Questions tagged [equipment-design]

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4
votes
1answer
100 views

Choosing a Relay for HF Applications

As part of my 20m transceiver build I'm looking for a relay to by-pass an RF amplifier in the front-end board. So, to be clear, that's after the 20m broad bandpass filter and before the RF mixer (it'...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

CW speaker and volume control

I'm building a kit for the LNR precision mountaintopper 3 band qrp radio. I'm having problems wiring a panel mounted volume knob and speaker to hear the cw output. I'm new to home brew electronics ...
9
votes
5answers
771 views

What limits a PIN diode or varicap from being used in a “Software Defined [Radio] Filter”?

A PIN diode varies its capacitance based on a DC bias, and a Varicap exhibits this effect even more clearly. What limits the use of "solid state variable capacitors" like these for ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Circuit for RF Splitter [closed]

Does anyone know of any resources which describe how to design a circuit with one RF input and multiple (at least 6) RF outputs, whereby the signal strength of each output matches (does not exceed and ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Need way to indicate when rotary inductor reached its limit switches on a remote homebrew motorized hf tuner

I have a homebrew motorized hf tuner which is controlled by coupling dc from the shack through two BiasTs - one topside, the other in the shack. As I reverse polarity to adjust tuner, will two LEDs, ...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

SSB Transceiver Architecture - USB with Crystal Filter

I'm planning to build a 20m SSB transceiver and I want to get the overall architecture straight in my head first. Here's what I'm thinking so far, a single conversion superhet design with a 9MHz IF ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Crystal Oscillator Output Impedance and Output Voltage

I am working on a project designing a 40 MHz radio transmitter, but I need some clarifications. I need to know how to calculate its output impedance. I know how to calculate common collector's output ...
1
vote
2answers
215 views

Benefits of AGC?

I note that many popular kit and QRP radios do not include any AGC capability. Thus it must be possible to operate successfully without AGC. Are there difficulties involved in manual gain control? ...
0
votes
3answers
70 views

How can the waterfall still be displayed during transmission

I noticed that on some higher-end transceivers, the panadapter/waterwall is still being displayed during transmission. How is this possible? If the panadapter is part of the receiver, it should be ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Simple minimum component RF Amplifier Design

Looking for advice/assistance in Retrofitting sans Cabinet Antique 2 and 3 Dialer 1920's TRF tube radios to operate with low safe Plate voltages.Both Hollow State and Solid State. The plan is to ...
1
vote
3answers
326 views

What replaces the T/R switch in modern transceiver

I have been watching and reading about the time when receiver/transmitter were separated and T/R switches were used. Current transceivers are still sharing a single antenna to transmit and receive. ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Building a low-power simple RF frequency (433MHz or 900MHz (but not both)) detector effective at 5m with a 10mW signal

I am looking for a simple schematic for building an effective RF detector which can trigger a GPIO. The goal is to (passively?) detect a 10 mW RF signal (10% duty cycle) and have that raise voltage on ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

RF PCB Design Difference Between Controlled Impedance Track and Impedance Matching Circuit

Im new on RF circuit designing. Im designing an circuit with GSM and GPS capabilities. I know when using high frequency signals the RF traces must be impedance matched. Now what I understand is, I can ...
8
votes
6answers
6k views

Can you use a satellite dish for a ham radio antenna?

Can I use a satellite dish as a ham radio antenna? I was thinking that because there are two unused, working satellite dishes that have all appropriate wires attached conveniently to the roof of my ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

Why does capacitive loose coupling increase selectivity?

There are mutliple ways to couple antennas. It is said that an antenna is capacitive loose coupled if a small capacitor is used between the antenna and the parallel resonant circuit (like C2 in the ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

LA1185 FM downconverter shows weird behavior

I've built FM CCIR/OIRT downconverter based on Sanyo LA1185 IC. I've used most famous schematics for it with slight modification (added DC blocking capacitor 1 nF rated on the output) Coils L1 and L2 ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Imaging with radio Frequency

Is it possible to image bones and tissues with radio waves (2.7GHz-5GHz) with a tiny radio frequency source and on one side and a receiver on other side which can image the data through a PC mediated ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

PSR500/Pro106/WS1040 Phase II Upgrade?

I want to know if one can upgrade the hardware chips/ the CPU/DSP inside police scanners to do Phase II. I know they cannot do Phase II due to hardware/software limits but if whistler can upgrade ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Looking for a book that contained a circuit for receiving (literally) underground amateur radio transmissions

In this comment in Earth Science SE I've said: This is a really cool question! I remember (a long time ago) reading about electromagnetic waves inside conductive soil that travelled near but below ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

Demodulation based on external frequency source

I saw a design for a walkie talkie that used a mixer that mixed the TX freq to the RX path before demod. Looking at the SA616 chip, demod is acomplished by Gilbert cell quadrature detector that is ...
-1
votes
2answers
174 views

At what watt level is it safe to use metal strips for modulated signals?

In my working design, I have a transceiver TX on low power; Then boost it in a preamp phase in the back. The way I'm sending the signals (RX and TX) through the radio is by a network of 1/8 to 1/4 ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

voltage rating for RF filter components

I want to design a PCB for a diplexer for Satellite operations. I want to use SMD capacitors and possible inductors to get some experience with soldering SMD components. What should the voltage rating ...
5
votes
3answers
267 views

ARRL handbook as a reference for all your radio learning needs?

Looking to take up learning understanding everything from basic electronics to how today's wideband radios work, so that I can build my own radio systems (not just ham radios), and talk radio concepts ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Can the transmit and receive functions of a boat anchor transceiver share the tank circuit?

I'm starting design work on a two-tube (two-valve, for those who prefer that term) reflex-regen receiver that I hope will cover AM broadcast through 160m-10m -- both amateur bands and those "in ...
7
votes
1answer
607 views

Double power-handling ability of RF amplifier output transformer

I want to base the output network for a 500W push-pull HF amplifier on "A 250W Broadband Linear Amplifier" described in Chapter 17 of the 2014 ARRL Handbook. I need advice on whether and/or how the 1:...
1
vote
2answers
166 views

What are Smart Antennas?

What are smart antennas? How are they used in amateur radio, and how might they better than conventional antennas?
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Are QRP transceivers only meant for CW communication?

I was just thinking about making a QRP transceiver, but are they only used for CW (Morse code) communication? If it is so, can I modify a QRP for two way audio communication?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to convert a crystal controlled tranceiver to VFO (aka Unbinding from the Rock)?

If you look at the circuit diagram for a Colpitts crystal oscillator, it's pretty simple -- a crystal, load resistor, and capacitive voltage divider, with the positive supply feeding the control ...
14
votes
6answers
4k views

Why are vacuum tubes still used in amateur radios?

I wonder, even in this modern generation why the outdated vacuum tubes are used. In other electronic circuits they have been replaced by more efficient (and small) transistors years ago. Why they are ...
1
vote
1answer
450 views

Raspberry Pi rpitx for SSB with filter?

Using rpitx, we can transmit SSB using a single GPIO port from the Raspberry Pi. This of course uses square waves so creates a lot of harmonics. If I were to use a ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

What is a simple kind of amateur radio transceiver I could try to build, as a beginner?

I am new to amateur radio, and I'm trying to learn the basics of the hobby. I would like to build a simple radio transceiver from scratch (i.e. not from a kit). I have searched the Internet for ...
2
votes
2answers
507 views

How does keying a CW transmitter work?

In my handbook it talks about keying the transmitter to produce the dots and dashes. Does this mean that the operator is turning the transmitter on and off, or does this mean that the key is turning ...
4
votes
1answer
275 views

Will I get cleaner keying by keying the oscillator, or interrupting the amplifier B+?

One of my goals as a new ham is to homebrew my own transmitter (using vacuum tubes, aka valves). Initially I'll stick with CW for the transmitter, though over time I might build an AM modulator or ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Substitute for 455 kHz Ceramic filters in new designs

I am looking to design a dual conversion FM receiver/power meter for t-hunting similar to the MK4 sniffer using 10.5 MHz and 455 kHz IF. In my research it appears that manufactures have stopped ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Toroid Coupling Issue in Common-base Amplifier

I'm working on an old school VFO for the 15 meter band based on a JFET Hartley oscillator. The plan is to follow the oscillator section with a JFET buffer, then a CB amplifier (for increased reverse ...
6
votes
1answer
275 views

Pentode vs. Triode in Tuned RF Reflex Receiver

I'm planning on building a multi-band vacuum tube receiver. I've got a circuit diagram in hand for a two triode twin reflex with optional regeneration (P.E. Edelman, Reflex Radio Receivers, 1924, Fig....
3
votes
1answer
301 views

Multi-band Crystal Receiver?

I'm just getting into radio (inspired by YouTube videos), and like many, I plan to start by building a crystal set (or multiples) before moving up to vacuum tubes (which I prefer over transistors). ...
1
vote
3answers
378 views

What kind of ham radio license should I get?

I have an interest in studying and researching how radio technology can be used in other fields of electronics. What kind of license should I look into so I can carry out some experiments or research? ...
2
votes
1answer
997 views

Receiver using a NE602 oscillator-mixer not working

I built a CW receiver using NE602 for the 20m band. Unfortunately, I do not receive any CW or SSB signals, only some noise and sometimes broadcast stations. The schematic here shows the circuit that ...
5
votes
1answer
394 views

How different is Q-factor of SMD inductor from regular one?

I am trying to figure out if it is possible to replace inductors like this wound by 0.1mm (diameter) copper wire with multilayer 0805 SMD inductors. Those are supposed to be used inside band-pass ...
9
votes
1answer
320 views

How Could Superheterodyne Receiver Ever Work?

I am surprised how the Superheterodyne Receiver still works and is still in use after coming to realise the impact of Image Frequencies on its performance. Basically, I'm curious how engineers make ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

HF SWL antenna wire? Will plain 16-Gauge copper wire work well enough?

Planning to set up a HF antenna for RX-only. However, I can't decide what kind of wire to use. I want to buy something new. My first thought is to buy a spool of 16 Gauge copper wire, but am hoping ...
1
vote
3answers
458 views

Weird Harmonic Issue on Raspberry PI FM Transmitter

So I talked to my neighbor about my Raspberry PI, harmonics and his emergency radio. He told me to fire it up, as we saw the FCC sticker on it, meaning it is in compliance with Part 15. I started my ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How can the design of an RF filter also encompass impedance matching?

I'm installing an antenna which will require a matching network. (A fixed network: the load will not change.) I'm also building some low-pass filters to reduce transmitted harmonics. It would be a ...
5
votes
2answers
247 views

How can Ground Penetrating Radar work?

I was reading about GPR devices recently. Considering the operation frequency of these devices, how they can go that deep (up to 50 feet)? Normally you would only expect a Hz to KHz range signal to ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Bluetooth headset for transceiver?

Is there a way to use a Bluetooth headset with my transceiver to eliminate all the wires, like a Bluetooth adapter? It seems like all the Bluetooth applications require a smartphone in the loop ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Choosing a wideband antenna design

On a previous question I asked about proper antenna design for wideband SDR receiver and ways to improve signal/noise ratio. Ideally the reciever has a range of 100kHz-2GHz. Keeping in mind is ...
1
vote
1answer
328 views

Old Yaesu FT-470 HT audio feedback with external speaker mic

I have a generic external speaker mic with the two-pin connection (1x 3.5mm, 1x 2.5mm mono jack), which doesn't work with my FT-470 (no real surprise, figured I'd just mod it.) I've started the mod, ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

How to compute/simulate signal propagation latency?

I need to transmit small amounts of data (~5kb/s) in the fastest way possible over the distance around 2500 km. What is the the best way to carry out such transmission? How could I estimate or ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Influence of bending and asymetric ground wire on monopole antenna

I'm currently building a rc radio system using the 433mhz RFM69W transceiver, so far everything works fine, but i am not sure about the way i laid out my antenna and how the layout cripples the ...