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Questions tagged [grounding]

Use this tag for questions relating to RF and DC grounding in radio equipment. Specifically suggested methods, practices, equipment and regulations regarding grounding.

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74 views

Wiring questions: grounding, attic antennas, BNC connectors

I am upgrading from an HT to a Kenwood TM-V71A. Yay! But this means I need to install some antennas and run feed lines into my shack. I'm going to be installing antennas in my attic (the feed lines ...
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3answers
88 views

RF ground and balanced antennas

Suppose that a ham radio setup uses several antennas with a 50 ohm coaxial switch to operate some natively unbalanced antennas and some balanced ones through baluns at the feedpoint. An RF ground for ...
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1answer
155 views

Is a J-pole an appropriate antenna for mounting to a steel handrail?

Last year, a group of us placed a battery-powered 2m digipeater using a J-pole antenna on a mountaintop. We're planning on doing the same this year except we plan to use a surge arrestor from the feed ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Electrical Earth

I have moved to a new flat which is on the 4 floor, luckily the landlord has let me put an OCF dipole outside with coax feeding through an existing hole in the window frame. I'm looking for some ...
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2answers
98 views

Antenna installation for a base station

I have a detached garage that is approximately 15 feet high. The garage is approximately 20 feet from my home I will be using a Kenwood D-710GA radio, a Grandmaster SWR Meter and a 6 foot comet GP-3 ...
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3answers
116 views

How do I get my crystal radio to receive?

My 8 year old and I are trying to figure out how to get this crystal radio we made working. It's based off this youtube video. We get clicks when we put the crystal ear piece either side of the ...
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1answer
131 views

Grounding plan for new ham shack - good/bad idea?

I have been researching and trying to plan out how to run the grounding/cables for a new ham radio room that will be in a new cabin being built. Since I am starting with dirt, I should have ...
4
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2answers
190 views

Not-too-distant saltwater ground

Problem I'm planning on mounting a vertical HF multiband antenna on the edge of my roof. Due to the presence of a paved walkway and some other similar property constraints, I have no room for ...
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1answer
241 views

SDR - discone antenna setup

Here's a picture of my SDR receiver setup... This entire setup lives indoors as I'm not able to put anything up on the roof right now. My understanding of a discone antenna is that the downward ...
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2answers
173 views

Baofeng radio produces hum when plugged into charger

So I am working on a low cost ham radio beacon using my Baofeng UV-5R radio because it is easy to use and portable. I built a simple PTT interface for a Raspberry Pi and wrote some python to transmit ...
3
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1answer
447 views

Antenna, input and ground bonding

I'm new to this and am in need of guidance. I am mounting a multi-band antenna on a 50 foot tall 1 1/4" galvanized mast. I plan to drive a ground rod at the base of the antenna and bond the mast to ...
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3answers
421 views

Lightning protection by disconnect

Currently I am evaluating options for my antenna's in regards to lightning protection. My setup is a physical disconnect of all my antennas using an outside "patch panel". So every time I power up ...
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4answers
1k views

I am installing a ham radio and want to properly ground it

I am installing a ham radio and want to properly ground it. I will be including a lightning arrester that will also go the the ground. I will have a 20' mast with a long wire antenna running 130+ ...
2
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2answers
317 views

Grounding Help - Where To Route My Wires

Here is my situation. My antenna mast is on the opposite side of the house from my ham shack, same with the power service entrance. I have installed ground rods roughly every 16 feet with #6 wire ...
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2answers
463 views

MIC microphone ground vs common (PTT, chassis etc) ground

How do we reconcile the ground connection between audio eqp (TNCs, soundcards etc) and transceiver? Most of the audio eqp for digimodes has only one ground. I've seen that the common practice is to ...
0
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1answer
174 views

guard planes in differential antenna PCB designs

The designs I have seen all seem to have this surrounding stitched-to-the-ground copper pour surrounding them. Why put it on a differential antenna PCB like below ? And why are those thin lower left ...
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3answers
615 views

What do you connect antenna Radials to?

I am trying to communicate between two arduino microcontrollers using radio. For this purpose I am building a whip antenna with 4 ¼ wave radials. I've done a bit of reading and have got most of it, ...
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4answers
1k views

Grounding a dipole

How do you properly ground a dipole (RX only for VHF scanning) to protect it against ESD/lightning? In my set up i'm putting a dipole on my roof. I've connected the two dipole elements together with ...
6
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1answer
252 views

How can I counter DC-DC inverter noise / ground noise in an electric-vehicle mobile setup?

So, I'm relatively new to all this; and I've gotten an ICOM IC-7100 on sale, which looks like an excellent transceiver … unfortunately, this very specific line shows up in the manual: The ...
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1answer
553 views

Bonding of Coax shield to RF ground conductor for long ground runs?

My shack is on the second floor of my home, and I run a single operator, 2 radio contest setup. The two coax runs pass through the wall and drop down to an antenna switch approximately 15 feet from ...
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5answers
472 views

What would be the easiest and most cost effective ground system for a startup UHF/VHF station

I just passed both my Technician and General Class license this past weekend, and am now contemplating my first station. To get my feet wet I'm planning on getting a Yaesu FT-7900R Dual band Radio ...
2
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4answers
764 views

Is my ground plane good?

I have a Cobra HG A1500 on a 1998 Ford Ranger. Due to clearance issues I cannot mount it on my roof, so I put it in front of my windshield by the wipers. Will this give me good enough ground plane to ...
2
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1answer
524 views

Why does a counterpoise need to be grounded

I made a 1090Mhz antenna for ADS-B following the instructions from sprut.de. The antenna looks like below and I made it from the copper centre of some stripped coax: The instructions say: Now we ...
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2answers
107 views

Does a station that's only going to receive require grounding

So I'm looking at building a satellite receiving stations (amateur bands). I know that a station that is transmitting requires grounding of the RF components due to the high power of the transmitter, ...
2
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1answer
140 views

Should I ground a 2 array crossed yagi-uda antenna?

I am using 2 array crossed yagi-uda antenna operating at 437.025 MHz. Where and how should I ground it? Should I ground at mast of antenna or to its metallic boom?
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2answers
5k views

Should I ground my radio to the chassis or battery for a mobile install?

From what I've seen, there are generally two ways to power a mobile radio: Positive lead to battery, negative lead grounded to chassis Both positive and negative leads to battery I know that ...
2
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1answer
288 views

Low frequency noise on ground line. Why?

I'm currently experiencing what I think is induced coupling on my ground line. Can someone explain how this is possible? I live on the third floor of an apartment block and my only grounding option ...
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1answer
957 views

Counterpoise from artificial ground vs base of antenna

I have an MFJ-934 tuner/artificial ground for my MFJ-1699 multi-band vertical (stuck on a balcony, so limited HF antenna options), and I'm wondering if there's any downside to the counterpoise ...
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5answers
1k views

Grounding a second-story shack with an outdoor antenna

My shack is on a second story, really far away from the house ground. To run a ground from my equipment to the outside/ground is a run of at least 60-75 feet. The antenna is at least 100 feet away as ...
2
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1answer
865 views

What are the effects on an ATAS-120A screwdriver antenna with a limited ground plane?

I'm going to be installing an ATAS-120A screwdriver antenna at the corner of a metal roof building, without radials going out over 270 degrees of the plane it's on. Will this significantly change the ...
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2answers
3k views

Can I ignore the radial elements of a 2m/70cm antenna if it's on a metal roof?

I'm looking for a dual band base station antenna, and find that many of them have short radials around the base. Due to the specifics of my installation, I need to remove them. However, it is being ...
2
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1answer
402 views

Will these wires affect antenna performance negitavely?

We moved into a new house, and I noticed these wires sticking up for some sort of tent thing for shade. •I tested the wires to the 3rd prong in the outlet, and it showed a DC dead short to ground. •...
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4answers
1k views

Using Earth as an RF ground

I have built a simple ground plane antenna for 70cm with a connector, 4 radials, and one vertical element. The RF ground is connected to the radials, and the RF is connected to the vertical. It got ...
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2answers
248 views

Why is an RF ground not as critical as the other, and can they be used backwards?

I will give the magmount antenna as an example: The vertical element to the antenna is very critical, cut to a certain wavelength, often added with some loading coils, or a little spiral to make ...
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2answers
2k views

Does effective grounding of mobile (vehicle) antenna mounts address common-mode currents?

While researching how best to install my mobile amateur radio in my car, I didn't understand if there was optimum Antenna Feedline Length for mobile installations? Understanding that this is caused ...
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2answers
5k views

Grounding VHF base station antenna

I'd like to install an outdoor dual band VHF/UHF base station antenna, a simple pole antenna like the Comet GP-1. I live in an area where lightning is rare, but not unheard of. Should I drive ground ...
7
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1answer
54 views

Testing a possible grounding point?

Some multi-story buildings in my region require earthquake isolation on some of the piping. Thus my question. Is there a way to determine whether a nearby metal water pipe is actually Earth grounded,...
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1answer
5k views

How to detect common-mode currents or “RF in the shack”?

Let's say we already know that if your antenna is not suitably constructed or connected then you can get current on the shield of your coaxial feed line which will flow through the shielding/grounding ...
7
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2answers
552 views

What are some ways to ground a transmitter+antenna in an enclosed attic?

If I want to minimize "RF in the shack" and lightning hazard, what some good ways to ground a transmitter and indoor antenna in a top floor room or attic with no exterior access? (say a multi-story ...
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2answers
2k views

DIY lightning arrestor - gap size?

I have an antenna that's well above the treeline, and I've heard I can add some small amount of protection by placing two bolt heads a short distance from each other, one connected to the antenna, the ...
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1answer
98 views

What are the consequences of poor station grounding?

What can happen if I don't properly ground my equipment?
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4answers
2k views

Handheld Dipoles

A problem with handheld devices is poor grounding. I read from someone else's question that dipoles don't need a ground. Why don't they make little handhelds with two antennas instead of one, or a ...
6
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1answer
118 views

How to ground with little surface area?

Let's say I have a very small device, like an RC airplane, which transmits information as well as receiving commands for control. The body is made out of non-conductive foam, therefore not much ground ...
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2answers
2k views

What causes ground losses in a HF antenna system?

This applies to mobile and fixed installations. What are ground losses, and how can they be minimized? It seems to involve proximity to the ground, but what is the mechanism that causes loss? Does ...
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2answers
334 views

Understanding “ground” in ham radio

What is a good explanation of the different "ground" types that hams deal with? Specifically: grounding an antenna mast/tower (outside, lightning prevention) grounding transceiver/equipment (inside ...
7
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2answers
763 views

What is the proper way to ground your station's antenna?

I don't understand how you would go about giving an RF ground to your antenna. Would it not become an additional radial and affect the signal? What is the proper way to ground your station's antenna?...
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3answers
4k views

How do I prevent radio signals from tripping a GFCI?

My wife woke up several nights by a metallic "thunk". It happened to be while I was talking on 10 meters and turned out to be the ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) on her hair dryer cord. ...
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2answers
5k views

When is RF grounding necessary, and when is it not?

I've seen many installations, particularly at field day and also in second-floor installations, where RF grounding is ignored entirely. What are the drawbacks to this and when is it absolutely ...