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Questions tagged [space-weather]

Questions relating to variability in the Sun-Earth system and the impacts on radio communications.

14
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the cause of this unusually long period of terrible HF band conditions?

I've been a ham for over 40 years, but never has there been such a prolonged period of such poor propagation. This has been especially the case over the past six months or so, and they continue to ...
1
vote
3answers
454 views

How does one know when band conditions are optimal and what factors to consider?

On many of the DX sites, one will find many variables for solar weather to include flux, A, K, sunspots, etc… I’d like to know how to read those and know what to look for. As I understand it, the sun’...
13
votes
2answers
773 views

Why is the solar-flux index measured at 10.7 cm?

Why is the solar-flux index measured at 10.7 cm? What makes that such a special frequency?
4
votes
3answers
4k views

How and why sunspots affect propagation in HF bands?

How and why do sunspots affect propagation in HF bands?
7
votes
1answer
111 views

Are ionospheric predictions useful in practice for ham radio operators?

A number of government agencies around the world provide ionospheric predictions, such as vertical foF2 or oblique path useable frequency range advice. Examples include IPS, SWPC and DIAS. Typically, ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

What factors (out of operator control) can affect the range?

Some factors, such as the antenna type and power output can be easily adjusted by an operator to manipulate the range of a radio signal. However, others (such as the weather) are out of operator ...