Questions tagged [impedance-matching]

Questions about fixed impedance matching networks, the necessity of impedance matching, etc.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
6answers
179 views

Does an SWR higher than 1:1 necessarily cause additional heat in the transmitter?

Each of the 3 answers to SWR of 1.5 -- use internal antenna tuner or not? in one way or another suggest that an SWR of 1.5:1 will cause additional heat in the transmitter: The radio may heat up a bit ...
3
votes
3answers
102 views

SWR of 1.5 -- use internal antenna tuner or not?

My IC-7300 has an internal antenna tuner that can handle a SWR of up to 3:1. The other day I noticed that a frequency I was transmitting on (the 40m FT8 frequency FWIW) has an SWR of 1.5 (was my first ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Do you need to analyse the SWR of your radio repeatedly? Or periodically? If so, Why?

Let us assume that I have an adjustable antenna, between 160m - 6m. And let's also assume that using an antenna analyser I have estimated the SWR for that antenna for a specific frequency. If my ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

SWR erratic based on time of day

I have an odd issue - SWR swings wildly, like a loose connection (there are no loose connections), on 17 and 15 M, only mid-afternoon local. I have made contacts as far as Japan (from central NC) at ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How to understand same SWR but different Tx/Reflected power

I'm tuning a wire dipole. Cross-needle SWR meter shows the same SWR on the lower end of the band as on the higher end. However, the needles move much higher on the lower end. They cross on the same ...
1
vote
1answer
260 views

How to take to account impedance mismatch losses when cascading 2-port networks as RF System?

I'm trying to learn how to correctly calculate (cascade==RF system cascading) the connection of 2-port networks, taking into account mismatch losses. For example There is a first 2-port network, its S ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Titan antenna VSWR and radio problem

I just installed a new Titan DX antenna and I am using psk31 with fldigi. When I transmit on 20m at 14072, the SWR is 1.65 and it shuts off my computer and the radio keeps transmitting. However, on ...
-1
votes
2answers
148 views

Can an end-fed be fed with an Isolation transformer? [closed]

Typical half-wave end-fed antenna kits include either a 9:1 or 49:1 toroidal balun or unun, which is a transformer for impedance matching, but with one primary winding endpoint (for the coax shield) ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

When is it relevant to consider a trace as a RF transmission line

I'm building a simple Greinacher based RF Power meter for the PMR band i.e 446MHz. I intend it to work as a confirmation device and not something really acurate. The circuit is quite simple: The led ...
5
votes
5answers
303 views

(When) does a transceiver re-reflect 100% of reflected power?

There has been a long discussion of one question here. Phil, W8II and I agreed that it's better to post a separate question. There are several sources (some editions of "The ARRL Handbook", &...
0
votes
3answers
104 views

What happens to the signal level if the antenna has high SWR?

I'm currently reading "Reflections: Transmission Lines and Antennas" by M. Walter Maxwell, W2DU. This book explains well why the energy is not lost because of high SWR during transmitting, ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

What type of Cable Should I use between a Long Wire antenna and a Transmatch?

I installed a Yaesu System 600with a MFJ Versatuner 2 on my 31ft sailboat and Idont know what type of cable should I use between the MFJ and the long wire antenna I have on my back Stay. Any ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

Do VNA (nano) suffer the same effect of coax length to swr, as swr meters do?

A SWR meter will vary in swr with coax length if unbalanced as your coax length is around 1/2 wave length multiple. Does a VNA ( nanoVna ) in this case experience the same effect, (obviously assuming ...
4
votes
3answers
371 views

Is testing SWR *practically* less important for 2m/70cm than HF bands?

Totally new amateur operator and I've noticed that a lot of material e.g. Your Tube videos, blogs, forums when discussing metering VSWR mainkly seem to be talking about HF bands. I also see fewer VSWR ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Antenna Tuner Range

I have a Kenwood TS-480S and a Kenwood TS-870S both with built in antenna tuners. On the TS-870S I have a ZS6BKW multiband antenna and on the TS-480S I have a vertical whip with two counterpoise lines ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Estimating SWR based on multiples of resonant length

I am planning to buy a Xiegu G90. It has an internal tuner that can tune up to SWR 5:1. Does anyone know if I have a resonant antenna on 40m, what I will have for a SWR on 80m?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Software to model autotransformer matched end fed dual band, 4nec2?

I have several ground independent dual band antenna of different makes, but they all have the same type of matching circuit to make them ground independent / radial-less and match say 5/8 elements, ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

Debugging SM0VPO's spiral loop antenna build

I had built SM0VPO's spiral loop antenna. And here it is. Recently I got myself a NanoVNA to see how finnicky it is to be tuned with that poor man's tuning cap. I brought it from 12 MHz into the 14 ...
6
votes
6answers
271 views

If receive performance doesn't depend on SWR, then how can I tune my manual HF antenna tuner by band noise?

The popular question "What is the relationship between SWR and receive performance?" asks if a receiver with a well-matched antenna (low SWR) beats a receiver with a poorly-matched antenna, ...
4
votes
3answers
249 views

Is an antenna always matched to free space impedance?

In this thesis the following model for an antenna is proposed: It is seen as a 2 port network, in which only port 1 is accessible (port 2 is an imaginary connection between the antenna and the free ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Obtaining input/out impedance from S-parameters for a L network

This L network intend to transform Z1 to 50ohms. The design was made using a smith chart: The s-parameters plotted (S11 red - S22 green) in the smith chart is done sweeping the frequency from 200MHz ...
4
votes
2answers
450 views

What is antenna reactance?

I have a V5000 antenna and I’m tuning it but can’t get the Reactance (X) on my MFJ 259B down. Resistance is at 50 ohms, SWR reading 1.2 to 1.3 (I don’t give that much credence) but the Reactance (X) ...
9
votes
1answer
203 views

How effectively do modern transmitters protect against high SWR?

The following are fairly common knowledge: Transmitting at full power with too much of an impedance mismatch can damage your finals. If we do so inadvertently, modern radios drop the power ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Obtaining S parameters using S11 measurements?

Is it possible to obtain the S-parameters of a circuit with only S11 measurements (S11 measurement with a VNA)? My gut tells me that it should be possible by connecting open, short and characteristic ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

SWR jumps to maximum of gauge

(I'm asking this in the context of a Cobra 29LTD CB, but I think that it also applies to amateur radio in general.) In SWR mode, the needle swings all the way to the right, hitting the limit. The (mag ...
0
votes
2answers
249 views

How to use 75ohm (RG6) coax?

I know that there have been many similar threads on this, but I still need clarification. At the moment, the only thing I have is a 500' roll of RG-6 and a (very) tight budget, and I should be ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Reduction in transceiver power output into high SWR

How much do transceivers drop their output power, when the SWR is high? Most amateur solid state amplifiers or transceivers are (fully?) protected against high SWR, by a circuit which reduces the ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Looking for criticisms on my VNA-like SWR meter I am designing

I am in the process of building a SWR meter with VNA-like features. I'd be really interested to hear from fellow hams any input, suggestions, or tips they have regarding this before I go get it mass ...
5
votes
0answers
129 views

How to estimate input and output impedance of an amplifier?

I'm trying to figure out how to design power amplifiers which input and output are properly matched to 50 Ohm. My thinking was that the most bullet proofed approach would be to model an amplifier in ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

RF PCB Design Difference Between Controlled Impedance Track and Impedance Matching Circuit

Im new on RF circuit designing. Im designing an circuit with GSM and GPS capabilities. I know when using high frequency signals the RF traces must be impedance matched. Now what I understand is, I can ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

impedance matching with window twinlead

Question from new ham here, regarding ways of matching impedances between a feedline and an antenna. Is it possible to fashion a broadband HF impedance matcher from a length of windowed twinlead, in ...
2
votes
1answer
761 views

How do I tune my EFHW 40-10 to have the lowest SWR in the 40, 20 and 15 meter bands?

This is a reading from my RigExpert AA-35 ZOOM of my EFHW 40-10 inverted L with radials, and feedpoint 2 feet above the ground. Any thoughts as to how I can tune or move this antenna to get the ...
5
votes
5answers
201 views

Is "coil loading" a type of impedance match?

If I have a too short dipole, or vertical, I can add a coil to lenghten in electrically. But it's my understanding that I could also do this with any other kind of match: given the complex impedance ...
0
votes
2answers
571 views

What kind of filter should be used at the output of HF linear amplifier?

I am looking for a output filter to use with a HF linear amplifier called miniPA70 which is available through several online auction sites. The circuit is available here : http://iu3idf.blogspot.com/...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Can I use a directional coupler to block reflected AC current from a mismatched antenna?

Is there any kind of directional coupler device such as you find in a SWR meter that only allows traveling AC waves of one direction to pass which i could use to block the reflected wave from my badly ...
3
votes
1answer
609 views

Trying to understand the work of 4:1 coax balun

Let's consider the following picture (source): When current passes the half-wavelength matching section it changes the phase to the opposite, this is why we get +V and -V in the feed point, 2V ...
2
votes
3answers
521 views

Tweak antenna resonant frequency higher

This is a very simple question and I'm sure if I had a bit more background knowledge, I could figure it out myself. Let's say I have a 1/4 wave vertical antenna that is slightly too long, but it is ...
7
votes
2answers
176 views

Why aren't "ghosts" and intersymbol interference due to unmatched impedance (high SWR) a concern for HF receivers?

In amateur radio, we care about impedance matching when we need to keep the load within the equipment's specification (for best performance, or just to avoid damaging a transmitter), when we want to ...
2
votes
2answers
353 views

How to estimate a dipole feedpoint impedance?

An ideal dipole, at resonance, will have an impedance around 73 ohms. A folded dipole, around 280 ohms. How can I calculate the impedances when not at resonance? Let's assume I have a span of 15M in ...
5
votes
6answers
911 views

How to match low impedance of NVIS Dipole?

I want to match a 50-ohm coax feed wire to a 40-meter NVIS half-wave dipole. NVIS antenna examples I've found are usually based on a regular dipole (72 ohms in free air). However the impedance drops ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Output impedance of TAPR QRPi?

I'm a newly licensed amateur and have decided to start out by trying WSPR on a Raspberry Pi equipped with TAPR's 20m QRPi. The QRPi write-ups I've read always talk about long wire antennas but I'd ...
2
votes
2answers
252 views

resonance vs resonator in antenna

Resonance in electronic means: reactance of zero. (maybe wrongly/correctly someone's calling the minimum VSWR, the resonance of antenna! and this cause confusion) I've heard in Antenna Design for ...
1
vote
3answers
502 views

How does the Maximum Power Transfer Theorem relate to RF power amplifiers?

The Maximum Power Transfer Theorem says that maximum power transfer occurs when the source impedance equals the load impedance, when the power transferred to the load is 50%, the other 50% being ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Understanding RG6-75 ohm Cable Impedance

Here is my measurement to a piece of RG6 cable. It is around 30cm cable. On the shield is written COAXIAL CABLE 5C-2V 75 ohm. From my measurement I got data as below: From that table, we can see that ...
1
vote
2answers
989 views

Can I connect a 75 ohm antenna to a 50 ohm radio?

I have been looking for an affordable yagi antenna to use with a dual band handheld radio and I came across some very inexpensive VHF/UHF (HDTV) antennas. They are all 75 ohm though. Is it ok to use a ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

Better SWR bandwidth

Good day, I have a Kenwood TS-480HT with a Wolfriver coil and a stainless steel whip in my car. I find that on 40 meters I can get the SWR at around 1.4 (using an MFJ 269) at 7.1000 MHz. But the SWR ...
3
votes
3answers
9k views

Using 75 Ω instead of 50 Ω coax feed

Can I replace my old 50 Ω coax with RG6? It's cheaper and less loss at VHF/UHF. I would match by L/2 multiples of coax to repeat input and output impedance or L/C matching networks at each end. Is ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Impedance ratio vs. SWR

The specs of the Elecraft T1 tuner say, that it can match a 10:1 SWR. What does that mean in terms of impedance ratio? What antenna impedance can it match to 50 Ohm then? Or is it not that easy?
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Matching a 188 ohm antenna to an unbalanced input that expects a 50 ohm antenna

I am new to RF field and trying to use an Archimedean Spiral Antenna design from this paper to capture 915MHz RF for the P2110B power harvester chip. The estimated antenna impedance is 188 Ohm (see ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the proper way to electrically wire in a loading coil to a vertical antenna?

I am trying to put together a vertical pole style antenna with a loading coil housed at the base using a plan very similar to the one described in this ARRL article. I am trying to understand how to ...