# Questions tagged [impedance-matching]

Questions about fixed impedance matching networks, the necessity of impedance matching, etc.

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39 views

### Ferrite unun transformer to match antenna resistance loads of <50Ω?

For LF/MF (2200m/630m), I am interested in the situation of a vertical antenna with capacitance hat top-loading, where the vertical antenna is VERY short compared to wavelength, and the antenna is ...
48 views

### Reasons for an antenna tuner at the transmitter other than transmitter protection?

An antenna tuner colocated with the transmitter may be required to prevent transmitting into an SWR higher than the allowed specification for the transmitter, or if the transmitter might overheat or &...
39 views

### How do you calculate the impedance of a parallel-wire balanced feedline (ladder line)?

I've looked around and maybe I'm just searching for the right terms to find the answer. I know that the impedance of ladder line has to do with the distance between wires: What is the generalized form ...
102 views

### Antenna tuner at the transceiver output confusion

I am a bit confused. Let's take a HF transceiver for example. My understanding is that the output impedance of the transmitter is 50 ohms. The impedance of the coaxial cable feedline is 50 ohms, and ...
34 views

### Crystal Filter Impedance Matching

I downloaded a 2-meter receiver schematic using an IC for the dual conversion IF strip. The first 10.7MHz IF uses a crystal filter with a terminating impedance of 1800//5pF. The output impedance of ...
75 views

### Impedance miss-match short vs long section?

Let's say there is a 50 Ohm transmission line coming from a transmitter, suddenly the transmission line is spliced into a 300 Ohm line. From what I've learned a partial reflection occurs at this point....
44 views

### Calculating SWR for a dipole

I have a dipole wire antenna that is tuned to 14.0 MHz so that it has an SWR there of nearly 1:1. Is there a mathematical formula by which I can compute the expected SWR for other frequencies? I would,...
117 views

### Common-mode choke (CMC) hurting my SWR. Live with it? Drop the choke?

I have been using a Par EndFedz Mk2 Trail Friendly 40/20/10 though using the matchbox from an EndFedz EF-QUAD (with Vibroplex’s blessing) so I could transmit at more than 25W. On all three bands I ...
119 views

### Is tuning at all useful for an antenna that is already resonant?

Say you have a resonant antenna that also has a tuner. Does this help at all? Can your antenna be "fine tuned" ?
232 views

### Does an SWR higher than 1:1 necessarily cause additional heat in the transmitter?

Each of the 3 answers to SWR of 1.5 -- use internal antenna tuner or not? in one way or another suggest that an SWR of 1.5:1 will cause additional heat in the transmitter: The radio may heat up a bit ...
132 views

### SWR of 1.5 -- use internal antenna tuner or not?

My IC-7300 has an internal antenna tuner that can handle a SWR of up to 3:1. The other day I noticed that a frequency I was transmitting on (the 40m FT8 frequency FWIW) has an SWR of 1.5 (was my first ...
110 views

### Do you need to analyse the SWR of your radio repeatedly? Or periodically? If so, Why?

Let us assume that I have an adjustable antenna, between 160m - 6m. And let's also assume that using an antenna analyser I have estimated the SWR for that antenna for a specific frequency. If my ...
69 views

### SWR erratic based on time of day

I have an odd issue - SWR swings wildly, like a loose connection (there are no loose connections), on 17 and 15 M, only mid-afternoon local. I have made contacts as far as Japan (from central NC) at ...
74 views

### How to understand same SWR but different Tx/Reflected power

I'm tuning a wire dipole. Cross-needle SWR meter shows the same SWR on the lower end of the band as on the higher end. However, the needles move much higher on the lower end. They cross on the same ...
281 views

### How to take to account impedance mismatch losses when cascading 2-port networks as RF System?

I'm trying to learn how to correctly calculate (cascade==RF system cascading) the connection of 2-port networks, taking into account mismatch losses. For example There is a first 2-port network, its S ...
29 views

### Titan antenna VSWR and radio problem

I just installed a new Titan DX antenna and I am using psk31 with fldigi. When I transmit on 20m at 14072, the SWR is 1.65 and it shuts off my computer and the radio keeps transmitting. However, on ...
187 views

### Can an end-fed be fed with an Isolation transformer? [closed]

Typical half-wave end-fed antenna kits include either a 9:1 or 49:1 toroidal balun or unun, which is a transformer for impedance matching, but with one primary winding endpoint (for the coax shield) ...
60 views

### When is it relevant to consider a trace as a RF transmission line

I'm building a simple Greinacher based RF Power meter for the PMR band i.e 446MHz. I intend it to work as a confirmation device and not something really acurate. The circuit is quite simple: The led ...
318 views

### (When) does a transceiver re-reflect 100% of reflected power?

There has been a long discussion of one question here. Phil, W8II and I agreed that it's better to post a separate question. There are several sources (some editions of "The ARRL Handbook", &...
119 views

### What happens to the signal level if the antenna has high SWR?

I'm currently reading "Reflections: Transmission Lines and Antennas" by M. Walter Maxwell, W2DU. This book explains well why the energy is not lost because of high SWR during transmitting, ...
77 views

### What type of Cable Should I use between a Long Wire antenna and a Transmatch?

I installed a Yaesu System 600with a MFJ Versatuner 2 on my 31ft sailboat and Idont know what type of cable should I use between the MFJ and the long wire antenna I have on my back Stay. Any ...
174 views

### Do VNA (nano) suffer the same effect of coax length to swr, as swr meters do?

A SWR meter will vary in swr with coax length if unbalanced as your coax length is around 1/2 wave length multiple. Does a VNA ( nanoVna ) in this case experience the same effect, (obviously assuming ...
426 views

### Is testing SWR *practically* less important for 2m/70cm than HF bands?

Totally new amateur operator and I've noticed that a lot of material e.g. Your Tube videos, blogs, forums when discussing metering VSWR mainkly seem to be talking about HF bands. I also see fewer VSWR ...
82 views

### Antenna Tuner Range

I have a Kenwood TS-480S and a Kenwood TS-870S both with built in antenna tuners. On the TS-870S I have a ZS6BKW multiband antenna and on the TS-480S I have a vertical whip with two counterpoise lines ...
57 views

### Estimating SWR based on multiples of resonant length

I am planning to buy a Xiegu G90. It has an internal tuner that can tune up to SWR 5:1. Does anyone know if I have a resonant antenna on 40m, what I will have for a SWR on 80m?
34 views

### Software to model autotransformer matched end fed dual band, 4nec2?

I have several ground independent dual band antenna of different makes, but they all have the same type of matching circuit to make them ground independent / radial-less and match say 5/8 elements, ...
272 views

### Debugging SM0VPO's spiral loop antenna build

I had built SM0VPO's spiral loop antenna. And here it is. Recently I got myself a NanoVNA to see how finnicky it is to be tuned with that poor man's tuning cap. I brought it from 12 MHz into the 14 ...
333 views

### If receive performance doesn't depend on SWR, then how can I tune my manual HF antenna tuner by band noise?

The popular question "What is the relationship between SWR and receive performance?" asks if a receiver with a well-matched antenna (low SWR) beats a receiver with a poorly-matched antenna, ...
313 views

### Is an antenna always matched to free space impedance?

In this thesis the following model for an antenna is proposed: It is seen as a 2 port network, in which only port 1 is accessible (port 2 is an imaginary connection between the antenna and the free ...
109 views

### Obtaining input/out impedance from S-parameters for a L network

This L network intend to transform Z1 to 50ohms. The design was made using a smith chart: The s-parameters plotted (S11 red - S22 green) in the smith chart is done sweeping the frequency from 200MHz ...
583 views

### What is antenna reactance?

I have a V5000 antenna and I’m tuning it but can’t get the Reactance (X) on my MFJ 259B down. Resistance is at 50 ohms, SWR reading 1.2 to 1.3 (I don’t give that much credence) but the Reactance (X) ...
242 views

### How effectively do modern transmitters protect against high SWR?

The following are fairly common knowledge: Transmitting at full power with too much of an impedance mismatch can damage your finals. If we do so inadvertently, modern radios drop the power ...
60 views

### Obtaining S parameters using S11 measurements?

Is it possible to obtain the S-parameters of a circuit with only S11 measurements (S11 measurement with a VNA)? My gut tells me that it should be possible by connecting open, short and characteristic ...
73 views

### SWR jumps to maximum of gauge

(I'm asking this in the context of a Cobra 29LTD CB, but I think that it also applies to amateur radio in general.) In SWR mode, the needle swings all the way to the right, hitting the limit. The (mag ...
319 views

### How to use 75ohm (RG6) coax?

I know that there have been many similar threads on this, but I still need clarification. At the moment, the only thing I have is a 500' roll of RG-6 and a (very) tight budget, and I should be ...
220 views

### Reduction in transceiver power output into high SWR

How much do transceivers drop their output power, when the SWR is high? Most amateur solid state amplifiers or transceivers are (fully?) protected against high SWR, by a circuit which reduces the ...
92 views

### Looking for criticisms on my VNA-like SWR meter I am designing

I am in the process of building a SWR meter with VNA-like features. I'd be really interested to hear from fellow hams any input, suggestions, or tips they have regarding this before I go get it mass ...
144 views

### How to estimate input and output impedance of an amplifier?

I'm trying to figure out how to design power amplifiers which input and output are properly matched to 50 Ohm. My thinking was that the most bullet proofed approach would be to model an amplifier in ...
110 views

### RF PCB Design Difference Between Controlled Impedance Track and Impedance Matching Circuit

Im new on RF circuit designing. Im designing an circuit with GSM and GPS capabilities. I know when using high frequency signals the RF traces must be impedance matched. Now what I understand is, I can ...
89 views

### impedance matching with window twinlead

Question from new ham here, regarding ways of matching impedances between a feedline and an antenna. Is it possible to fashion a broadband HF impedance matcher from a length of windowed twinlead, in ...
991 views

### How do I tune my EFHW 40-10 to have the lowest SWR in the 40, 20 and 15 meter bands?

This is a reading from my RigExpert AA-35 ZOOM of my EFHW 40-10 inverted L with radials, and feedpoint 2 feet above the ground. Any thoughts as to how I can tune or move this antenna to get the ...
237 views

If I have a too short dipole, or vertical, I can add a coil to lenghten in electrically. But it's my understanding that I could also do this with any other kind of match: given the complex impedance ...
635 views

### What kind of filter should be used at the output of HF linear amplifier?

I am looking for a output filter to use with a HF linear amplifier called miniPA70 which is available through several online auction sites. The circuit is available here : http://iu3idf.blogspot.com/...
73 views

### Can I use a directional coupler to block reflected AC current from a mismatched antenna?

Is there any kind of directional coupler device such as you find in a SWR meter that only allows traveling AC waves of one direction to pass which i could use to block the reflected wave from my badly ...
689 views

### Trying to understand the work of 4:1 coax balun

Let's consider the following picture (source): When current passes the half-wavelength matching section it changes the phase to the opposite, this is why we get +V and -V in the feed point, 2V ...
569 views

### Tweak antenna resonant frequency higher

This is a very simple question and I'm sure if I had a bit more background knowledge, I could figure it out myself. Let's say I have a 1/4 wave vertical antenna that is slightly too long, but it is ...
184 views

### Why aren't "ghosts" and intersymbol interference due to unmatched impedance (high SWR) a concern for HF receivers?

In amateur radio, we care about impedance matching when we need to keep the load within the equipment's specification (for best performance, or just to avoid damaging a transmitter), when we want to ...
403 views

### How to estimate a dipole feedpoint impedance?

An ideal dipole, at resonance, will have an impedance around 73 ohms. A folded dipole, around 280 ohms. How can I calculate the impedances when not at resonance? Let's assume I have a span of 15M in ...