Questions tagged [diy]

Questions dealing with handmade (Do It Yourself) radios and radio accessories.

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4
votes
1answer
188 views

Will I get cleaner keying by keying the oscillator, or interrupting the amplifier B+?

One of my goals as a new ham is to homebrew my own transmitter (using vacuum tubes, aka valves). Initially I'll stick with CW for the transmitter, though over time I might build an AM modulator or ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

no contacts with Rockmite

I finished building my Rockmite ][. It's running off of 3x 18650s, or 12v. I connected it to a MFJ-1840T and held the antenna horizontally in the air (also tried vertically) with my hand. I tried ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

What dielectric strength is required for a variable capacitors in a 100W T-network antenna tuner?

I would like to build a 100W T-network antenna tuner: I have a 12-pole wafer switch, 12.5 meters of enameled copper wire (d=1.5mm) and a pair of 12-365pF variable capacitors rated 200V DC (dielectric ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

How do homebuilders find an audience to distribute kits to?

Many (QRP) homebuilders offer their projects as kits. A popular series nowadays is the BITX. There are often mailing lists connected to those projects; I am a member of several. I'm wondering how ...
4
votes
4answers
320 views

Should the capacitance or inductance be varied to achieve resonance?

A resonant circuit is typically composed of some resistance and reactance, the latter being provided by inductors and capacitors. The resonant frequency being calculated as the inverse square of their ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Under what circumstance does non-toroid former lend itself to HF?

Many HF circuits posted in my copy of the ARRL manual (1972 edn - Yes, it's a vintage) appear to use a toroidal former with a coil. The same applies to HF circuits posted on the internet. From what I ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What impedance matching do I need between my 300Ω feedline and Softrock receiver?

I will be assembling a Softrock Ensemble II HF receiver, and I know I'm going to want it on air as soon as I build it, so I'm challenging myself to build an antenna for it first. The plan is to do a ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Antenna tuner design

In a related question about a broadband antenna for SDR it was suggested me to build or buy an antenna tuner. Since maybe it was not clear to everybody, I'm designing an antenna tuner for reception, ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Recommended 9:1 unun core type(s)

I would like to construct a 9:1 unun that connects my QRP transceiver to a random-wire antenna. The transceiver's antenna connection is an unbalanced BNC jack and the random-wire antenna is, well, a ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Help with readings on schematic

I am in a Kenwood TK805D and a Kenwood TM241A to interface some of the hidden inner circuitry with the outside world so I can use the radios to do more than just talk on (ex. AllStar node, cross band ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

How can I establish a wireless link between my PC and TenTec 506 / chipKIT UNO32 using USB port?

I have a TenTec 506 HF transceiver that uses a Digilent chipKIT UNO32 microcontroller. My PC running Teraterm (serial connection) or the MPIDE monitor is connected to the microcontroller's mini B USB ...
4
votes
0answers
105 views

Problem with theory of HF detector

I'm currently trying to build my own SWR power Meter. This design is based on the so known HT detector with schottky diode BAS70. For my understanding, and for easy purpose, I'm currently focusing on ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Is the Boom Strictly Necessary in a Vertical Dipole?

I'm planning to build a vertical dipole for 4m and a club member pointed out that my design needs to allow for a boom that should be at least a 1/4 wave long. Why does a vertical dipole need a boom ...
3
votes
5answers
3k views

Slot antenna for 2 meter mobile

My primary vehicle is a Smart car, with a roof that's a piece of plastic(100% moon roof). Not the most awesome of cars to use for grounds. I'm building a bumper mounted antenna tower, EMT with some ...
3
votes
3answers
450 views

Why have knife switch storm grounds for antennas vanished?

Long ago, it was fairly standard to provide lightning protection for outdoor radio antennas by installing a large double-throw knife switch -- antenna leads to the center, radio on one side, ground on ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Would retrofitting an external antenna to a smartphone be feasible?

I'm not sure if this is the proper StackExchange site, but you guys know RF and I don't know who else would know better. I take the commuter rail to work every day. I have 60-70% cell phone coverage. ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Help understanding transmission loss of trivial circuit

I was trying to DIY a VHF/UHF diplexer, and got some weird readings from the VNA. By debugging I reached this trivial circuit: Which has the following frequency response: I'm trying to figure out ...
3
votes
1answer
738 views

Air Coil AM & Shortwave Crystal Radio Using 1/4" Copper Tubing

Looking to build a crystal radio, need help with the coil. I'm looking to get something to work with 1/4" thin wall copper tubing. Already have some nice diodes and whatever capacitors/resistors I ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Simple FM low power UHF transmitter circuit

I want to build an low power transceiver on 33cm or 23cm (or 2 meters, but not recommended because of all the other activity interfering with my stuff) I would like to use FM and just have enough ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Will I harm batteries by only trickle charging them, or connecting them to a power supply?

I have some 12V, 12Ah Enercell batteries from RadioShack, RS part number 2301219. As far as I can tell these are AGM SLA batteries. I picked up this 3-stage charger from Harbor Freight and as far as ...
3
votes
1answer
629 views

Kenwood TM-241A direct discriminator out

I am going to do a simple SIMPLEX all-star node, using the URIx USB radio interface, which I just got. I have a Kenwood TM-241A transceiver. I was told the speaker out jack is not sufficient: The ...
3
votes
1answer
382 views

Building a headset for a Yaesu FT-270r

I'm trying to build a headset for my Yaesu FT-270r, which replaced a FT-250r. I had a working setup with the FT-250r. An electret microphone element connected to the MIC/PTT pin of the four-way ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Ideas for a simple VOX circuit for packet?

I want to build a simple circuit, preferably only a few transistors which simply activates when it hears a low level audio, and deactivates when the audio signal does not exist anymore. No pre-delay ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

What is an expected IF level of SA612?

I tried to use SA612 as a frequency mixer. Since it's a Gilbert cell, it has a high input impedance. Thus I added a pair of transformers as "Experimental Methods in RF Design" book suggests: ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

DIY Triplexer for HF (low), 6m (med), and 2m/440 (high)

I'm looking at picking up the TYT TH-9800, which is a Quad-Band FM radio on 10m/6m/2m and 440 (I'm lucky enough to have some 6m and 10m repeaters in the area). I know there exists quad band antennas ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Where does one find high-voltage variable capacitors and inductors for RF? [closed]

I'm looking to start building various antenna tuning circuits, but I'm limited by my parts inventory. I have pots and mag wire for winding inductors and a nice spectrum of fixed-value capacitors, but ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

2m Homebrew Receiver - Chip for frequency [closed]

I am a new HAM trying to design a small, cheap 2m receiver. I've been looking up different circuits and homebrew tutorials, but the closest I seem to find to what I'm looking for seems to always use ...
2
votes
3answers
171 views

Does a paint-can dummy load have high voltage on the metal can? Would an insulated container be better?

I've seen many plans for 50 Ohm dummy loads in paint cans, such as the one here: https://www.nonstopsystems.com/radio/frank_radio_antenna_dummy.htm. I've already assembled a functional dummy load, but ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Antenna experimentation

I want to make a DIY antenna for my Kenwood TH-F6A. Is there any danger of damaging the radio (i.e. by trying an antenna that is unsuitable), or is it safe to experiment?
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Can these in-band spurs from rpitx be eliminated somehow?

I'm putting together a 2m NBFM transmitter/receiver combo using rpitx and rtl-sdr. During testing my low-pass filter I discovered that rpitx is generating spurious signals within and around the band (...
2
votes
4answers
884 views

What is a simple kind of amateur radio transceiver I could try to build, as a beginner?

I am new to amateur radio, and I'm trying to learn the basics of the hobby. I would like to build a simple radio transceiver from scratch (i.e. not from a kit). I have searched the Internet for ...
2
votes
4answers
775 views

Amateur Radio Long Distance Data Communication

My friends and I are going off to college ~180 miles/290 kilometres apart. As a project, we are looking into creating a data communication connection between our two schools. Our requirements would be:...
2
votes
1answer
386 views

Effect of paint / uv coating on velocity factor of PVC

I own an Ed Fong TBJ-1 antenna, which is like a twin-lead J-Pole with a coax stub and some inductors added. It's enclosed in an unfinished PVC pipe. I'm tempted to paint the PVC with non-conductive ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

MW AM reception improvements?

Most AM receivers use Envelope detection. Historically this was simple. PLL-based systems are slightly better at low carrier-to-noise levels. Would there be any SNR advantage if each sideband was ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What parts / procedure do I need to build a UHF receiver that can connect to a standard pair of headphones

I have a low power wireless microphone (10 - 50 mW) with a large receiver designed to connect to a mixer/sound system. The mic transmits in the UHF band between 530 and 860 depending on the band (see ...
2
votes
2answers
222 views

Section 15.23 “Home-built devices” No license required… to build? Just to Transmit. But…?

Title 47 › Chapter I › Subchapter A › Part 15 › Subpart A › Section 15.23 Home-built devices §15.23 Home-built devices. (a) Equipment authorization is not required for devices that are not marketed,...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

AN762 Amplifier Transistors

According to the MRF421 or MRF454 transistor datasheets, used in the AN762 HF amplifiers say that the transistors are "100% tested for load mismatch at all phase angles with 30:1 VSWR". Further, in ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

coax switches for HF

Like many hams I have several radios and several antennas. instead of constantly connecting and disconnecting coax cables I would like to feed several antennas in to some type of switch so I can ...
2
votes
3answers
182 views

Will a “crystal set” work with an untuned RF amp stage?

In my ongoing process of building up to a homebrewed general coverage receiver/transceiver, a first step might reasonably be a crystal set, where a tuned circuit and simple, or even improvised, ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Frequency Display for Old Tube Radio

I have a Hallicrafters S-120 1960s vintage vacuum tube receiver (an "All American Five" superhet with solid state rectifier replacing one of the "five" tubes). It works well, doesn't have excessive ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Basic Signal Detector using MOSFETs

I am trying to design and build a basic signal detector using MOSFETs because they are more compact than resistors, capacitors, and inductors. I was wondering if anyone here has any suggestions on how ...
2
votes
3answers
470 views

Connecting Wouxun KG-699E to computer sound card audio input/output

I have a Wouxun KG-699E and I am trying to connect it to audio connectors in a PC. Right now, I have connected it by this schematic (it uses Kenwood-type of headset connector) where instead of ...
2
votes
2answers
309 views

What restrictions exist for non-HAMs in the 5.8 GHz band?

What restrictions exist for non-HAMs in the 5.8 GHz band in the USA? Context: these types of popular video transmitters (600 mW, 25 mW) commonly used for FPV piloting. Any requirements to have a HAM ...
2
votes
1answer
846 views

How to measure received signal strength, using DIY circuit

I use 2.4GHz receivers for flying my RC planes via FPV. So i can get best reception i use multiple antennas on multiple video receivers. I have a diversity controller that uses noise in the video ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Homebrew 20M SSB receiver design? [closed]

I'm looking for as simple as possible homebrew 20M SSB receiver design. I just want to start listening, but at the same time learn some radio fundamentals. So rather than buying a shortwave receiver ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Looking for criticisms on my VNA-like SWR meter I am designing

I am in the process of building a SWR meter with VNA-like features. I'd be really interested to hear from fellow hams any input, suggestions, or tips they have regarding this before I go get it mass ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Unknown kit from DK0TV

When my father - who became a ham years after I did - passed away, I found an unstarted project (board + components), which I only re-discovered again years later. The board is marked DK0TV-001, and ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Has this regeneration control been done?

I'm planning to build a two-tube reflexed RF regen receiver soon. I'm examining methods of controlling the regeneration — it needs to be possible to both initiate and halt oscillation in all bands (I ...
2
votes
2answers
267 views

Using square loop VHF antenna for two different stations/frequency?

I'm using a square loop antenna on the rooftop of approximately 15 square meter area. I use it to communicate with a group of mobile VHF radios using a station room. Right now I'm planning to build ...
1
vote
5answers
452 views

Are cold temperatures harmful for ham radio equipment?

I'm getting ready to build an HF / CW kit and just finished setting up a workbench in my garage. While I was wrapping up, I started wondering if the cold temperatures this winter might be harmful to ...