Questions tagged [vhf]

Very High Frequency is the frequency range 30-300 MHz.

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27
votes
11answers
32k views

What's a cost-effective way to boost the range of my cheap 2m/70cm handheld?

I'm a very casual/beginner level ham and as such have mostly avoided committing too much in the way of financial resources - I have a UV-5R for a personal radio, anything else I do I've used others' ...
20
votes
10answers
96k views

What antenna on a BaoFeng UV-5R Pro will give me better reception? [closed]

I am happy with my BaoFeng UV-5R Pro but the local UHV VHF repeater and simplex reception is terrible, even for contacts less than 50 kilometers. I assume that it's because the rubber-ducky antenna on ...
20
votes
1answer
4k views

Why do people say, "get a nickel," on repeaters?

Sometimes, I'll hear someone say "wait a moment, I'm getting a nickel," and then drop the carrier only to resume talking. Why?
16
votes
3answers
7k views

What's wrong with 220MHz?

It seems like 220MHz is the bastard step-child of the amateur world. Every HT is either 2m or 2m/70cm. Some companies offer tri-banders, but they almost always add 6m (?!), not 220MHz. The only way ...
14
votes
4answers
13k views

Where are the baluns for VHF and higher? How can one be made?

In another question, commenters recommended that I look into adding a 1:1 balun to a dual-band dipole to eliminate the feedline as a radiator. As I understand it, a 1:1 balun also functions as a choke,...
13
votes
8answers
23k views

Is packet radio possible on Baofeng UV-5R and similar HTs?

I am curious to know if it is possible to do packet radio on VHF/UHF using the UV-5R... I have seen some invasive hardware hacks, but without modifying the radio itself (firmware, hardware) it's my ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there an optimum Antenna Feedline Length for mobile installations?

I bought a ham radio antenna mounting kit for my car that includes ~16' of coax. One end has a trunk lip NMO antenna mount, the other end has a re-solderable PL-259. I asked the sales person if it is ...
11
votes
5answers
3k views

Why do operators mention the band when calling CQ on phone?

I'm a new-ish ham, licenced for about one year now. Within that year I've heard a lot of CQ calls from other hams on phone (both HF and VHF), and it seems that a large portion of hams routinely ...
11
votes
2answers
274 views

Why do satellites receive and transmit on different bands?

Most satellites I've found transmit on VHF and receive on UHF or vice versa. Why is this? I would think there's enough space on a single band.
11
votes
4answers
1k views

How does VHF/UHF propagate beyond the expected (radio) horizon?

I am not asking about the fairly well-known effect of the earth "appearing less curved to radio waves" that are otherwise still essentially line-of-sight, but a deeper arcanum: In the ARRL Antenna ...
10
votes
2answers
777 views

Getting Started with Digital Modes on VHF on Linux

I am interested in learning about digital modes using 2m and Linux. I have a couple of older 2m rigs (HTX-212 and an old Yaesu) with no additional hardware, like a TNC. What current resources exist ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

APRS digi path for ISS digipeater?

So when I try to work the ISS digipeater, what should I set the digi path to be? My setup is a 5 W HT with a 2 m yagi connected to my phone with APRSDroid. I've tried the past few nights with ...
9
votes
4answers
16k views

2m or 70cm FM mobile radio for digital mode operation

Are there any 2m and/or 440cm FM mobile radios that have audio inputs for supporting digital modes, like PSK31 or SSTV? I have a Rigblaster that I use with my HF radio so I could get a mike cable and ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Marine VHF whip antennae - what are they?

For marine VHF (156~162 MHz), the most commonly used antenna is a 1/2-wave dipole or a collinear array in the form of a fibreglass rod. Collinear arrays are used to increase gain in some antennas. ...
9
votes
1answer
823 views

Is a modded Yaesu FT-270r acceptable to use on MURS frequencies?

I am a bit new to the radio scene, so excuse me for any ignorance that may follow. I saw on a website that you could mod the Yaesu FT-270r so that you can increase its transmission range outside of ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Moon->Earth 433MHz link achievable digital bandwidth

Let's assume we have the following situation: Transmitter on moon orbit (distance from earth ~400'000km), around 433Mhz. Transmitter power 1W, antenna gain 10dB, circular polarization. Steered to ...
8
votes
4answers
11k views

How to improve VHF/UHF Baofeng UV-82 HT reception in vehicle

I have a Baofeng UV-82 dual-band (2m/70cm) HT with an SMA male connector for the stock "rubber-ducky" antenna. I would like to use it in my vehicle. I would like a high-quality magnetic mount dual-...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Antenna for a cramped attic

Brand new Ham. I bought a cheapo UV5 right before I got my call sign. I want to set up a decent 2m/70cm station for starters and I realize that a better radio is important but wanted to knock out the ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Tuning/trimming a ground plane antenna

I've built a ground plane antenna with a 19.5" vertical and 4 20" radials. Currently, at 147.135 MHz my SWR is 3:1, clearly not ideal (and even bad for the transmitter!). I'm reluctant to start ...
6
votes
2answers
409 views

Weather Imaging with NOAA satellites - legal?

I would like to build an antenna for receiving NOAA weather satellites. They're receivable at around 137.5 Mhz. I'm a total new to amateur radio stuff. I know that it's not legal to communicate as ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Why can't VHF / UHF be used with ionosphere reflection?

HF radio can be reflected by the ionosphere, giving very long range communications. Why can't VHF / UHF used with ionosphere reflection? Is it due to the attenuation of the atmosphere over that ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Any reason not to choose a discone antenna over a Wide/ MultiBand mobile antenna for TX/RX operations

We are setting up a all-band radio in an emergency com center that's intended most for amateur band use, but since its' for emergency use will also be used in the public safety bands; (150-170)MHz, (...
6
votes
7answers
11k views

Is a ground plane necessary for transmitting and receiving with a vertical (monopole) antenna?

I've read the post here: https://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/77256/why-do-some-radio-antennas-require-a-path-to-ground-and-some-do-not which says The antenna system requires a "ground ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Effect of night on VHF/UHF propagation

I have had some conflicting experiences relating to the effect of night time (ionosphere, temperature, etc.) on propagation. Perhaps it is related to the frequency of what I was working with. ...
6
votes
1answer
639 views

FM radio in car gets interference from APRS beacon

The FM broadcast radio, factory installed in my car and usually tuned to 88.6 MHz, gets some interference from the 5W APRS transmitter on 144.800 MHz. It sounds like if the sensitivity of the ...
5
votes
3answers
442 views

Unlicensed TV broadcasting power limit (Band I)

I'm curious what is the legal limit for unlicensed TV signals being transmitted on the VHF Band I? This seems ill defined. The part 15 FM rules I am assuming don't apply here. And I don't think it ...
5
votes
4answers
503 views

Will Icom HM-133 work on IC-2800H

I have been having problems with the knock off of Icom microphone so I figured I would bite the bullet and get a new Icom microphone, since the original is out of production. I found that HM-133 looks ...
5
votes
1answer
724 views

Kenwood TH-D72A: what's the difference between Tone and CTCSS?

Kenwood TH-D72A supports 3 types of tone: Tone, CTCSS and DCS. What is the difference between Tone and CTCSS? As far as I know CTCSS is basically a continuous transmission of a given low frequency ...
5
votes
2answers
716 views

Troposcatter: really all that bad?

The previous question, Packet Radio at 100 miles and specifically, Phil's answer raised an interesting question: In a 50–100 km distance situation where Line-Of-Sight beams aren't an option for ...
5
votes
2answers
339 views

BAOFENG UV-5R for cubesat communication on lab, does it work?

Here we have a cubesat which operates in VHF/UHF. Communication with it (from a ground station perspective) is done with an Icom Radio. Would it be possible to replace it with a cheaper BAOFENG?
5
votes
2answers
475 views

Circuit to send MCW on 2m FM

I regularly practice Morse with a friend on 2m NFM by holding our tone generators, which we also use for personal practice, close to the microphone. We send text by CW, read it back, and discuss how ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Good FM receiver single-chip IC for simple VHF receiver?

Is there an IC out there that implements all, or most all, of a simple FM receiver in the VHF range? I'm interested in doing some experiments with using DTMF over the air for tele-commands and the ...
5
votes
2answers
402 views

Wide band TX capable band-pass filter for VHF and Airband

I want to share the same antenna for VHF (TX/RX 144-148 MHz) and for Airband RX-only (116-136 MHz). I live on a very congested area where filter is a must, so I'm looking for the best solution for my ...
4
votes
2answers
240 views

What is proper procedure for asking for "distant" contacts on 2m FM on simplex?

As a new ham, just for fun, I'm planning to hike up to the local high point (which while not high in an absolute sense does have a commanding view of the surroundings) with my 5 watt FT-4XR and a slim ...
4
votes
3answers
396 views

Is testing SWR *practically* less important for 2m/70cm than HF bands?

Totally new amateur operator and I've noticed that a lot of material e.g. Your Tube videos, blogs, forums when discussing metering VSWR mainkly seem to be talking about HF bands. I also see fewer VSWR ...
4
votes
3answers
454 views

Is the Boom Strictly Necessary in a Vertical Dipole?

I'm planning to build a vertical dipole for 4m and a club member pointed out that my design needs to allow for a boom that should be at least a 1/4 wave long. Why does a vertical dipole need a boom ...
4
votes
3answers
653 views

Height and feedline loss tradeoff for VHF

Currently my 2m antenna is about 3m above the ground inside, my HF antenna is connected to 30m (2db loss) coax and is about 12m up. Since the loss for 2m is a lot more when traveling down such a long ...
4
votes
2answers
78 views

2 meter Mode Options

FM seems to be the most popular in the 144 to 148 MHz Amateur Band .Narrow band is used for spectrum conservation . SSB is also used but is more common on the HF bands .Would SSB provide any ...
4
votes
2answers
251 views

Heat-shrink as dielectric for bazooka balun?

I'm intending to make a sleeve balun (aka bazooka) for 2m, but rather than keep the lossy coax jacket as a dielectric (I have some RG58), was considering to remove it and replace it with heat shrink ...
4
votes
1answer
235 views

Does a UHF/VHF handheld transceiver kit exist?

I am a licensed ham looking for a UHF/VHF handheld transceiver kit. Unfortunately so far I was only able to find broken links, i.e. Ten-Tec used to produce exactly such a thing but they just don't ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Pseudorange in VHF band navigation and precision phase tracking

I am thinking on what is the practical limit of precision for VHF positioning system (like currently obsolete and gone "Transit" system). It is well known how GPS receivers calculates pseudorange to ...
4
votes
1answer
326 views

2 m meteor scatter FM voice freq?

What frequency should I use to try and make meteor scatter contacts on 2m FM tonight, with a nice meteor storm coming?
3
votes
3answers
315 views

Use (TV?) Log-Periodic antenna for VHF

I found this old log periodic antenna that I assume was from a TV. Could I, or how would I, use this on the amateur radio bands? My main focus would be VHF, with UHF being secondary and HF would also ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Is a copper J-Pole antenna better than a Slim Jim for transmitting?

I live in a fairly sheltered valley but there are several hill-top VHF repeaters that I can receive very well. However the one repeater in particular I want to transmit to, I can't reach well. I ...
3
votes
5answers
434 views

Malicious interference to repeater

Our local repeater is severely sabotaged by unknown parties. For example, broadcast radio transmissions are repeated. Other times someone will send a transmission, when a qso is in progress. Local ...
3
votes
3answers
641 views

Why is VHF better than UHF in this situation?

One of the sample questions for the British foundation level test is: An amateur has the choice of VHF or UHF for a particular contact of some 25km. Which statement below best describes his choice? ...
3
votes
2answers
670 views

RTL-SDR dongle - what antenna should I use for APRS receive only?

I was following this guide to setup an iGate using an RTL-SDR dongle and a Raspberry Pi. It worked, and I have been able to test it by seeing some APRS packets from a separate transmitter (Arduino+...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Choosing simplex frequency as a technician

My brother and I just got our technician class license. We live close enough to each other that we can use simplex on 2 meters or 440. How do we go about choosing the best frequency to use?
3
votes
2answers
362 views

What VHF & UHF frequencies are important during an emergency?

If something bad goes down (state-wide or nationwide), what frequencies should I be tuning into? I did see this answer, but I have a BaoFeng UV-82HP which cannot do HF at all, so what are my options? ...
3
votes
2answers
429 views

House wiring as an antenna on HF and 2 meters?

The apartment I live in is a 1970s type without access to the outdoors. It does have a balcony. A 2m transceiver is the only radio which will enable me to reach the ham world. Would be possible to ...