Questions tagged [electronics]

Questions which involve the properties or applications of individual electronic components.

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48 views

What's the maximum possible "DC input to radiated RF" energy efficiency of a radio transmitter system?

It's simply a bromide amongst hams that you need to match the output impedance of a transmitter to the input impedance of an antenna, but I never thought through the implications of this until I came ...
2 votes
1 answer
102 views

How much does a RF amplifier use of its input power?

I've been casually aware that signal gain can be added in "stages" but never really considered how that might actually work in practice. And it seems that some RF amplifiers really prefer to ...
8 votes
1 answer
77 views

What will the *amplitudes* of mixer products be?

The key fact about mixers, which iirc is even part of the FCC amateur radio exam(s) in the USA, is that they output "the sum and difference" of the input frequencies. And iiuc in practice it'...
0 votes
0 answers
23 views

Ferrites losses calculation

I am new on RF design. I would like to know more about ferrites. I am looking for information about how to calculate ferrite losses and saturation points for a given application. I also would like to ...
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1 vote
0 answers
51 views

How do I test if three turns are better than 4 turns?

I built a class ab amplifier kit to use with my qrp radio. 2 watts in creates 50+ out. This was the pa 70 amplifier kit. It is a kit with no instructions, but a whole suite of internet videos and ...
1 vote
1 answer
101 views

What is a diode for in a JFET-based audio mute circuit?

I've build the following audio mute circuit: It works fine. However in many circuits I've seen people add an extra diode on the gate of Q1: For instance, see "QRP Classics" page 120 / page ...
2 votes
1 answer
51 views

How can a low-impedance load can damage a FET final amplifier?

I believe I understand how an excessively high impedance can damage a final output power MOSFET (voltage rises until avalanche breakdown). But how does an excessively low impedance do that? If the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
63 views

Does a filter or inductor's power rating matter in its passband, or only in the attenuated frequency range?

I would like to build a high-pass filter that would block reception of signals from the United States' FM broadcast range (88–108 MHz) while still allowing me to transmit VHF ham signals (around 146 ...
-1 votes
1 answer
88 views

Jennings variable vacuum capacitor

I have a Jennings CVDD 500 vacuum capacitor which is not working. Think it's a mechanical problem because I have another one and it works. The symptom is that it is always electrically shorted.
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6 votes
1 answer
276 views

Non-inductive resistors

When we use a "non-inductive resistor" to check the output impedance of say an unun, say 50ohm 1:1, what resistor type is actually non-inductive, or does it not really matter as long as the ...
  • 657
3 votes
1 answer
73 views

What is a marker unit?

Sorry to ask what may be a basic question. I have a used Icom 745. It has a "marker unit" option installed. The manuals says how to adjust it and use it, however it does not say what it ...
8 votes
2 answers
380 views

How to reduce VFO sensitivity to the hand capacitance?

I got a little tired of Si5351 and decided to build an analog CW transceiver. It's almost done and works pretty well. However, I discovered one problem. When I reach the VFO control with my hand the ...
1 vote
0 answers
37 views

Is it beneficial to boost the transmit power from a transmitter past 2W around 2.4GHz?

I have a ready-made transmitter that outputs 2W of RF power at 2.4GHz carrier frequency (I'm trying to transmit TV using DVB-S2) into the antenna, and I was wondering if it made sense to add a power ...
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2 votes
0 answers
73 views

IF derived AGC: how to choose the best block diagram?

I've built several transceivers in the past. I never implemented IF derived AGC, so I decided to give it a try in the next project. I choose to build a superheterodyne receiver, which will probably ...
-1 votes
1 answer
74 views

Acoustic Communication issues [closed]

[![I've attached schematic, I am connecting transducer directly to that header pins on receiver side. On transmitter side I am connecting op-Amp to boost voltage to +10v -10v.][1]][1]I am working on ...
2 votes
0 answers
90 views

Diagnosing IC-7100 Drive Amp Bias | PA Won't TX

A faulty in vehicle DCDC charger has fed 16V or so into my brand new IC7100, killing the main board and preventing it from transmitting. I've replaced the mainboard with a brand new one however I'm ...
5 votes
2 answers
377 views

Choosing a Relay for HF Applications

As part of my 20m transceiver build I'm looking for a relay to by-pass an RF amplifier in the front-end board. So, to be clear, that's after the 20m broad bandpass filter and before the RF mixer (it'...
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3 votes
3 answers
185 views

What causes an AF amplifier to make popping sounds in a superheterodyne receiver?

Recently I've made a simple single IF superheterodyne SSB receiver for 40 meter band. The schematic is available here [PDF]. VFO and BFO are based on Si5351, the AF amplifier is LM386. It works OK but ...
4 votes
1 answer
702 views

Looking for origins of a crystal filter schematic used in uBITX

Here is a crystal filter used in uBITX transceiver: I've never seen such a topology in any other transceiver and decided to invest some time in exploring it. Turned out it's quite interesting. Eight ...
3 votes
1 answer
123 views

Is this "floating" output single-ended or differential and against GND or VCC?

I'm looking at a simple FM transmitter output (see picture). It is from the collector of a transistor and it goes through a DC blocking capacitor before the antenna would be connected. The entire ...
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5 votes
0 answers
486 views

What is an expected IF level of SA612?

I tried to use SA612 as a frequency mixer. Since it's a Gilbert cell, it has a high input impedance. Thus I added a pair of transformers as "Experimental Methods in RF Design" book suggests: ...
4 votes
3 answers
225 views

Design of oscillator

I'm looking for a good tutorial about oscillator design (electronically) for transmitter. The problems with current tutorials are almost all provide only schematics, some explain how it works. But ...
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6 votes
0 answers
232 views

How to estimate input and output impedance of an amplifier?

I'm trying to figure out how to design power amplifiers which input and output are properly matched to 50 Ohm. My thinking was that the most bullet proofed approach would be to model an amplifier in ...
4 votes
2 answers
700 views

How to measure quartz crystal motional parameters using a VNA?

I want to measure quartz crystal motional parameters with a VNA. Unfortunately all Google searches I've done have lead me to nothing in concrete. I know how to get an impedance curve and measure the ...
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1 vote
4 answers
236 views

Can't identify old Chinese(?) and American radio/telephone

I have searched image banks and Googled period radios, but I can not identify these old units. I picked them up overseas in SE Asia and I got them as projects to teach myself enough to challenge the ...
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3 votes
5 answers
3k views

Significance of 1/4 wavelength with respect to antennas

I am a new to the radio design field. My question is, 'What is so significant about 1/4 wavelength with respect to antennas.' From the information I have gathered from various sources, it is my ...
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4 votes
1 answer
211 views

Identification of valve

My favorite receiver used for 40 m AM broadcasts has a cracked valve, but the valve type normally printed on the glass has rubbed away. Can anyone tell me what the numbers for this valve are ? The ...
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1 vote
1 answer
150 views

Where am i supposed to ground the audio path?

Where does the ground of the audio path go in this schematic?
2 votes
0 answers
50 views

Clocking A and N in a Dual-modulus PLL Prescaler

In an effort to "up my game" attempting to build a VFO for my DIY transceiver, I've been looking at PLL theory and circuits. Many of my research references are quite old and I understand that many of ...
  • 967
3 votes
1 answer
157 views

How can i adjust the IF strip in a single conversion SSB receiver which has a product detector?

I have an analog 27 MHz transceiver which i am planning to convert to 10 m. The radio is an AM / SSB unit with a single conversion superhet receiver with an IF of 7.8 MHz using a crystal filter. This ...
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3 votes
1 answer
233 views

Unknown kit from DK0TV

When my father - who became a ham years after I did - passed away, I found an unstarted project (board + components), which I only re-discovered again years later. The board is marked DK0TV-001, and ...
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4 votes
1 answer
164 views

What is unique about a Low Noise Amplifier (LNA)?

What is so special about a low noise amplifier? If I were to design an amplifier, I would always design an amplifier with low noise anyway. Why is it emphasised as being “Low Noise”? What are the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
273 views

What does "HF-QUARTZ 4.19 MHz" on a ~1980s wall clock mean?

I have a wall clock from the 1980s or early 1990s. Probably 1980s. It has a black box behind/"inside" it which powers the whole thing. It's made by Quartz. On the black box, it says "HF-QUARTZ 4.19 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
124 views

voltage rating for RF filter components

I want to design a PCB for a diplexer for Satellite operations. I want to use SMD capacitors and possible inductors to get some experience with soldering SMD components. What should the voltage rating ...
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0 votes
1 answer
68 views

Had +5VDC and GND swapped, feeding a GPS receiver. Source is +5VDC output @ DB9 port on Yaesu FT-2600M, now showing 0V. Did I fry something?

Basically, I connected +5VDC to the ground of a GPS receiver, and now have no power from the power source. Is it possible to mess something up by doing this? I feel like this is more of a basic ...
0 votes
1 answer
79 views

Can i use an anaolgue IC switch to change a 10 m yagi's directivity by somehow combining received signals with different variable phase?

Can i use an analogue IC switch being triggered at the same frequency I am receiving on to change a 10 m yagi's directivity by somehow combining received signals with different variable phase either ...
  • 3,550
5 votes
3 answers
313 views

ARRL handbook as a reference for all your radio learning needs?

Looking to take up learning understanding everything from basic electronics to how today's wideband radios work, so that I can build my own radio systems (not just ham radios), and talk radio concepts ...
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1 vote
2 answers
119 views

How is frequency selection (tuning) accomplished in a direct conversion receiver?

How is frequency selection (tuning) accomplished in a direct conversion receiver ? A crystal filter can't be used is that correct ? Because there is no IF to mix with the incoming frequency band ...
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4 votes
2 answers
392 views

What are the advantages for a receiver that uses an IF compared to direct conversion?

What are the advantages for a receiver that uses an IF compared to direct conversion ?
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1 vote
2 answers
152 views

If I parallel two crystal filters together, will that double the bandwidth? [closed]

Will the bandwidth be doubled ? And will the impedance be halved ?
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4 votes
2 answers
344 views

Dipole increased CM current using choke balun

My 20 meter inverted vee dipole is fed with 56 feet of 50-ohm coax. The SWR measures 1.2 at the center of the band. According to http://arrl.org/grounding a balanced antenna doesn't need a ground, so ...
2 votes
3 answers
714 views

How does the Maximum Power Transfer Theorem relate to RF power amplifiers?

The Maximum Power Transfer Theorem says that maximum power transfer occurs when the source impedance equals the load impedance, when the power transferred to the load is 50%, the other 50% being ...
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4 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why does an RF Amplifier fail when the SWR is high?

Exactly why does an RF output transistor fail if the SWR is bad ? Is it A because the impedance mismatch between the transmission line and the antenna results in maximum power not being transferred ...
  • 3,550
2 votes
4 answers
5k views

Voltage vs. Current Balun for Dipole

I'm a new radio amateur setting up a half-wave 10-meter inverted vee antenna fed by 50 ohm coax. I understand that the inverted vee lowers the normal 72 ohm dipole closer to 50 ohms, so I only need to ...
3 votes
4 answers
238 views

How is working on DC high voltages as in a tube radio different from 120VAC?

Suppose that I am familiar with the safety procedures for working on 20 A 120 VAC 60 Hz household lines. What should I be prepared for before working on high voltage DC circuits (say, 800 volts) as ...
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4 votes
1 answer
244 views

Is it practical to use a magnetic amplifier as an AM modulator in a transmitter?

If I'm building a vacuum tube HF transmitter (say, 40 m band), obviously the simplest mode to build is CW; it's common to key the oscillator input to the final (in order to keep the oscillator running ...
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1 vote
0 answers
62 views

Are jammers relate to electronics or electrotechnics , why? [closed]

Are jammers relate to electronics or electrotechnics , why ? Please ,tell me the main difference between electronics and electrotechins and why we can classify jammers as electrotechics or ...
7 votes
1 answer
894 views

Double power-handling ability of RF amplifier output transformer

I want to base the output network for a 500W push-pull HF amplifier on "A 250W Broadband Linear Amplifier" described in Chapter 17 of the 2014 ARRL Handbook. I need advice on whether and/or how the 1:...
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7 votes
7 answers
1k views

Is it practical to use a slug-tuned variable inductor in an antenna matcher (aka "antenna tuner")?

I will soon need an antenna impedance match (aka "antenna tuner"), because I'll initially only have a single antenna for my HF rig (needs to cover 80m, 40m, 20m, 15m, and 10m). Obviously, in order to ...
  • 3,947
1 vote
1 answer
201 views

How can the output power of a Yaesu FT101E be increased?

I have a Yaesu FT101E which has low output because the final 6JS6C valves are old. If i increase the plate voltage on the final tubes from 600 to 800 VDC by changing the mains transformer tapping ...
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