Questions tagged [legal]

Questions regarding laws or other legal regulations pertaining directly to amateur radio. Also tag your question with the relevant location. If in doubt, always seek professional legal advice.

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2answers
811 views

What are the regulation requirements for running a repeater?

When I try to find information on the requirements to run a repeater, I just see a lot of results related to building one. But I'm wondering about USA regulations. Does one need a particular license?...
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48 views

GMRS Call Sign for Technician

I have a GMRS License and currently studying for my Technician’s License. Once I pass the exam, can I use my GMRS “Call Sign?”
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2answers
92 views

What frequencies in 118–173 MHz can I transmit on without a license in Canada?

I have a Kenwood TM-261. It has the frequencies from 118 to 173 MHz. What frequencies can I transmit on without a licence?
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3answers
322 views

Do FCC obscenity regulations apply to ham radio transmissions?

In particular when ham-sters are using the VHF or UHF bands and talking to each other through repeaters(as well as local radio nets). But also what about DXing? Do FCC obscenity regulations apply ...
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2answers
126 views

Maximum legal QRQ CW speed?

Computer generated and decoded Morse Code seems to be a not-uncommon operating practice in the HF bands. Given this, and that there's no reason why Morse/CW signals can't be synthesized and decoded ...
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1answer
53 views

How can a ham from a non-CEPT country operate in Canada?

Long time maritime operator now semi-retired and messin' about with radios. Family in NL and want to bring my little QRP 40-meter rig this summer. I'd like to operate in Canada, specifically VO1 while ...
9
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3answers
5k views

Is it legal for a non-profit to use ham radios for emergency purposes?

I've been tasked to help update my organization's emergency contingencies and ham radios were brought up. We provide residential services to the mentally handicapped and we are looking at ways to make ...
9
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0answers
55 views

How do Radio Regulations and Frequency Allocations Apply to an Ionosonde?

An ionosonde is a special HF radio transmitter that periodically transmits a signal that sweeps across a large portion or the entire HF spectrum to identify the propagation of radio signal in the ...
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2answers
1k views

Who enacts the FCC's rules and regulations?

I came across an old answer on this site which makes the claim: It would take an act of Congress to change this [FCC Part 97] rule. Is that correct? I was under the impression that United States ...
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38 views

UK Intermediate training a not qualified newbie

I'm 99.9% certain that this will be OK, but independent verification would be reassuring. I am an "Intermediate" licence holder in the UK. This means that I am authorised to design and build my own ...
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3answers
321 views

What Frequencies Are Open To People Without A License?

I am in rural Alaska and I am very far from anywhere that gives Ham Exams. I got a Ham Radio and I want to operate it and talk to people. However, I read that frequencies are not allowed to be ...
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1answer
151 views

Does the FCC care about electrical arcs?

There are a lot of videos on YouTube from people who have built high voltage sources and are sending electric arcs from one place to another. Although they have no intention to emit radio waves, they ...
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1answer
56 views

Limit of transmission in GSM 1800 band

What is the limit of a transmitter in the GSM1800 band (~1830 MHz)? The ETSI GSM specification states a limit of -47dBm between 1GHz and 12.75GHz (https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_gts/05/0505/05.00....
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1answer
144 views

Legal aspects of the HackRF one / SDR in Switzerland?

I would like to know, what I can legally do with SDR / a Hack RF One in Switzerland? What are the limitations concerning sending and receiving? Do I need any licenses for that? If so, which ones, ...
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3answers
147 views

Why are no 2w FRS walkie talkies on the market?

I have read that the new laws regarding FRS radios state that you may use up to 2 watts power, yet I can't find a single 2 way radio that advertises 2 watts power; only .5 watt, or they don't state ...
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1answer
61 views

What is the minimum legal requirement for logbook keeping in Ireland?

The question came up during a club event, and obviously we checked the regulations. references: "Amateur Station Licence Guidelines" page 22 From this document the details in regards to required ...
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4answers
208 views

Required SSB sideband and carrier suppression?

Is there a legal (U.S. FCC) or a commonly accepted standard requirement for SSB opposite sideband and and carrier suppression for either manufactured or kit built transmitters? Does the 43+ dB down ...
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0answers
99 views

GnuRadio RF transmission, legal and safety issues

I'm trying to run some transmit/receive RF examples that I found online using GNU Radio with USRP B200. I read and heard about some cautions in terms of transmitted frequencies here in the USA which ...
3
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1answer
223 views

How do amateur satellites stay consistently in the amateur-sat bands acoss the globe?

I understand that my local laws may differ but amateur radio satellites, by their very nature, orbit the earth going over several legal jurisdictions. Are satellite bands the same internationally? If ...
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2answers
232 views

Can I take and use Baofeng UV-82 in Norway?

Planning to go for a camping trip. According to this document (in Norwegian but easy to understand), I can use a radio running PMR446 and KDR 444 freqs. Baofeng can do this. The question is: is the ...
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1answer
41 views

Clarification: What are Fixed and Mobile services intended for in frequency allocation documentation?

Question Does a band allocation to "Amateur", "Fixed", and "Mobile" mean that it's for amateur radio use by fixed and mobile services, or does it mean that all these services are separate but equal? ...
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1answer
68 views

Transferring old callsign to a club?

A new vanity callsign will be granted to me (currently in pending level 2 stage). Can I transfer my current soon to be cancelled callsign (vanity) to a club which I am trustee without waiting the ...
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2answers
181 views

Can I use a amateur license to experiment with radar?

If I get a German Amateurfunklizenz, will I be allowed to experiment with non-communication radio technologies like radar? Obviously, I'd still adhere to using allocated ham bands, stay within power ...
2
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1answer
171 views

Would a ham license allow me to use an uncertified radio on other (non-ham) bands I have permission to use?

I just purchased a UV-5R to hopefully integrate into business class radios my company uses. Do I need a technician or other class FCC license to operate these only on the frequencies I already access ...
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3answers
98 views

How can I get a license to build broadcast transmitters?

I am in the United States. The title pretty much says it all. I am really into to building transmitters. It's even more fun for me than using them. I really have a lot of skills and would like to ...
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3answers
114 views

Is it legal to operate Ham Radios for educational purposes

I'm a student and new to amateur radios. Is it legal to operate ham radios for educational purposes without any license?
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2answers
88 views

What to do when accidental emission can't be given a call sign ID?

Yes, obviously, it would be best if there's not an emission that doesn't include a call sign ID. Part 97 seems to say this should never, ever occur (the law is often written in that kind of black-and-...
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1answer
60 views

UK “Remote Operation” defination

I am a UK licensed Amateur Radio operator with an Intermediate License. I have a question surrounding the UK's (Ofcom's) definition of "Remote Operation". My understanding is that for any Remote ...
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3answers
545 views

Call sign ID for a “homebrew” or improvised repeater?

I saw a couple YouTube videos last night about setting up a repeater using a pair of cheap hand-held radios and, at its simplest, an audio patch cable to connect the speaker output of one radio to the ...
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2answers
125 views

Safeguards against cross-border abuse?

I live in a country that falls under ITU region three and recently joined my national amateur radio association. I learned that the frequencies for the repeaters run by the association were kept ...
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1answer
49 views

Digital networks — operator at control point, or automatic relay?

I've recently (part of studying for Extra license exam) learned about "mesh networks", where it's common to use repurposed wifi routers to connect at 2.4 or 4.8 GHz and form a network over a much ...
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1answer
39 views

Sending a downloaded file on digital: third party communication?

This came up in comments on this question. Since before the Internet was widely available, it's been common to pass along files received from other users or downloaded from a server somewhere. For ...
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3answers
334 views

Is compression “encryption” under FCC regs?

I read this question about digital signatures and FCC prohibitions on "obscuring" messages in amateur transmissions, and it cause me to think of something: the difference between encryption and ...
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1answer
152 views

Signing of messages transmitted over ham radio

FCC Regulation 97.113 (a) 4 states that: "messages encoded for the purpose of obscuring their meaning" Are "Prohibited transmissions", I believe this is the clause that is used to prohibit ...
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1answer
133 views

What happens to your callsign if you migrate?

If, as an amateur radio operator, you're licensed in one country with a callsign, let's suppose, the US and you migrate to, say, Germany, will you have to reapply and obtain a new callsign? What if ...
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2answers
159 views

Amateur wanting to re-enter ham radio legally

I'm an Amateur Radio enthusiast from way back; mostly CB and 10 meters. I have a couple of hand-held Baofengs that I want to use for family communications and as a backup link in case of emergencies. ...
5
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3answers
389 views

Unlicensed TV broadcasting power limit (Band I)

I'm curious what is the legal limit for unlicensed TV signals being transmitted on the VHF Band I? This seems ill defined. The part 15 FM rules I am assuming don't apply here. And I don't think it ...
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1answer
209 views

How to clean up profanity on airwaves

We have a repeater here in Southern California (Sylmar K6GE 147.435), and no matter what time of day or night there are a great many operators spewing tremendous profanity, disrespect and meanness ...
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3answers
344 views

What kind of ham radio license should I get?

I have an interest in studying and researching how radio technology can be used in other fields of electronics. What kind of license should I look into so I can carry out some experiments or research? ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Is it legal to transmit with HackRF one?

Is it legal to transmit using HackRF one (in Germany), the purpose is to do some Lab research and Academic experiments. for example i want to broadcast an FM signal using HackRF one and try to ...
6
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1answer
7k views

How do I legally use a Baofeng UV-5R radio for communication?

I'm new to radios. Only ever used them for squad communication in airsoft. I have two Baofeng UV-5R handhelds and would like to use them this week to communicate on a family camping trip with no cell ...
3
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3answers
217 views

Non-life-threatening emergency in the US?

The minivan in front of us blew a tire and pulled over, a long way away from mobile signal. We couldn't find a spare tire. I have a Technician license; if I'd had my Baofeng BF-F9 V2 with me, is there ...
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1answer
134 views

UK Foundation Licence holder use of kits

The terms of the foundation licence allow for use of Commercial radios and kits that conform to IR2028. IR2028 basically says that the kits must operate within amateur bands . I cannot find any kit ...
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1answer
251 views

Can I monitor a refrigerator using ham radio?

I am considering the ramifications of monitoring my refrigerator conditions using ham radio. Can the radio on the refrigerator be under automatic control using my call sign so that I do not need to ...
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2answers
162 views

Amateur Radio for Science Fair

Can I use an amateur radio for a science fair? If so, do I need to prove that I have an active license?
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1answer
1k views

Do FCC regulations limit digital data rate?

Are there FCC regulations that specifically limit digital data rate on the amateur bands? Are there any recent or proposed changes? If so, what are they specifically?
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1answer
131 views

Is there a practical way for hams to participate in cellular-related technology advances?

My understanding is that there used to be more timely overlap between commercial and amateur radio technology — e.g. helping study ionospheric propagation, relatively early adoption of SSB technology, ...
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2answers
705 views

Fast TCP/IP radio modem on UHF band

I'm interested if it is possible to have a data radio modem that works on the UHF band 400MHz for TCP/IP communication. What I have in mind is something similar to a router, but using UHF band for ...
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2answers
335 views

Using a Deceased Club Member's Call Sign for Field Day

The Secretary of our club passed away unexpectedly last week. With Field Day rapidly approaching in the U.S., the board is wondering if there is any legitimate way for the club to use the deceased ...
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1answer
198 views

Is using /AE compulsory?

I'm taking the exam to upgrade my licence to Extra soon, but I'm concerned the ULS might not update in time for Field Day, when I'm supposed to be supervising (and using my call-sign for) my club's ...