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Questions tagged [legal]

Questions regarding laws or other legal regulations pertaining directly to amateur radio. Also tag your question with the relevant location. If in doubt, always seek professional legal advice.

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1answer
98 views

Legal aspects of the HackRF one / SDR in Switzerland?

I would like to know, what I can legally do with SDR / a Hack RF One in Switzerland? What are the limitations concerning sending and receiving? Do I need any licenses for that? If so, which ones, ...
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3answers
95 views

Why are no 2w FRS walkie talkies on the market?

I have read that the new laws regarding FRS radios state that you may use up to 2 watts power, yet I can't find a single 2 way radio that advertises 2 watts power; only .5 watt, or they don't state ...
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1answer
56 views

What is the minimum legal requirement for logbook keeping in Ireland?

The question came up during a club event, and obviously we checked the regulations. references: "Amateur Station Licence Guidelines" page 22 From this document the details in regards to required ...
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4answers
148 views

Required SSB sideband and carrier suppression?

Is there a legal (U.S. FCC) or a commonly accepted standard requirement for SSB opposite sideband and and carrier suppression for either manufactured or kit built transmitters? Does the 43+ dB down ...
3
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0answers
89 views

GnuRadio RF transmission, legal and safety issues

I'm trying to run some transmit/receive RF examples that I found online using GNU Radio with USRP B200. I read and heard about some cautions in terms of transmitted frequencies here in the USA which ...
3
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1answer
219 views

How do amateur satellites stay consistently in the amateur-sat bands acoss the globe?

I understand that my local laws may differ but amateur radio satellites, by their very nature, orbit the earth going over several legal jurisdictions. Are satellite bands the same internationally? If ...
3
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2answers
148 views

Can I take and use Baofeng UV-82 in Norway?

Planning to go for a camping trip. According to this document (in Norwegian but easy to understand), I can use a radio running PMR446 and KDR 444 freqs. Baofeng can do this. The question is: is the ...
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1answer
38 views

Clarification: What are Fixed and Mobile services intended for in frequency allocation documentation?

Question Does a band allocation to "Amateur", "Fixed", and "Mobile" mean that it's for amateur radio use by fixed and mobile services, or does it mean that all these services are separate but equal? ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Transferring old callsign to a club?

A new vanity callsign will be granted to me (currently in pending level 2 stage). Can I transfer my current soon to be cancelled callsign (vanity) to a club which I am trustee without waiting the ...
6
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2answers
170 views

Can I use a amateur license to experiment with radar?

If I get a German Amateurfunklizenz, will I be allowed to experiment with non-communication radio technologies like radar? Obviously, I'd still adhere to using allocated ham bands, stay within power ...
2
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1answer
136 views

Would a ham license allow me to use an uncertified radio on other (non-ham) bands I have permission to use?

I just purchased a UV-5R to hopefully integrate into business class radios my company uses. Do I need a technician or other class FCC license to operate these only on the frequencies I already access ...
3
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3answers
92 views

How can I get a license to build broadcast transmitters?

I am in the United States. The title pretty much says it all. I am really into to building transmitters. It's even more fun for me than using them. I really have a lot of skills and would like to ...
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3answers
98 views

Is it legal to operate Ham Radios for educational purposes

I'm a student and new to amateur radios. Is it legal to operate ham radios for educational purposes without any license?
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2answers
75 views

What to do when accidental emission can't be given a call sign ID?

Yes, obviously, it would be best if there's not an emission that doesn't include a call sign ID. Part 97 seems to say this should never, ever occur (the law is often written in that kind of black-and-...
3
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1answer
50 views

UK “Remote Operation” defination

I am a UK licensed Amateur Radio operator with an Intermediate License. I have a question surrounding the UK's (Ofcom's) definition of "Remote Operation". My understanding is that for any Remote ...
5
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3answers
321 views

Call sign ID for a “homebrew” or improvised repeater?

I saw a couple YouTube videos last night about setting up a repeater using a pair of cheap hand-held radios and, at its simplest, an audio patch cable to connect the speaker output of one radio to the ...
3
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2answers
123 views

Safeguards against cross-border abuse?

I live in a country that falls under ITU region three and recently joined my national amateur radio association. I learned that the frequencies for the repeaters run by the association were kept ...
3
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1answer
47 views

Digital networks — operator at control point, or automatic relay?

I've recently (part of studying for Extra license exam) learned about "mesh networks", where it's common to use repurposed wifi routers to connect at 2.4 or 4.8 GHz and form a network over a much ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Sending a downloaded file on digital: third party communication?

This came up in comments on this question. Since before the Internet was widely available, it's been common to pass along files received from other users or downloaded from a server somewhere. For ...
4
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3answers
304 views

Is compression “encryption” under FCC regs?

I read this question about digital signatures and FCC prohibitions on "obscuring" messages in amateur transmissions, and it cause me to think of something: the difference between encryption and ...
5
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1answer
125 views

Signing of messages transmitted over ham radio

FCC Regulation 97.113 (a) 4 states that: "messages encoded for the purpose of obscuring their meaning" Are "Prohibited transmissions", I believe this is the clause that is used to prohibit ...
6
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1answer
118 views

What happens to your callsign if you migrate?

If, as an amateur radio operator, you're licensed in one country with a callsign, let's suppose, the US and you migrate to, say, Germany, will you have to reapply and obtain a new callsign? What if ...
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2answers
144 views

Amateur wanting to re-enter ham radio legally

I'm an Amateur Radio enthusiast from way back; mostly CB and 10 meters. I have a couple of hand-held Baofengs that I want to use for family communications and as a backup link in case of emergencies. ...
5
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3answers
371 views

Unlicensed TV broadcasting power limit (Band I)

I'm curious what is the legal limit for unlicensed TV signals being transmitted on the VHF Band I? This seems ill defined. The part 15 FM rules I am assuming don't apply here. And I don't think it ...
8
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1answer
177 views

How to clean up profanity on airwaves

We have a repeater here in Southern California (Sylmar K6GE 147.435), and no matter what time of day or night there are a great many operators spewing tremendous profanity, disrespect and meanness ...
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3answers
328 views

What kind of ham radio license should I get?

I have an interest in studying and researching how radio technology can be used in other fields of electronics. What kind of license should I look into so I can carry out some experiments or research? ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it legal to transmit with HackRF one?

Is it legal to transmit using HackRF one (in Germany), the purpose is to do some Lab research and Academic experiments. for example i want to broadcast an FM signal using HackRF one and try to ...
6
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1answer
4k views

How do I legally use a Baofeng UV-5R radio for communication?

I'm new to radios. Only ever used them for squad communication in airsoft. I have two Baofeng UV-5R handhelds and would like to use them this week to communicate on a family camping trip with no cell ...
3
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3answers
187 views

Non-life-threatening emergency in the US?

The minivan in front of us blew a tire and pulled over, a long way away from mobile signal. We couldn't find a spare tire. I have a Technician license; if I'd had my Baofeng BF-F9 V2 with me, is there ...
5
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1answer
118 views

UK Foundation Licence holder use of kits

The terms of the foundation licence allow for use of Commercial radios and kits that conform to IR2028. IR2028 basically says that the kits must operate within amateur bands . I cannot find any kit ...
2
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1answer
208 views

Can I monitor a refrigerator using ham radio?

I am considering the ramifications of monitoring my refrigerator conditions using ham radio. Can the radio on the refrigerator be under automatic control using my call sign so that I do not need to ...
2
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2answers
156 views

Amateur Radio for Science Fair

Can I use an amateur radio for a science fair? If so, do I need to prove that I have an active license?
8
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1answer
768 views

Do FCC regulations limit digital data rate?

Are there FCC regulations that specifically limit digital data rate on the amateur bands? Are there any recent or proposed changes? If so, what are they specifically?
6
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1answer
114 views

Is there a practical way for hams to participate in cellular-related technology advances?

My understanding is that there used to be more timely overlap between commercial and amateur radio technology — e.g. helping study ionospheric propagation, relatively early adoption of SSB technology, ...
2
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2answers
522 views

Fast TCP/IP radio modem on UHF band

I'm interested if it is possible to have a data radio modem that works on the UHF band 400MHz for TCP/IP communication. What I have in mind is something similar to a router, but using UHF band for ...
5
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2answers
269 views

Using a Deceased Club Member's Call Sign for Field Day

The Secretary of our club passed away unexpectedly last week. With Field Day rapidly approaching in the U.S., the board is wondering if there is any legitimate way for the club to use the deceased ...
6
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1answer
150 views

Is using /AE compulsory?

I'm taking the exam to upgrade my licence to Extra soon, but I'm concerned the ULS might not update in time for Field Day, when I'm supposed to be supervising (and using my call-sign for) my club's ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Is there any point to keep the CSCE after the FCC registers the upgrade?

Is there any point to keeping the CSCE form after the FCC registers the exam/upgrade in its database? I'm trying to go paperless in my old age and if there's no reason not to have the paper copy, into ...
3
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1answer
96 views

Current rules in Taiwan for operating licensed stations, bringing in personal equipment?

In some countries, Ham licensing is still cumbersome even for citizens, and operation prohibited by foreigners. I'm curious what the situation is like in Taiwan now. Years ago, there was little ...
5
votes
1answer
245 views

Is there a legal limit to the bandwidth of a signal used in the amateur bands?

While a normal voice channel is ~10kHz-15kHz in bandwidth, some digital modes can be significantly wider. Are there any legal restrictions on how much bandwidth I could use for amateur radio ...
2
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1answer
159 views

Legality of short “jingles” [duplicate]

Every time I check into a net, there is a short "tune" before the net to announce the net is starting on a repeater. Here is a recording: http://kd0whb.duckdns.org/id/preamble.m4a After hearing the ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Are any handsets compliant with Canadian regs usable on both 2M amateur and 2M commercial bands? Is this even possible?

It is rumoured that radio handsets are sometimes used in Canada on 2-metre amateur bands without being certified with Industry Canada. Some of those sets may be modified or reprogrammed to operate on ...
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0answers
56 views

what frequencies can i transmit on without a license in NM? [duplicate]

thanks for the answer i love ham radios.
3
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2answers
233 views

What is the legality of data modes over UHF/VHF in the US?

Cheap & simple transceivers are readily available online that allow you to transmit serial data over UHF/VHF frequencies such as 433MHz (approximate range of 1000m). It seems that these are ...
4
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2answers
166 views

Wireless temperature data logger in the USA on 433MHz

I'm a newly licensed ham tech. I am trying to figure out if I am doing everything correctly to setup a wireless temperature monitoring station that uses the 70cm band (specifically 433.4MHz) in the ...
8
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4answers
1k views

How to tune an FM transmitter to a specific frequency?

I am planning to organise a simple fox hunt, a family event. This includes building a transmitter. I am currently considering the following schematics: https://maker.pro/education/diy-fm-transmitter ...
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3answers
1k views

Bf-f8hp radios and no idea what I'm doing

My brother just bought me and himself a set of bf-f8hp radios for setting up two way communication while we are on long motorcycle trips. Now, this radio seems like overkill and I don't want to meet ...
0
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1answer
106 views

Legality of relay through a scanner in the US

I would like to know if it's ok to transmit amateur radio frequencies via my HT through a Bearcat police scanner to someone that has an FRS radio, and in turn they respond on their FRS radio which my ...
3
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2answers
263 views

Do I need a license to operate as a ham in Haiti?

I am currently thinking about joining the shortwave radio community, and know that if I was going to operate one in the U.S., I would need a license to operate in a certain range. But I am not living ...
5
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1answer
127 views

How strictly is “the end of each communication” defined for the purpose of station identification?

I often hear people say brief statements or sentences after giving their callsign for the final time. Examples that I have heard on the air are: "[callsign] clear" "[callsign] listening" "[callsign] ...