Questions tagged [united-states]

Questions specific to rules, regulations, and practices in the United States of America.

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12
votes
2answers
672 views

What are the (US) rules about unlicensed low-power transmissions?

It is common wisdom that transmissions of any sort (perhaps unidentified, encrypted, in the FM broadcast band, etc.) are permitted if they are sufficiently low power. Where are the FCC regulations ...
17
votes
4answers
3k views

What defines music, per amateur radio regulations?

Sometimes when I access IRLP nodes, they have a very short melody telling you that you are connected; or when my local repeater's net begins, it does the famous doorbell 8-note sequence. What is the ...
7
votes
5answers
24k views

On which of these frequencies can I transmit without a license?

I have a Baofeng UV-5RA, and I need to know what frequencies on the "channel mode" (what the lady says when you press the "V/M" button on the radio) don't require a ham license. I am in Philadelphia, ...
5
votes
2answers
352 views

What are the requirements of the address given for a US licence?

I'm going to be visiting the US soon (I live in the UK), and since I've heard it's very easy to get a US amateur radio licence and it's something that could be beneficial, I thought, why not? I see ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Is it legal to broadcast an FM radio signal with a Raspberry Pi Zero?

I saw a video lately where someone soldered an antenna to a Raspberry Pi Zero and broadcasted radio signals. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXedC5dQyNk&t=9s They said they were not worried to do ...
17
votes
4answers
102k views

Using my Baofeng UV-5R to talk to walkie talkies

I have a few walkie talkies at home and sometimes I connect my UV-5R to them to talk to them and act as another walkie talkie. At one time, I built a little simplex repeater out of it. Should I not be ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

When is APRS use considered commercial?

I've heard that APRS is only allowed for non-commercial use. I was thinking of a building a weather station that uploads data via APRS (so far, non-commercial). If I then include data from that ...
12
votes
3answers
519 views

What are the relative bandwidths of the amateur bands?

While I was operating on 40 m for Field Day, I noticed a higher SWR than when I first set my antenna tuner for the band. This happened, of course, because I was in a different part of the band, but I ...
3
votes
2answers
16k views

Can a Baofeng UV-5R+ be used on FRS, GMRS, and MURS?

Is this secure if I was talking to another Baofeng UV-5R+?
16
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5answers
3k views

Can a licensed ham use or modify CB equipment to work the 10 Meter Amateur bands?

Can a licensed ham use or modify CB equipment to work the 10 Meter Amateur bands? If so, are there any advantages/disadvantages to this?
12
votes
7answers
993 views

Can I transmit anything inside a Faraday cage?

Can I perform any transmission regardless of my license as long as I'm inside an RF sealed enclosure, such that no RF will be detectable from my transmissions off my property? I imagine the answer is ...
7
votes
1answer
206 views

FCC callsign with incorrect group letter

I just passed my technician exam and received my callsign from the FCC (KC1KHV). I was surprised by the two letter prefix, which seems to come from the class D group. According to the FCC ...
8
votes
4answers
33k views

FCC tracking of unlicensed FRS/GMRS transmissions

If a transceiver such as the BaoFeng UV-5R is used to transmit over FRS/GMRS frequencies (unlicensed), it is illegal in the United States due to FCC regulations that state that the power must be <0....
10
votes
3answers
7k views

Are Baofeng radios illegal in the U.S?

Having a low price budget, my search for my first ham radio to buy has led me towards Baofeng. A quick Google search on baofeng showed a lot of results that said that certain model baofeng handhelds ...
4
votes
3answers
675 views

Is it legal to use animal noise courtesy beep?

For Thanksgiving, I changed the courtesy beep to a turkey noise on my repeater/node. Some other people did it so I thought it was fine. Someone however told me that it did not follow part 97 FCC. Is ...
14
votes
1answer
7k views

How do I change my registered address with the FCC?

I just moved, and I want to change my registered address with my call-sign. Is there a form or something somewhere that I can fill out? Do I have to mail it, or can I turn it in to the FCC or ...
12
votes
6answers
23k views

Calculating Antenna Length on the FCC Exam vs. in Reality

I have seen the following formulas for calculating half and quarter wavelength antennas: Formula for $\frac{1}{2}$-wavelength antenna (in free space): \begin{equation} \mathrm{Length~(feet)} = \frac{...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Using ham radio bands for telemetry

If I built a machine that went far away, say a buoy, would I be allowed to use ham radio frequencies to transmit telemetry data back to its base station, if I used my call sign? This is for personal ...
6
votes
2answers
604 views

Can I transmit on 2 frequencies simultaneously?

Lets say I want to call out CQ on 145.340, 145.940, and 146.140 at the same time, am I allowed to call simultaneously on all three then monitor all three for replies?
6
votes
2answers
796 views

What “test transmissions” are allowed above 51MHz?

The ARRL's band plan chart includes the following text in its legend: Test transmissions are authorized above 51 MHz, except for 219-220 MHz What FCC regulation is this referring to? Aren't all ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

"Coaxial capacitors in line” in E4E04?

I've been studying the U.S. license examination question pools. For the most part, it is reasonably obvious what the questions and answers mean even when I am not yet able to come up with the answers ...
5
votes
2answers
205 views

Amateur Radio for a Nomad [duplicate]

I got my amateur license back in the early '80s, primarily for putting it on my resume for an electronics job. Never used it outside of developing my Morse code speed, and once I got my Advanced Class ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Are there any good, consistently receivable signals in the US for HF receiver testing?

Having built my first HF receiver, I'd like to know if I'll need to search around for transmissions that happen to be occurring, or if there are reasonably strong signals I can count on being present ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

What frequencies am I not allowed to use north of line A in the USA?

What frequencies can I not use if I live north of line A in the USA?
4
votes
3answers
369 views

Is compression “encryption” under FCC regs?

I read this question about digital signatures and FCC prohibitions on "obscuring" messages in amateur transmissions, and it cause me to think of something: the difference between encryption and ...
4
votes
2answers
228 views

How would one automate HF communications to a specific location?

There appears to be some significant interest in establishing a fool-proof* HF communications method for location to location communication regardless of current propagation conditions. Given that ...
4
votes
1answer
886 views

Why is 900MHz restricted in some areas in the US?

So I found these rules: (2) No amateur station shall transmit from those portions of Texas and New Mexico that are bounded by latitudes 31°41 ′ and 34°30 ...
4
votes
2answers
212 views

Wireless temperature data logger in the USA on 433MHz

I'm a newly licensed ham tech. I am trying to figure out if I am doing everything correctly to setup a wireless temperature monitoring station that uses the 70cm band (specifically 433.4MHz) in the ...
1
vote
3answers
361 views

What kind of ham radio license should I get?

I have an interest in studying and researching how radio technology can be used in other fields of electronics. What kind of license should I look into so I can carry out some experiments or research? ...
10
votes
1answer
349 views

Why does the FCC put restrictions on symbol rates?

This answer claims that Mostly, on HF, the FCC has chosen to limit modes of transmission and symbol rates rather than bandwidth Why does the FCC limit symbol rates?
9
votes
4answers
4k views

Can I operate in the United Kingdom with a US license?

Can my license from the United States be used to operate while I'm in the United Kingdom?
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Is Morse code allowed on FM in the USA

Let's say I get my little 2 meter FM handheld out and make a little sine-wave generator with which I pulse a morse code and if I connect it to headphones a speaker, I hear the dits and dahs of a nice ...
9
votes
1answer
252 views

What is emissions designator “E” when used as a type of modulation?

The FCC's rules regulating amateur radio, in 47 CFR 97.307(f), paragraph 8 defines one emissions standard/limitation as follows: A RTTY or data emission having designators with A, B, C, D, E, F, G, ...
9
votes
3answers
947 views

Are hashes (such as md5) legal in the US

If I were to implement a remote computer control system using amateur radio, would using hashes (such as md5, sha-*, etc...) for authentication be permissible under the United States rules?
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Who enacts the FCC's rules and regulations?

I came across an old answer on this site which makes the claim: It would take an act of Congress to change this [FCC Part 97] rule. Is that correct? I was under the impression that United States ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Is Morse code a requirement for ham licensing?

As I recall, it used to be in the U.S. that the ability to read and send Morse code over CW was a requirement for an amateur license (and was tested, I believe). Is that still true in the U.S.? If ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Do FCC regulations limit digital data rate?

Are there FCC regulations that specifically limit digital data rate on the amateur bands? Are there any recent or proposed changes? If so, what are they specifically?
7
votes
2answers
517 views

License upgrade - retake required?

It's been more than a year since I passed my Technician and General exams and obtained my license. If I were now to go for my Extra class license, would it simply be a matter of taking and passing the ...
7
votes
2answers
145 views

Which band will I be authorized the most bandwidth?

Lets say I want to do a bit of experimenting with some high bandwidth uses for transmitting data, high quality voice, etc. Which Amateur band will give me the maximum bandwidth, and what is the ...
7
votes
1answer
699 views

Why are there no amateur allocations in the LF and VLF spectrum?

Amateur radio enthusiasts have slices of spectrum at every magnitude of spectrum MF and above, but in the US none are below MF. Why are there no spectrum allocations below 160M?
6
votes
2answers
901 views

What are the official Baofeng websites in the USA?

Which Baofeng website(s) in the USA is (are) official (that is, selling genuine Baofeng radios, programming cables, and accessories)? Which "Baofeng" websites are NOT, allegedly selling counterfeit ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Signing of messages transmitted over ham radio

FCC Regulation 97.113 (a) 4 states that: "messages encoded for the purpose of obscuring their meaning" Are "Prohibited transmissions", I believe this is the clause that is used to prohibit ...
5
votes
1answer
441 views

Secure communication over Amateur-band HSMM / 802.11 in the United States

I'm quite interested in 802.11 over amateur radio frequencies; however, all I have done at this point is reading (I don't have a ham license yet). The conventional wisdom (espoused in this ham.SE ...
4
votes
2answers
622 views

What is the minimum equipment necessary to get on the air with FT8?

To the extent that FT8 is a way to bring people into the hobby or re-ignite passion among those who haven't been on the air in a while, what's the easiest way to get someone on the air with this new ...
3
votes
2answers
279 views

What is the legality of data modes over UHF/VHF in the US?

Cheap & simple transceivers are readily available online that allow you to transmit serial data over UHF/VHF frequencies such as 433MHz (approximate range of 1000m). It seems that these are ...
3
votes
2answers
172 views

Maximum legal QRQ CW speed?

Computer generated and decoded Morse Code seems to be a not-uncommon operating practice in the HF bands. Given this, and that there's no reason why Morse/CW signals can't be synthesized and decoded ...
2
votes
1answer
461 views

What are the FCC's bandwidth restrictions for the various amateur bands?

Does the FCC restrict how much bandwidth an amateur radio operator can transmit? I've seen restrictions for transmitting data, like packet and ATV, but, for example, could I legally use a huge ...
2
votes
2answers
229 views

Why do you have to be 18 to be a Volunteer Examiner in the US?

I am a 15 year old ham, and just got my Extra class. I was really bummed when I figured out I needed to be 18 to be a Volunteer Examiner administer. Why do they make that rule?