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Questions tagged [transmission-line]

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1answer
45 views

Effect of small amount of metal on twin-lead

I have a G5RV Jr. antenna on a fiberglass mast at 10m height. The only metal on the mast is a 1/8" thick steel guy ring with stainless steel snap links, plus a few small metal screws. Hanging freely,...
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2answers
157 views

Exactly why do some SWR meters give a changing reading depending on the length of coax used to connect to an antenna?

Following is my understanding of some theory and the questions are at the end. Is this right ? ... A standing wave is an AC waveform oscillating at a particular frequency which has a varying ...
4
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1answer
71 views

Is this transmission line peak voltage formula published in CQ Magazine more accurate?

In his July 2018 article in CQ magazine entitled “Lightning (and EMP) Surge Protection for HF Radios”, Steven Karty, N5SK based much of his analysis for properly specifying a GDT (Gas Discharge Tube) ...
5
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1answer
35 views

For air coax calculation, what is correct diameter metric vis-à-vis tube stock thickness?

I am interested in creating a square outer-conductor with round inner-conductor air coax post for a hex beam antenna. I found the extremely useful information at: How do I design a round or square ...
1
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2answers
141 views

Rotary Inductor Replacement

I thought it was time to build a balanced-balanced antenna tuner so I mechanically ganged two B&W 3852 rotary inductors to make a balanced L network. It appears that the 16 uH inductors I used ...
15
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1answer
835 views

How does an SWR meter really work?

For ham radio operators, the SWR meter is a ubiquitous piece of equipment. There are dozens of standalone models on the market and most modern transceivers and antenna tuners have this functionality ...
7
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1answer
95 views

SWR Measured at the Transmitter versus SWR at the Antenna

It is fairly well understood that due to transmission line losses, the SWR as measured at the transmitter will be less than the SWR at the antenna. Some of the new antenna analyzers and some vector ...
7
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3answers
232 views

Attic Dipole - Impact of Ethernet over CAT5/6

I've been thinking about putting 20m and 10m dipoles up in my attic (HOA), but I also intend to soon put some Ethernet cable to a WAP (with PoE) through the attic. I was intending to feed this with ...
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1answer
147 views

Does Coax Limit the Maximum SWR a Transmitter 'Sees'?

A recent discussion about SWR led to the assertion that a length of coax cable will ultimately limit the SWR to which the transmitter will be exposed. By experimenting with an SWR calculation tool ...
5
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4answers
402 views

Can a common-mode current exist on the inside of a coax shield?

People often say common-mode current flows on the outside of the shield, while the current on the inside of the shield is always opposed by an equal but opposite current on the center conductor. This ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Can I use two voltage baluns to make a common mode choke?

I have two 1:4 voltage baluns. If I connect them together so that I have 1:4-4:1, is that the equivalent of putting a 1:1 common mode choke on my feed line?
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2answers
343 views

Difference between Phase Velocity and Velocity of propagation in a transmission line

I'm confused by the difference between the phase velocity and transmission line propagation velocity From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_of_electricity, in a good conductor, phase velocity (...
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3answers
234 views

Why is coax loss logarithmic?

With DC hookup wire, losses are directly proportional to length. If the resistance of 100m of wire is 10 ohms then the resistance of 200m of wire will be 20 ohms. But we measure coax loss in decibels ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Transmission Line Model of Co-ax Lines

I have got 2 questions on transmission line. In coax line, the centre wire is Copper, and the outer line is Aluminium, as far as I can see in the coax that I have. I have got couple of questions on ...
4
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3answers
245 views

How do transmission lines affect the impedance of some arbitrary load?

Let's say I have something like a non-resonant dipole, so that impedance changes depending on frequency and could take any number of values. Whatever that impedance is, how does adding transmission ...
1
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2answers
101 views

what is choking reactance in TLT?

I was studying about the Guanella 1:1 balun and came across the term "choking reactance". What does this mean? Why does its value need to be large?
7
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2answers
1k views

Why isn't twisted pair used for feedlines?

My son was asking about some Ethernet cable (Cat 5 unshielded twisted pair), and since he recently passed his Technician exam and we both have "radio stuff" on our minds, I tried to make the analogy ...
0
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1answer
1k views

How to calculate Return loss of cascaded system?

If system 1 has 10 dB return loss and system 2 has 20 dB return loss then what is the overall return loss of cascaded system of 1&2 ?
5
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1answer
2k views

How can a quarter-wave transmission line transformer be implemented with lumped elements?

Sometimes designs call for quarter-wave sections of transmission lines. There are some situations when using actual transmission lines would not be practical: The necessary characteristic impedance ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Understanding coax radiation and “current on the shield”

I'm having trouble understanding what seems to be the fundamental principle behind baluns (and probably other related topics). Perhaps some of my confusion comes from an audio background, where one ...
5
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3answers
641 views

What is the minimum signal strength I need to receive?

Let's say a transmitting station is using a 8W radio with a J pole antenna. The cable connecting the radio to the antenna is RG-58A/U and is 25ft long. At 144.075MHz, the attenuation of the cable is ...
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4answers
207 views

There is no reverse flow of energy in a mismatched transmission line, is this correct?

Is this text correct? I use it when helping people to study for their Licence, and get a lot of indignant scorn for my assertion "It is important to realise, that, after the first brief flutter, no ...
6
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1answer
135 views

What exactly does an unun do to the impedance of a transmission line?

If I have a load Z_L and a length of transmission line with impedance Z_0 I know how to compute the impedance at the input to the transmission line (using smith chart or using telegraph equation). ...
8
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4answers
674 views

Is there an optimum transmission line length for maximum power transfer?

Consider a typical source -> transmission line -> load (i.e. TX->transmission line->antenna) arrangement and assume that the load is not matched to the transmission line characteristic impedance. It'...
2
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3answers
142 views

Do stub matching techniques still produce some loss?

I am using a double stacked Yagi-Uda antenna with about 57 Ω impedance. The 50 Ω feed line (coaxial) cables are combined using a tee connector. I observed, at the output of the tee connector, an ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Stub impedance matching

What is the process of stub impedance matching and what are the elements included in the calculations relevant to it?
2
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1answer
194 views

Quarter Wave Transmission Line transformer

Can someone explain to me exactly how a quarter-wave transmission line transformer is put into action? I mean, how does it operate and what values are usually taken into consideration, calculation ...
2
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2answers
137 views

Reciprocity and SWR [duplicate]

If someone has a high SWR, obviously their signal will not make it out as far due to reflections. However, they will still be able to hear relatively well. I have noticed for receive, a high SWR may ...
8
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3answers
431 views

What happens in a low loss feed-line with a high SWR

I was recently reading an interesting article from the ARRL to get a better understanding of the SWR. The following case is still unclear: A low loss feed-line with an impedance that doesn't match ...
4
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3answers
417 views

Height and feedline loss tradeoff for VHF

Currently my 2m antenna is about 3m above the ground inside, my HF antenna is connected to 30m (2db loss) coax and is about 12m up. Since the loss for 2m is a lot more when traveling down such a long ...
9
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1answer
1k views

How do I design a round or square coaxial transmission line to have a specific impedance?

Certain Hex Beam antennas use a coaxial center support post to send the RF to each antenna section, which is superior, in terms of maintenance, to a post with screw terminals connected by short ...