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Questions tagged [vhf]

Very High Frequency is the frequency range 30-300 MHz.

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28 votes
11 answers
35k views

What's a cost-effective way to boost the range of my cheap 2m/70cm handheld?

I'm a very casual/beginner level ham and as such have mostly avoided committing too much in the way of financial resources - I have a UV-5R for a personal radio, anything else I do I've used others' ...
Amber's user avatar
  • 2,718
21 votes
1 answer
5k views

Why do people say, "get a nickel," on repeaters?

Sometimes, I'll hear someone say "wait a moment, I'm getting a nickel," and then drop the carrier only to resume talking. Why?
webmarc's user avatar
  • 4,241
20 votes
10 answers
100k views

What antenna on a BaoFeng UV-5R Pro will give me better reception? [closed]

I am happy with my BaoFeng UV-5R Pro but the local UHV VHF repeater and simplex reception is terrible, even for contacts less than 50 kilometers. I assume that it's because the rubber-ducky antenna on ...
Warren  VE3WPX's user avatar
18 votes
4 answers
19k views

Where are the baluns for VHF and higher? How can one be made?

In another question, commenters recommended that I look into adding a 1:1 balun to a dual-band dipole to eliminate the feedline as a radiator. As I understand it, a 1:1 balun also functions as a choke,...
William's user avatar
  • 813
17 votes
9 answers
32k views

Is packet radio possible on Baofeng UV-5R and similar HTs?

I am curious to know if it is possible to do packet radio on VHF/UHF using the UV-5R... I have seen some invasive hardware hacks, but without modifying the radio itself (firmware, hardware) it's my ...
user400344's user avatar
16 votes
3 answers
8k views

What's wrong with 220MHz?

It seems like 220MHz is the bastard step-child of the amateur world. Every HT is either 2m or 2m/70cm. Some companies offer tri-banders, but they almost always add 6m (?!), not 220MHz. The only way ...
WPrecht's user avatar
  • 6,492
13 votes
2 answers
5k views

Is there an optimum Antenna Feedline Length for mobile installations?

I bought a ham radio antenna mounting kit for my car that includes ~16' of coax. One end has a trunk lip NMO antenna mount, the other end has a re-solderable PL-259. I asked the sales person if it is ...
BenSwayne's user avatar
  • 691
11 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why do operators mention the band when calling CQ on phone?

I'm a new-ish ham, licenced for about one year now. Within that year I've heard a lot of CQ calls from other hams on phone (both HF and VHF), and it seems that a large portion of hams routinely ...
Ivan R2AZR's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
352 views

Why do satellites receive and transmit on different bands?

Most satellites I've found transmit on VHF and receive on UHF or vice versa. Why is this? I would think there's enough space on a single band.
Skyler 440's user avatar
  • 7,620
11 votes
4 answers
2k views

How does VHF/UHF propagate beyond the expected (radio) horizon?

I am not asking about the fairly well-known effect of the earth "appearing less curved to radio waves" that are otherwise still essentially line-of-sight, but a deeper arcanum: In the ARRL Antenna ...
natevw - AF7TB's user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
2k views

Better explanation for beyond-line-of-sight VHF signal reach than "lower curvature to radio waves"

I am currently studying for the Technician Exam and have come across an answer to a question I think is ridiculous. The question is: Why do VHF/UHF signals usually travel somewhat farther than ...
Dave G's user avatar
  • 295
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Moon->Earth 433MHz link achievable digital bandwidth

Let's assume we have the following situation: Transmitter on moon orbit (distance from earth ~400'000km), around 433Mhz. Transmitter power 1W, antenna gain 10dB, circular polarization. Steered to ...
BarsMonster - R2AYN's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Getting Started with Digital Modes on VHF on Linux

I am interested in learning about digital modes using 2m and Linux. I have a couple of older 2m rigs (HTX-212 and an old Yaesu) with no additional hardware, like a TNC. What current resources exist ...
Rob Gibson's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

APRS digi path for ISS digipeater?

So when I try to work the ISS digipeater, what should I set the digi path to be? My setup is a 5 W HT with a 2 m yagi connected to my phone with APRSDroid. I've tried the past few nights with ...
JW03's user avatar
  • 103
9 votes
4 answers
19k views

2m or 70cm FM mobile radio for digital mode operation

Are there any 2m and/or 440cm FM mobile radios that have audio inputs for supporting digital modes, like PSK31 or SSTV? I have a Rigblaster that I use with my HF radio so I could get a mike cable and ...
Kevin Hooke KK6DCT's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
965 views

Is a modded Yaesu FT-270r acceptable to use on MURS frequencies?

I am a bit new to the radio scene, so excuse me for any ignorance that may follow. I saw on a website that you could mod the Yaesu FT-270r so that you can increase its transmission range outside of ...
RailfanCJ's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Marine VHF whip antennae - what are they?

For marine VHF (156~162 MHz), the most commonly used antenna is a 1/2-wave dipole or a collinear array in the form of a fibreglass rod. Collinear arrays are used to increase gain in some antennas. ...
user5314's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
11k views

How to improve VHF/UHF Baofeng UV-82 HT reception in vehicle

I have a Baofeng UV-82 dual-band (2m/70cm) HT with an SMA male connector for the stock "rubber-ducky" antenna. I would like to use it in my vehicle. I would like a high-quality magnetic mount dual-...
Dan's user avatar
  • 1,754
8 votes
3 answers
5k views

Antenna for a cramped attic

Brand new Ham. I bought a cheapo UV5 right before I got my call sign. I want to set up a decent 2m/70cm station for starters and I realize that a better radio is important but wanted to knock out the ...
ThaKidd KG5ORD's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
4k views

Why can't VHF / UHF be used with ionosphere reflection?

HF radio can be reflected by the ionosphere, giving very long range communications. Why can't VHF / UHF used with ionosphere reflection? Is it due to the attenuation of the atmosphere over that ...
DarcyThomas's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
5k views

Tuning/trimming a ground plane antenna

I've built a ground plane antenna with a 19.5" vertical and 4 20" radials. Currently, at 147.135 MHz my SWR is 3:1, clearly not ideal (and even bad for the transmitter!). I'm reluctant to start ...
David Hoelzer's user avatar
  • 1,053
6 votes
2 answers
817 views

Weather Imaging with NOAA satellites - legal?

I would like to build an antenna for receiving NOAA weather satellites. They're receivable at around 137.5 Mhz. I'm a total new to amateur radio stuff. I know that it's not legal to communicate as ...
leAthlon's user avatar
  • 225
6 votes
4 answers
3k views

Any reason not to choose a discone antenna over a Wide/ MultiBand mobile antenna for TX/RX operations

We are setting up a all-band radio in an emergency com center that's intended most for amateur band use, but since its' for emergency use will also be used in the public safety bands; (150-170)MHz, (...
Frank's user avatar
  • 349
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Kenwood TH-D72A: what's the difference between Tone and CTCSS?

Kenwood TH-D72A supports 3 types of tone: Tone, CTCSS and DCS. What is the difference between Tone and CTCSS? As far as I know CTCSS is basically a continuous transmission of a given low frequency ...
Aleksander Alekseev - R2AUK's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
15k views

Is a ground plane necessary for transmitting and receiving with a vertical (monopole) antenna?

I've read the post here: https://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/77256/why-do-some-radio-antennas-require-a-path-to-ground-and-some-do-not which says The antenna system requires a "ground ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 163
6 votes
2 answers
949 views

Troposcatter: really all that bad?

The previous question, Packet Radio at 100 miles and specifically, Phil's answer raised an interesting question: In a 50–100 km distance situation where Line-Of-Sight beams aren't an option for ...
Marcus Müller's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
646 views

Circuit to send MCW on 2m FM

I regularly practice Morse with a friend on 2m NFM by holding our tone generators, which we also use for personal practice, close to the microphone. We send text by CW, read it back, and discuss how ...
Harry Weston's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
3k views

Effect of night on VHF/UHF propagation

I have had some conflicting experiences relating to the effect of night time (ionosphere, temperature, etc.) on propagation. Perhaps it is related to the frequency of what I was working with. ...
Ken - Enough about Monica's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
713 views

FM radio in car gets interference from APRS beacon

The FM broadcast radio, factory installed in my car and usually tuned to 88.6 MHz, gets some interference from the 5W APRS transmitter on 144.800 MHz. It sounds like if the sensitivity of the ...
oh7lzb's user avatar
  • 2,391
6 votes
1 answer
134 views

Pseudorange in VHF band navigation and precision phase tracking

I am thinking on what is the practical limit of precision for VHF positioning system (like currently obsolete and gone "Transit" system). It is well known how GPS receivers calculates pseudorange to ...
BarsMonster - R2AYN's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
589 views

Unlicensed TV broadcasting power limit (Band I)

I'm curious what is the legal limit for unlicensed TV signals being transmitted on the VHF Band I? This seems ill defined. The part 15 FM rules I am assuming don't apply here. And I don't think it ...
Synaps3's user avatar
  • 425
5 votes
4 answers
673 views

Will Icom HM-133 work on IC-2800H

I have been having problems with the knock off of Icom microphone so I figured I would bite the bullet and get a new Icom microphone, since the original is out of production. I found that HM-133 looks ...
Darryl Wagoner's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
221 views

How do antennas over 1/2 wavelength work?

I've been told countless times that an antenna should be 1/4, or 1/2 wavelength. That increasing this size to a higher multiple of 1/4 will work, but it will distort the radiation pattern to include ...
Dportology's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
4k views

Choosing simplex frequency as a technician

My brother and I just got our technician class license. We live close enough to each other that we can use simplex on 2 meters or 440. How do we go about choosing the best frequency to use?
Mike Grace's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
415 views

BAOFENG UV-5R for cubesat communication on lab, does it work?

Here we have a cubesat which operates in VHF/UHF. Communication with it (from a ground station perspective) is done with an Icom Radio. Would it be possible to replace it with a cheaper BAOFENG?
oqrxke's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Noticeable difference between trunk and roof mount?

Between trunk-mounting and roof-mounting a 2m/70cm antenna, both as through-hole NMO mounts, is there really that big a difference performance-wise? I mean, I know roof mounting is better, but let's ...
Dominick Pastore's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
4k views

Good FM receiver single-chip IC for simple VHF receiver?

Is there an IC out there that implements all, or most all, of a simple FM receiver in the VHF range? I'm interested in doing some experiments with using DTMF over the air for tele-commands and the ...
mindcrime's user avatar
  • 163
5 votes
2 answers
777 views

Wide band TX capable band-pass filter for VHF and Airband

I want to share the same antenna for VHF (TX/RX 144-148 MHz) and for Airband RX-only (116-136 MHz). I live on a very congested area where filter is a must, so I'm looking for the best solution for my ...
Aldoir's user avatar
  • 51
4 votes
4 answers
3k views

Is a copper J-Pole antenna better than a Slim Jim for transmitting?

I live in a fairly sheltered valley but there are several hill-top VHF repeaters that I can receive very well. However the one repeater in particular I want to transmit to, I can't reach well. I ...
Brad McCarty's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
659 views

What is proper procedure for asking for "distant" contacts on 2m FM on simplex?

As a new ham, just for fun, I'm planning to hike up to the local high point (which while not high in an absolute sense does have a commanding view of the surroundings) with my 5 watt FT-4XR and a slim ...
QuantumMechanic's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
1k views

Malicious interference to repeater

Our local repeater is severely sabotaged by unknown parties. For example, broadcast radio transmissions are repeated. Other times someone will send a transmission, when a qso is in progress. Local ...
mike's user avatar
  • 211
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

RTL-SDR dongle - what antenna should I use for APRS receive only?

I was following this guide to setup an iGate using an RTL-SDR dongle and a Raspberry Pi. It worked, and I have been able to test it by seeing some APRS packets from a separate transmitter (Arduino+...
Anssssss's user avatar
  • 253
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is testing SWR *practically* less important for 2m/70cm than HF bands?

Totally new amateur operator and I've noticed that a lot of material e.g. Your Tube videos, blogs, forums when discussing metering VSWR mainkly seem to be talking about HF bands. I also see fewer VSWR ...
Jason Tan's user avatar
  • 151
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is the Boom Strictly Necessary in a Vertical Dipole?

I'm planning to build a vertical dipole for 4m and a club member pointed out that my design needs to allow for a boom that should be at least a 1/4 wave long. Why does a vertical dipole need a boom ...
Buck8pe's user avatar
  • 989
4 votes
3 answers
759 views

Height and feedline loss tradeoff for VHF

Currently my 2m antenna is about 3m above the ground inside, my HF antenna is connected to 30m (2db loss) coax and is about 12m up. Since the loss for 2m is a lot more when traveling down such a long ...
s3c's user avatar
  • 837
4 votes
2 answers
197 views

2 meter Mode Options

FM seems to be the most popular in the 144 to 148 MHz Amateur Band .Narrow band is used for spectrum conservation . SSB is also used but is more common on the HF bands .Would SSB provide any ...
Autistic's user avatar
  • 469
4 votes
2 answers
694 views

House wiring as an antenna on HF and 2 meters?

The apartment I live in is a 1970s type without access to the outdoors. It does have a balcony. A 2m transceiver is the only radio which will enable me to reach the ham world. Would be possible to ...
James Stewart's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
142 views

Shifting Frequency of a VHF Crystal?

I have a boatload of 165.550 MHz Regency 10.7 MHz IF Crystals. I need them to resonate for 165.500 MHz. How can I shift the crystal frequency down 50 KHz without opening the 'tincan' and messing ...
Station51's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
5k views

Ground-Plane radial sizing, is there such thing as too long?

I'm just trying to make sure I understand the theory correctly. I have some triband VHF/UHF/800MHz antennas, I need to mount on a tower so I plan on using a "mobile to base" conversion kit. ...
Frank's user avatar
  • 349
4 votes
2 answers
486 views

Heat-shrink as dielectric for bazooka balun?

I'm intending to make a sleeve balun (aka bazooka) for 2m, but rather than keep the lossy coax jacket as a dielectric (I have some RG58), was considering to remove it and replace it with heat shrink ...
webmarc's user avatar
  • 4,241