Questions tagged [legal]

Questions regarding laws or other legal regulations pertaining directly to amateur radio. Also tag your question with the relevant location. If in doubt, always seek professional legal advice.

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0answers
95 views

what frequencies can i transmit on without a license in NM? [duplicate]

thanks for the answer i love ham radios.
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2answers
297 views

What is the legality of data modes over UHF/VHF in the US?

Cheap & simple transceivers are readily available online that allow you to transmit serial data over UHF/VHF frequencies such as 433MHz (approximate range of 1000m). It seems that these are ...
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2answers
240 views

Wireless temperature data logger in the USA on 433MHz

I'm a newly licensed ham tech. I am trying to figure out if I am doing everything correctly to setup a wireless temperature monitoring station that uses the 70cm band (specifically 433.4MHz) in the ...
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4answers
2k views

How to tune an FM transmitter to a specific frequency?

I am planning to organise a simple fox hunt, a family event. This includes building a transmitter. I am currently considering the following schematics: https://maker.pro/education/diy-fm-transmitter ...
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3answers
2k views

Can I use APRS over TCPIP without ham license?

Simple question, but for me is really important. "Can I use the APRS over TCPIP without a ham license in Europe Union (especially in Austria)?" I consider yes, because I am not transmitting with radio,...
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4answers
39k views

FCC tracking of unlicensed FRS/GMRS transmissions

If a transceiver such as the BaoFeng UV-5R is used to transmit over FRS/GMRS frequencies (unlicensed), it is illegal in the United States due to FCC regulations that state that the power must be <0....
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1answer
111 views

Legality of relay through a scanner in the US

I would like to know if it's ok to transmit amateur radio frequencies via my HT through a Bearcat police scanner to someone that has an FRS radio, and in turn they respond on their FRS radio which my ...
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3answers
3k views

Bf-f8hp radios and no idea what I'm doing

My brother just bought me and himself a set of bf-f8hp radios for setting up two way communication while we are on long motorcycle trips. Now, this radio seems like overkill and I don't want to meet ...
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2answers
322 views

Who should announce the call sign when an unlicensed operator is transmitting?

If an unlicensed operator is operating phone on an amateur frequency under the direct supervision of a licensed operator for, say, longer than ten minutes, should the unlicensed operator say the call ...
5
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1answer
157 views

How strictly is “the end of each communication” defined for the purpose of station identification?

I often hear people say brief statements or sentences after giving their callsign for the final time. Examples that I have heard on the air are: "[callsign] clear" "[callsign] listening" "[callsign] ...
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4answers
236 views

Who regulates ham radio satellites?

I have doubts regarding the control authority of the amateur radio satellites, because recently we have drastic changes to Internet control by FCC as the next major decentralized communication system ...
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1answer
113 views

Which international regulation allows reception, archiving or republishing of amateur transmissions?

I remember from my amateur radio course, and old versions of our local national regulation documents, that anyone is allowed to receive amateur radio transmissions. It's been claimed that ...
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1answer
2k views

Is Part 90 certification something an amateur radio operator should look for in a radio meant for amateur use?

I'm checking out cheap (~$100) mobile radios on Amazon, and often times there's a question asking about FFC Part 90 certification. As an amateur radio operator looking to use a radio for amateur/...
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2answers
150 views

How to get professional or official clarification of FCC Part 97 rules for specific complicated situations?

I'm specifically focusing this question on methods to get official clarification where one doesn't currently exist. I am not asking this audience for interpretations. As part of my volunteer work ...
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3answers
187 views

How close in frequency to another transmission can I legally transmit?

By FCC law. How many kHz away for a QSO are you allowed to start another QSO? I believe that 3 kHz is the FCC rule. Another Ham says that it's two.
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5answers
208 views

How can I use all bands when I'm a guest on an Extra's station?

I have a General class license. If I'm working with an Extra class license holder, what do we have to do to allow me to work bands outside General, but inside Extra?
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1answer
137 views

What are FCC/Industry Canada certification requirements for amateur radio related products?

I know for part 15 licensed devices, there's special FCC certification, and something similar on the Canadian side. What about for amateur radio transmitters? They follow part 97 laws, and it's the ...
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3answers
401 views

Do I need to actually lock up my station?

Per §97.103, one is responsible for the proper operation of one's station, which of course includes that no unlicensed person uses it to transmit. I have heard suggestions (no link handy, sorry) of ...
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2answers
750 views

Can I transmit on 2 frequencies simultaneously?

Lets say I want to call out CQ on 145.340, 145.940, and 146.140 at the same time, am I allowed to call simultaneously on all three then monitor all three for replies?
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2answers
234 views

Section 15.23 “Home-built devices” No license required… to build? Just to Transmit. But…?

Title 47 › Chapter I › Subchapter A › Part 15 › Subpart A › Section 15.23 Home-built devices §15.23 Home-built devices. (a) Equipment authorization is not required for devices that are not marketed,...
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2answers
5k views

How often are we required to send our callsign?

Amateurs on the radio and online tell us we MUST ID at the start of our transmissions. A couple of hams on 75m sometimes take me to task for not saying my callsign right away. 'The FCC says so'. Is ...
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3answers
1k views

Is Using PMR446 On A Baofeng GT3-MK3 HAM Radio Legal (If on low power)?

I have a Baofeng GT3-MK3, a great little radio. Is it OK to use this on the low output setting for general use without a licence, for things like camping/hiking family use etc, if I used the legal ...
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1answer
273 views

What is emissions designator “E” when used as a type of modulation?

The FCC's rules regulating amateur radio, in 47 CFR 97.307(f), paragraph 8 defines one emissions standard/limitation as follows: A RTTY or data emission having designators with A, B, C, D, E, F, G, ...
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1answer
512 views

Secure communication over Amateur-band HSMM / 802.11 in the United States

I'm quite interested in 802.11 over amateur radio frequencies; however, all I have done at this point is reading (I don't have a ham license yet). The conventional wisdom (espoused in this ham.SE ...
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7answers
4k views

Encrypted traffic and amateur radio

Am I allowed to send encrypted traffic via any medium or any frequency, or is this completely barred (and thus everything has to be open with no exceptions?)
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2answers
5k views

Are these walkie talkies legal in Japan?

Okay so I saw these walkie talkies on eBay that I want to buy but I live in Japan and I am not sure if they are legal. I did some research but couldn't figure out if they are or not. I am very much a ...
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3answers
308 views

Easy way for an uncertified hiker to broadcast a distress signal

I am wondering whether shortwave can be used as an effective distress call for a hiker who is a non-ham operator. More specifically, Are non-certified operators permitted to broadcast distress calls ...
10
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3answers
523 views

Aside from repeaters, what station types allow automated transmissions?

I know repeaters don't have to have a control operator at the radio in order to transmit given certain conditions are met. Are there any restrictions to setting up automated stations which transmit ...
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3answers
790 views

What is the best practice when tuning an antenna on air?

I have a magnetic loop antenna that takes a long time to tune and of course, while tuning it, I need to be transmitting. What is the best procedure for tuning on air? I understand I need to check ...
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3answers
4k views

What are the geographical restrictions in using the 70cm band in the United States of America?

Geographical restrictions exist for various frequencies in terms of usage in the United States of America as stipulated in 47 CFR 97.303. What are the restrictions, if any remain, in terms of ...
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3answers
1k views

SSTV on repeaters?

Just a simple question and the answer is probably no, but am I allowed to transmit a picture using SSTV on an FM 2 meter or 70 centimeter repeater? I am in the United States.
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1answer
405 views

Use amateur radio frequencies for commercial purpose

Can I use amateur radio frequency for commercial purpose (after acquiring ham license), expecting that it would be congestion free band and give me good broadcasting performance compared to other ...
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3answers
472 views

legal - Do FCC regulations only apply in U.S.A?

I currently do not live in the USA. I would like to find out if I still have to abide by FCC regulations.
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3answers
1k views

What is the point of high gain antenna with respect to the maximum EIRP

OFCOM states that the maximum EIRP within the UK for 2.4 GHz is 100mW. Simply put, what is the point in being able to buy 2.4 GHz high gain antennas which can say do 24dBi, which already puts the ...
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2answers
2k views

Is there any downside to getting a vanity callsign?

I just got my HAM license, and I have been thinking about getting a 1×3 vanity that I can remember more easily. This question is partially in reference to this passage on the FCC site: A club ...
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1answer
192 views

Remote base identification

I have a remote base where stations can log in with DTMF touch pad. Does this remote base transmitter need to send out a CW ID?
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3answers
235 views

TXing on another frequency to provide aid in anothers' emergency

By the FCC rules, if you are in an emergency situation and it's your best chance at survival, you're allowed to TX on any frequency. But what if you're hiking and are monitoring the Search & ...
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2answers
170 views

V/U Packet Rate Limits

I'm studying for the General exam and I've encountered some questions about maximum baud rates on various bands. They seem... extremely optimistic. Given the trouble I've had investigating 9600 baud ...
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1answer
166 views

Are US licensee allowed to operate under CEPT agreement if they permanently reside in Europe?

Under the CEPT agreement, US General and Amateur Extra class licensee can operate in Europe while traveling there. Does that privilege still apply if the person semi or permanently resides in that ...
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1answer
338 views

Would I be able to legally operate this FM transmitter without a license in Canada?

I've been looking into FM transmitters, and I've found one that I think I may use. The transmitter is based off of the KT0803L integrated circuit (http://radio-z.ucoz.lv/kt_0803/KT0803L_V1.3.pdf). The ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the purpose of limiting radio output power?

According to article 25, section I, § 4 (25.7) ITU's Radio Regulations: The maximum power of amateur stations shall be fixed by the administrations concerned. In my country this is 500W for CEPT ...
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4answers
1k views

Is it legal to broadcast an FM radio signal with a Raspberry Pi Zero?

I saw a video lately where someone soldered an antenna to a Raspberry Pi Zero and broadcasted radio signals. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXedC5dQyNk&t=9s They said they were not worried to do ...
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3answers
4k views

Private Channel?

Is there a method to limit the people with access to a simplex channel? I would like to utilize a channel that is set up for just myself and my wife. If I gave directions to meet somewhere I would ...
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0answers
169 views

It is allowed to have more APRS trackers with one callsign in Europe Union

I am interested if I can set up all my automatic APRS GPS trackers with one call sign in Austria (like in the US)? Are there any restrictions on usage?
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3answers
5k views
5
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1answer
104 views

What rules govern robotic teleoperations, when the remote device also transmits back telemetric information?

I was looking through the FCC part 97 rules for robotic teleoperation, and it cites a one-watt figure for "model craft". However, it also allows higher power transmissions for remotely operated ...
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2answers
422 views

Can I use my call sign in APRS tracker abroad?

I am planning a car expedition from the EU to the China, through a lot of countries in the east. I am interested in if I can use an APRS tracker with my call sign issued in the Austria.? And the ...
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1answer
284 views

Should I have a license for APRS on my company car fleet

I am thinking to equip every car in my company with APRS tracking device from amazon. I would like ask if I have to have a HAM license for it. If yes, than for which person — I am not driving those ...
2
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1answer
555 views

What are the FCC's bandwidth restrictions for the various amateur bands?

Does the FCC restrict how much bandwidth an amateur radio operator can transmit? I've seen restrictions for transmitting data, like packet and ATV, but, for example, could I legally use a huge ...
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2answers
892 views

What “test transmissions” are allowed above 51MHz?

The ARRL's band plan chart includes the following text in its legend: Test transmissions are authorized above 51 MHz, except for 219-220 MHz What FCC regulation is this referring to? Aren't all ...