Questions tagged [hf]

High Frequency is the frequency range 3-30 MHz. This tag may also be used for questions about the 160 meter band (1.8 MHz), which while not HF is often referred to as such due to its similar propagation.

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4
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2answers
340 views

Recommendations for starting out with HF for an amateur

I'm a beginner who's nearly half a year from receiving my ham license in India. I want to start with HF radio and wish to build my own rig. Currently I have looked and multiple designs using the ...
5
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4answers
2k views

EFHW works only on one band - what am I missing?

I tried to build a multiband EFHW antenna as described in articles by PA3HHO, PD7MMA, G0KYA and many others. I decided to start with a short 40/20/(15?)/10 meters version without any loading coils. ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Sunspot numbers? forecast? broadcast on CW/HF

I have vague memories from the early 1990:s of some sort of service that broadcast something related to sunspot numbers, in CW, probably shortwave. I think the world "BOULDER" was in there ...
6
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2answers
105 views

Where to find HF channel models or statistics?

When designing a waveform for packet radio usage, it'd be helpful to know a few things, mainly distribution of coherency bandwidths distribution of coherency times Whilst such statistics are ...
0
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2answers
105 views

How do you know if you're on a 10 meter band?

I am just getting into ham radio, and I find it very interesting, but to make phone calls, you have to be on a 10 meter band. Does anyone know how to infer the band you're on is 10 meter? Thank you ...
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0answers
72 views

Does the price of ham equipment normally rise during winter?

Recently licensed technician here, and going straight into my general class, I'm keeping an eye on cheap (sub-$400) HF radios. I keep reading articles that suggest used radios that normally sell for ...
2
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2answers
341 views

Broadcast signal deviating with time

I've been just scanning through the HF band at night seeing what all I can pick up, and I'm trying to figure out a particular signal. I'm using a VHF discone, which isn't ideal, but it works well ...
4
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3answers
485 views

What are the technical reasons that there are no FM transmissions on the long, medium, or shortwave?

Why are there no frequency modulated broadcasts on the long/medium/short wave, but only on VHF? I'm sure there are many historical and political reasons (long/medium/short wave were already in use for ...
2
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2answers
117 views

Would Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) multiplexing work over HF bands?

OAM (Orbital Angular Momentum) Multiplexing is a form of multiplexing capable of high data speeds on limited bandwidth using the physical properties of EM waves. An experiment in 2012 transmitted two ...
4
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2answers
102 views

I just can't get out on my car mounted HF

Would love some advice from you seasoned vets. I have an FT857D in my car which I tend to only use (and really want to use) when I'm stopped and setup camping. I bought a portable Windom antenna which ...
5
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2answers
723 views

RF Bridge Problem - K6BEZ Antenna Analyzer

This question regards erroneous SWR measurements of K6BEZ antenna analyzer design from 2013 using Arduino and AD9850 DDS modules. There have been many variations of it by other people over the years. ...
3
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4answers
383 views

What is the use of dual VFOs?

What is the value of more than one VFO in an HF transceiver? Many novice rigs only have a single crystal oscillator, and a vast number of famous classic transceivers, HF kits, and QRP rigs only have a ...
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2answers
125 views

Why does the HamQSL website say the 40m band is fair and the 20m band is poor during the day?

http://www.hamqsl.com/solar.html Why is 40m shown as "fair" while 20m is "poor" during the day. Shouldn't 7 MHz be getting absorbed by the D-layer more than 14 MHz?
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3answers
304 views

Can a carrier operated relay be used for T/R switching in a HF linear amplifier?

I am building the T/R switching circuit for an HF linear amplifier covering 80m band to 20m band. The current circuit takes a potential-free contact from the exciter and use this contact to turn on/...
2
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1answer
173 views

What would be a good modulation scheme for communicating a single bit of information with no more than 4ms of latency?

This question has been suggested in the comments to a closed question a couple of days ago. I have nothing to do with the original question, but this aspect of the problem made me quite curious, so it ...
3
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2answers
89 views

Are circular polarized antennas on HF subject to polarization fading?

Consider the common scenario of two amateur radio operators communicating through an ionospheric channel. Typically, each station will have a linearly polarized antenna, like a dipole or a vertical. I ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Vertical antenna on HF?

What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using a vertical antenna on high frequency? Are there any better antenna types that I should use?
1
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3answers
149 views

Long range HF polarization

Is it possible to polarize HF signal (20-30m) at long range (thousands of km)? It was commented in my over questions that polarization is not feasible at long range. However in this article is ...
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2answers
103 views

Can I transmit bit data over FM signal on 30m wave 10,000km away? [closed]

I am trying to understand if it's feasible to transmit -1,0,+1 data using FM on 20-30m wavelength to be received 10,000km away. From Europe to US. Ultimately I would like to create a solution which is ...
-1
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1answer
149 views

Transmit data over HF signal 10,000km away [closed]

I would like to transmit trinary data (-1,0,+1) on 20-30m wave to be received 10,000km away. From Europe to US. My first thought was this: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Burst-modulation-mode-f-...
4
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2answers
119 views

Why do horizontally-polarized RF waves reflect better off ground than vertically-polarized waves?

It's a well-known fact among hams who use HF frequencies that horizontally-polarized RF waves reflect better off of ground than vertically-polarized waves. This explains why ground conductivity is so ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Preferred signal report format for Digital Voice?

When using FreeDV or other digital voice modes, what's the preferred signal report? The software has a single SNR number, but that fluctuates quickly. Since it's a digital mode, you either get the ...
0
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3answers
75 views

What is minimum resolution for 2 frequencies to interfere each other

I started working with HF frequency. Right now, I am working with 7 MHz frequency. I have been provided a range of 7-7.5 MHz. I have to divide that range into 132 distinct frequencies to assign each ...
1
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2answers
64 views

Hexbeam receiving in other directions

Have a K4KIO Hexbeam up at around 20-feet on the corner of a flat metal roof pointing at 290-degrees bearing (Europe, from Sydney Australia). Currently the Hexbeam is fixed to that direction as i don'...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

How do I tune my EFHW 40-10 to have the lowest SWR in the 40, 20 and 15 meter bands?

This is a reading from my RigExpert AA-35 ZOOM of my EFHW 40-10 inverted L with radials, and feedpoint 2 feet above the ground. Any thoughts as to how I can tune or move this antenna to get the ...
11
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2answers
4k views

How to reduce RF in the shack when using vertical HF antenna (no radials)

What can be done to reduce RF in the shack (riding back along the coax) when using a vertical 10M antenna (without radials due to space constraints)? The antenna is an IMax-2000 at 32' elevation (20' ...
10
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5answers
2k views

Will electrically joined dipoles of different lengths, at right angles, behave as a multiband antenna?

I haven't seen this done, (which, after more than a century of amateur and professional radio development, is probably a bad sign), but I had an idea the other day for simplifying the setup and feed ...
0
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1answer
38 views

On a horizontally setup 20m delta loop I am looking to determine the calculations for the proper length of a feed wire

Base of loop will be about 6 feet above ground. RG-8 or 213 will be used for the feed wire. Ugly balun as well.
2
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2answers
130 views

Modelling a “fan dipole” or “fan inverted vee” using EZNEC - unexpected result

I plan to put up a "fan inverted vee" but for various reasons I will not be able to take it down, adjust wire lengths, put it up, test, etc: I will basically have to cut the wires, put it up and leave ...
9
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6answers
30k views

Is there a simple, DIY, antenna suitable for HF receive only?

So the antenna I'm thinking about doing might be* way too large for my property. Is there another simple, cheap, DIY antenna I could try on my receiver? I know I'm going to want to hook it up and ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Bias Tee for HF: noise and losses?

I have a homebrew remote antenna switch. It uses relays and it has a nRF24L01-based wireless link to the band selector (Arduino, taps into CAT and switches antennas accordingly). I would like to ...
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2answers
102 views

What is the best time of day to contact Japan from the east coast?

What are the best times in early April to contact Japan on 40M and 20M from Pennsylvania?
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4answers
1k views

what are the alternatives to LM387 and SA602AN?

I am building a 20 Mhz RF receiver out of the NASA radio JOVE instruction manual and they have recommended the use of LM387 as an audio amplifier. SA602AN as mixer IC:
11
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4answers
1k views

Is “low loss” cable required for HF?

I use RG-58 for all my HF antennas, since it's light, flexible, convenient, and cheap. And super easy to choke. Whenever I have a problem I just loop a few turns of it on a ferrite core and the ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Can the external VFO input in a Heathkit SB-(100, 101, 102) be used to operate on frequencies outside the radio's normal range?

I've got a Heathkit SB-102 that I'm working on making operational (problems with transmit, receiver works just fine). This model radio has a 9-pin Molex connector in the back, intended to connect an ...
1
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1answer
88 views

144Hz monitor with freesync noise on 40m

When I tune on 40 m (7.074 MHz USB as test frequency for there's FT8) and turn on my PC with a monitor that's 144 Hz refresh rate and has freesync on, it starts to make noise and makes signals almost ...
3
votes
2answers
483 views

How to determine frequency and launch angle given a target skip distance?

I would like to communicate with someone 1000 miles (1600 km) away. I'm not sure how to target a specific distance. (image source) I assume it's an interrelation of the following factors: Which ...
10
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6answers
232 views

Practical limits to maintaining coherence in an HF channel

Lately I've been thinking about weak signal communication on HF. Very weak, like weaker than even WSPR could achieve. It would be nice if one could simply take any existing modulation and slow it ...
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4answers
124 views

Transmitting as SW AM station, not ham [closed]

What if I wanted to run a radio broadcast station on a commercial SW band? Say, I am on a boat in international waters. Or say I am in a free country. I monitor the frequency for months and I check ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Lowest cost portable HF radio with at least 100 W output?

My use case is intercontinental HF radio, and I am frequently traveling. Lugging a big rig is inconvenient and expensive ones get you into customs trouble all the time. So, I'm looking for a low cost ...
2
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4answers
1k views

What should I look for in a modern portable shortwave radio?

I'm looking to buy a shortwave to listen to either solely at home or perhaps if possible in a vehicle when traveling. What should I look for when looking them over? I recall many years ago the ...
4
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5answers
969 views

How does one know when band conditions are optimal and what factors to consider?

On many of the DX sites, one will find many variables for solar weather to include flux, A, K, sunspots, etc… I’d like to know how to read those and know what to look for. As I understand it, the sun’...
3
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4answers
969 views

Is it normal for mini shortwave radios to not have any reception in a major city?

I'm new to radios. Just bought the mini Eton which has FM/AM/SW and while FM & AM work I have never received a single station on SW1 (5.9 - 10 MHz) or SW2 (11.65 - 18 MHz). Is that normal? Will ...
1
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0answers
68 views

HF propagation prediction using machine learning

Anyone out there know of or developed s/w to predict HF conditions using ML?
0
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2answers
88 views

measures for quantifying non-linearity of a HF linear power amplifier

I am DIYing a class-AB HF Linear Power amplifier. How to quantify the non-linearity of this amplifier. What are the common measures of non-linearity as applicable to RF power amplifiers? How to ...
2
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0answers
76 views

Icom 7300 low frequency broad-spectrum noise

What's causing these horizontal bands of noise? It's the middle of the day here in a low density city neighborhood. They were not present about 20 minutes ago; now they are even stronger and filling ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Where does the year 2019 fall in the sunspot cycle for HF propagation?

I am reposting this question about the year 2016 here. This is 2019. Are we now at the good or bad portion of the 11 years cycle? What effect are we seeing now? How large (strong/deep) is the effect ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

What is “up” and “down”, and is it consistent with “top band”?

If I understand things right if you go "down" to "lower bands" you eventually get to "top band", which is 160 meter band. Since this doesn't make any sense to me, is there something I'm missing? You ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Using shortwave communication, how difficult is it to transmit messages from the UK to the US?

Is it possible to transmit a short message across the Atlantic ocean from the UK to the US via shortwave? From what I understand, long-distance shortwave communication has lower bandwidth than other ...
4
votes
2answers
659 views

What is the minimum equipment necessary to get on the air with FT8?

To the extent that FT8 is a way to bring people into the hobby or re-ignite passion among those who haven't been on the air in a while, what's the easiest way to get someone on the air with this new ...