Questions tagged [transmission-line]

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18 votes
1 answer
5k views

How does an SWR meter really work?

For ham radio operators, the SWR meter is a ubiquitous piece of equipment. There are dozens of standalone models on the market and most modern transceivers and antenna tuners have this functionality ...
Glenn W9IQ's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
1k views

What happens in a low loss feed-line with a high SWR

I was recently reading an interesting article from the ARRL to get a better understanding of the SWR. The following case is still unclear: A low loss feed-line with an impedance that doesn't match ...
ITChap's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
4k views

Understanding coax radiation and "current on the shield"

I'm having trouble understanding what seems to be the fundamental principle behind baluns (and probably other related topics). Perhaps some of my confusion comes from an audio background, where one ...
natevw - AF7TB's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
6k views

How can a quarter-wave transmission line transformer be implemented with lumped elements?

Sometimes designs call for quarter-wave sections of transmission lines. There are some situations when using actual transmission lines would not be practical: The necessary characteristic impedance ...
Phil Frost - W8II's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

Can a common-mode current exist on the inside of a coax shield?

People often say common-mode current flows on the outside of the shield, while the current on the inside of the shield is always opposed by an equal but opposite current on the center conductor. This ...
Phil Frost - W8II's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
650 views

(When) does a transceiver re-reflect 100% of reflected power?

There has been a long discussion of one question here. Phil, W8II and I agreed that it's better to post a separate question. There are several sources (some editions of "The ARRL Handbook", &...
Aleksander Alekseev - R2AUK's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why isn't twisted pair used for feedlines?

My son was asking about some Ethernet cable (Cat 5 unshielded twisted pair), and since he recently passed his Technician exam and we both have "radio stuff" on our minds, I tried to make the analogy ...
natevw - AF7TB's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
371 views

Does Coax Limit the Maximum SWR a Transmitter 'Sees'?

A recent discussion about SWR led to the assertion that a length of coax cable will ultimately limit the SWR to which the transmitter will be exposed. By experimenting with an SWR calculation tool ...
Glenn W9IQ's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
2k views

How do I design a round or square coaxial transmission line to have a specific impedance?

Certain Hex Beam antennas use a coaxial center support post to send the RF to each antenna section, which is superior, in terms of maintenance, to a post with screw terminals connected by short ...
Adam Davis's user avatar
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10 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is there an optimum transmission line length for maximum power transfer?

Consider a typical source -> transmission line -> load (i.e. TX->transmission line->antenna) arrangement and assume that the load is not matched to the transmission line characteristic impedance. It'...
Chu's user avatar
  • 201
9 votes
2 answers
662 views

SWR Measured at the Transmitter versus SWR at the Antenna

It is fairly well understood that due to transmission line losses, the SWR as measured at the transmitter will be less than the SWR at the antenna. Some of the new antenna analyzers and some vector ...
Glenn W9IQ's user avatar
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9 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why does ladder line generally have a lower loss than coaxial cable?

It is well understood in the amateur radio community that ladder line, window line, etc. have lower losses per foot than say RG-213 or LMR400, particularly on HF frequencies. It is also understood ...
Glenn W9IQ's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
3k views

Can I use speaker wire as a transmission line?

Speaker wire is really cheap and available everywhere, and it doesn't seem that different to 300 ohm twin lead. It seems to me it would make an excellent balanced transmission line. What would the ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 3,685
5 votes
3 answers
730 views

Confusion about dipole standing waves and feed point impedance

The animation below from Wikipedia shows the standing waves of voltage and current on an ideal center fed resonant half wave dipole in free space. The red and blue curves show the change in amplitude ...
Andrew's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why does an RF Amplifier fail when the SWR is high?

Exactly why does an RF output transistor fail if the SWR is bad ? Is it A because the impedance mismatch between the transmission line and the antenna results in maximum power not being transferred ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 3,685
3 votes
3 answers
529 views

How do transmission lines affect the impedance of some arbitrary load?

Let's say I have something like a non-resonant dipole, so that impedance changes depending on frequency and could take any number of values. Whatever that impedance is, how does adding transmission ...
Phil Frost - W8II's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
570 views

How do you calculate peak voltage given VSWR caused by impedance mismatch in a 50-ohm system?

I would like to choose a feedline that is safe for the wattage at a given VSWR to avoid coax arcing. How do you calculate peak voltage given a peak power in watts and maximum expected VSWR from ...
KJ7LNW's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
82 views

Effect of small amount of metal on twin-lead

I have a G5RV Jr. antenna on a fiberglass mast at 10m height. The only metal on the mast is a 1/8" thick steel guy ring with stainless steel snap links, plus a few small metal screws. Hanging freely,...
K8KV's user avatar
  • 377
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Exactly why do some SWR meters give a changing reading depending on the length of coax used to connect to an antenna?

Following is my understanding of some theory and the questions are at the end. Is this right ? ... A standing wave is an AC waveform oscillating at a particular frequency which has a varying ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 3,685
1 vote
2 answers
353 views

Rotary Inductor Replacement

I thought it was time to build a balanced-balanced antenna tuner so I mechanically ganged two B&W 3852 rotary inductors to make a balanced L network. It appears that the 16 uH inductors I used ...
AG6CX's user avatar
  • 19
0 votes
4 answers
642 views

Why is a half wave dipole resonant?

Is the following explanation correct ? RF energy with a wavelength equal to twice the electrical length of the dipole is applied to the feed point at the center of the half wave dipole. To understand ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 3,685
0 votes
2 answers
302 views

Why do ham radio operators refer to current flow on the outside of coax as common mode current?

My understanding is that the desired mode of operation for a two wire transmission line is differential, where at any point along the line the addition of the voltage or current is zero, such that the ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 3,685
-5 votes
4 answers
674 views

Exactly what is the cause for the zero reactance seen in the impedance at the center feed point of a resonant half wave dipole?

Lots of explanations i've read on the internet written by ham radio operators and in some text books state that a half wave dipole is resonant when the inductive and capacitive reactances cancel out. ...
Andrew's user avatar
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