Questions tagged [software-defined-radio]

Radio devices that use digital signal processing in place of analog electronic components to manipulate RF signals.

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SDR: Quadrature demodulation vs direct RF sampling

I see that many SDRs use a quadrature demodulator and sample I and Q signals. But is it possible to downconvert the RF signal instead, sample it with only one ADC, and get the same capabilities of ...
BarsMonster - R2AYN's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers
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SDR sampling bandwidth - do the bits per sample matter?

I'm looking at data converter chips for a homebrew SDR design, and I see that I can choose not just the sampling frequency, but also the bits per sample. Obviously the sampling frequency has to be ...
Adam Davis's user avatar
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Is is possible to operate D-Star from a software-defined radio?

What is preventing a software-defined radio from transmitting the D-Star protocol?
Paul V's user avatar
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How do I receive ATV with GNU Radio?

How do I receive Amateur television (ATV) — e.g., NTSC in the U.S. — with GNU Radio so I can play the A/V in, e.g., the VLC video player? Are there any example GNU Radio block diagrams to accomplish ...
Geremia's user avatar
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AIS and RTL-SDR Dongles

I am looking for an Windows-based AIS Decoder for RTL Dongles. Currently, there is a solution available using GNU Radio and SDR# but it is complicated to set up and keep running. ADSB has a dedicated ...
Mark Cupitt's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
487 views

Confusion about SDR

I've just written code for the RTL2832 to receive and decode ADS-B packets (very cool!). I had some confusion about what is actually happening: Is the raw data coming from the USB dongle literally ...
Nathan Wong's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why is dynamic range relevant for an SDR?

Sometimes I see dynamic range mentioned as a figure of merit for an SDR. For example, I know that the bits per sample used by the analog to digital converter can affect the dynamic range. Why do I ...
Phil Frost - W8II's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
860 views

Can an amateur use cellular technologies with SDR?

Software Defined Radio is opening up many new possibilities for amateur digital modes. One family of technologies that interests me is cellular. 2G GSM voice/sms and 2.5G GPRS data has been proven to ...
JC Hulce's user avatar
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Remote SDR on the internet other than WebSDR?

Besides WebSDR, what remote Software-Defined-Radio stations (for shortwave or amateur bands) might be available for open public access over the internet? What protocols do these SDR stations use to ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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Multiple simultaneous tunings with SDR

I just found out about WebSDR, and I was wondering how is it possible that many listeners listen and tune to different stations simultaneously. Which components/technologies allow this, and how does ...
Cobe's user avatar
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Why do SDR control apps have two frequency settings?

Why do many SDR control apps have two frequency settings, even when the app is designed or set up only for listening to or decoding one signal? Should the two SDR frequency controls be set ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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Would it be possible for a software-defined FM receiver to demodulate two signals on the same frequency?

When two FM signals are transmitted on the same (or about the same) center frequency, either you hear only one or you hear that noise I'm sure most of you have heard. Would it be possible for a ...
Someone's user avatar
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Which qualities/features does an SDR radio device need to be usable for Amateur Radio?

I know what things to note when selecting an analog amateur radio, but SDR devices have completely different specs, e.g. sample rate and resolution. What do I need to know about the device to make ...
jkj's user avatar
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4 answers
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Why are commercial SDRs so limited in operating frequency?

I spent a bit of time researching SDRs, mostly looking into the possibility of building an all-FPGA-based TRX. There are a lot of commercial ready solutions; some are cheap, some not, but they all ...
Ulterior's user avatar
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Getting Started with Digital Modes on VHF on Linux

I am interested in learning about digital modes using 2m and Linux. I have a couple of older 2m rigs (HTX-212 and an old Yaesu) with no additional hardware, like a TNC. What current resources exist ...
Rob Gibson's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
832 views

What limits a PIN diode or varicap from being used in a "Software Defined [Radio] Filter"?

A PIN diode varies its capacitance based on a DC bias, and a Varicap exhibits this effect even more clearly. What limits the use of "solid state variable capacitors" like these for ...
natevw - AF7TB's user avatar
9 votes
7 answers
2k views

How does IQ modulation work (intuitively)?

I'm trying to get my head around IQ modulation. What I understand so far is that each of the I and Q branches of the mixer produce two sidebands with the same frequency components, but in the Q branch,...
John B's user avatar
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IQ imbalance after quadrature mixing

What is IQ imbalance in the output of complex or quadrature downconverter/demodulator/mixer? What are the causes and effects of IQ imbalance? (A spike in the spectrum display of RF noise?) Are there ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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How does SDR demodulation differ between wideband and narrowband FM?

What is the difference between software demodulation of an IQ signal between wideband FM and narrowband FM? Both seem to look at the 2nd difference in unwrapped phase angles of IQ samples.
hotpaw2's user avatar
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Is there a name for the demodulation technique described here using the parallax propeller?

Is this a recognized SDR technique with a name, or is just a combination of DSP, r/f techniques ? I asked the author, but didn't receive an answer, perhaps because he thought it was "obvious&...
mstram's user avatar
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How might one realize a first order, two dimensional RF field antenna for HF?

I just coined the term "field antenna". It is by analogy to the lightfield camera or the soundfield microphone. Essentially, it is an antenna that captures not only the strength of an RF field, but ...
Phil Frost - W8II's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

GNU Radio sinusoid multiplication does not produce perfect results

I created a simple sketch in GNU Radio that multiples two signals. One is a sine and the other is cosine. I paste a screenshot of it and its results below. I have heard that in DSP, we can do almost ...
Denis's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is a panadapter?

To what does the term "panadapter" refer? (Physical hardware or software?) How did the term "panadapter" originate as related to radios or electronics? How is the term "panadapter" different from ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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8 votes
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How to choose the right sampling rate and bandwidth for RTL-SDR dongle?

Receiving the frequency of 97.9 MHz I have a Terratec SDR dongle and I am trying to capture a radio frequency. The FFT window shows the frequency range from -500 to 500 KHz. Is there a way to ...
Jack's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
589 views

How is full duplex implemented without swamping the receive circuitry?

I've seen a few references to full duplex SDR radios, and I'm wondering how can one transmit and receive at the same time without overwhelming the receiver, and without heavy filtering such as the ...
Adam Davis's user avatar
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8 votes
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703 views

How to calculate if low-pass filtering is sufficient?

An answer on this question Suggested method for boosting 0.05 watt transmitter up to 10+ watts? suggests putting a filterless 19dB amplifier between the HackRF (or similar general-purpose SDR) and a ...
natevw - AF7TB's user avatar
7 votes
7 answers
10k views

Why is 20m band waterfall showing signals every 50 kHz?

I'm very new to shortwave listening and just got to grips with my RTL SDR HF dongle. Last night while on the 20m band, there were signals exactly every 50kHz, starting exactly at 14.000MHz, then at 14....
rcx935's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
766 views

How can quadrature mixing adjust the phase of all frequencies by the same amount? Can it be done in the digital domain?

This came up in some feedback I got when I tried to answer What is IQ in the context of SDRs? and revealed some of my own misunderstanding. Initially, I gave an answer something like (paraphrasing): ...
natevw - AF7TB's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

Configuring an SDR for CW?

So I'm developing my own SDR software from scratch (I like to "own" the code). The channel between the RF-to-USB hardware and the software is 192kHz sample-rate IQ audio samples. The degrees of ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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7 votes
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790 views

Long range communication with just 1W of power?

Is it possible, and how can I setup communication between stations 1000km apart from each other by using just 1W of transmission power? By communication, I mean: It can be text based It can be very ...
Akshit Mehra's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
5k views

Decimation to listen to FM radio with gnu radio

I am trying to listen to FM station using an SDR and GNU radio. I have followed this procedure Is there a reason that the decimation is done gradually? For example would it make a difference if I ...
Jack's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
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DIY SA612 + RTL-SDR HF receiver: good on laptop, but huge wideband noise on Raspberry Pi

I recently built a SA612 mixer for HF reception. I used an USB-frequency oscilator to shift the incoming frequency up by 28.8 MHz. I used a random wire antenna outside my balcony and connected it to ...
比尔盖子's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
581 views

What SDR software is available that provides internet control?

I plan to use a SoftRock Ensemble RX II to receive HF transmissions. I'd like to be able to use it wherever I am when I have a few minutes, though, so I'm wondering what software exists that would ...
Adam Davis's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
402 views

Center frequency spike on software radio for mismatched/disconnected antenna

A while ago I was using a software radio receiver to perform some antenna analysis. I left the spectrum display on while disconnecting the cable and noticed that when the cable was disconnected I ...
mtrberzi's user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
981 views

Can SDR receivers be detected remotely?

It's my understanding that active superhet receivers can be detected by looking for the emissions from the local oscillator, particularly because the LO's frequency is usually set at some fixed offset ...
chrylis -cautiouslyoptimistic-'s user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
422 views

What kind of modulation is this?

I was able to demodulate a signal I've received in gnuradio. Here you can see my flowgraph: But now I would like to be able to send data as well. But how should I modulate my data? As you can see I'...
Thanathan's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
3k views

Cause of harmonic spurs?

Harmonic spurs (harmonics of the transmitter frequency, as seen by a wide-band receiver or SDR) in the RF spectrum might be caused by an imperfectly sinusoidal or badly filtered transmitter carrier ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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6 votes
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How does rpitx generate arbitrary SSB data with a clock peripheral?

While it wasn't the first to do so, the rpitx software seems to be the most active and mature implementation of what its own comments call "a code fragment by PE1NNZ". The trick is explained in Guido'...
natevw - AF7TB's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
154 views

Mobile phone models that contain 2 way radio functionality

Are there any mobile phone models there that contain 2 way radio functionality?
S-K''s user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
627 views

Advantages of IQ generation at Mixer Stage or within FPGA for SDRs

I draw two possible architectures for Software Defined Radios below. In the first architecture, I,Q signals are generated at the mixer stage and two ADCs are required. The FPGA down-samples the ...
Denis's user avatar
  • 702
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

RX antenna and RTL SDR with upconverter ..How to hear something?

I mounted a small RX antenna (mini whip, bought from eBay) (on 10-th floor) and I want to try to listen to something. I bought a RTL-SDR with Upconverter which supports HF. RX antenna's operating ...
kesrut's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
660 views

What happens when I and Q are switched?

In https://ham.stackexchange.com/a/1068/9 it's shown that one can use $$ r = \sqrt{I^2+Q^2} $$ to decode AM signals from a direct conversion receiver. It appears that, in this particular case, I ...
Adam Davis's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is "Billion Code" for garage door openers from around 1996?

I've been trying to "hack" my garage door using an SDR (LimeSDR) for a high school physics project, and I have run into a snag. When I look at the signal and demodulate it using ASK in Ultimate Radio ...
Ben Newhall's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
879 views

Filtering for PSK31 demodulation

What's the ideal filter for PSK31 demodulation? That is, something that minimizes ISI, while having a narrow bandwidth to reject adjacent channels, while being reasonably matched? Most PSK modes use ...
Phil Frost - W8II's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
3k views

What protocol or API does WebSDR use to stream audio?

What documented protocol or API does WebSDR use to stream audio over the internet? I'm interested in capturing a WebSDR audio stream using a small embedded device which has lots of audio DSP ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
9k views

Where can I find a listening guide for different frequencies and their usages to listen to on SDR?

I just got an RTL-SDR dongle by Nooelec and am using CubicSDR on Mac (which supports AM, FM, and SSB), and I'm in Canada. I'm able to easily find FM radio stations, but outside of that I'm not sure ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Suggested method for boosting 0.05 watt transmitter up to 10+ watts?

Long time ham operator here, new to this particular challenge - I have a software defined radio transceiver that I'd like to try and use to make contacts on HF, in particular 20-meters. Tuning ...
Brad Hein's user avatar
  • 198
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to detect a tone on an FM Frequency using an RTL SDR receiver?

I'm transmitting a simple tone which lasts 50 ms using an FM transmitter. I can see clearly this tone being received on my RTL-SDR device when I look at a spectrum graph (using GQRX). I need to call ...
Ash's user avatar
  • 61
6 votes
2 answers
320 views

SSB offset determination?

Is there any algorithmic way to determine if the mixed frequency offset in an SSB SDR demodulator is wrong (too high or low), other than listening for funny sounding voices? (perhaps by checking to ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
133 views

Pseudorange in VHF band navigation and precision phase tracking

I am thinking on what is the practical limit of precision for VHF positioning system (like currently obsolete and gone "Transit" system). It is well known how GPS receivers calculates pseudorange to ...
BarsMonster - R2AYN's user avatar

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