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Questions tagged [electronics]

Questions which involve the properties or applications of individual electronic components.

5
votes
2answers
159 views

Learning RF electronics

I've been studying and building test circuit for actually several YEARS now, so far with no success. It sounds ridiculous but it's true. So I feel like I have a good understanding or RLC circuits, I ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Reflection Coefficient to Impedance transformation on the Smith Chart

A certain RF transistor has a source - reflection coefficient with a magnitude of .105 and a phase angle of 160°. When plotted on the Smith Chart, the normalized impedance is .825 +j .06 Ω. What is ...
1
vote
3answers
92 views

I just got this RF equipment but i don't know what's for

I got some RF equipment for free (it was going to the trash and I 'rescued' it). It's almost new, and seems expensive, but i don't know it's purpose. Googling the model numbers yields very little ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

What's the difference between a Return Loss Bridge and a Circulator?

From my understanding a return loss bridge basically consists of three terminals: an RF input, a DUT output and a RF output which goes to say a spectrum analyzer; I understand that the RF input signal ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Series resonant circuit, how to calculate voltage across the capacitor?

This is question a3i3-1 from the practice questions in the book "amateur radio Exam Secrets": A series resonant circuit has 10V peak across it when at resonance. At that frequency the resistance of ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Inductors for Impedance Matching

I need to impedance match an IF mixer circuit to a 10.7MHz crystal filter. One of the inductors was calculated to be 44 $\mu$H. So I need a relatively large value inductance in a small package to fit ...
5
votes
2answers
119 views

What is Norton's transform?

This article from Itchen Valley Amateur Radio Club describes an interesting technique called "Norton's transform": This results in a negative capacitor, but in a circuit where there are other ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How does this Pixie circuit produce a beat frequency?

I have two Chinese Pixie kits that I've assembled. I think they are pretty interesting, from a QRP / tinkering stand-point. Looking at the schematic below, where is the beat frequency coming from? ...
3
votes
3answers
55 views

Conventional or electron current

I’m reading a radio theory book, Radio Theory Handbook by Ron Bertrand VK2DQ, which suggests that electron flow (ie current flowing from negative to positive) is used in radio theory and design. In ...
8
votes
3answers
321 views

Why are germanium diodes specified in amateur radio designs?

It's somewhat common to find a schematic that calls for a germanium diode in amateur radio contexts. For example: This is a QSK circuit from the Fldigi manual. And yet, purchasing a germanium diode ...
2
votes
2answers
142 views

Can anyone please suggest a substitute for the BFY51 transistor?

I have to replace a faulty BFY51 Transistor. I could not find one in the market since they have been discontinued. What is a suitable replacement?
1
vote
3answers
151 views

Easy way for an uncertified hiker to broadcast a distress signal

I am wondering whether shortwave can be used as an effective distress call for a hiker who is a non-ham operator. More specifically, Are non-certified operators permitted to broadcast distress calls ...
4
votes
2answers
109 views

Is using a DDS chip directly a viable way to transmit 2FSK and PSK on HF?

I'm thinking of building an HF transmitter for data (AX.25 or PSK31). Rather than using an IF stage, I'm thinking of generating the RF frequencies (or phases) directly with a Direct Digital Synthesis ...
2
votes
1answer
755 views

How to find or derive the maximum safe input power to a receiver?

A number of my RF devices have a specified safe maximum input power, for example: "The maximum RX power of HackRF One is -5 dBm. Exceeding -5 dBm can result in permanent damage!" source "If you look ...
4
votes
3answers
203 views

Why is coax loss logarithmic?

With DC hookup wire, losses are directly proportional to length. If the resistance of 100m of wire is 10 ohms then the resistance of 200m of wire will be 20 ohms. But we measure coax loss in decibels ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Old Yaesu FT-470 HT audio feedback with external speaker mic

I have a generic external speaker mic with the two-pin connection (1x 3.5mm, 1x 2.5mm mono jack), which doesn't work with my FT-470 (no real surprise, figured I'd just mod it.) I've started the mod, ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

WIFI PACKETS AMPLITUDE AND DISTORTION [closed]

How is it that a computer receiving packets through wifi doesn't get those wifi packets distorted often? Wouldn't things like other radio waves interfere with the signal often? How does my computers ...
4
votes
2answers
107 views

In the context of the mixer in my radio, what does balanced and unbalanced mean?

I'm trying to understand how the mixer in a radio actually works, at a physics level. When looking at this article and studying the first schematic I realized I really don't understand what balanced ...
0
votes
2answers
478 views

what are the alternatives to LM387 and SA602AN?

I am building a 20 Mhz RF receiver out of the NASA radio JOVE instruction manual and they have recommended the use of LM387 as an audio amplifier. SA602AN as mixer IC:
2
votes
0answers
85 views

What protocol does the Vertex VX-2200/2100 use for programming?

I have seen a number of programming cable schematics on the internet, but I couldn't understand very much how they worked. From what I picked from all schematics, it appears the protocol uses the <...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Good FM receiver single-chip IC for simple VHF receiver?

Is there an IC out there that implements all, or most all, of a simple FM receiver in the VHF range? I'm interested in doing some experiments with using DTMF over the air for tele-commands and the ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Adapting an antenna tuner for use with a panel meter instead of an LED

I'm building NorCal's / W6JJZ's BLT tuner (pdf) for use on 40m/20m with a 5W transmitter. I would like to remove the LED and use a small panel meter instead. I don't have a 1N34A at hand, but I do ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Building an IQ mixer using an in-phase LO splitter

There are many examples of IQ mixers on the internet; all use 90 degree hybrids to split the LO to the mixers with the outputs being combined in-phase. I'm curious, could both mixers be fed an in-...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How should this SWR meter's directional coupler work?

I'm wrapping up a "home build" of the MFJ-941EK antenna tuner kit and having trouble getting the wattmeter calibrated. I can't use C4 to get the reflected power reading calibrated down to 0 as is ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Practical Resources for the Amateur Radio Student? [closed]

What electrical circuits can be easily build by someone with basic electrical engineering skills that exemplify the fundamental components of radios, antennas and so on?
3
votes
3answers
92 views

Switching 450 Ω window line

I have a very old Harvey Wells Z-Match antenna tuner (transmatch) with two outputs on the back for 450 Ω window line. One output is for “medium frequency” and works for 75 and 40 meters. The other ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does “high SWR” damage transmitters, instead of “impedance mismatch”?

In the audio realm, where cable lengths are insignificant compared to the signal wavelength, I would understand an impedance mismatch damaging an amplifier as follows: Take an audio amplifier that ...
1
vote
2answers
182 views

RF6886 high power amplifier maximum reverse power

I'm designing a circuit which uses the RF6886 amplifier IC. What is the maximum reverse power that the amplifier can sustain? At what reverse power will the amplifier die?
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Basic Signal Detector using MOSFETs

I am trying to design and build a basic signal detector using MOSFETs because they are more compact than resistors, capacitors, and inductors. I was wondering if anyone here has any suggestions on how ...
2
votes
1answer
414 views

Adding a panadapter via SDR

I've become very accustomed to the waterfall display on my SDR, especially for digital modes over HF. I'm thinking about tying into the IF on my IC-718 and connecting to an SDR to add a waterfall to ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Relay cross reference for 1925-3-2

My amateur radio uses 1925-3-2 relays on the low pass filter board to select bands. This relay is no longer available. Is there an alternative I can use? Or something?
1
vote
2answers
182 views

I need help identifying what I believe is a military radio

I'm hoping this question is okay to ask here. While this question is not strictly amateur radio related, I think this is the best community to ask. I'm looking for any information on this. ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

What is the required signal-to-noise ratio for a AX5042 transceiver?

What is the required signal-to-noise ratio of a AX5042 transceiver IC?
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Toroidal inductor and transformer basics

In basic terms, using an Ultimate3S Beacon (above) as an example, what do the various toroidal components do exactly? How do they accomplish this? In construction terms, does it matter if the wound ...
6
votes
2answers
374 views

Simulating two antennas (transmitter and receiver) using 4nec2 tool

I am trying to find near field mutual coupling affects between two antennas - one being transmitter and other being receiver. The receing antenna is fed with very little voltage (I think, if I don't ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Transformer secondary coil impedance [closed]

To transfer maximum power from the secondary coil to the load, I need to find secondary coil impedance. My load impedance 5 - J365. I would design a matching circuit between load and secondary coil, ...
1
vote
0answers
179 views

What will be antenna impedance of a dipole antenna when it is kept lambda/2 away from the transmitter

I understand that half-wave dipole antenna, which is in far-field, impedance is around 73 ohms. If I keep same antenna in near-fied at distnace lambda/2 from the 1.25 lambda length tranmiter?
4
votes
2answers
170 views

New to Amateur Radio [closed]

I'm new to radio, and I'm trying to get into the electronics aspect of it. I was wondering if it was at all possible to build your own transmitter, receiver, etc. (basic radio components) as good ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

What would happen if I created this circuit? [closed]

As you can see, one of inputs of a XOR gate is connected to the output of the same XOR gate. Each time when the output is "true" it influences its input and it makes the gate change output to "false". ...
0
votes
1answer
846 views

Chip with price and functionality to the RDA1846?

Is it possible to buy a cheap transceiver chip with similar functionality to the RDA1846? I'm looking for something else, because I'm wary of buying a probably counterfeit chip on AliExpress, and I ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

How do I integrate XStream RF modules with any microcomputer (Rasp Pi, Beaglebone)?

I have selected XStream RF modules due to their price and their range (7 miles). I am part of a car team and hence need to transmit and receive data between the car and the ground station (follower);...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Why doesn't adding a resistor inline to a 12 V car charger change output voltage

I purchased a baofeng car charger for my little UV5Rv2 HT. It was advertised to work with the radio, so I didn't think much of it. It turns out, all it does is pass my car electrical system voltage ...
4
votes
2answers
655 views

Adapting an antenna coupler

I've built AA5TB's antenna coupler: I left out C2 because I didn't understand why I would need it - why would I? It works fine without. Unfortunately, when I started tuning for a 5W 20m transceiver, ...
4
votes
2answers
109 views

Stacked shell inductor — what's its function/use?

I have a device of copper and iron (about 8 kg) which looks like two shell inductors joined so that there is some coupling but high leakage. The windings seem to be identical. Each is a single ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Would a switched RF attenuator be (a)symmetric?

I picked up this 0-80 dB switched RF attenuator at a flea market, with no part number or other useful markings other than the knob settings. I've tested it and confirmed that it works, but there's one ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

Are there an MTTF/MTBF/MTTR data on the typical tubes used in the FT-101/TS-520?

I browse ebay.com for used rigs in good condition and approaching my shoe-string and ... There appear to be a decent quantity of boat anchors out there - FT-101, TS-520, TR-4 to name just a few. By ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How does a switching mixer multiply the two signals?

I understand what a mixer does, and when I see it in a block diagram it's obvious what purpose it serves and how it fits in the overall design of the radio. However, when I look at the schematics and ...
4
votes
1answer
474 views

Do vacuum variable capacitors have higher Q than air variable capacitors?

Do vacuum variable capacitors have higher Q than air variable capacitors? They are not commonly seen in tuners or crystal sets. But they are mentioned as superior to air variables for resonating ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

SDR sampling bandwidth - do the bits per sample matter?

I'm looking at data converter chips for a homebrew SDR design, and I see that I can choose not just the sampling frequency, but also the bits per sample. Obviously the sampling frequency has to be ...