Questions tagged [fm]

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Recommended Books For AM/FM (especially AM) Radio Design

I am trying to gain a better grasp of how to build an AM radio receiver. Can you direct me to some books (or other information) that will help?
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1answer
43 views

What determines the bandwidth of an FM signal?

With an FM signal, it takes up more room in the radio spectrum presumedly because the carrier frequency is changed. On average what's the width of the FM sidebands? Does the deviation from the center ...
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2answers
1k views

How does FM station have fixed frequency when FM modulation changes the frequency?

I am not sure if this question fits better in physics.stackexchange or ham.stackexchange, feel free to correct me. I am new to studying RF and SDR in general, I was looking up how modulation works and ...
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33 views

LA1185 FM downconverter shows weird behavior

I've built FM CCIR/OIRT downconverter based on Sanyo LA1185 IC. I've used most famous schematics for it with slight modification (added DC blocking capacitor 1 nF rated on the output) Coils L1 and L2 ...
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1answer
79 views

Yaesu FT-991A: FM and C4FM modes don't work on HF bands

I bought a second-hand Yaesu FT-991A. It works pretty well and by the look of it's internals I don't believe it was ever repaired. However I noticed one weird thing. When I try to use FM or C4FM on ...
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29 views

power limit on wireless FM microphone transmitters [duplicate]

I am building a "toy" radio station as a teaching tool for high school students to work with. I intend to use a small (short-range) wireless FM microphone module as the transmitter. What is the legal ...
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1answer
51 views

What are the practical differences between the different voice modes (and why aren't there any SSB Handheld Transceivers (HT's))?

It's my understanding that FM is used for UHF, VHF, and SSB is generally reserved for other bands. From my understanding, FM better audio quality when reception is good SSB: more efficient (can ...
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1answer
86 views

Frequency modulation with gnuradio

I'm trying to understand way which Frequency Mod block works in gnuradio. According to my intuition there should be at least two inputs: signal to encode base frequency / carrier signal Instead ...
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1answer
80 views

Radio antenna for my FM receiver / Android FM

I want to make a radio antenna at home which will be able to receive all FM frequencies for my FM radio or Android FM. How do I make it? Frequency it can catch : 88 - 108 MHz Thanks.
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2answers
336 views

Bad squelch on a TYT MD-380: user error or hardware?

I have a new TYT MD-380; it works well for DMR channels, but on analog, the squelch doesn't seem to open when it should. I'm relatively new to ham and my first suspicion is user error, but it's ...
2
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1answer
155 views

Why does SDR# sound better than SDR console?

This is kind of odd. I just got my first SDR receiver and I noticed that one application (SDR#) sounds a lot better than another (SDR Console) when listening to stereo FM broadcasts through the same ...
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2answers
379 views

Can a FM tuner (receiver) be detected and triangulated?

In movie "6 Below", based on a true history, a lost snowboarder at Mammoth Mountain (California) is located by search and recuse when they detect and triangulate a signal from his MP3 player that also ...
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3answers
98 views

Modulation basics

I have a new interest in RF modulation and read the O'Reilly book electronics cookbook. I understand that in FM you start out with a carrier wave and then it is modulated but I don't understand if ...
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1answer
107 views

ICOM IC-910h How much bandwidth does it listen when receiving USB and FM?

CD-audio has a bandwidth of 22kHz. CW usually has a bandwidth between 3 to 5 kHz. But I am wondering what is the bandwidth my Icom IC-910H can listen to in both, the SSB and the FM mode? Also, what ...
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3answers
4k views

Why do we not use AM and FM at the same time to transmit more information?

Amplitude modulation uses the modulation of the amplitude of a carrier wave to transmit data while leaving the carrier frequency constant, and in the case of FM it's just the other way round. Why is ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it legal to transmit with HackRF one?

Is it legal to transmit using HackRF one (in Germany), the purpose is to do some Lab research and Academic experiments. for example i want to broadcast an FM signal using HackRF one and try to ...
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1answer
182 views

FM spectral amplitudes during silence

General setting I'm playing around with an RTL-SDR and recently captured some FM spectrum in Hannover, Germany. I want to undersand what's going on, so I've read a lot about FM and its spectra, but I ...
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1answer
102 views

Ultrasonic FM receiver

I need a FM receiver that is capable of receiving ultrasonic audio frequencies above the standard wide band FM range of 15 KHz. I'd like something that can receive signals up to 60 kHz if possible: I'...
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4answers
1k views

How to tune an FM transmitter to a specific frequency?

I am planning to organise a simple fox hunt, a family event. This includes building a transmitter. I am currently considering the following schematics: https://maker.pro/education/diy-fm-transmitter ...
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4answers
2k views

What are some equivalents of a BF199 transistor?

I'm planning to build an FM radio receiver using the instructions on http://www.instructables.com/id/Build-your-own-Crude-FM-Radio/ The schematic uses a BF199 transistor which is marked "obsolete" by ...
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1answer
117 views

Can a Harmonics from an Raspberry PI FM Transmitter Interfere with Emergency Bands?

One of my neighbors is an emergency personal and has a police radio at home so he knows when to respond. Anyways, the other day, I saw an article on MAKE on how to make a radio station with a ...
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1answer
830 views

How can I make WBFM receiver without using WBFM Receive block?

I'm trying to make a WBFM receiver without using WBFM Receive block. So I've tried this way But it won't work. The problem is RuntimeError: flow graph has loops! and I need to use loop feedback ...
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2answers
550 views

Understanding WFM modulation

I am using "HDSDR" software to demodulate a WFM broadcast ("Classic FM" in the UK, on 100.1 MHz, 192 KHz bandwidth). I'm using an "SDRPlay RSP1" software defined radio and a cheap indoor discone ...
3
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2answers
535 views

Sound quality in portable FM radio devices vs dedicated stations

When speaking to a portable radio transmitter the sounds usually gets distorted. However in radio stations that are dedicated to play music the sound is significantly better. First of all, why? And ...
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1answer
951 views

What is the FM-N mode?

I'm reading the Icom IC-51E PLUS2 manual and it says it supports the following modes: AM FM FM-N DV What is FM-N? I'm new to amateur radio and never heard of it before. It's not listed on Wikipedia ...
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3answers
473 views

Resort FM radio station

I stayed at a resort in the U.S. recently that is located in an unpopulated area with virtually no radio reception. To fill the gap, the resort has its own FM station that can be heard only within ...
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2answers
688 views

Pre-emphasis measurement

I am researching a way to build a pre-emphasis circuit, so I looked up the specs for different pre-emphasis standards. An example is the standard for FM broadcast, in the USA it's 75 µs. I am ...
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2answers
351 views

What are the technical reasons that there are no frequency modulated transmissions on the long- and medium wave?

Why are there no frequency modulated broadcasts on the long/medium/short wave, but only on VHF? I'm sure there are many historical and political reasons (long/medium/short wave were already in use for ...
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1answer
1k views

Is FM modulation still more resistant to noise when given the same bandwidth as an AM signal?

FM modulated radio is much more resistant to noise and can deliver better sound quality than AM radio. But FM signals also use more bandwidth than AM signals. In general a wider bandwidth signal is ...
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1answer
167 views

FM carrier wave frequency determination

I know the difference between AM and FM, but how does a receiver determine the carrier wave frequency, as the frequency edited during the modulating process?
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2answers
86 views

Is there an advantage with having a DC bias for a FM radio transmission?

I'm studying FM radio transmissions at the moment. I'm using an NTX2B transmitter to experiment naturally assumed I'd use 0V for False/No signal and 3V for True. However, a lot of articles that I ...
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1answer
195 views

How to generate FM narrowband using varactors

I don't really understand how FM narrow band is created, and at the same time I can't figure out how using this simple circuit of varactors (varicap diodes) we narrow the bandwidth. simulate this ...
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3answers
405 views

What are the 3 or 5 peaks in an FM broadcast during silence?

Looking at the waterfall spectrum of any ordinary FM public broadcast station (88-108 MHz), during the silence, there are 3 or 5 visible peaks. What are they? It's possible this has a trivial ...
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2answers
181 views

Amplified antenna & typical boombox radio

Can an amplified antenna be connected to a typical boombox radio with a telescoping antenna without damaging the radio?
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2answers
729 views

How does FM encode BOTH amplitude and frequencies of full audio signal spectrum?

How does frequency modulation encode both amplitude and frequency of the modulating audio signal only by varying frequency? How do both components get spread across and encoded in the side bands? I ...
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1answer
706 views

FM squelch SDR algorithm?

What signal characteristics in an SDR receiver signal path should be evaluated or computed to determine whether the audio output should be squelched or not? What sort of computed result should be ...
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2answers
2k views

How far does a watt equal in range in the FM band?

How many watts would be needed to cover a 10 mile radius with good sound for music on the 88-108 MHz FM broadcast band? I am an amateur and for fun only.
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1answer
260 views

Would I be able to legally operate this FM transmitter without a license in Canada?

I've been looking into FM transmitters, and I've found one that I think I may use. The transmitter is based off of the KT0803L integrated circuit (http://radio-z.ucoz.lv/kt_0803/KT0803L_V1.3.pdf). The ...
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2answers
5k views

Single Side Band AM vs FM

I know the difference between AM and FM, but could anyone explain to me what is the differences between single side band AM and conventional FM? So far as I know the SSB modulation will reduce the ...
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1answer
182 views

Receiving commercial / public-safety on a general-coverage HAM transceiver

I have an ICOM-7100 that I've installed in my mobile as my primary (nay, only) HAM transceiver; and I'm trying to avoid wasting a ton of space in my vehicle (not to mention money) for a proper scanner,...
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1answer
135 views

is fm transmitters legal in japan

I was wondering what the laws are in Japan concerning FM Transmitters. I recently purchased one of eBay (http://www.ebay.com/itm/401047827071) I don't have a license or anything so I would like to ...
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1answer
555 views

What's the difference between the normal and S-meter squelch in IC-2730?

I recently obtained an IC-2730E and can't figure out the difference between its squelch options. Unfortunately, the user manual isn't very helpful. The squelch option had 3 types: off, attenuation and ...
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1answer
1k views

Why are FM radio waves less susceptible to interference than AM?

When studying modulation of radio waves (or of most electromagnetic waves for that matter) I came across this question: Why are FM waves less susceptible to interference than AM waves? I know that ...
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5answers
4k views

Are there any commonly used digital modes that work with an FM transceiver?

Like many new hams, I have just one radio: an inexpensive 2m/70cm FM transceiver. It doesn't do SSB and it doesn't have a digital input. If I wire up a connection between the radio and my computer's ...
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3answers
679 views

Any SDR radios that receive FM BCB

Are there any software defined receivers capable of receiving Regular FM broadcast band stations and displaying a waterfall of the band from 88 MHz to 107 MHz or a significant portion of that range?
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65 views

Is it suitable to use DSSS in a narrow-band channel for a power-starved system

I want to build a system that can transmit data through 2-way radios as far as possible. I use the "line-in" as the input of the baseband signal in the transmitter and use the "audio out" as the ...
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1answer
156 views

Reception for FM stations is offset, but AM stations aren't

I have a Realistic STA-78 AM/FM Stereo receiver I recently rescued from my grandmother's attic. It hadn't been played in a while, but it appears everything is in working order except the FM dial. It's ...
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0answers
70 views

Receiving BFSK with 9.6 khz deviation on TS-2000 / ICOM(IC-910H) in FM mode

I have used Kenwood TS-2000 to receive BFSK signals with 3.3 khz deviation operating the TS-2000 in FM mode. Can we receive similar signals but whose BFSK deviation is 9.6 Khz using either the TS-2000 ...
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1answer
301 views

How to generate FSK with Matlab and radio

I want to generate an FSK signal with a radio. My first idea is to generate an audio in which the high level is a 1 and the low level is a 0: This audio is then modulated by the radio with FM. In ...
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2answers
3k views

What does the term 3 kHz deviation relate to in the FM world?

I am confused when someone says "your audio levels are set right and has good deviation at 3 kHz" when talking about wide-band 25 kHz FM signals. First confusion: Why are audio levels measured in ...