118 views

Problem with theory of HF detector

I'm currently trying to build my own SWR power Meter. This design is based on the so known HT detector with schottky diode BAS70. For my understanding, and for easy purpose, I'm currently focusing on ...
28 views

Is this author correct about using a λ/2 of wire for a coil to get the proper delay on a λ/2 collinear antenna?

Is this author correct about using a λ/2 of wire for a coil to get the proper delay on a λ/2 collinear antenna? Improving the Super-J August 5, 2012 by John S. Huggins I agree with him that there has ...
26 views

Looking for a model or description of an EME channel

I am looking for any technical/scientifical/specialized reference describing in some detail the moonbounce for VHF/low UHF frequencies. More precisely, I would be interested in a paper or publication ...
85 views

Romanian amateur radio license Hello. I am wondering how to get a amateur license in Romania, and whether there is any material on this. I am licensed in the US, am a Romanian citizen, and can speak ...
97 views

power supply / LiFePo4 battery backup compatibility

I want to create a battery backup for my radios. Initially I'm thinking of using an Epic PWRgate and a LiFePo4 battery, so the battery is charged by the same power supply that's running the radios. ...
62 views

Any tool for finding satellite passes that overlap *two* given locations?

gpredict is nice. Well, it's OK, to find the next passes for a set of satellites with sufficient elevation for one location. What I want is something where I can put in two coordinates, and get out ...
149 views

WWV interference all over the band!

I have a mid-era Hammarlund HQ-129-x. It sounds great if I don't count the motorboating. But the problem is in the middle bands. I got the radio way out of alignment, and managed (I think) to get ...
193 views

What is an expected IF level of SA612?

I tried to use SA612 as a frequency mixer. Since it's a Gilbert cell, it has a high input impedance. Thus I added a pair of transformers as "Experimental Methods in RF Design" book suggests: ...
237 views

DIY Triplexer for HF (low), 6m (med), and 2m/440 (high)

I'm looking at picking up the TYT TH-9800, which is a Quad-Band FM radio on 10m/6m/2m and 440 (I'm lucky enough to have some 6m and 10m repeaters in the area). I know there exists quad band antennas ...
243 views

The whole neighborhood's internet drops when I transmit on 40M

I recently built a vertical. It's 6M radiator, a coil, and 1.2M more of radiator. It sits on my roof, which is metal, and acts as a ground plane (GND from the feedline is connected to it). There is a ...
577 views

Are there any “parrot” repeater software projects out there?

I happened across a discussion on building repeaters for Amateur radio, which lead to looking at GMRS repeaters (because apparently this is a potential source for inexpensive 70 cm Amateur repeaters), ...
374 views

9:1 unun material and power loss

I need to build another 9:1 unun and I start searching for my toroids... (I have build 2-3 something like 4 years ago)... In parallel I checked on Google about the correct toroid etc so I found 2-3 ...
60 views

What value goes in the AX.25 PID field if the Layer 3 protocol is not defined in the standard?

I am working on space-ground networking for a Cube Satellite, and one of our candidate Layer 2 protocols is AX.25. We haven't settled on a physical layer, but it's likely to be some form of quadrature-...
84 views

Where did the LP to BP transformation $\frac{\omega ^{2}-\omega_0^{2}}{\omega\cdot BW}$ come from?

I'm not sure this question is appropriate for this site, but I feel that if anyone knows about a filter, a radio ham knows! And as a ham myself I feel I need to understand this important area better. ...
111 views

GnuRadio RF transmission, legal and safety issues

I'm trying to run some transmit/receive RF examples that I found online using GNU Radio with USRP B200. I read and heard about some cautions in terms of transmitted frequencies here in the USA which ...
139 views

I'm transmitting Z-Wave frames using HackRF One in loop, one frame every second. Has anyone clue why are some frames not transmitted? You can see several too long gaps between frames on Waterfall (...
325 views

Kenwood TS-50 and USB to Serial

I paired my old Kenwood TS-50 with serial, by using FTDI TTL-232-5V-AJ USB to serial converter. I used ideas from here: http://steeman.be:8080/posts/TS-50%20USB%20Interface/ and here http://i.imgur....
979 views

OFDM spectrum, HACKRF, and GNUradio companion

I am trying to analyze the spectrum of wifi spectrum. I getting a good OFDM spectrum with my HackRF at 2.412 GHz (from my first QTGUI Sink). But I get nothing out of OFDM Receiver. I was wondering ...
1k views

TS-590 Antenna Tuner Protocol

I'm looking for the protocol used by Kenwood's TS-590S antenna tuner port. I've worked as far as I can with Kenwood's tech support. They know what the pins are labeled, but don't have any information ...
73 views

CML FX919B Forward Error Correcting

I would like to decode de-interleaved demodulated 4FSK symbols that were transmitted using the CML FX919B chip. The datasheet only gives the following information: Forward Error Correction In ...
28 views

Diagnosing IC-7100 Drive Amp Bias | PA Won't TX

A faulty in vehicle DCDC charger has fed 16V or so into my brand new IC7100, killing the main board and preventing it from transmitting. I've replaced the mainboard with a brand new one however I'm ...
35 views

How might various conductive mast mounting configurations affect an electrically isolated rhombic antenna?

Assuming a rhombic antenna is: terminated for directionality electrically isolated at its mount point mounted to a metal mast partway up vs top of mast horizontally oriented (elements parallel to ...
44 views

How is this line modulation scheme called

It seems that a lot of cheap ASK transmitters (for remote controls, etc.) use a similar line encoding, an example can be seen here: Reverse Engineering a wireless doorbell and performing a replay ...
66 views

MFJ-939 not working with FT-450 - TUNE blinking

I have recently bought second hand MFJ-939Y for FT-450/950. I have Yaesu FT-450 (plain, without D or AT). Since the tuner did not come with a cable, I have built my own. (I am 33yo IT engineer with ...
85 views

I want to install this miracle program on my smartphone in order to get more mobility. I found such a solution exists: https://github.com/bastibl/gnuradio-android However, I could not do everything as ...
56 views

Biconical antennas - bandwidth and installation

I am posting this question (and its related question) here because of the unique expertise that Ham Radio Operators have as it relates to antennas. I'm a newish Ham and really appreciate your help ...
42 views

Printed Dipole Transmission Line Equivalent Model

let's consider a printed dipole on a substrate with a GND plane: I've seen many times an equivalent model which uses transmission lines like this (reference): This model is useful to understand the ...
49 views

FT8 low-density parity check code

The FT8/FT4 communication protocols use an 83x91 generator matrix for the low-density parity check code. I am interested in MATLAB recasting of portions of these protocols. Can anyone explain to me ...
90 views

Is this signal BFSK or BPSK?

I'm trying to analyse a signal from a HVAC remote control (864 MHz) with my HackRF, but I'm facing an interrogation about the used modulation: Is it BFSK (frequency modulation) or BPSK (phase ...
107 views

Vertical antenna near power and cable lines

I have a 40M vertical on top of my roof. When I transmit at 100W, my internet drops. My neighbor's internet too (different cable company). At 50W it seems to be OK. As an expermient, I used a smaller ...
333 views

Receiving and decoding RDS in GnuRadio

I'm new in radio, so I started with seemingly easy task - receive and decode RDS data. I use GnuRadio to understand the concept of working with RF signals. So according to standard RDS receiver looks ...
210 views

What is happening in a gutter “antenna”?

can you explain me what is happening with RF in a iron gutter? I've tried to simulate with nec2, but I'm just a beginner and doesn't really know all the parameters to come close to reality. This is ...
86 views

Circular polarized antenna feed changes as I rotate it?

I had a 100cm prime focus dish laying around and I thought of making a circularly polarized feed for it, since it seemed pretty straightforward from what I've been reading. Helical feeds are supposed ...
84 views

Which digital modes are formally specified sufficiently to be implemented?

Which currently popular digital/SDR modes do not require a pre-compiled library or pre-written source code? (e.g. has actually been used for QSOs as implemented from specification or sufficiently ...
45 views

Clocking A and N in a Dual-modulus PLL Prescaler

In an effort to "up my game" attempting to build a VFO for my DIY transceiver, I've been looking at PLL theory and circuits. Many of my research references are quite old and I understand that many of ...
108 views

Icom 7300 low frequency broad-spectrum noise

What's causing these horizontal bands of noise? It's the middle of the day here in a low density city neighborhood. They were not present about 20 minutes ago; now they are even stronger and filling ...
115 views

Unknown kit from DK0TV

When my father - who became a ham years after I did - passed away, I found an unstarted project (board + components), which I only re-discovered again years later. The board is marked DK0TV-001, and ...
89 views

Demodulating ISO14443 (part of NFC) using SDR?

I'm looking for info on demodulating both sides of an ISO14443 communication using a cheap SDR, preferably an RTL-SDR (R820T2+RTL2832U). The application is passively monitoring an NFC exchange for ...
87 views

First linear power supply build - design questions

I have decided to build my own linear regulated power supply to provide the power for an upcoming build. Since I'm no pro, I was hoping I could get some feedback on my design before building it, just ...
183 views

How FEC works on GNU Radio

I am new to GNU Radio. I need some reference to how to use FEC block in GNURadio. When I try to make encoder and decoder without modulation, its work as well, but when I using modulation and add ...