Questions tagged [vhf]

Very High Frequency is the frequency range 30-300 MHz.

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26
votes
11answers
29k views

What's a cost-effective way to boost the range of my cheap 2m/70cm handheld?

I'm a very casual/beginner level ham and as such have mostly avoided committing too much in the way of financial resources - I have a UV-5R for a personal radio, anything else I do I've used others' ...
20
votes
10answers
92k views

What antenna on a BaoFeng UV-5R Pro will give me better reception? [closed]

I am happy with my BaoFeng UV-5R Pro but the local UHV VHF repeater and simplex reception is terrible, even for contacts less than 50 kilometers. I assume that it's because the rubber-ducky antenna on ...
16
votes
3answers
6k views

What's wrong with 220MHz?

It seems like 220MHz is the bastard step-child of the amateur world. Every HT is either 2m or 2m/70cm. Some companies offer tri-banders, but they almost always add 6m (?!), not 220MHz. The only way ...
12
votes
3answers
9k views

Where are the baluns for VHF and higher? How can one be made?

In another question, commenters recommended that I look into adding a 1:1 balun to a dual-band dipole to eliminate the feedline as a radiator. As I understand it, a 1:1 balun also functions as a choke,...
11
votes
2answers
262 views

Why do satellites receive and transmit on different bands?

Most satellites I've found transmit on VHF and receive on UHF or vice versa. Why is this? I would think there's enough space on a single band.
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there an optimum Antenna Feedline Length for mobile installations?

I bought a ham radio antenna mounting kit for my car that includes ~16' of coax. One end has a trunk lip NMO antenna mount, the other end has a re-solderable PL-259. I asked the sales person if it is ...
10
votes
2answers
623 views

Getting Started with Digital Modes on VHF on Linux

I am interested in learning about digital modes using 2m and Linux. I have a couple of older 2m rigs (HTX-212 and an old Yaesu) with no additional hardware, like a TNC. What current resources exist ...
9
votes
7answers
17k views

Is packet radio possible on Baofeng UV-5R and similar HTs?

I am curious to know if it is possible to do packet radio on VHF/UHF using the UV-5R... I have seen some invasive hardware hacks, but without modifying the radio itself (firmware, hardware) it's my ...
9
votes
4answers
15k views

2m or 70cm FM mobile radio for digital mode operation

Are there any 2m and/or 440cm FM mobile radios that have audio inputs for supporting digital modes, like PSK31 or SSTV? I have a Rigblaster that I use with my HF radio so I could get a mike cable and ...
9
votes
4answers
861 views

How does VHF/UHF propagate beyond the expected (radio) horizon?

I am not asking about the fairly well-known effect of the earth "appearing less curved to radio waves" that are otherwise still essentially line-of-sight, but a deeper arcanum: In the ARRL Antenna ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Marine VHF whip antennae - what are they?

For marine VHF (156~162 MHz), the most commonly used antenna is a 1/2-wave dipole or a collinear array in the form of a fibreglass rod. Collinear arrays are used to increase gain in some antennas. ...
8
votes
4answers
10k views

How to improve VHF/UHF Baofeng UV-82 HT reception in vehicle

I have a Baofeng UV-82 dual-band (2m/70cm) HT with an SMA male connector for the stock "rubber-ducky" antenna. I would like to use it in my vehicle. I would like a high-quality magnetic mount dual-...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Antenna for a cramped attic

Brand new Ham. I bought a cheapo UV5 right before I got my call sign. I want to set up a decent 2m/70cm station for starters and I realize that a better radio is important but wanted to knock out the ...
8
votes
1answer
723 views

Is a modded Yaesu FT-270r acceptable to use on MURS frequencies?

I am a bit new to the radio scene, so excuse me for any ignorance that may follow. I saw on a website that you could mod the Yaesu FT-270r so that you can increase its transmission range outside of ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Moon->Earth 433MHz link achievable digital bandwidth

Let's assume we have the following situation: Transmitter on moon orbit (distance from earth ~400'000km), around 433Mhz. Transmitter power 1W, antenna gain 10dB, circular polarization. Steered to ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

APRS digi path for ISS digipeater?

So when I try to work the ISS digipeater, what should I set the digi path to be? My setup is a 5 W HT with a 2 m yagi connected to my phone with APRSDroid. I've tried the past few nights with ...
6
votes
2answers
353 views

Weather Imaging with NOAA satellites - legal?

I would like to build an antenna for receiving NOAA weather satellites. They're receivable at around 137.5 Mhz. I'm a total new to amateur radio stuff. I know that it's not legal to communicate as ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Why can't VHF / UHF be used with ionosphere reflection?

HF radio can be reflected by the ionosphere, giving very long range communications. Why can't VHF / UHF used with ionosphere reflection? Is it due to the attenuation of the atmosphere over that ...
6
votes
4answers
324 views

Any reason not to choose a discone antenna over a Wide/ MultiBand mobile antenna for TX/RX operations

We are setting up a all-band radio in an emergency com center that's intended most for amateur band use, but since its' for emergency use will also be used in the public safety bands; (150-170)MHz, (...
6
votes
7answers
6k views

Is a ground plane necessary for transmitting and receiving with a vertical (monopole) antenna?

I've read the post here: https://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/77256/why-do-some-radio-antennas-require-a-path-to-ground-and-some-do-not which says The antenna system requires a "ground ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Effect of night on VHF/UHF propagation

I have had some conflicting experiences relating to the effect of night time (ionosphere, temperature, etc.) on propagation. Perhaps it is related to the frequency of what I was working with. ...
6
votes
1answer
602 views

FM radio in car gets interference from APRS beacon

The FM broadcast radio, factory installed in my car and usually tuned to 88.6 MHz, gets some interference from the 5W APRS transmitter on 144.800 MHz. It sounds like if the sensitivity of the ...
5
votes
3answers
409 views

Unlicensed TV broadcasting power limit (Band I)

I'm curious what is the legal limit for unlicensed TV signals being transmitted on the VHF Band I? This seems ill defined. The part 15 FM rules I am assuming don't apply here. And I don't think it ...
5
votes
4answers
384 views

Will Icom HM-133 work on IC-2800H

I have been having problems with the knock off of Icom microphone so I figured I would bite the bullet and get a new Icom microphone, since the original is out of production. I found that HM-133 looks ...
5
votes
1answer
270 views

Kenwood TH-D72A: what's the difference between Tone and CTCSS?

Kenwood TH-D72A supports 3 types of tone: Tone, CTCSS and DCS. What is the difference between Tone and CTCSS? As far as I know CTCSS is basically a continuous transmission of a given low frequency ...
5
votes
2answers
552 views

Troposcatter: really all that bad?

The previous question, Packet Radio at 100 miles and specifically, Phil's answer raised an interesting question: In a 50–100 km distance situation where Line-Of-Sight beams aren't an option for ...
5
votes
2answers
312 views

BAOFENG UV-5R for cubesat communication on lab, does it work?

Here we have a cubesat which operates in VHF/UHF. Communication with it (from a ground station perspective) is done with an Icom Radio. Would it be possible to replace it with a cheaper BAOFENG?
5
votes
2answers
431 views

Circuit to send MCW on 2m FM

I regularly practice Morse with a friend on 2m NFM by holding our tone generators, which we also use for personal practice, close to the microphone. We send text by CW, read it back, and discuss how ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Good FM receiver single-chip IC for simple VHF receiver?

Is there an IC out there that implements all, or most all, of a simple FM receiver in the VHF range? I'm interested in doing some experiments with using DTMF over the air for tele-commands and the ...
5
votes
2answers
123 views

Wide band TX capable band-pass filter for VHF and Airband

I want to share the same antenna for VHF (TX/RX 144-148 MHz) and for Airband RX-only (116-136 MHz). I live on a very congested area where filter is a must, so I'm looking for the best solution for my ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Tuning/trimming a ground plane antenna

I've built a ground plane antenna with a 19.5" vertical and 4 20" radials. Currently, at 147.135 MHz my SWR is 3:1, clearly not ideal (and even bad for the transmitter!). I'm reluctant to start ...
4
votes
3answers
580 views

Height and feedline loss tradeoff for VHF

Currently my 2m antenna is about 3m above the ground inside, my HF antenna is connected to 30m (2db loss) coax and is about 12m up. Since the loss for 2m is a lot more when traveling down such a long ...
4
votes
2answers
62 views

2 meter Mode Options

FM seems to be the most popular in the 144 to 148 MHz Amateur Band .Narrow band is used for spectrum conservation . SSB is also used but is more common on the HF bands .Would SSB provide any ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Does a UHF/VHF handheld transceiver kit exist?

I am a licensed ham looking for a UHF/VHF handheld transceiver kit. Unfortunately so far I was only able to find broken links, i.e. Ten-Tec used to produce exactly such a thing but they just don't ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Pseudorange in VHF band navigation and precision phase tracking

I am thinking on what is the practical limit of precision for VHF positioning system (like currently obsolete and gone "Transit" system). It is well known how GPS receivers calculates pseudorange to ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

2 m meteor scatter FM voice freq?

What frequency should I use to try and make meteor scatter contacts on 2m FM tonight, with a nice meteor storm coming?
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Is a copper J-Pole antenna better than a Slim Jim for transmitting?

I live in a fairly sheltered valley but there are several hill-top VHF repeaters that I can receive very well. However the one repeater in particular I want to transmit to, I can't reach well. I ...
3
votes
5answers
243 views

Malicious interference to repeater

Our local repeater is severely sabotaged by unknown parties. For example, broadcast radio transmissions are repeated. Other times someone will send a transmission, when a qso is in progress. Local ...
3
votes
3answers
543 views

Why is VHF better than UHF in this situation?

One of the sample questions for the British foundation level test is: An amateur has the choice of VHF or UHF for a particular contact of some 25km. Which statement below best describes his choice? ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Choosing simplex frequency as a technician

My brother and I just got our technician class license. We live close enough to each other that we can use simplex on 2 meters or 440. How do we go about choosing the best frequency to use?
3
votes
2answers
65 views

What VHF & UHF frequencies are important during an emergency?

If something bad goes down (state-wide or nationwide), what frequencies should I be tuning into? I did see this answer, but I have a BaoFeng UV-82HP which cannot do HF at all, so what are my options? ...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

House wiring as an antenna on HF and 2 meters?

The apartment I live in is a 1970s type without access to the outdoors. It does have a balcony. A 2m transceiver is the only radio which will enable me to reach the ham world. Would be possible to ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What makes JT65 preferable for VHF, and JT9 for HF

Are the bands really that different in characteristics where JT65 works better for VHF, and JT9 for HF? The claim comes from the WSJT website: JT65 was designed for EME (“moonbounce”) on the VHF/...
3
votes
3answers
688 views

Mounting a J-Pole and Yagi on the same mast

I have two 2-meter antennas, a copper J-Pole and a Hy-Gain VB-25FM. The J-Pole is my all-around antenna, what I use for general 2 meter stuff like connecting to my local repeaters using my main 2-...
3
votes
1answer
506 views

Is a J-pole an appropriate antenna for mounting to a steel handrail?

Last year, a group of us placed a battery-powered 2m digipeater using a J-pole antenna on a mountaintop. We're planning on doing the same this year except we plan to use a surge arrestor from the feed ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Improving VHF airband reception

I'm trying to receive VHF airband transmitted from a nearby airport via RTLSDR and having a hard time doing so. Obviously the stock antenna is useless in this situation. I tried building a quarter-...
3
votes
2answers
455 views

Noticeable difference between trunk and roof mount?

Between trunk-mounting and roof-mounting a 2m/70cm antenna, both as through-hole NMO mounts, is there really that big a difference performance-wise? I mean, I know roof mounting is better, but let's ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Programming VHF To CB

New to this particular site on StackExchange and new to amateur radio period so bear with me: I'm looking into buying a VHF radio for work related purposes. More specifically the Icom IC-2300H. I've ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

Looking for a UHF / VHF transceiver for PC.`

I am looking for a simple UHF / VHF transceiver that I can plug into my PC via USB and be able to RX/TX on one channel, using the built in mic... Maybe even record the RX from the freq. Everything I ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Are chokes necessary for VHF and higher frequencies?

I am trying to install a VHF/UHF antenna on my truck, and I have been studying everything I need to do that. I keep reading about chokes, in particular here: http://www.k0bg.com/choke.html However, ...