Questions tagged [legal]

Questions regarding laws or other legal regulations pertaining directly to amateur radio. Also tag your question with the relevant location. If in doubt, always seek professional legal advice.

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Could a non-licensee transmit to a licensed person remotely, if the licensed person ensures they follow laws?

Let's suppose that Person A, who does not have a license, would like to contact Person B, who is licensed, over an amateur radio frequency. I know that under certain circumstances, Person A would be ...
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How do equipment manufacturers test equipment? [duplicate]

How do manufacturers of ham radio equipment test the devices they sell without violating laws against commercial use of ham radio frequencies?
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Is there any legal recourse against unauthorized usage of a private repeater in the USA?

Can the FCC revoke an amateur license for unwelcomed use of another amateur's private/closed repeater system? It's clear that private repeaters are allowed, per 47 CFR 97.205(e): Limiting the use of ...
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Would repeated non-interfering kerchunking with ID within ten minutes be illegal or just annoying?

I'm not going to do this. I'm just curious whether it's legal or not. Suppose there's a net at 8:00 on a repeater. There is no traffic prior to the net. Is it legal to repeatedly kerchunk the repeater ...
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Is it legal to make transmissions to one's own auto-confirming radio with the intent that a non-licensed person read the messages?

Is this scenario legal? John, K1ABC, sends this message from a portable QTH: K1ABC-1 DE K1ABC-2 On the way home DE K1ABC/P John's home radio automatically responds ...
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UHF 70cm unlicensed use

We are farmers with (edit) 25-40w radios mostly old Kenwoods and Motorolas in all of our tractors and vehicles. I'm not exactly sure what frequency we have but the man who programmed them set them up ...
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6.765 - 6.795 MHz ISM band for prototype testing

Not strictly a ham radio question, but I figure this is the most knowledgable community to ask. This question pertains to Canada, specifically. If I were wanting to build a prototype for a commercial ...
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What is the maximum height I can go above the roof of my house

I have a new 5/8 wave Antenna with 3 radials. It's just over 22 feet high, the mast-pole is 30 foot long and will be mounted on the side of my house question is, what is the maximum "legal" ...
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What replaces the first class radio license?

Several electricians here were hired partly because they had amateur radio licenses and one of them had a 'First Class Radiotelephone' license. It'd be nice to get that credential but it's no longer ...
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Why do so many hams prominently display their callsign in the shack?

By ham standards, I'm far from being a long-time adept of amateur radio, but I've seen my fair share of shacks, both on the internet and in person. What's always attracted my attention is that almost ...
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Why are European sold radios frequency-restricted, if it's the operator that's licensed?

E.g. in the UK the allowed 70cm band is just 430-440MHz. In the US it seems like it's 420-450MHz. Why are most HTs restricted in frequency according to where they're sold? It doesn't seem illegal to ...
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Multiplayer game over ham radio digital link?

Would it be legal to play a multiplayer video game over a ham radio link? Both players are hams, and their call signs will be transmitted in the link.
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Putting up a tower on my residential property

I live in upstate South Carolina. I contacted the city and the person who answered the phone call said it would be a new structure and can't be higher the the house on the property. I looked at the ...
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Would a transmitter similar to "The Thing" be legal on ham bands in the US?

The Thing was a listening device used by the Soviet Union to eavesdrop on US government officials. It was basically an AM transmitter if I understand correctly, but it required another transmitter on ...
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Can someone without privileges on a band operate FT8 on it using the callsign of a ham who does and is present?

I have an Extra license. Is it legal for my dad (who has a Technician license) or my mom (who is not licensed) to operate FT8 on 20 meters using my call sign, if I am physically present at the control ...
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Why is there a repeater on 146.46? Isn't that a simplex frequency?

I have a commercial GE Phoenix transceiver that I sent out to be programmed on 146.460 but have been informed by a club that my transmissions are interfering with their repeater that has a 146.460 ...
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Can you base64 encode or compress ham transmissions [US]?

(a) No amateur station shall transmit: <...> Music using a phone emission except as specifically provided elsewhere in this section; communications intended to facilitate a criminal act; ...
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In Canada, if I want to use DMR encryption on ham radio, how should I share my encryption key?

In Canada, one is permitted to "use a code or cipher that is not secret" on amateur radio. (See: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/sor-96-484/FullText.html under "...
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36ft pole from the ground then adding 7.80 meters antenna on top is this legal

If I use a 36ft pole and a 7.80 meters antenna on top of the pole, is this going to break the law in Scotland? My antenna that I'm planning to install is a siro 827.
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2 answers
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Can users ID for a repeater?

If a typical Amateur Radio repeater's ID'er goes down, can the users of that repeater ID on behalf of that repeater? IE,"this is Blah Blah Blah on the Blah Blah Blah repeater". Maybe I'm ...
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2 answers
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When was the FCC Part 97 requirement for a time-out timer removed from repeaters under automatic control? Or, am I just nuts?

I've been remiss in keeping up with the changes in Part 97, especially in the area of repeater stations. A recent discussion about changing the time-out timer's period had me scurrying to the CFR, and ...
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What are the limitations of the 6.765 - 6.975 MHz ISM band in the United States? [closed]

There is a region of the lower 43 meter band designated for ISM use in the United States by the FCC starting at 6.765 MHz and ending at 6.975 MHz. Both "FIXED" and "MOBILE" usage ...
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1 answer
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Can we use UHF/VHF ham bands for search and rescue missions?

Suppose that several licensed amateurs are part of a volunteer search and rescue team. The team is normally licensed and carries equipment to communicate on a variety of public safety bands in VHF/UHF ...
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FCC Guidelines for Radar

I'm working on some research for a project of mine. The project requires the use of millimeter wave radar. I am having a very hard time figuring out what the FCC's regulations on frequencies and ...
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How do businesses develop and test amateur radio products in the US if you cannot be paid for amateur radio use?

Certainly there are companies in the US (like Kenwood) that develop HAM products that transmit. For development and QA they would likely need to test the product outside of a Faraday cage. How can ...
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programming Pofung UV-82

As an alternative to the higher priced Motorola portables we use at our volunteer fire department, individuals have purchased several Bao Feng UV-82HP units to carry to monitor dispatch and fire ...
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Maximum occupied bandwidth and symbol rate for amateur satellites [closed]

I'm looking for information regarding allowed occupied bandwidth and maximum symbol rate for the following amateur satellite bands Amateur VHF (144 to 148 MHz) aka 2m-band Amateur UHF (430 to 440 MHz)...
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Is the mode on the band plan chart mandatory?

In the ARRL band plan found here in the bands where we are permitted to transmit, is the specified mode always mandatory? If I get caught making a silly mistake by the FCC transmitting on the wrong ...
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1 answer
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What are the unintentional radiation limits in U.S. HF bands?

What are the radiation limits in U.S. HF bands in terms, not in terms of uV/M, but in dBm or uV levels transmitted though an HF dipole antenna? I assume that if the antenna is connected to a receiver ...
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2 votes
3 answers
224 views

Store and forward system like voicemail for hams

I want to be able to get in touch with hams in my area when we are not both on air at the same time, but are close enough to each other for VHF communication. I want to be able to use my radio to call ...
2 votes
1 answer
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If I upgrade my USA license before moving to Spain, will it transfer?

KK4UOT... I'm moving from Nashville, to Barcelona area Spain. My current license is for a technician, which I know is not enough to obtain an EU transmit operators, but I am curious, if I upgrade my ...
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Is A7RW a legal call sign?

I've seen a reference to the callsign A7RW. I can't find it in the FCC database or by searching the ARRL. Is it a legitimate US callsign?
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Why are proprietary codecs used in amateur radio?

This may be slightly off topic (maybe there's a Legal Stack Exchange :-D), but how is it that codecs like Yaesu's C4FM are allowed to be proprietary while still being used on Amateur bands? At the ...
2 votes
3 answers
315 views

Where can I find the official rules for Amateur Radio usage in Sweden

A number of years ago I was very much into Ham Radio in Canada. I have now moved to Sweden and am thinking about getting back into it again. I can not find any clear set of rules as to how Sweden ...
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1 answer
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Does the FCC e-mail when a vanity call sign is approved?

I submitted an application for a vanity call sign a little over 18 days ago, and it's marked "pending". I presume that it will be processed soon, but the FCC's ULS search page is being slow ...
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Will the feds show up to my door? Is there a way to not get in trouble?

Ok so I am in the USA, and I have just bought a BFTECH BF-F5XP. I have a couple of questions. First of all, could I make my own Privacy code (Interference prevention code), and channels? What I am ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Will Brexit have any impact on UK recognition of foreign licenses

As a US license holder (and duel citizen of the US and UK) I know that I can operate in the UK for a couple of months using the M/W2*** prefix, while holding Amateur Extra, but I cannot apply for a UK ...
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1 answer
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Anytone 878 UV Commercial license?

This radio has a commercial mode but no where that I can find does it describe which commercial license. Looking at the tag under the battery... FCC ID T4KD887UV https://fccid.io/T4KD878UV ...so part ...
4 votes
2 answers
277 views

Is the 1.5kW power limit per antenna? What about antenna arrays?

My son KJ7NLL just got his general, and while we don't (yet?) have plans to transmit at 1.5kW, he asks if the 1.5kW limit is per-antenna? If it is per-antenna, and you use an antenna array of 8 ...
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Can you use 144mhz and below without a license with a Baofeng

I have a Baofeng and all the people that I have asked said that I can use 144mhz and below without a license but what I see on the internet is that I can’t use the Baofeng without a license at all can ...
4 votes
2 answers
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License document requirements

Are there any requirements to post, carry, or have available an official paper copy of one's radio license in order to operate in the U.S.? Do any states require physical possession of a printed ...
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2 answers
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In Canada, does a person need to be licensed to buy amateur radio equipment?

I have studied for and am ready to take my amateur radio license test but there are currently no licensed instructors available in my region to administer the test. Can I start acquiring ham radio ...
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Using radio for musical collaboration -- the line between conversation and broadcasting

I'd like to collaborate (e.g. play together) with other musicians in my local area and/or beyond. Coronavirus has made in-person collaboration difficult. Latency makes internet-based collaboration ...
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Using radio for musical collaboration [duplicate]

I'd like to collaborate (e.g. play together) with other musicians in my local area and/or beyond. Coronavirus has made in-person collaboration difficult. Latency makes internet-based collaboration ...
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Sharing radios with other people

I am thinking about getting my technician license. Recently, I saw a video from ARRL which said "Ham's also provide communication for events." with a picture of a marathon. My question is ...
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Where can I find a table listing the maximum PEP per band?

I'm building myself an Excel Cheat Sheet.
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What nations still require Morse code testing for Amateur radio license?

Going a bit further I'll ask, for which licenses (all or just for licenses for HF operation) and at what speed (5 WPM, 10 WPM, none specified)? The reason I ask is because every so often I'll see ...
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Is it legal for an unlicensed person to transmit as long as they are under the direct supervision of a licensed amateur?

Based on another question here, I think it is legal, but I would like it directly from the people who know. Thank you for your time.
5 votes
1 answer
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Change of Address and Callsign Zone

I'm about to permanently move to another US state, which is in another callsign zone. Will I be forced to get a new callsign in the new zone? Also, when I started, when one was traveling in another ...
1 vote
1 answer
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When are licenses required for 900 MHz operation in the US? When are they not required?

Forgive me if this is not the proper forum, but I am an electrical engineer and a total radio novice. I am designing a product that may contain off-the-shelf industrial radios that act as repeater ...
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