Questions tagged [software-defined-radio]

Radio devices that use digital signal processing in place of analog electronic components to manipulate RF signals.

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19
votes
5answers
7k views

SDR: Quadrature demodulation vs direct RF sampling

I see that many SDRs use a quadrature demodulator and sample I and Q signals. But is it possible to downconvert the RF signal instead, sample it with only one ADC, and get the same capabilities of ...
17
votes
3answers
4k views

SDR sampling bandwidth - do the bits per sample matter?

I'm looking at data converter chips for a homebrew SDR design, and I see that I can choose not just the sampling frequency, but also the bits per sample. Obviously the sampling frequency has to be ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I receive ATV with GNU Radio?

How do I receive Amateur television (ATV) — e.g., NTSC in the U.S. — with GNU Radio so I can play the A/V in, e.g., the VLC video player? Are there any example GNU Radio block diagrams to accomplish ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Is is possible to operate D-Star from a software-defined radio?

What is preventing a software-defined radio from transmitting the D-Star protocol?
10
votes
2answers
579 views

Multiple simultaneous tunings with SDR

I just found out about WebSDR, and I was wondering how is it possible that many listeners listen and tune to different stations simultaneously. Which components/technologies allow this, and how does ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is dynamic range relevant for an SDR?

Sometimes I see dynamic range mentioned as a figure of merit for an SDR. For example, I know that the bits per sample used by the analog to digital converter can affect the dynamic range. Why do I ...
10
votes
2answers
612 views

Can an amateur use cellular technologies with SDR?

Software Defined Radio is opening up many new possibilities for amateur digital modes. One family of technologies that interests me is cellular. 2G GSM voice/sms and 2.5G GPRS data has been proven to ...
10
votes
2answers
241 views

Which qualities/features does an SDR radio device need to be usable for Amateur Radio?

I know what things to note when selecting an analog amateur radio, but SDR devices have completely different specs, e.g. sample rate and resolution. What do I need to know about the device to make ...
10
votes
4answers
552 views

Why are commercial SDRs so limited in operating frequency?

I spent a bit of time researching SDRs, mostly looking into the possibility of building an all-FPGA-based TRX. There are a lot of commercial ready solutions; some are cheap, some not, but they all ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

AIS and RTL-SDR Dongles

I am looking for an Windows-based AIS Decoder for RTL Dongles. Currently, there is a solution available using GNU Radio and SDR# but it is complicated to set up and keep running. ADSB has a dedicated ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Remote SDR on the internet other than WebSDR?

Besides WebSDR, what remote Software-Defined-Radio stations (for shortwave or amateur bands) might be available for open public access over the internet? What protocols do these SDR stations use to ...
9
votes
1answer
311 views

Confusion about SDR

I've just written code for the RTL2832 to receive and decode ADS-B packets (very cool!). I had some confusion about what is actually happening: Is the raw data coming from the USB dongle literally ...
9
votes
1answer
328 views

Why do SDR control apps have two frequency settings?

Why do many SDR control apps have two frequency settings, even when the app is designed or set up only for listening to or decoding one signal? Should the two SDR frequency controls be set ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How does SDR demodulation differ between wideband and narrowband FM?

What is the difference between software demodulation of an IQ signal between wideband FM and narrowband FM? Both seem to look at the 2nd difference in unwrapped phase angles of IQ samples.
9
votes
1answer
313 views

Is there a name for the demodulation technique described here using the parallax propeller?

Is this a recognized SDR technique with a name, or is just a combination of DSP, r/f techniques ? I asked the author, but didn't receive an answer, perhaps because he thought it was "obvious" (not to ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How might one realize a first order, two dimensional RF field antenna for HF?

I just coined the term "field antenna". It is by analogy to the lightfield camera or the soundfield microphone. Essentially, it is an antenna that captures not only the strength of an RF field, but ...
9
votes
2answers
507 views

Getting Started with Digital Modes on VHF on Linux

I am interested in learning about digital modes using 2m and Linux. I have a couple of older 2m rigs (HTX-212 and an old Yaesu) with no additional hardware, like a TNC. What current resources exist ...
8
votes
2answers
700 views

IQ imbalance after quadrature mixing

What is IQ imbalance in the output of complex or quadrature downconverter/demodulator/mixer? What are the causes and effects of IQ imbalance? (A spike in the spectrum display of RF noise?) Are there ...
8
votes
2answers
464 views

How is full duplex implemented without swamping the receive circuitry?

I've seen a few references to full duplex SDR radios, and I'm wondering how can one transmit and receive at the same time without overwhelming the receiver, and without heavy filtering such as the ...
7
votes
2answers
507 views

What SDR software is available that provides internet control?

I plan to use a SoftRock Ensemble RX II to receive HF transmissions. I'd like to be able to use it wherever I am when I have a few minutes, though, so I'm wondering what software exists that would ...
7
votes
2answers
434 views

How to calculate if low-pass filtering is sufficient?

An answer on this question Suggested method for boosting 0.05 watt transmitter up to 10+ watts? suggests putting a filterless 19dB amplifier between the HackRF (or similar general-purpose SDR) and a ...
7
votes
2answers
309 views

Center frequency spike on software radio for mismatched/disconnected antenna

A while ago I was using a software radio receiver to perform some antenna analysis. I left the spectrum display on while disconnecting the cable and noticed that when the cable was disconnected I ...
6
votes
2answers
124 views

Mobile phone models that contain 2 way radio functionality

Are there any mobile phone models there that contain 2 way radio functionality?
6
votes
2answers
231 views

Advantages of IQ generation at Mixer Stage or within FPGA for SDRs

I draw two possible architectures for Software Defined Radios below. In the first architecture, I,Q signals are generated at the mixer stage and two ADCs are required. The FPGA down-samples the ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Configuring an SDR for CW?

So I'm developing my own SDR software from scratch (I like to "own" the code). The channel between the RF-to-USB hardware and the software is 192kHz sample-rate IQ audio samples. The degrees of ...
6
votes
2answers
177 views

What happens when I and Q are switched?

In https://ham.stackexchange.com/a/1068/9 it's shown that one can use $$ r = \sqrt{I^2+Q^2} $$ to decode AM signals from a direct conversion receiver. It appears that, in this particular case, I ...
6
votes
3answers
195 views

Long range communication with just 1W of power?

Is it possible, and how can I setup communication between stations 1000km apart from each other by using just 1W of transmission power? By communication, I mean: It can be text based It can be very ...
6
votes
1answer
334 views

What is “Billion Code” for garage door openers from around 1996?

I've been trying to "hack" my garage door using an SDR (LimeSDR) for a high school physics project, and I have run into a snag. When I look at the signal and demodulate it using ASK in Ultimate Radio ...
6
votes
1answer
939 views

RX antenna and RTL SDR with upconverter ..How to hear something?

I mounted a small RX antenna (mini whip, bought from eBay) (on 10-th floor) and I want to try to listen to something. I bought a RTL-SDR with Upconverter which supports HF. RX antenna's operating ...
6
votes
2answers
455 views

Filtering for PSK31 demodulation

What's the ideal filter for PSK31 demodulation? That is, something that minimizes ISI, while having a narrow bandwidth to reject adjacent channels, while being reasonably matched? Most PSK modes use ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What protocol or API does WebSDR use to stream audio?

What documented protocol or API does WebSDR use to stream audio over the internet? I'm interested in capturing a WebSDR audio stream using a small embedded device which has lots of audio DSP ...
6
votes
1answer
958 views

Suggested method for boosting 0.05 watt transmitter up to 10+ watts?

Long time ham operator here, new to this particular challenge - I have a software defined radio transceiver that I'd like to try and use to make contacts on HF, in particular 20-meters. Tuning ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Decimation to listen to FM radio with gnu radio

I am trying to listen to FM station using an SDR and GNU radio. I have followed this procedure Is there a reason that the decimation is done gradually? For example would it make a difference if I ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

SSB offset determination?

Is there any algorithmic way to determine if the mixed frequency offset in an SSB SDR demodulator is wrong (too high or low), other than listening for funny sounding voices? (perhaps by checking to ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How to detect a tone on an FM Frequency using an RTL SDR receiver?

I'm transmitting a simple tone which lasts 50 ms using an FM transmitter. I can see clearly this tone being received on my RTL-SDR device when I look at a spectrum graph (using GQRX). I need to call ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

SNR measurement for a BPSK/QPSK signal

I have created a software (gnuradio) that performs modulation/demodulation and supports a number of modulation schemes and error correcting codes. I'm in the process of evaluating the BER vs SNR for ...
5
votes
3answers
168 views

ARRL handbook as a reference for all your radio learning needs?

Looking to take up learning understanding everything from basic electronics to how today's wideband radios work, so that I can build my own radio systems (not just ham radios), and talk radio concepts ...
5
votes
1answer
440 views

GNU Radio sinusoid multiplication does not produce perfect results

I created a simple sketch in GNU Radio that multiples two signals. One is a sine and the other is cosine. I paste a screenshot of it and its results below. I have heard that in DSP, we can do almost ...
5
votes
2answers
76 views

Digital transmission sounds

I'm playing with an RTL-SDR dongle and an LNA, on Linux Mint with GQRX and DSD A lot of frequencies show digital transmissions, which the DSD is not converting. I don't whether it is a format DSD ...
5
votes
2answers
824 views

How to transmit images and video through a hurricane?

Background You're in the path of a hurricane, and the eye just passed over your head. There is no electricity (apart from your own generator or battery), there is no mobile network and there is ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Cause of harmonic spurs?

Harmonic spurs (harmonics of the transmitter frequency, as seen by a wide-band receiver or SDR) in the RF spectrum might be caused by an imperfectly sinusoidal or badly filtered transmitter carrier ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How to determine the PPM value of a NESDR SMArt?

a) Given that I don't have a frequency standard or other known transmitter available, what is the easiest way to calibrate the NooElec NESDR SMArt which is using a TCXO rated at 0.5 PPM.? I.e. to ...
5
votes
2answers
728 views

How does rpitx generate arbitrary SSB data with a clock peripheral?

While it wasn't the first to do so, the rpitx software seems to be the most active and mature implementation of what its own comments call "a code fragment by PE1NNZ". The trick is explained in Guido'...
5
votes
3answers
446 views

SDR set up that will TX & RX on CB, UHF and VHF

I would like to use SDR to receive and transmit on CB, UHF and VHF. Is this possible and if so what type of equipment will I need (antennae, dongle etc)? I currently have both UHF/VHF and CB but atm ...
5
votes
1answer
214 views

What kind of modulation is this?

I was able to demodulate a signal I've recieved in gnuradio. Here you can see my flowgraph: But now I would like to be able to send data as well. But how should I modulate my data? As you can see I'...
5
votes
2answers
63 views

Weak signal digital modes and clock synchronization

Why to some weak signal digital modes (jt9, jt65, etc.) require knowing a clock time? Does knowing this clock time provide any gain in signal detection ability? (lower required S/N?) What clock ...
5
votes
2answers
649 views

Can I use old TV FM card as SDR?

I tried searching a lot before, but couldn't find anything about it; I have an old TV/FM card from an old computer, I wish to know if it can be used as an Software Defined Radio, and if yes, how? The ...
5
votes
1answer
237 views

What is a general procedure for aligning directional antennas?

I want to establish a microwave link (1.2GHz) between two stations using antennas with a directional radiation pattern. The stations have a clear line of sight to each other. Each antenna is attached ...
5
votes
2answers
205 views

Doppler shift compensation without using predictive modelling

Doppler shift mitigation has been studied extensively in the literature. In my implementations of satellite receivers (using GNU Radio), I use predicted Doppler shift from a software (GPredict) to ...
5
votes
2answers
585 views

Software defined radio demodulation

I am trying to increase my knowledge on software defined radio and according to what I have read its hardware consists of three parts: Amplifier Tuner ADC I just wanted to make sure that my ...