Questions tagged [equipment-design]

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2
votes
1answer
210 views

Basic Signal Detector using MOSFETs

I am trying to design and build a basic signal detector using MOSFETs because they are more compact than resistors, capacitors, and inductors. I was wondering if anyone here has any suggestions on how ...
3
votes
1answer
969 views

Mic ground vs ground

Why do most radios have a microphone ground as well as a Ground? I have found that simply using one ground and tying the microphone as well as the PTT (and audio out, 5v out or whatever else is in ...
5
votes
1answer
618 views

Receive Data on Specific Frequency

So if I were to build a simple AM radio transmitter just using say, my Arduino, an oscillator, and wire for an antenna (this is all crude I know, but work with me here) and use it to transmit data ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

How to design a rubber ducky antenna

I am attempting to design an antenna for a 162.4 MHz omni receive only application and am confident it is going to be difficult if not impossible. I have very tight specs on space(6" diameter by 3" ...
4
votes
2answers
406 views

What is the difference between Yaesu noise blanker (analog IF) and Icom noise blanker (perhaps digital)

What is the difference between the Yaesu (say FT DX 5000) and Icom (say IC 7700) noise blankers? I understood that the Yaesu NB is an analogue one while Icom uses a digital solution.
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is dynamic range relevant for an SDR?

Sometimes I see dynamic range mentioned as a figure of merit for an SDR. For example, I know that the bits per sample used by the analog to digital converter can affect the dynamic range. Why do I ...
6
votes
2answers
617 views

Choosing capacitor for high-pass filter with cutoff of about 160 MHz

A strong (100 kW) local FM transmitter causes interference to or overloading of receivers in the VHF/UHF bands. It seems like a single, properly chosen, capacitor could make an effective passive high-...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

How is impedance matching related to balance and common-mode currents?

Does a good impedance match imply good balance and lack of common-mode currents? Does a poor impedance match imply poor balance and excessive common-mode currenst?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

2m Homebrew Receiver - Chip for frequency [closed]

I am a new HAM trying to design a small, cheap 2m receiver. I've been looking up different circuits and homebrew tutorials, but the closest I seem to find to what I'm looking for seems to always use ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Would a switched RF attenuator be (a)symmetric?

I picked up this 0-80 dB switched RF attenuator at a flea market, with no part number or other useful markings other than the knob settings. I've tested it and confirmed that it works, but there's one ...
6
votes
1answer
844 views

Resonant RF Transformer Substitution

I'm looking at a RF transformer filter design that appears to be using the primary-side transformer inductance as part of a second-order band-pass filter (first schematic). This isn't the only filter ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Using standard headphones with the Yaesu FT-60?

I just got a Yaesu FT-60R handheld, along with the MH-37A4B earpiece. After having it around for a couple days, I think I'd like to be able to connect standard headphones to it, so as to be able to ...
6
votes
2answers
278 views

Does the waveform of the VFO necessarily have to be sinusoidal?

Looking around for a VFO online, I see most kits/manufacturers make it a point to mention the waveform. Sinusoidal is a fundamental shape, whereas others (sawtooth, square) are a composite. I recall ...
5
votes
2answers
115 views

LOS One-way radio system, 4km with at least 1000bytes/s

In order to track skydivers/BASE-jumpers with flysight I am looking for a one-way radio system to transmit the location data. System needs the following specifications: ...
4
votes
4answers
381 views

Should the capacitance or inductance be varied to achieve resonance?

A resonant circuit is typically composed of some resistance and reactance, the latter being provided by inductors and capacitors. The resonant frequency being calculated as the inverse square of their ...
3
votes
1answer
552 views

How can I use the 455kHz IF signal?

As I own a PL-660, I saw a post that 455kHz IF signal can be obtained by connecting a wire to the board. I wonder, if I can tune to any signal by using this IF signal by SDR? And what are some common ...
3
votes
1answer
695 views

Kenwood TM-241A direct discriminator out

I am going to do a simple SIMPLEX all-star node, using the URIx USB radio interface, which I just got. I have a Kenwood TM-241A transceiver. I was told the speaker out jack is not sufficient: The ...
3
votes
1answer
984 views

Using wirewound resistors in a dummy load

I have a bunch of high-wattage 50 ohm resistors lying around, but they are wirewound. If I use them as a dummy load for transmitters 144 MHz and down, how bad would that be? Since they probably will ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How would this RF field strength meter be calibrated?

I'm interested in an RF field strength meter that doesn't have to be lab quality, but still gives enough information about the RF field to know if an area exposed to RF is above the safety limits ...
11
votes
4answers
7k views

What is dBm and why is it used rather than watts?

Reading through an RF power amplifier datasheet, I found the sheet only referenced dBm output power, rather than watts. What is dBm? How do I convert it to watts? Why, or when, would you use dBm to ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Why do today's transceivers use LC filters rather than crystal filters?

Going through a number of schematics for today's receivers (Elecraft KX3, for example) I note that most use LC circuits for filtering. The wikipedia article for Crystal Filters suggests, however, ...
20
votes
2answers
10k views

How to detect common-mode currents or “RF in the shack”?

Let's say we already know that if your antenna is not suitably constructed or connected then you can get current on the shield of your coaxial feed line which will flow through the shielding/grounding ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

RF Transceiver for walkie talkie use

I'm close to my EE. BSc finale and I'm looking to play around a little bit with the stuff I've learned. To be honest, I'm a little bit upset that after 4 years of learning communications theory, I'm ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

What advantages does dual-conversion have over single-conversion superheterodyne?

I've seen a variety of radio block diagrams, and some have two mixers inline with the signal. If the signal is already in a frequency range suitable to work with, what does the second conversion/...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Dummy load construction and heat dissipation

I'm building my own dummy load, consisting of resistors submerged in liquid paraffin (or something similar, not 100% decided). I had some questions around heat dissipation and how I can calculate ...
14
votes
4answers
6k views

What does the addition of a shield to a small loop accomplish?

A small shielded loop is an antenna with a loop of wire, smaller than 1/10th of a wavelength in diameter, also surrounded by a shield. Often, they are constructed from coax. There is a gap in the ...
12
votes
1answer
6k views

How is the IF for a superhet selected?

There seem to be almost as many choices for the intermediate frequency (IF) as there are superheterodyne receivers and transceivers out there. The ones I have come across are 455 kHz, 452 kHz, 1.6 MHz ...

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