Questions tagged [satellites]

Amateur radio satellites refer to any artificial object in Earth orbit that are useful for amateur radio purposes.

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3answers
3k views

Can I build a radio telescope out of a parabolic TV satellite dish?

I have the possibility to buy a very inexpensive 2.4m parabolic satellite dish and I would like to build a radio telescope from it. Originally this dish was designed to be a satellite TV antenna. ...
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2answers
262 views

Why do satellites receive and transmit on different bands?

Most satellites I've found transmit on VHF and receive on UHF or vice versa. Why is this? I would think there's enough space on a single band.
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1answer
2k views

Why would you need a signal generator to receive early satellite transmissions?

I recently watched, on You Tube, a NOVA program about the British school masters and students who were the first to publish the news that the Soviets had started launching satellites from a new launch ...
10
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1answer
521 views

Who funds amateur radio satellites?

I am currently studying for my Technician Exam and I am amazed at the sheer number of amateur radio satellites in orbit. Knowing how expensive it is to launch something into space, and assuming there ...
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2answers
2k views

Are satellites Left or Right hand circularly polarized?

I'm thinking of building some helical antennas for satellite work. I want to know which way to wind them. If satellites are spinning randomly, how can we know if they are left hand or right hand ...
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3answers
10k views

Calculating Doppler Shift for satellites

If I know how fast a satellite is moving through space, how can I calculate the doppler shift for the pass?
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358 views

Have hams ever used (clusters of) geostationary satellites as passive microwave reflectors?

A number of geostationary satellites are quite large and/or appear in clusters. Moreover, many of them have large reflectors pointing to Earth (e.g. satellite TV sats). Finally, these satellites are ...
8
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3answers
748 views

What gain do I need to talk to SO-50 with my HT?

My HT has 5 W of power, a sensitivity of about 0.2 µV, and I would like to talk to the SO-50 with it. How much gain do I need in my antenna to make this work?
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2answers
678 views

Can there be (long range) propagation of HF from satellites?

HF transmissions from the ground can be reflected by the ionosphere leading to very long distance propagation. Satellites in low Earth orbit (160 km to 2,000 km) fly within the ionosphere (60 km to ...
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1k views

cubesat turnstile antenna material selection

My cubesat team is working on our design for rolled whip antennas to deploy in a UHF turnstile configuration based on this design: What I would like advice on is the material for the antennas ...
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221 views

What will I need to receive the ICE/ISEE-3 transmitter?

The ICE/ISEE-3 spacecraft, launched in 1979, is due to pass by the earth in August, 2014. It was commanded to power down completely years ago, but it appears to have failed to do so, and while it ...
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752 views

Store-and-forward capable satellites in operation?

The amateur satellite community used to have a small fleet of pacsat satellites (AO-16 and friends), which were capable of store-and-forward message passing: you could upload messages to the LEO ...
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APRS digi path for ISS digipeater?

So when I try to work the ISS digipeater, what should I set the digi path to be? My setup is a 5 W HT with a 2 m yagi connected to my phone with APRSDroid. I've tried the past few nights with ...
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Identifying signals in the satellite exclusive band

I have just started playing with SDR so I downloaded the relevant amateur band plan for my location, the UK. Tuning around I found things like POCSAG/FLEX pagers as expected and amateur radio (e.g. ...
6
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2answers
353 views

Weather Imaging with NOAA satellites - legal?

I would like to build an antenna for receiving NOAA weather satellites. They're receivable at around 137.5 Mhz. I'm a total new to amateur radio stuff. I know that it's not legal to communicate as ...
6
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1answer
917 views

What is spin fading in satellite signals?

Why do signals from satellites experience "spin fading" as the satellite rotates? What are the effects that spin fading has on a radio signal? From test question: T8B09
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1answer
209 views

How to talk to the ISS

I have a UHF/VHF transceiver capable of transmitting on UHF and receiving on VHF or vice versa on channel mode. I finally got a directional Yagi antenna so reception/transmission shouldn't be a ...
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2answers
1k views

doppler LEO satellite

I am trying to model Doppler shift of LEO satellite, From my research so far I have come across the following formula: \begin{equation} \frac{f_r}{f_s}=\frac{1-\frac{u}{c}cos\theta}{\sqrt{1-\frac{u^2}...
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1answer
632 views

Doppler Shift Compensation in Inter Satellite Communication

I am currently doing a project in the area of optical inter-satellite communication (GEO-LEO). I am using a optical carrier of 281 THz, and the Doppler shift corresponding to it is ±7 GHz. I ...
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3answers
115 views

APT/LRPT images geotagging

I want to extend functionality of some open-source programs which decode APT and LRPT images (wxapt and glrpt). More specifically I want to add possibility to overlay geographical data such as land ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How to transmit images and video through a hurricane?

Background You're in the path of a hurricane, and the eye just passed over your head. There is no electricity (apart from your own generator or battery), there is no mobile network and there is ...
5
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2answers
310 views

How far from earth do FCC regulations apply?

So, I know people in the space station need a HAM radio license for operation. How Far exactly from earth do you have to be to transmit any RF wave you want without a license?
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171 views

I would like to listen to a red roadster in space

I have been listening for signals (any) of the Space-X Falcon Heavy. Just out of curiosity. And I am wondering if anyone has received any. According to the Falcon-9 User Guide table 4.6 looks like ...
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2answers
80 views

Website for Sat details

I used to use the Amsat website for finding out the status of Sats and other info, like operating frequency etc. It was proving useful, and I like the pass predictor also. Seems nowadays though there'...
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1answer
177 views

What are the legal requirements for an amateur radio satellite?

Lets say I can throw a satellite into orbit (I've got a good arm). I'm amateur radio qualified so can I just set it up to transmit on an amateur band and start having fun? Is there anyone I have to ...
5
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2answers
254 views

Doppler shift compensation without using predictive modelling

Doppler shift mitigation has been studied extensively in the literature. In my implementations of satellite receivers (using GNU Radio), I use predicted Doppler shift from a software (GPredict) to ...
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2answers
128 views

Working satellite on 2 meters, at what arc distance to sun (center) will noise floor be problematic to a disruption of a communication path?

Is there some simple utility, or published set of charts, or suite of formulae, where one can approach the situation by inputting a space weather summary, (sunspots, various indexes, etc), the receive ...
4
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1answer
200 views

Could UHF Earth-Satellite-Earth bouncing of signals off of this large metallized foil satellite be feasible?

The July 14, 2017 NASA Spaceflight article Soyuz 2-1A launches with Kanopus-V-IK and over 70 satellites says: Mayak is a three-unit CubeSat which was built by Tvoii Sektor Kosmosa – or “Your Sector ...
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1answer
2k views

Command-line satellite tracking software

Is there any software similar to Gpredict but which can be used without a GUI and can control rotor Az/EL and radio doppler shift? I'm using Linux in particular, especially Ubuntu 14.04. Currently, I ...
4
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2answers
466 views

Are there any satellites with 435 MHz uplink?

I have a transceiver working in the 435 MHz ham band. I want to test my uplink capability by communicating with satellites operating in this band. Are there any digital satellites which I can use for ...
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1answer
594 views

How to bypass LNA for TX in UHF Antenna?

I want to work with amateur, low power, and/or pico satellites. I would like to use an Eggbeater or Turnstile antenna with my UHF 433 MHz radio, since those antennas are very cheap and easy to build ...
4
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1answer
224 views

Warbler vs SoundModem

I'm trying to decode a BPSK 1200 (with no success). In this endeavor I tried both SoundModem and Warbler. The scenario here is the following: Ettus receiver + HDSDR with speaker plugged into mic via ...
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2answers
1k views

Antenna polarization when dealing with satellite communications

It's easy to understand, conceptually anyway, the difference between a horizontally polarized antenna and a vertically polarized one, when referenced to ground. However, when they are pointed nearly ...
3
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2answers
898 views

What is Circular Polarization?

So I just learned that a satellite does not send out a circularly polarized signal, it just switches orientation slowly when it topples through space. I thought that because they were spinning, the ...
3
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3answers
115 views

Why do satellite tracking programs have to be updated?

So I've heard every once and a while you have to update your satellite tracking software because of the fact that the satellites are falling towards Earth. Why can't the program automatically ...
3
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4answers
226 views

Who regulates ham radio satellites?

I have doubts regarding the control authority of the amateur radio satellites, because recently we have drastic changes to Internet control by FCC as the next major decentralized communication system ...
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4answers
283 views

Can sub GHZ frequency can be used in space communciation?

Is it possible for a sub GHZ frequency (Say 300 Mhz) can be used for space communication for small satellites such as a cubesat? What are the advantages and disadvantages for this.
3
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2answers
729 views

Website for satellite down/uplink frequencies and live footprint?

I am looking for a website that has the satellite footprint as well as the downlink freq. I just got a 2m/70cm handheld and want to see what I can pick up.
3
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1answer
564 views

What is the turn spacing on a Helix Antenna?

I want to do some satellite communication so I thought why not build my own helix antenna. I found this page: Helix antenna design and construction details The most things are clear except for the ...
3
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1answer
53 views

2 meter and 70cm OSCAR expected signal attenuation by topocentric elevation angle, chart?

On average, is there a chart, or formula, which shows an expected signal attenuation due to the elevation angle to the satellite's position? I understand that range (distance) is also going to affect ...
3
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1answer
226 views

How do amateur satellites stay consistently in the amateur-sat bands acoss the globe?

I understand that my local laws may differ but amateur radio satellites, by their very nature, orbit the earth going over several legal jurisdictions. Are satellite bands the same internationally? If ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Transmitting Offset for sats

I found some pages on info for satellites, and I got different results. Some said to shift the transmit frequency as well as the receive, some said to keep the transmit the same, but shift the receive ...
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2answers
383 views

How do I listen to the amateur radio satellites?

I'm new to amateur radio, and I would like to listen to those satellites in the orbit. Where do I start? What types of amateur radio satellites exist?
3
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1answer
156 views

How much RF power should I expect to receive from a satellite?

I am trying to receive beacon from the analog satellites and observe its power on signal analyzer.I am using a 15dB gain and LNA with a 40dB gain. I am trying satellites like Ho-68(-81.64 dB at 56 deg ...
3
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1answer
96 views

Is it possible to receive weather satellites with a ham radio rig? (Icom 910)

I would be interested in receiving weather satellites (NOAA and Meteor) with my Icom 910. It has very good filters and could be a better solution than a simple SDR. However, its manual specifies that ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Why can I barely hear the SO-50 satellite?

I have a Kenwood TM-V71A dual-band radio that I have attempted to use to listen to the FM repeater on the SO-50 satellite. I'm using a home-made dual-band yagi antenna made out of coat hangers, that I ...
3
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1answer
583 views

What determines the optimum frequency range for the transmission of signals?

What determines the optimum frequency range for the transmission of signals in a system that's transmitting electromagnetic signals between an antenna on the surface of the earth and an orbiting ...
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1answer
284 views

For Linear Transponder satellites, do I transmit on USB or LSB?

I'm in charge of our Field Day satellite communication, and I'm going to try and do this via SSB on one of the SSB satellites. I know they invert the signal, but is the convention to transmit on USB ...
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1answer
175 views

Low cost satellite (cubesat) tracking station

To track and receive some data from satellites, or should I say cubesats - which are kind of popular these days, which is the minimum investment? What's cheapest/easiest satellite to begin with? ...
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1answer
1k views

Max El vs Max El Azimuth

I don't have much experience with amateur satellites and I went to the AMSAT website to track a few passes. Two of the terms are "Maximum Elevation" and "Max El Azimuth" I go to look up the terms, ...