Questions tagged [legal]

Questions regarding laws or other legal regulations pertaining directly to amateur radio. Also tag your question with the relevant location. If in doubt, always seek professional legal advice.

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Is it legal to use BAOFENG BF-888S 16-CH 400~470MHz 5W Walkie Talkie in India?

If not, what can be used as mode of communication for group trekking. It is very urgent and important Please suggest some better options for walkie talkies
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22 views

UK Intermediate training a not qualified newbie

I'm 99.9% certain that this will be OK, but independent verification would be reassuring. I am an "Intermediate" licence holder in the UK. This means that I am authorised to design and build my own ...
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1answer
315 views

Why does the FCC put restrictions on symbol rates?

This answer claims that Mostly, on HF, the FCC has chosen to limit modes of transmission and symbol rates rather than bandwidth Why does the FCC limit symbol rates?
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3answers
154 views

What Frequencies Are Open To People Without A License?

I am in rural Alaska and I am very far from anywhere that gives Ham Exams. I got a Ham Radio and I want to operate it and talk to people. However, I read that frequencies are not allowed to be ...
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1answer
53 views

Limit of transmission in GSM 1800 band

What is the limit of a transmitter in the GSM1800 band (~1830 MHz)? The ETSI GSM specification states a limit of -47dBm between 1GHz and 12.75GHz (https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_gts/05/0505/05.00....
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1answer
270 views

How is the PRC-152 able to achieve such a wide frequency range?

I am referring to the Harris Falcon III designed for military. It has a frequency range from 30MHz - 870MHz. However, when I look at commercial radios, their frequency ranges are usually limited to ...
5
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1answer
139 views

Does the FCC care about electrical arcs?

There are a lot of videos on YouTube from people who have built high voltage sources and are sending electric arcs from one place to another. Although they have no intention to emit radio waves, they ...
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2answers
129 views

Current rules in Taiwan for operating licensed stations, bringing in personal equipment?

In some countries, Ham licensing is still cumbersome even for citizens, and operation prohibited by foreigners. I'm curious what the situation is like in Taiwan now. Years ago, there was little ...
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3answers
135 views

Why are no 2w FRS walkie talkies on the market?

I have read that the new laws regarding FRS radios state that you may use up to 2 watts power, yet I can't find a single 2 way radio that advertises 2 watts power; only .5 watt, or they don't state ...
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5answers
3k views

Is it illegal to key up and not identify?

So, I key up on a repeater to see if it works, or to see what cool courtesy tone they are using. I don't do anything else. Is it illegal or bad ham radio etiquette to just key up for a second, key ...
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1answer
120 views

Legal aspects of the HackRF one / SDR in Switzerland?

I would like to know, what I can legally do with SDR / a Hack RF One in Switzerland? What are the limitations concerning sending and receiving? Do I need any licenses for that? If so, which ones, ...
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7answers
898 views

Can I transmit anything inside a Faraday cage?

Can I perform any transmission regardless of my license as long as I'm inside an RF sealed enclosure, such that no RF will be detectable from my transmissions off my property? I imagine the answer is ...
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1answer
124 views

UK Foundation Licence holder use of kits

The terms of the foundation licence allow for use of Commercial radios and kits that conform to IR2028. IR2028 basically says that the kits must operate within amateur bands . I cannot find any kit ...
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3answers
3k views

Could a weather balloon make a good antenna?

I can't afford a massive tower, but I can get a weather balloon. What kind of set up would work best to get the maximum efficiency out of altitude?
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1answer
59 views

What is the minimum legal requirement for logbook keeping in Ireland?

The question came up during a club event, and obviously we checked the regulations. references: "Amateur Station Licence Guidelines" page 22 From this document the details in regards to required ...
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2answers
186 views

Can I take and use Baofeng UV-82 in Norway?

Planning to go for a camping trip. According to this document (in Norwegian but easy to understand), I can use a radio running PMR446 and KDR 444 freqs. Baofeng can do this. The question is: is the ...
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5answers
16k views

On which of these frequencies can I transmit without a license?

I have a Baofeng UV-5RA, and I need to know what frequencies on the "channel mode" (what the lady says when you press the "V/M" button on the radio) don't require a ham license. I am in Philadelphia, ...
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4answers
177 views

Required SSB sideband and carrier suppression?

Is there a legal (U.S. FCC) or a commonly accepted standard requirement for SSB opposite sideband and and carrier suppression for either manufactured or kit built transmitters? Does the 43+ dB down ...
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0answers
93 views

GnuRadio RF transmission, legal and safety issues

I'm trying to run some transmit/receive RF examples that I found online using GNU Radio with USRP B200. I read and heard about some cautions in terms of transmitted frequencies here in the USA which ...
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1answer
222 views

How do amateur satellites stay consistently in the amateur-sat bands acoss the globe?

I understand that my local laws may differ but amateur radio satellites, by their very nature, orbit the earth going over several legal jurisdictions. Are satellite bands the same internationally? If ...
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1answer
41 views

Clarification: What are Fixed and Mobile services intended for in frequency allocation documentation?

Question Does a band allocation to "Amateur", "Fixed", and "Mobile" mean that it's for amateur radio use by fixed and mobile services, or does it mean that all these services are separate but equal? ...
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1answer
66 views

Transferring old callsign to a club?

A new vanity callsign will be granted to me (currently in pending level 2 stage). Can I transfer my current soon to be cancelled callsign (vanity) to a club which I am trustee without waiting the ...
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2answers
174 views

Can I use a amateur license to experiment with radar?

If I get a German Amateurfunklizenz, will I be allowed to experiment with non-communication radio technologies like radar? Obviously, I'd still adhere to using allocated ham bands, stay within power ...
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1answer
153 views

Would a ham license allow me to use an uncertified radio on other (non-ham) bands I have permission to use?

I just purchased a UV-5R to hopefully integrate into business class radios my company uses. Do I need a technician or other class FCC license to operate these only on the frequencies I already access ...
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3answers
706 views

Amateur Bands (400 MHz to 4.4 GHz)

Could please someone state the open radio bands in which one could transmit: freely or with Ham Radio license and in what max power in each band between 400 MHz to 4.4 GHz. The purpose of this is to ...
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3answers
95 views

How can I get a license to build broadcast transmitters?

I am in the United States. The title pretty much says it all. I am really into to building transmitters. It's even more fun for me than using them. I really have a lot of skills and would like to ...
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3answers
101 views

Is it legal to operate Ham Radios for educational purposes

I'm a student and new to amateur radios. Is it legal to operate ham radios for educational purposes without any license?
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3answers
314 views

Is compression “encryption” under FCC regs?

I read this question about digital signatures and FCC prohibitions on "obscuring" messages in amateur transmissions, and it cause me to think of something: the difference between encryption and ...
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2answers
81 views

What to do when accidental emission can't be given a call sign ID?

Yes, obviously, it would be best if there's not an emission that doesn't include a call sign ID. Part 97 seems to say this should never, ever occur (the law is often written in that kind of black-and-...
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3answers
412 views

Call sign ID for a “homebrew” or improvised repeater?

I saw a couple YouTube videos last night about setting up a repeater using a pair of cheap hand-held radios and, at its simplest, an audio patch cable to connect the speaker output of one radio to the ...
3
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1answer
55 views

UK “Remote Operation” defination

I am a UK licensed Amateur Radio operator with an Intermediate License. I have a question surrounding the UK's (Ofcom's) definition of "Remote Operation". My understanding is that for any Remote ...
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2answers
124 views

Safeguards against cross-border abuse?

I live in a country that falls under ITU region three and recently joined my national amateur radio association. I learned that the frequencies for the repeaters run by the association were kept ...
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1answer
219 views

Use ham to broadcast GPS RTK correction data

I am involved in a precise positioning project that uses Real Time Kinematic (RTK) for cm-accurate positioning. We use unattended base stations that provide real-time corrections for mobile rovers. ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Digital networks — operator at control point, or automatic relay?

I've recently (part of studying for Extra license exam) learned about "mesh networks", where it's common to use repurposed wifi routers to connect at 2.4 or 4.8 GHz and form a network over a much ...
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1answer
37 views

Sending a downloaded file on digital: third party communication?

This came up in comments on this question. Since before the Internet was widely available, it's been common to pass along files received from other users or downloaded from a server somewhere. For ...
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1answer
133 views

Signing of messages transmitted over ham radio

FCC Regulation 97.113 (a) 4 states that: "messages encoded for the purpose of obscuring their meaning" Are "Prohibited transmissions", I believe this is the clause that is used to prohibit ...
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1answer
124 views

What happens to your callsign if you migrate?

If, as an amateur radio operator, you're licensed in one country with a callsign, let's suppose, the US and you migrate to, say, Germany, will you have to reapply and obtain a new callsign? What if ...
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2answers
153 views

Amateur wanting to re-enter ham radio legally

I'm an Amateur Radio enthusiast from way back; mostly CB and 10 meters. I have a couple of hand-held Baofengs that I want to use for family communications and as a backup link in case of emergencies. ...
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3answers
341 views

What kind of ham radio license should I get?

I have an interest in studying and researching how radio technology can be used in other fields of electronics. What kind of license should I look into so I can carry out some experiments or research? ...
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2answers
5k views

Licensing a group of BaoFeng BF-888s in the UK

I've purchased a couple of BaoFeng BF-888S's for personal use with friends. I've been told these radios can't be used legally without a licence and given the usage, I doubt I could faithfully even ...
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3answers
379 views

Unlicensed TV broadcasting power limit (Band I)

I'm curious what is the legal limit for unlicensed TV signals being transmitted on the VHF Band I? This seems ill defined. The part 15 FM rules I am assuming don't apply here. And I don't think it ...
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1answer
194 views

How to clean up profanity on airwaves

We have a repeater here in Southern California (Sylmar K6GE 147.435), and no matter what time of day or night there are a great many operators spewing tremendous profanity, disrespect and meanness ...
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1answer
952 views

Can I use a Hawaiian call sign on the mainland?

A ham is initially licensed in Hawaii as KH6ABC (example only). If he subsequently moves to the mainland, can he keep his geographically restricted "KH" call sign or must it be changed?
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1answer
179 views

What is Part 97 a part of?

The regulations that govern Amateur Radio in the United States are often described as Part 97. What statute are they a part of? Where can I find other parts of the same law?
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3answers
2k views

Is it legal to transmit with HackRF one?

Is it legal to transmit using HackRF one (in Germany), the purpose is to do some Lab research and Academic experiments. for example i want to broadcast an FM signal using HackRF one and try to ...
6
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1answer
5k views

How do I legally use a Baofeng UV-5R radio for communication?

I'm new to radios. Only ever used them for squad communication in airsoft. I have two Baofeng UV-5R handhelds and would like to use them this week to communicate on a family camping trip with no cell ...
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2answers
158 views

Amateur Radio for Science Fair

Can I use an amateur radio for a science fair? If so, do I need to prove that I have an active license?
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3answers
189 views

Non-life-threatening emergency in the US?

The minivan in front of us blew a tire and pulled over, a long way away from mobile signal. We couldn't find a spare tire. I have a Technician license; if I'd had my Baofeng BF-F9 V2 with me, is there ...
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1answer
237 views

Can I monitor a refrigerator using ham radio?

I am considering the ramifications of monitoring my refrigerator conditions using ham radio. Can the radio on the refrigerator be under automatic control using my call sign so that I do not need to ...
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1answer
884 views

Do FCC regulations limit digital data rate?

Are there FCC regulations that specifically limit digital data rate on the amateur bands? Are there any recent or proposed changes? If so, what are they specifically?