Questions tagged [hf]

High Frequency is the frequency range 3-30 MHz. This tag may also be used for questions about the 160 meter band (1.8 MHz), which while not HF is often referred to as such due to its similar propagation.

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10
votes
6answers
185 views

Practical limits to maintaining coherence in an HF channel

Lately I've been thinking about weak signal communication on HF. Very weak, like weaker than even WSPR could achieve. It would be nice if one could simply take any existing modulation and slow it ...
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Where to find HF channel models or statistics?

When designing a waveform for packet radio usage, it'd be helpful to know a few things, mainly distribution of coherency bandwidths distribution of coherency times Whilst such statistics are ...
5
votes
2answers
349 views

EFHW works only on one band - what am I missing?

I tried to build a multiband EFHW antenna as described in articles by PA3HHO, PD7MMA, G0KYA and many others. I decided to start with a short 40/20/(15?)/10 meters version without any loading coils. ...
-3
votes
4answers
102 views

Transmitting as SW AM station, not ham [closed]

What if I wanted to run a radio broadcast station on a commercial SW band? Say, I am on a boat in international waters. Or say I am in a free country. I monitor the frequency for months and I check ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Lowest cost portable HF radio with at least 100 W output?

My use case is intercontinental HF radio, and I am frequently traveling. Lugging a big rig is inconvenient and expensive ones get you into customs trouble all the time. So, I'm looking for a low cost ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

What should I look for in a modern portable shortwave radio?

I'm looking to buy a shortwave to listen to either solely at home or perhaps if possible in a vehicle when traveling. What should I look for when looking them over? I recall many years ago the ...
3
votes
5answers
735 views

How does one know when band conditions are optimal and what factors to consider?

On many of the DX sites, one will find many variables for solar weather to include flux, A, K, sunspots, etc… I’d like to know how to read those and know what to look for. As I understand it, the sun’...
3
votes
4answers
755 views

Is it normal for mini shortwave radios to not have any reception in a major city?

I'm new to radios. Just bought the mini Eton which has FM/AM/SW and while FM & AM work I have never received a single station on SW1 (5.9 - 10 MHz) or SW2 (11.65 - 18 MHz). Is that normal? Will ...
1
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0answers
43 views

HF propagation prediction using machine learning

Anyone out there know of or developed s/w to predict HF conditions using ML?
0
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2answers
59 views

measures for quantifying non-linearity of a HF linear power amplifier

I am DIYing a class-AB HF Linear Power amplifier. How to quantify the non-linearity of this amplifier. What are the common measures of non-linearity as applicable to RF power amplifiers? How to ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Icom 7300 low frequency broad-spectrum noise

What's causing these horizontal bands of noise? It's the middle of the day here in a low density city neighborhood. They were not present about 20 minutes ago; now they are even stronger and filling ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Where does the year 2019 fall in the sunspot cycle for HF propagation?

I am reposting this question about the year 2016 here. This is 2019. Are we now at the good or bad portion of the 11 years cycle? What effect are we seeing now? How large (strong/deep) is the effect ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

What is “up” and “down”, and is it consistent with “top band”?

If I understand things right if you go "down" to "lower bands" you eventually get to "top band", which is 160 meter band. Since this doesn't make any sense to me, is there something I'm missing? You ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Can a carrier operated relay be used for T/R switching in a HF linear amplifier?

I am building the T/R switching circuit for an HF linear amplifier covering 80m band to 20m band. The current circuit takes a potential-free contact from the exciter and use this contact to turn on/...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Using shortwave communication, how difficult is it to transmit messages from the UK to the US?

Is it possible to transmit a short message across the Atlantic ocean from the UK to the US via shortwave? From what I understand, long-distance shortwave communication has lower bandwidth than other ...
4
votes
2answers
331 views

What is the minimum equipment necessary to get on the air with FT8?

To the extent that FT8 is a way to bring people into the hobby or re-ignite passion among those who haven't been on the air in a while, what's the easiest way to get someone on the air with this new ...
0
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0answers
59 views

50 Ohm Active Termination

I'm looking for a circuit topology that has unity gain, a 50 Ohm resistive input impedance, a 50 Ohm resistive output impedance, and here is the kicker, at least 60 dBm OIP3 over a 2 - 30 MHz HF ...
5
votes
3answers
245 views

Why a capacitor is needed in Fuchs antenna?

I tried to understand the physics of Fuchs antenna and there is one thing that I don't quite understand. This is probably a very silly question, but I spent a lot of time looking for an answer (books, ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

RF Bridge Problem - K6BEZ Antenna Analyzer

(New, simplified edit of the original question) This question regards erroneous SWR measurements of K6BEZ antenna analyzer design from 2013 using Arduino and AD9850 DDS modules. There have been many ...
3
votes
2answers
448 views

Antenna gain vs. radiation efficiency in 4nec2

I'm trying to evaluate HF antennas for low angle performance to pick from a list of designs that will fit in my limited space. I'm using 4nec2 to simulate them and compare the patterns. When your ...
9
votes
1answer
143 views

Antenna modeling on non-uniform terrain

I'm interested in modeling the radiation pattern of wire antennas for hf before I invest the resources necessary to erect the antenna. I'm familiar with tools such as 4nec2, but from what I can tell ...
2
votes
3answers
104 views

Tweak antenna resonant frequency higher

This is a very simple question and I'm sure if I had a bit more background knowledge, I could figure it out myself. Let's say I have a 1/4 wave vertical antenna that is slightly too long, but it is ...
1
vote
2answers
269 views

Noise reduction

I live close to an AM transmitter broadcasting in the kW of power. My RTL SDR dongle gets very overloaded. Using 2 AM broadcast filters, I have mostly managed to stop the overloading, at least from ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

How do I evaluate and use a toroidial core for my HF double-balanced mixer?

Last year, I planned to make a double-balanced mixer covering the entire 3-30 MHz band as an upconverter for my RTL-SDR receiver, mainly for learning RF circuits and ham radio. Naturally, it requires ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Can the external VFO input in a Heathkit SB-(100, 101, 102) be used to operate on frequencies outside the radio's normal range?

I've got a Heathkit SB-102 that I'm working on making operational (problems with transmit, receiver works just fine). This model radio has a 9-pin Molex connector in the back, intended to connect an ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

ISOTRON 80m 75m Antenna Position

I know, a dipole is the way to go, but cannot fit one, only a 'birdhouse' antenna like the 75m 80m Isotron antenna. Is it better to put at 15 feet Above Ground Level outside, or 20 feet AGL ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

SO-239 (UHF) vs N connector power handling on 160m

I am curious how much CW power an N connector or SO-239 connector will handle on such a low frequency like 160m band. I know on VHF they will probably handle about 800W before getting too warm. I ...
6
votes
2answers
94 views

Why aren't “ghosts” and intersymbol interference due to unmatched impedance (high SWR) a concern for HF receivers?

In amateur radio, we care about impedance matching when we need to keep the load within the equipment's specification (for best performance, or just to avoid damaging a transmitter), when we want to ...
5
votes
5answers
530 views

Loop antenna layout and radiation?

I've got, for the near term, limited resources to put up an HF antenna at my home. One of the options I can manage without excessive cost is a loop, which would enclose the house. I need to transmit ...
2
votes
4answers
579 views

What has happened to HF?

Has the HF spectrum become noisier over the decades due to man-made interference? Is this a reason why HF band activity appears to be declining?
4
votes
3answers
197 views

What are these antennas used for?

I noticed this antenna park in Heidmoosstrasse, Switzerland. What is it used for?
28
votes
6answers
29k views

Can I reduce RFI/noise at the antenna?

Recently, the power was out in my neighborhood for an extended period of time. I fired up my HF rig using battery power and was amazed at the lack of noise across the HF bands. When the power grid ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What makes JT65 preferable for VHF, and JT9 for HF

Are the bands really that different in characteristics where JT65 works better for VHF, and JT9 for HF? The claim comes from the WSJT website: JT65 was designed for EME (“moonbounce”) on the VHF/...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

House wiring as an antenna on HF and 2 meters?

The apartment I live in is a 1970s type without access to the outdoors. It does have a balcony. A 2m transceiver is the only radio which will enable me to reach the ham world. Would be possible to ...
11
votes
2answers
322 views

What would propagation look like on Mars?

If we could get a few HF stations on Mars, what would the propagation look like? Thought shamelessly copied from this blog.
2
votes
2answers
780 views

What is this burst transmission sequence across the entire band?

Fairly regularly on the 40m band I hear a quick blip of a tone, and when I look at the waterfall I see these brief transmissions all across the band that look like little dots. What is causing that?
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Will electrically joined dipoles of different lengths, at right angles, behave as a multiband antenna?

I haven't seen this done, (which, after more than a century of amateur and professional radio development, is probably a bad sign), but I had an idea the other day for simplifying the setup and feed ...
15
votes
7answers
8k views

What is the cause of this unusually long period of terrible HF band conditions?

I've been a ham for over 40 years, but never has there been such a prolonged period of such poor propagation. This has been especially the case over the past six months or so, and they continue to ...
7
votes
4answers
432 views

Antenna options for a 10x20m property with a large metal roof?

I live in a house that sits in the middle of the city, in a lot 10x20m in size. The first 6x10m are covered by a metal roof with a rather low angle (IIRC only 50cm difference between the highest and ...
10
votes
3answers
596 views

Stealth HF station setup advice

I need some advice on setting up my first HF station in a somewhat restricted townhouse community. If I had a detached house with a backyard I’d probably already have everything setup. But with this ...
13
votes
8answers
2k views

Why are Wullenweber CDAAs obsolete?

Wullenweber circularly-disposed antenna arrays (CDAAs) are large HF direction-finding antennas, sometimes colloquially referred to as "elephant cages", that were popular in the Cold War. They allowed ...
5
votes
3answers
642 views

What is the proper way to electrically wire in a loading coil to a vertical antenna?

I am trying to put together a vertical pole style antenna with a loading coil housed at the base using a plan very similar to the one described in this ARRL article. I am trying to understand how to ...
3
votes
3answers
257 views

How to splice RG-174 coax?

I'm pretty good at repairing broken regular coax, but I recently had an RG-174 cut and it's too small for me to solder the center wire and keep the braid away from it. What's a good way to do this? ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Parasitic inductance of relay contacts

I need to switch a bank of filters operating on bands from about 2MHz to 30MHz. The parasitic series inductance of the relay contact system will have an effect on the performance of my system. ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

How to interpret VSWR results for an attic antenna

I have an Alpha Delta DX-EE antenna in my attic. The antenna is 40 ft long and my attic is about 5ft high by 55 ft long. There's a lot of other stuff up there--a chimney, Romex, Cat 6 cable, RG-6 ...
3
votes
4answers
9k views

When will propagation on HF improve?

Will the propagation on the High Frequency bands come back up soon?? I am referring to the 3 to 30 MHz range.
5
votes
3answers
131 views

How to measure wire for antenna leg | 40m inverted V

I am building the antenna for the first time and I have choosen to start with 40m inverted-v. I am almost done with the center insulator made of PVC piping elements, three eye hooks and SO 239 ...
4
votes
1answer
737 views

How can I generate a list of APRS IGates on 30m?

I am investigating using a Tiny Trak 4 with my portable HF radio to self-spot on SOTA activations via APRS on 30m. I usually self-spot via a text message. When I don't have any cell coverage, I can ...
3
votes
2answers
295 views

Not-too-distant saltwater ground

Problem I'm planning on mounting a vertical HF multiband antenna on the edge of my roof. Due to the presence of a paved walkway and some other similar property constraints, I have no room for ...
9
votes
5answers
26k views

Is there a simple, DIY, antenna suitable for HF receive only?

So the antenna I'm thinking about doing might be* way too large for my property. Is there another simple, cheap, DIY antenna I could try on my receiver? I know I'm going to want to hook it up and ...