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Questions tagged [procedure]

Use this tag for questions about specific radio procedures and practices. These are "How do I...?" questions, not about equipment or other issues.

1
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1answer
63 views

What are the differences of ham radio procedures compared to military or public safety procedures?

After reading the commentary in this question and its answer, it's apparent that ham procedures/norms/protocols/etiquette are substantially different than military and public safety radio procedures. ...
7
votes
2answers
202 views

Why say “break” and “over” on walkie-talkies instead of an automatic chirp?

My understanding of why movie characters say "break" and "over" during radio conversations is based on this answer, which says that people using half-duplex devices often will want to let others on ...
2
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1answer
73 views

why does net control hear a check-in which I do not hear?

Sometimes on a net, net control acknowledges a check-in that I haven't heard. That is, I hear some check-ins but not others. Not poor signal, just silence. But net control hears it. Why might that be? ...
7
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2answers
114 views

Are there any rules/conventions for transmitting coordinates in CW?

I am wondering how hams transmit coordinates in Morse code. Considering that coordinates can be represented in many different formats (such as DD, DDM, DMS, WGS84, etc.) and that an error in the ...
5
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3answers
173 views

What is the process of sending an NTS message in to a disaster area?

I have a friend of mine that is from Puerto Rico, and hasn't heard from her family in some time. I am aware of the NTS, and have considered sending a message into the area to see if any word of her ...
2
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2answers
181 views

Is it all right to call CQ to a foreign country in their own language?

I have been asked by an Arabic speaker here in UK if it is legal, or desirable, to call CQ in Arabic if his beam is directed that way. Please, what answer should I give? Is there a general rule that ...
1
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2answers
176 views

EMT radio communications

I just joined the community, and I got a communication question. Based on searches most relevant questions were posted in this community, so I hope I can get a proper answer! EMT, first responders, ...
8
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4answers
342 views

Is there a convention for SSB frequency selection?

I know that the amateur bands are not channelized. I know that anyone can pick an arbitrary frequency and they're not wrong, and you are not obligated to have a calibrated VFO. But if everyone picks ...
2
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2answers
114 views

What exactly is meant by “mutilated” in sense of QSD?

I'm reading Rec. ITU-R M.1172 and its precise definition of Q-code QSD is "Are my signals mutilated? Your signals are mutilated." From what I've seen, QSD is usually used to check if keying is ...
3
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2answers
171 views

Signal Range Test With One Person

I would like to test the range of my two HTs by myself while still operating legally. Anyone have any ideas of how I can accomplish this? The only way I could come up with was feeding audio into one ...
5
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4answers
410 views

What if someone responds to my CQ, but I can't hear him?

I tried making a CQ on 20 m, 14.060 MHz (the QRP CQ frequency) and parallel to that I had a WebSDR on my computer just to keep an eye on the band. I saw someone responding on the WebSDR, which is ...
3
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3answers
729 views

CW contact content

I received my license and built and tested my first CW transceiver. I've spent the last weeks learning Morse code. Now, time has come to make the first contact. But what is a typical CW contact? When ...
7
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5answers
8k views

What's the difference between saying “CQ” or “QRZ” in a contest?

I'm listening to (or let's say I'm trying to participate in) a contest (or perhaps Field Day), using SSB. I noticed that a station would, after completing a contact, sometimes say “CQ” and sometimes ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

After I call out “Monitering” how long should I wait until I switch frequency?

Sometimes, when I am trying to make contacts, I call out on a bunch of repeaters due to low activity on individual repeaters. I usually call out, wait 10 seconds, then change repeater. Is there a ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

How do I find out what bands are open?

Say the deck is stacked. I'm out in the country with an all-band QRP home-brew rig, and an active antenna. Or say ship-wrecked and marooned on that desert island. The battery only has enough juice ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Is it illegal to key up and not identify?

So, I key up on a repeater to see if it works, or to see what cool courtesy tone they are using. I don't do anything else. Is it illegal or bad ham radio etiquette to just key up for a second, key ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

What is a CQ contest and what is the proper way to respond to a CQ contest call?

As I listen, I often hear stations calling "CQ contest". When I hear stations respond, they seem to do so with a specific set of information. I recognize the call sign and a signal report but there ...
6
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4answers
942 views

Is there a “proper” phonetic alphabet to use with voice communications?

When I took my Technician test some 20 years or so ago, we had to memorize the phonetic alphabet, which I think is the same one used in the military. I was taught that it was international, similar to ...
6
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7answers
2k views

What does sending SK after calling CQ mean?

When I was at a local radio club today, I witnessed a bit unusual response by a station calling CQ using BPSK31, that is to say phase-shift keying, not the regular A1A telegraphy, on the 20 meter band....
3
votes
3answers
337 views

Characteristics of a “bad fist”?

What are some characteristics, when sending CW, of a "bad fist"? How bad can it get, typically, and still manage to communicate the message text sent to a human operator on the receiving end? Contra-...
1
vote
1answer
525 views

Spacing between words in CW using Farnsworth timing?

What is the proper way to calculate or determine the amount of time between words (the key up of the last character of one word to the key down of the first character of the next word) when using ...
17
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1answer
3k views

Is “just listening” on EchoLink considered bad etiquette?

I was reading about EchoLink and came across this rule under "Access Policies": 2. No "SWL" (listen-only) access is permitted. EchoLink is a two-way system by design, and there is no mechanism ...
1
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2answers
111 views

ID station when testing an oscillator or transmitter into a dummy load?

Should one always identify ones station (say via CW keying) when building/testing an HF oscillator and/or anything that could amplify that oscillator, when powering the circuit on a breadboard and ...
3
votes
2answers
191 views

Which frequencies in a band should I use for antenna and radio testing?

Are there any frequencies (HF, 2m and 440) that are more suitable than others (assuming all are within those licensed to the operator) for testing new radios and/or antennas? I assume that one should ...
6
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4answers
4k views

Operating proceedures: testing an HT against a repeater?

Assuming proper licensing for the frequency, what is the proper operating procedure to test whether an HT works and is within range of a (documented as open, 2M or 440) club repeater? Should one wait ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

How to tell other party of scheduled QSO that frequency is in use?

It may happen that, at the start of a scheduled CW rag chew, the frequency is in use, but only one side can hear that it is in use. A cannot hear the existing QSO. B can hear the existing QSO. A ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

What are contests? What do I need to know about them being new to ham radio?

I have heard about radio "contests" but I haven't seen a real explanation of what they are and what they entail. What do I need to know about contests before getting a technician license for the first ...
8
votes
1answer
270 views

CW on phone band

In the U.S., regulations permit CW operations throughout the amateur bands. That makes the phone section of a band look tempting when the CW/digital part of the band is busy with a contest. I wonder ...
8
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5answers
1k views

What is the definition of DX?

I always believed that DX meant out of one’s own country, and in the continental US that can be pretty far. However, tooling around on the bands I’ll often hear people calling DX inside the US receive ...
4
votes
2answers
160 views

How is a second radio managed when operating SO2R (Single Operator Two Radios)?

I am relatively new to contesting, and I have heard of a category called SO2R (Single Operator, Two Radios). Are they really talking about 2 radios, or just 2 VFOs in one radio? Running one radio ...
7
votes
1answer
141 views

How do I maintain my frequency during a contest?

Suppose I am operating a busy HF contest, and I have found an open frequency to call CQ. I make a number of contacts, and then suddenly another station starts to call CQ right on top of me. The other ...
9
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2answers
753 views

My neighbor is complaining about my transmissions, what can I do?

My neighbor has indicated that they can hear noise from their computer amplified speakers when I'm transmitting. We've done a few tests and it does appear that it's my transmitter that's causing the ...
9
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3answers
321 views

What is the best practice when tuning an antenna on air?

I have a magnetic loop antenna that takes a long time to tune and of course, while tuning it, I need to be transmitting. What is the best procedure for tuning on air? I understand I need to check ...
8
votes
1answer
345 views

What is the process of making a voice contact?

I got into Amateur Radio for emergency preparation and to allow me to expand my electronics hobby. Initially I didn't find much value in contesting or making contacts, but apparently there are some ...
6
votes
2answers
387 views

Can I transmit on 2 frequencies simultaneously?

Lets say I want to call out CQ on 145.340, 145.940, and 146.140 at the same time, am I allowed to call simultaneously on all three then monitor all three for replies?
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Conducting a slow scan television net via an FM repeater [closed]

I've heard the Houston AMSAT Net sends slow scan television pictures as part of its regular proceeding. Is this unique to them or are there other examples out there?
18
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2answers
2k views

If I hear a distress call, what is the correct procedure for helping the person?

If during normal operation, I receive a mayday or pan-pan call, how should I handle this? Am I required to provide help in this situation, and what can I do to make sure I give all the assistance ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

What would letter T mean in this radio beacon message?

I'm currently picking up signal from a beacon using RTL-SDR and decoding the Morse code on a computer using gMFSK program. The beacon is sending message which decodes as "T DE YU1VHF LOC KN04OO". I ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

How would one plan to setup an amateur radio station on Antarctica?

Just what the title states. For instance The extreme temperatures could kill any power-supply such as an SLA A dipole antenna may collect ice and break Vostok Station holds the record for -89C; ...
10
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3answers
761 views

Amateur radio in an EOC?

Consider a small town's emergency operations center. While there are amateur radio operators involved, they primarily work for government or public safety, and there is no active ARES participation. ...
2
votes
1answer
640 views

Is the Wilderness Protocol dead? [duplicate]

I have read the description of the Wilderness Protocol. I have attempted to use it (only after the 4 min emergency window) on multiple occasions at multiple wilderness locations and never received a ...
15
votes
1answer
286 views

How do emergency nets work?

In movies that depict amateur radio in emergencies, the hams' worldwide communication network invariably is able to pass messages between individuals. As an amateur that has been primarily interested ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Does mixed-mode operation qualify as a QSO? [closed]

Working the bands it's quite possible to work in mixed-mode, albeit I doubt whether it is ever done. Call this a thought experiment: Station A operates CW, Station B operates SSB. I find myself ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

What are the differences in a QSO over A3F as compared to J3E?

All I've ever used is CW, and a some SSB; even then always replying; haven't seen much difference there in the manner of the QSO. But there are other modes which I have not used, and some that are ...
12
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4answers
2k views

OK to use any repeater?

There are a number of repeaters in my area, each belonging to a particular amateur radio club. These guys are all friendly and willing to chat but I was wondering if it was bad form to make use of a ...
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2answers
832 views

Basic QSO format? [closed]

What is the basic format for a QSO? How should I answer to "CQ", how do I know when it is my turn to answer, when should I give the report, etc.?
36
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4answers
3k views

How do I report an emergency using ham radio?

If I'm in the wilderness with ham equipment but no phone signal, how would I report an emergency? Is there a particular frequency I would use, a particular protocol or suchlike?