Questions tagged [repeater]

A device that receives a signal and re transmits it either in the same band or by re-modulating it in a different band.

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17
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do repeaters use cavity filters?

Repeaters apparently often use large, expensive cavity filters to connect the receiver and transmitter to the same antenna. Why aren't typical electrical circuits, such as inductors and capacitors ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

OK to use any repeater?

There are a number of repeaters in my area, each belonging to a particular amateur radio club. These guys are all friendly and willing to chat but I was wondering if it was bad form to make use of a ...
14
votes
2answers
16k views

How do I make a RF propagation map for a repeater?

Let's say I have a repeater. Knowing all of the information about antenna height and gain in each direction, as well as power, how can I create a map similar to this map I saw of a repeater in ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Why can't I hear myself from a second radio when bouncing off a repeater?

I am a relatively new ham, and haven't joined any club yet or participated in any nets. I have, however, hit a repeater just to know I can do it. I was told my sound was scratchy (no surprise there) ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Fastest Speed allowed for CW FM repeater ID in USA

What is the fastest legal WPM I can use for my repeater's Morse code identification? I am in the USA.
9
votes
3answers
296 views

In-house repeater?

At one time I was active in the local SKYWARN program, but then we moved and I find myself 10 miles from the local repeater. Given the various obstructions between it and me, I can't really hit it ...
9
votes
4answers
8k views

Building a portable event repeater

How does one go about building a portable repeater for use at events? Preferably at low cost, and with a minimum of bulky parts (so it's travel friendly). Obviously you'd need a pair of radios to ...
8
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it illegal to key up and not identify?

So, I key up on a repeater to see if it works, or to see what cool courtesy tone they are using. I don't do anything else. Is it illegal or bad ham radio etiquette to just key up for a second, key ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

Operating proceedures: testing an HT against a repeater?

Assuming proper licensing for the frequency, what is the proper operating procedure to test whether an HT works and is within range of a (documented as open, 2M or 440) club repeater? Should one wait ...
8
votes
3answers
265 views

How do club codes stay secret?

To use auto patch, IRLP or other special repeaters, you need the club code from the local club I am part of, which is a DTMF code. But I was thinking, DTMF can't be very hard to decode, and if ...
8
votes
1answer
304 views

Advantage of 6 meter repeaters

6 meters seems to be a place where when the conditions are right, repeaters may interfere with each other from far distances, but when the conditions are normal, repeaters are similar to 2 meters. ...
8
votes
1answer
196 views

How to clean up profanity on airwaves

We have a repeater here in Southern California (Sylmar K6GE 147.435), and no matter what time of day or night there are a great many operators spewing tremendous profanity, disrespect and meanness ...
8
votes
1answer
161 views

Identifying regulations for interfering stations

I'm working on tracking down some 2m repeater interference, and I have identified that the offending signal is a spur transmission on a commercial pager service (that lands right on our repeater input ...
7
votes
3answers
161 views

What should I put on a QSL card for a repeater contact?

From time to time I'm a new ham's first contact - usually on a repeater. If I want to send the new ham a QSL card, how should I distinguish a repeater contact from a non-repeater contact? Is there a ...
6
votes
5answers
9k views

Wifi passive repeater (antenna to antenna connection)

I have two buildings. Building A has wifi (2.4GHz) infrastructure, Building B doesn't. One side of building B can pick up the wifi signal from building A. I want to passively extend the signal through ...
6
votes
1answer
557 views

Is it legal to use an R identifier for my repeater in the USA?

I have been told by someone that my repeater is not allowed to have a slash r on the end of transmission because that is an identifier for the Russian Federation. Almost every repeater locally uses ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it possible to have 2 FM transmitters on the same frequency?

Has there been any success in transmitting two simultaneous FM signals? I am assuming if the phase is correct, and the signals are identical, it would be possible. That would be really nice if newer ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

“Repeater” vs. “reflector”

In various topics on repeaters, IRLP, D-Star and EchoLink, I see people refer to these 'nodes' (for lack of a better word) as reflectors. A quick Internet search for these terms comes up with all ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the default repeater offsets on 70cm in different countries? [closed]

I am looking for a reference list of the default repeater offsets by frequency and country on the 70cm band, to supply it into a radio control software. Most radios come with a list built-in, but the ...
5
votes
8answers
5k views

VHF/UHF digital single-frequency repeater without duplexers?

Some digital voice protocols are time slotted (TDMA), i.e. the transmitter of a station is not on all the time, and multiple stations may transmit digital voice on the same frequency at the same time ...
5
votes
3answers
418 views

Call sign ID for a “homebrew” or improvised repeater?

I saw a couple YouTube videos last night about setting up a repeater using a pair of cheap hand-held radios and, at its simplest, an audio patch cable to connect the speaker output of one radio to the ...
5
votes
3answers
280 views

What is the reason/origin of conventional US repeater offsets?

In the US, the common (though not universal) repeater offsets are ±600 kHz in the 2m band and ±5 MHz in the 70cm band. How and why did these offsets come to be standard for amateur repeaters? The ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

How would I go about setting up my own repeater in the UK?

How would I go about setting up my own repeater in the UK? For instance, what license category would I need, what equipment would should be looking to purchase, and do I have to register it anywhere?
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How to access a P25 repeater?

Are there any special instructions for accessing a P25 repeater? What makes it different from a CTCSS/PL-tone-encoded repeater? What special features does a radio need to access it?
4
votes
3answers
530 views

Bridging LAN over ~1-2km distance

A friend of mine and I live across a lake from each other, and recently we thought it'd be fun to try and connect our computers together somehow across that distance. Running cable from either side ...
4
votes
1answer
240 views

How do repeaters work? (The technical side)

I'm curious how AM and FM repeaters work. Is the received signal demodulated and then remodulated at the new frequency or do they use some other technique?
4
votes
3answers
611 views

Is it legal to use animal noise courtesy beep?

For Thanksgiving, I changed the courtesy beep to a turkey noise on my repeater/node. Some other people did it so I thought it was fine. Someone however told me that it did not follow part 97 FCC. Is ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

How can we determine what repeaters to use?

My wife and I are studying for our Technician class licenses. We are thinking about how we could communicate with each other while both of us are at work, she being in Oakland, CA and myself in ...
4
votes
1answer
536 views

Repeater autopatch (“phone patch”): which countries use this?

The section Operating Your Ham Radio in an Emergency from Ham Radio For Dummies recommends using an "emergency autopatch" to reach the emergency services when reporting an emergency from an amateur ...
3
votes
5answers
150 views

Malicious interference to repeater

Our local repeater is severely sabotaged by unknown parties. For example, broadcast radio transmissions are repeated. Other times someone will send a transmission, when a qso is in progress. Local ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

Would it be feasible to set up a SSB or AM 2 meter repeater?

Would it be feasible to set up a SSB or AM 2 meter repeater? I want to set up an AllStar full duplex node and like the idea of AM because stations can double without issues. SSB works for weaker ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Does the ICOM ID-51A's repeater search work with non-D-STAR repeaters?

Has anyone tested the new ICOM ID-51A Plus with regular repeaters (i.e. analog)? I'm looking to quickly find the nearest repeater (and sign on with a PL code!) with like 1 or 2 clicks. Is that ...
3
votes
1answer
295 views

How can I be sure I'm actually hitting the repeater?

I'm just starting to use 2m and 70cm bands, which normally use repeaters to extend range beyond a mile or two (limited mostly by line of sight, as I understand it). When I'm at home, however, I'm not ...
3
votes
1answer
218 views

Using a Duplexer and Diplexer in Series

I have 3 Motorola CDM750s that I’m using to build a multi-purpose, portable, temporary repeater. There are 1 VHF and 2 UHF radios. I want to be able to use it as either an in-band UHF repeater or as ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Why is repeater post-xmit “burst” stronger than repeated signal? [duplicate]

I have no problem triggering GB3LW, and after I release PTT I get the strong burst from the repeater confirming that it "heard me". But if I use two radios, the receive-only one will only hear that ...
3
votes
3answers
900 views

SSTV on repeaters?

Just a simple question and the answer is probably no, but am I allowed to transmit a picture using SSTV on an FM 2 meter or 70 centimeter repeater? I am in the United States.
3
votes
2answers
527 views

70cm antenna for an apartment

I have a blind friend who can't put anything outside, and is restricted to antennas near the window in his apartment. Luckily he lives closer to the top, which helps with range a little bit. He has a ...
3
votes
2answers
393 views

Is it possible to radio between America and India?

My friend and I want to see if we can Ham radio between San Jose, CA and Bangalore, India. We're beginners and are going to be using handheld radios. Are there any networks of repeaters, that could ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I get a coordinated frequency assigned for my repeater?

I am thinking about putting up a 70cm repeater up on my High School, where they have a very tall roof. By the time It is ready to put it up, I want to make sure a frequency is reserved for the ...
3
votes
1answer
392 views

What am I responsible for on my link?

I have set up an AllStar link system to a repeater depicted in the picture below: The repeater is under NØMHU's call, and my node is under me, KDØWHB. With permission, I service EchoLink and AllStar ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Conducting a slow scan television net via an FM repeater [closed]

I've heard the Houston AMSAT Net sends slow scan television pictures as part of its regular proceeding. Is this unique to them or are there other examples out there?
2
votes
3answers
255 views

How can I tell if someone is mistakenly transmitting on a repeater output frequency, instead of the (offset) input frequency?

I sometimes run a VHF radio net for our club, on a 145.170 MHz channel served by a repeater with a -600 KHz offset. People who program their transceiver with the proper repeater offset mode use it ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

How come wifi repeaters aren't just amplifiers?

Not sure if in scope for ham SE. I'm very new to this. Most wifi repeaters contain an actual router and two radios set up to receive and transmit at different frequencies. Why can't we have a wifi ...
2
votes
4answers
354 views

Are directional couplers ever used in duplex repeater systems?

I understand that most single-band repeaters will use a tuned cavity duplexer to isolate the received signal from the transmitted signal, since the frequencies are very close and extremely sharp ...
2
votes
1answer
258 views

What FCC rule allows Skywarn and other spotters to restrict repeater use?

When amateur radio operators associated with the national weather service "close the net" on a repeater and request only severe weather reports on that frequency, what FCC ruling is in effect, given ...
2
votes
3answers
93 views

Is there a freely accessible repeater database?

The well-known repeater listings/apps don't provide a database that you can download and use freely for any use in building your own app. Is there a such a freely accessible repeater listing database ...
2
votes
4answers
161 views

Colorado to Ohio with UV-5R

My brother (in Ohio) just passed his Technician test. We both have UV-5R equivalent radios. I have my General (in Colorado). Without physical modifications to our radios, can we have a QSO? I've been ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

After I call out “Monitering” how long should I wait until I switch frequency?

Sometimes, when I am trying to make contacts, I call out on a bunch of repeaters due to low activity on individual repeaters. I usually call out, wait 10 seconds, then change repeater. Is there a ...
2
votes
3answers
205 views

Am I allowed to transmit on one repeater and receive on another?

Lets say 2 people can receive on 2 repeaters equally, but one hits a repeater transmitting better and the other person hits the other repeater better. Am I allowed to transmit on one repeater, and ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Maximum size of a command on an RLC Club Deluxe 2

With reference to an RLC Club Deluxe 2 repeater controller: What is the maximum size of a command? What is the maximum size of a macro? The manual does mention "Limits on Macros" but all it says is: ...