Questions tagged [fm]

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16
votes
3answers
4k views

Why do we not use AM and FM at the same time to transmit more information?

Amplitude modulation uses the modulation of the amplitude of a carrier wave to transmit data while leaving the carrier frequency constant, and in the case of FM it's just the other way round. Why is ...
11
votes
3answers
437 views

Resort FM radio station

I stayed at a resort in the U.S. recently that is located in an unpopulated area with virtually no radio reception. To fill the gap, the resort has its own FM station that can be heard only within ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How does SDR demodulation differ between wideband and narrowband FM?

What is the difference between software demodulation of an IQ signal between wideband FM and narrowband FM? Both seem to look at the 2nd difference in unwrapped phase angles of IQ samples.
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Is FM modulation still more resistant to noise when given the same bandwidth as an AM signal?

FM modulated radio is much more resistant to noise and can deliver better sound quality than AM radio. But FM signals also use more bandwidth than AM signals. In general a wider bandwidth signal is ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it legal to transmit with HackRF one?

Is it legal to transmit using HackRF one (in Germany), the purpose is to do some Lab research and Academic experiments. for example i want to broadcast an FM signal using HackRF one and try to ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

How to tune an FM transmitter to a specific frequency?

I am planning to organise a simple fox hunt, a family event. This includes building a transmitter. I am currently considering the following schematics: https://maker.pro/education/diy-fm-transmitter ...
7
votes
1answer
380 views

Is FM appropriate for foxhunting?

I'm thinking about an inexpensive way to create a foxhunt kit for youth groups, and am wondering if the cheap dual band HTs could be used. However, it occurs to me that FM doesn't provide any good ...
5
votes
2answers
702 views

How does FM encode BOTH amplitude and frequencies of full audio signal spectrum?

How does frequency modulation encode both amplitude and frequency of the modulating audio signal only by varying frequency? How do both components get spread across and encoded in the side bands? I ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

Are there any commonly used digital modes that work with an FM transceiver?

Like many new hams, I have just one radio: an inexpensive 2m/70cm FM transceiver. It doesn't do SSB and it doesn't have a digital input. If I wire up a connection between the radio and my computer's ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

What does the term 3 kHz deviation relate to in the FM world?

I am confused when someone says "your audio levels are set right and has good deviation at 3 kHz" when talking about wide-band 25 kHz FM signals. First confusion: Why are audio levels measured in ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

Receiving commercial / public-safety on a general-coverage HAM transceiver

I have an ICOM-7100 that I've installed in my mobile as my primary (nay, only) HAM transceiver; and I'm trying to avoid wasting a ton of space in my vehicle (not to mention money) for a proper scanner,...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

FM spectral amplitudes during silence

General setting I'm playing around with an RTL-SDR and recently captured some FM spectrum in Hannover, Germany. I want to undersand what's going on, so I've read a lot about FM and its spectra, but I ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

What does multi-path sound like on FM?

I know I have probably experienced multi-path propagation on FM modes when I was working a repeater in the grand canyon and in the mountains. How can I identify when I am getting multi-path, and what ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

What are some equivalents of a BF199 transistor?

I'm planning to build an FM radio receiver using the instructions on http://www.instructables.com/id/Build-your-own-Crude-FM-Radio/ The schematic uses a BF199 transistor which is marked "obsolete" by ...
4
votes
1answer
674 views

FM squelch SDR algorithm?

What signal characteristics in an SDR receiver signal path should be evaluated or computed to determine whether the audio output should be squelched or not? What sort of computed result should be ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Yaesu FT-991A: FM and C4FM modes don't work on HF bands

I bought a second-hand Yaesu FT-991A. It works pretty well and by the look of it's internals I don't believe it was ever repaired. However I noticed one weird thing. When I try to use FM or C4FM on ...
4
votes
1answer
774 views

How to make an inductor?

I am a high school student and am making a project on FM receiver for class 11. I am following this circuit diagram: The L2 in this diagram is a 22µH RF Choke. The part listed in the website has the ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Single Side Band AM vs FM

I know the difference between AM and FM, but could anyone explain to me what is the differences between single side band AM and conventional FM? So far as I know the SSB modulation will reduce the ...
3
votes
2answers
514 views

Understanding WFM modulation

I am using "HDSDR" software to demodulate a WFM broadcast ("Classic FM" in the UK, on 100.1 MHz, 192 KHz bandwidth). I'm using an "SDRPlay RSP1" software defined radio and a cheap indoor discone ...
3
votes
3answers
667 views

Any SDR radios that receive FM BCB

Are there any software defined receivers capable of receiving Regular FM broadcast band stations and displaying a waterfall of the band from 88 MHz to 107 MHz or a significant portion of that range?
3
votes
2answers
365 views

Can two FM radios transmit two separate PL tones at the same time, and be received by two radios with matching PL tones?

Can two FM radios transmit two separate PL tones, and be received by two radios with matching PL tones? Or will the receivers hear a mix of the two, or nothing at all?
3
votes
2answers
506 views

Sound quality in portable FM radio devices vs dedicated stations

When speaking to a portable radio transmitter the sounds usually gets distorted. However in radio stations that are dedicated to play music the sound is significantly better. First of all, why? And ...
3
votes
2answers
343 views

What are the technical reasons that there are no frequency modulated transmissions on the long- and medium wave?

Why are there no frequency modulated broadcasts on the long/medium/short wave, but only on VHF? I'm sure there are many historical and political reasons (long/medium/short wave were already in use for ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

How do PL tones make it through so much noise?

So sometimes I hear people trying to get into a repeater with pure noise, and no audible audio on their transmission. With the repeaters that require a PL tone, how can the PL tones get through all ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

FM carrier wave frequency determination

I know the difference between AM and FM, but how does a receiver determine the carrier wave frequency, as the frequency edited during the modulating process?
3
votes
1answer
300 views

How to generate FSK with Matlab and radio

I want to generate an FSK signal with a radio. My first idea is to generate an audio in which the high level is a 1 and the low level is a 0: This audio is then modulated by the radio with FM. In ...
2
votes
2answers
317 views

Can a FM tuner (receiver) be detected and triangulated?

In movie "6 Below", based on a true history, a lost snowboarder at Mammoth Mountain (California) is located by search and recuse when they detect and triangulate a signal from his MP3 player that also ...
2
votes
3answers
383 views

What are the 3 or 5 peaks in an FM broadcast during silence?

Looking at the waterfall spectrum of any ordinary FM public broadcast station (88-108 MHz), during the silence, there are 3 or 5 visible peaks. What are they? It's possible this has a trivial ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How far does a watt equal in range in the FM band?

How many watts would be needed to cover a 10 mile radius with good sound for music on the 88-108 MHz FM broadcast band? I am an amateur and for fun only.
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Why does SDR# sound better than SDR console?

This is kind of odd. I just got my first SDR receiver and I noticed that one application (SDR#) sounds a lot better than another (SDR Console) when listening to stereo FM broadcasts through the same ...
2
votes
1answer
808 views

How can I make WBFM receiver without using WBFM Receive block?

I'm trying to make a WBFM receiver without using WBFM Receive block. So I've tried this way But it won't work. The problem is RuntimeError: flow graph has loops! and I need to use loop feedback ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are FM radio waves less susceptible to interference than AM?

When studying modulation of radio waves (or of most electromagnetic waves for that matter) I came across this question: Why are FM waves less susceptible to interference than AM waves? I know that ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

Bad squelch on a TYT MD-380: user error or hardware?

I have a new TYT MD-380; it works well for DMR channels, but on analog, the squelch doesn't seem to open when it should. I'm relatively new to ham and my first suspicion is user error, but it's ...
2
votes
1answer
526 views

What's the difference between the normal and S-meter squelch in IC-2730?

I recently obtained an IC-2730E and can't figure out the difference between its squelch options. Unfortunately, the user manual isn't very helpful. The squelch option had 3 types: off, attenuation and ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Can I convert a telescoping antenna radio to work with an FM Dipole?

I have an older FM Radio with a telescoping antenna. Is it possible to convert that to work with an FM dipole antenna to get better reception? Such as this one. Preferably without any soldering. (I'...
1
vote
3answers
98 views

Modulation basics

I have a new interest in RF modulation and read the O'Reilly book electronics cookbook. I understand that in FM you start out with a carrier wave and then it is modulated but I don't understand if ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What are the practical differences between the different voice modes (and why aren't there any SSB Handheld Transceivers (HT's))?

It's my understanding that FM is used for UHF, VHF, and SSB is generally reserved for other bands. From my understanding, FM better audio quality when reception is good SSB: more efficient (can ...
1
vote
2answers
661 views

Pre-emphasis measurement

I am researching a way to build a pre-emphasis circuit, so I looked up the specs for different pre-emphasis standards. An example is the standard for FM broadcast, in the USA it's 75 µs. I am ...
1
vote
2answers
574 views

What is the essential gear to have in a VHF/UHF FM base station? [closed]

I'm trying to assemble a VHF/UHF FM base-station at home. Assuming I have the following pieces of equipment: VHF/UHF FM transceiver power supply - 30 amps, no meters antenna that's resonant on 2m and ...
1
vote
1answer
862 views

What is the FM-N mode?

I'm reading the Icom IC-51E PLUS2 manual and it says it supports the following modes: AM FM FM-N DV What is FM-N? I'm new to amateur radio and never heard of it before. It's not listed on Wikipedia ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

How to generate FM narrowband using varactors

I don't really understand how FM narrow band is created, and at the same time I can't figure out how using this simple circuit of varactors (varicap diodes) we narrow the bandwidth. simulate this ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Reception for FM stations is offset, but AM stations aren't

I have a Realistic STA-78 AM/FM Stereo receiver I recently rescued from my grandmother's attic. It hadn't been played in a while, but it appears everything is in working order except the FM dial. It's ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Radio antenna for my FM receiver / Android FM

I want to make a radio antenna at home which will be able to receive all FM frequencies for my FM radio or Android FM. How do I make it? Frequency it can catch : 88 - 108 MHz Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
288 views

Can the IC-R6 scanner receive NFM

I am considering purchasing the Icom IC-R6. One of the determining factors, and my questions is, can it can receive FMN (I believe that is narrowband FM)?
1
vote
1answer
100 views

ICOM IC-910h How much bandwidth does it listen when receiving USB and FM?

CD-audio has a bandwidth of 22kHz. CW usually has a bandwidth between 3 to 5 kHz. But I am wondering what is the bandwidth my Icom IC-910H can listen to in both, the SSB and the FM mode? Also, what ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Is there an advantage with having a DC bias for a FM radio transmission?

I'm studying FM radio transmissions at the moment. I'm using an NTX2B transmitter to experiment naturally assumed I'd use 0V for False/No signal and 3V for True. However, a lot of articles that I ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

Would I be able to legally operate this FM transmitter without a license in Canada?

I've been looking into FM transmitters, and I've found one that I think I may use. The transmitter is based off of the KT0803L integrated circuit (http://radio-z.ucoz.lv/kt_0803/KT0803L_V1.3.pdf). The ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How do I build an portable FM transmitter?

I have been bugged with the idea of building a radio in a suitcase, but I have not many clues about where to start. My idea is to make a portable FM station so podcasts can be broadcasted in a small ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

power limit on wireless FM microphone transmitters [duplicate]

I am building a "toy" radio station as a teaching tool for high school students to work with. I intend to use a small (short-range) wireless FM microphone module as the transmitter. What is the legal ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Is it suitable to use DSSS in a narrow-band channel for a power-starved system

I want to build a system that can transmit data through 2-way radios as far as possible. I use the "line-in" as the input of the baseband signal in the transmitter and use the "audio out" as the ...