Questions tagged [dipole]

Use this tag for questions relating to dipole antennas.

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18
votes
5answers
14k views

Why do folded dipoles have greater bandwidth than ordinary resonant dipoles?

This is something I've read in passing, but never encountered an explanation of why. For example, Wikipedia says: Another common place one can see dipoles is as antennas for the FM band; these are ...
18
votes
1answer
4k views

How does moving a feedpoint off-center in a dipole affect the resonant frequency and resistive load?

Specifically, I understand that OCF dipoles change the SWR, but does it do this via reactance or resistance, or both?
13
votes
4answers
3k views

Why does ice on a wire dipole affect the SWR?

We just had snow and ice overnight and my wire dipole was coated in ice. Why does the ice covering negatively affect the SWR of the antenna?
11
votes
7answers
37k views

What is a Gamma match in the context of the driven element of a Yagi antenna?

How (and why) does a Gamma match work, when used on the driven element of a Yagi antenna? As shown here: (source: http://www.iw5edi.com/ham-radio/?2-element-yagi-for-10-meters-band,49) The article ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Can a 1:1 transformer be used as a protection from static electricity?

It's well-known that under certain conditions verticals and dipoles can gather static charge, which is a common reason of transceiver damage. There are several ways to solve this issue. Some hams ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

How much RF energy do trees and branches absorb?

For the 20m - 10m and 6m bands, will having my dipoles below the tops of trees (I live in redwood forests) drastically affect the RF power out or radiation patterns of my dipoles if I can still get ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Estimating the efficiency of a shortened (loaded) antenna

Recently I've build a trap dipole for 20/40/80m bands. I followed an article by John DeGood, NU3E and got following measurements: From balun to 20m trap: 485 cm From 20m trap to 40m trap: 362 cm From ...
8
votes
4answers
15k views

How is a 1:1 current balun different from a choke?

I have a 10m dipole and am going to feed it with 50 ohm unbalanced feed line (coax). My understanding is the feed point of this style antenna is about 50-75 ohms, and since it is a balanced antenna I'...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Efficiency of short dipole receiving antenna

For a transmitting dipole antenna, its length is important. If it is close to half the wavelength, it will be efficient and most of the input power will be radiated. How important is the length of ...
7
votes
4answers
948 views

How can the voltage at the center of a resonant half wave dipole be zero if the input impedance is 75 ohms?

If the input impedance of a resonant half wave dipole at the feed point is 75 + j0 ohms, then if an AC sine wave voltage V is applied to the feed point, how can the voltage at the center be zero ? ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

How to determine number of turns for a 1:1 balun?

I would like to make a 1:1 balun with М1000НМ ferrite core (magnetic permeability - 1000) and 1 mm thick copper wire using triple bifilar winding. Unfortunately I didn't manage to find a clear ...
7
votes
5answers
728 views

Coax fed dipole: shield goes to one side, yet is grounded via chassis line to Earth

Suppose I have a coax-fed half-wave dipole antenna. The coax shield goes to one side of the antenna, the center conductor to the other side. The transceiver's chassis is connected (via the coax ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Dipole Antenna Current Distribution at any Time Instant

Above is a connection of half-wave dipole antenna. The book states that the current profile is same at any given time instant on both the radiators, each of quarter wavelength length. Now my ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

80/160m Shortened Dipole Trap Questions

I seem to have forgotten some things I learned years ago for my amateur radio exams. If I am building a 2 band shortened dipole and want a trap between 80 and 160 do I make the trap resonant on 80 or ...
6
votes
2answers
191 views

Effective Area of Dipole Array

I'm trying to design a low frequency dipole interferometer antenna array. I am realizing how little I know about radio antennae. I'm confused by the concept of effective area $A_e$ and how it applies ...
5
votes
2answers
701 views

How to calculate power transmitted by monopoles?

I only studied monopole in sending mode or receiving mode alone but never in both modes together, I have this question which says: Two vertical λ/4 monopoles are parallel to each other with 20 ...
5
votes
3answers
239 views

Why does no one use a Buddipole as an Inverted V?

I have been looking at the Buddipole, and I've seen the most popular configuration is as a standard dipole with the arms parallel to the ground. I've also seen it configured as an upright V, as well ...
5
votes
2answers
245 views

Does a loop antenna have less susceptibility to atmospheric noise than an open ended antenna?

I always get the feeling that an antenna which has a loop for the driven element such as a folded dipole or quad will pick up less static or 'high impedance' noise than an antenna that has free ends ...
5
votes
1answer
405 views

Dipole antenna radiation field equation

Can anybody provide me with an idealised formula that describes the radiation pattern of an omnidirectional dipole antenna? In particular I am interested in the formula that creates a plot similar to ...
5
votes
2answers
307 views

Can coax be run through the center of a radiating element without currents being induced on the coax shield?

I run a λ/2 vertical dipole for 20M that's fed to a 1.5:1 balun at its center with coax that is perpendicular to the dipole (parallel to the ground), for about 30 feet before it comes down to the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Dipole versus ungrounded end fed for HF RX

I've built a 2 meter ground plane antenna that works pretty well for RX and has a decent SWR on 2 meters with my Alinco. However, I'm experimenting with SDR quite a bit and would really like to build ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the impedance of a 1.25 λ dipole antenna?

I would like to make a dipole antenna. This particular antenna is used for reception only; no transmission is involved. I would like to receive as much power as possible by this antenna as it is used ...
5
votes
1answer
874 views

What happens to the "Yo-Yo Tenna" when you coil up its ends for use on higher frequencies?

I have gathered what is basically a Yo-Yo Tenna using some Camco laundry reels and a spool of cheap speaker wire split in half (pretty much exact duplicate of this build as it turns out). I've got a ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Running ladder line through window from inside shack to outside dipole antenna - what to watch out for?

For HF operating, I am considering running a ladder line from the ATU just inside a window, through the window (squeezing it between the window and the window frame; not actually through the glass), ...
5
votes
1answer
650 views

How to center-feed a single wire dipole?

I have heard that it is possible to feed single wire like a dipole from the center-point without actually making two separate wires. How would I do this, what impedance would I expect to see, and ...
5
votes
2answers
271 views

How can I calculate current distribution on an end-fed dipole antenna in theory?

I understand that in a half-wave center-fed antenna current distribution has a sinusoidal wave approximately, so the current in the center has max value and it has to become zero at the ends of dipole ...
4
votes
5answers
632 views

How can the impedance of a half wave dipole at its resonant frequency be purely resistive when the voltage and current are seemingly not in phase?

A half wave center-fed dipole has a resonant frequency where the input impedance appears to be purely resistive. How can this be, when the voltage and current distribution along the length of a half ...
4
votes
3answers
140 views

When a dipole antenna is fed via coax, what powers the ground-side of the dipole?

I've been trying to understand how dipole antennas work, and I believe I understand the basics when they're fed via a balanced feed line. In fact, every dipole physics YouTube video and web page I can ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

3 Band (80-40-20 Meter) Fan Dipole Tuning Question

I built a fan dipole according to the basic instructions in the SRI publication describing the theory and basic design. My questions is about next steps in tuning for the various bands. I am ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What frequency to set trap on?

I plan to build trapped multiband dipole so I read lots of documentation I found. There is one thing that confuses me: various authors recommend setting resonant trap frequency differently: some say ...
4
votes
2answers
427 views

Receiving the ISS SSTV: dipole antenna configuration and orientation

In short I am trying to receive SSTV Images from the ISS (145.8Mhz) and I all have is a simple "bunny ears" dipole antenna. In what configuration (straight, vee shaped, upside down vee, ...) ...
4
votes
2answers
225 views

Dipole increased CM current using choke balun

My 20 meter inverted vee dipole is fed with 56 feet of 50-ohm coax. The SWR measures 1.2 at the center of the band. According to http://arrl.org/grounding a balanced antenna doesn't need a ground, so ...
4
votes
4answers
629 views

Partially Collapse Telescoping Antenna to Change Effective Length

I recently purchased a cheap RTL-SDR kit to experiment with SDRs and different frequency bands. This kit came with 23cm and 100cm telescoping antennas. I now wish to use the 100cm antenna to pick up ...
4
votes
1answer
534 views

Dipole Center Spacing

I have a question about dipole construction. I am working with a turnstile, but building dipoles to validate my system with linearly polarized transmission before moving on to circular. My design has ...
4
votes
5answers
6k views

Grounding a dipole

How do you properly ground a dipole (RX only for VHF scanning) to protect it against ESD/lightning? In my set up i'm putting a dipole on my roof. I've connected the two dipole elements together with ...
4
votes
1answer
918 views

Correct number of elements in 4nec2 antenna simulation

I am designing a 1.25-wavelength dipole antenna with the 4nec2 software. What I noticed is that the input impedance of antenna is changing greatly when I change the number of segments. How many ...
3
votes
3answers
483 views

The right antenna size

I'm preparing for the USA Technician exam and I was reading in the manual that the ideal size for a dipole is following this strange formula: 1/2-lambda. But based on what I read after, it seems it ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

What is the impedance of an off-center fed resonant dipole?

Given a dipole approximately 0.48 wavelengths long, such that when fed in the center the feedpoint impedance has zero reactance, how does the complex impedance change as the feedpoint is moved away ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How low can a vertical dipole be mounted?

An answer to this question suggests that raising a vertical dipole sufficiently can create the effect of a phased array. How about the opposite. How low can a vertical dipole be mounted? Can a ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Using two short mobile HF antennas to make a vertical dipole

Instead of using a metal vehicle roof or multiple radials as the counterpose to a shortened vertical antenna, can one use two of them, one pointed downward to construct a balanced vertical dipole, and ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

proximity of rain gutter to dipole antenna

I am a new ham and wish to mount a center-fed G5RV dipole antenna under the eaves of my house, where I have a 78' clear run available two stories above ground. The problem is a metal rain gutter which ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

2 Meter horizontal or vertical dipole polarization?

When should I use one polarization over the other on 2 meters? I've looked at the radiation patterns for horizontal dipole and seen how it changes based on mounting height. I haven't been able to ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

4:1 Balun question

With an OCF dipole, does it matter which leg, short or long, is connected to which side of the 4:1 balun, hot(coax center) or shield? How can you tell which is which, the balun is not marked. Thank ...
3
votes
1answer
415 views

What are the effects of a ground plane under a horizontal dipole?

What are the effects on signal propagation if this ground plane is just a metal object and what are the effects if the ground plane is actually grounded? I am asking this question because someone ...
3
votes
3answers
205 views

What is an expected SWR plot for a trap dipole?

I've build a trap dipole for 20/40m bands. Traps are made of a coil wound on an insulator of RG213 coax and 3 kV NP0 capacitors. The impedance measured with EU1KY antenna analyzer is following: This ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

One dipole for multiple bands?

I've just get my license, and I'm reviewing some equipend my father in law had when he passed away. I have found a dipole antenna with 15m aprox in each side, so, 60m band antenna. It feels weird to ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Do these magnetic field measurements of end-fed and center-fed half-wave dipoles corroborate measurements made by antenna experimenters?

Using a sensor and procedure discussed in my article, I made the following plot comparing the magnetic field strength along a 30m-band half-wave dipole fed at center and one end. Key points include: ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Polarisation loss Dipole antennas

For a school assignment I need to calculate a link budget between two half wave dipole antennas, but I am stuck at calculating the polarisation losses in the antennas. the antennas are ideal and ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

How much leeway does an antenna tuner give me?

As far as I can tell, currently a 20m dipole has to be within a few inches to have a reasonable SWR without a tuner. How does this change with one? Does it depend on what tuner I have?
3
votes
1answer
664 views

How to feed an array of dipoles for an end-fire pattern

An array of dipoles can be fed to achieve an end-fire pattern. If the phase of the current on each element is equal, the array will have maximum radiation broadside to the array. If the phase of the ...