Questions tagged [digital-modes]

Transmission of digital signals over Amateur Radio, including modes like PSK-31, RTTY, JT-65, JT-9, etc.

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892 views

How to send DMR SMS using MMDVM modem or hackrf?

I have a baofeng DMR radio with SMS feature, and since there is not much DMR radio owners in my area I want to do something myself. The easiest thing I can do I thought is to send myself some SMS as ...
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38 views

Improving Vara HF speeds

I'm using Winlink with a laptop hooked up to an IC-7300. The registered version of Vara theoretically supports speeds up to 8,500 bps, but I'm seeing speeds more like 700 bpm. Is there anything I can ...
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2answers
155 views

FT-450D not transmitting with microphone

I've been using FT8 on my Yaesu FT-450D for quite some time. I decided to try to talk on phone frequencies and discovered neither one of my mics will transmit. My mics are the original hand mic and a ...
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4answers
16k views

2m or 70cm FM mobile radio for digital mode operation

Are there any 2m and/or 440cm FM mobile radios that have audio inputs for supporting digital modes, like PSK31 or SSTV? I have a Rigblaster that I use with my HF radio so I could get a mike cable and ...
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3answers
937 views

Store-and-forward capable satellites in operation?

The amateur satellite community used to have a small fleet of pacsat satellites (AO-16 and friends), which were capable of store-and-forward message passing: you could upload messages to the LEO ...
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2answers
2k views

WSJT-X V2: How to identify stations already logged?

In V1.9 of WSJT-X, there was a feature that allowed one to change the color of stations already logged. This was necessary in knowing whether or not to respond to a given CQ. In version 2, I am ...
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67 views

RS41 weather balloon unable to decode data

Some times ago I tried to decode the signal from a weather radiosonde (RS41) passing in my area using a cheap RTL SDR (using both standard antenna and a home-made one, with similar result). The ...
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2answers
3k views

Am I really receiving FT8 signals from 12,000 km away on 144 MHz?

I have been using an Ettus B200 SDR to receive FT8 transmissions in the 2-meter band (144.174 MHz) using the WSJT-X software. Signals are received using a telescopic antenna inside on a window ledge ...
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1answer
381 views

What devices are able to decode the EAS SAME headers, attention signal, and encoded marker?

When I was watching television, especially when I was younger, I sometimes heard a loud noise, followed by either a test message, or a genuine emergency broadcasts, like an Amber alert. The first ...
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1answer
137 views

Open source RS41 decoder

I would like to decode the signal from a RS41 radiosonde (from a weather balloon), which are suggested open-source software to do that? I tried RS but after compiling the code and executing ...
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2answers
2k views

How to identify type of modulation based on constellation diagram?

The constellation diagrams for a 4-ary modulation using PSK (qpsk),MSK ,QAM and OQPSK look alike. How to differentiate them? What is the modulation for the constellation diagram in the figure?
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35 views

HobbyPCB IQ32 SDR Data modes cable?

has anyone DIY datamodes cable for HobbyPCB IQ32 SDR ? Im thinking of using SPKR/MIC/PTT port and expose it either towards external USB soundcard (or USB soundcard stick), or directly to laptop USB. ...
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3answers
914 views

Unidentified signals on FT8 frequencies

When I work in FT8 mode I often see signals like these: I couldn't identify these signals using SigiWiki nor managed I to decode them using WSJT-X. Though these signals seem to use 15 second frames. ...
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2answers
738 views

Receiving audio output from IC-9100 through USB port

Can someone please give me a clue here? I'm having problems receiving data from the IC 9100 radio. I want to receive ax25 packets using FSK G3RUH modulation with an IC-9100 radio. It is configured ...
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1answer
29 views

Does anyone have any link to the original papers describing MSK144 and JT4?

I am looking for the original papers describing both MSK144 and JT4 protocols. I can easily find the corresponding papers for some other digital modes such as JT65 or FT8 (mainly at the Princeton ...
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1answer
176 views

What is the format of Yaesu FT3D's QSOPCTDIR.dat and QSOPCTFAT.dat files?

The Yaesu FT3D can send photos, but only if taken with the optional external mic that has a camera. I want to be able to send photos that come from elsewhere, by putting them on the SD card. But it ...
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2answers
88 views

How does a digital demodulator know which level it is reading?

I have recently started getting into wireless digital communications and I read about QAM modulation. But I am a little confused as to how the receiving demodulator would know which symbol it is ...
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0answers
94 views

Is this signal BFSK or BPSK?

I'm trying to analyse a signal from a HVAC remote control (864 MHz) with my HackRF, but I'm facing an interrogation about the used modulation: Is it BFSK (frequency modulation) or BPSK (phase ...
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1answer
79 views

How do you open ax.25 ports?

I'm trying to follow this tutorial I almost got to the end, about 9:15 was where I got stuck. Right about there, the speaker is about to wrap up- but I get a couple error messages. ...
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2answers
308 views

Why is a separate repeater required for digital modes? Why can't an analog repeater be used for digital modes?

Regardless of the mode: digital or analog, the radios always transmit sinusoidal EM waves. So wouldn't a regular analog repeater be able to rebroadcast that EM signal regardless of its encoding?
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2answers
53 views

What is "allied mode" with regards to PSK31?

Wikipedia says: Colloquial usage of the term 'PSK31' in amateur radio usually implies the use of the most commonly used variant of PSK31: binary phase shift keying (BPSK). BPSK uses no error control, ...
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4answers
544 views

Is there an FT8 or other weak-signal digital mode specification available?

Is there a complete and programming language independent specification available for the FT8 digital mode? Detailed enough to implement both transmit and receive SDR software from scratch in two ...
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2answers
108 views

Can I transmit bit data over FM signal on 30m wave 10,000km away? [closed]

I am trying to understand if it's feasible to transmit -1,0,+1 data using FM on 20-30m wavelength to be received 10,000km away. From Europe to US. Ultimately I would like to create a solution which is ...
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1answer
214 views

Transmit data over HF signal 10,000km away [closed]

I would like to transmit trinary data (-1,0,+1) on 20-30m wave to be received 10,000km away. From Europe to US. My first thought was this: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Burst-modulation-mode-f-...
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1answer
2k views

Digital-mode signal reports

When operating analog voice, we give a qualitative (or possibly just arbitrary) signal report, 'scoring' the signal either out of a maximum 'five by five', or a maximum '599'. How do you report the ...
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6answers
4k views

Can we transfer digital files on radio spectrum?

Radio is analog, and a modem converts analog signals to digital signals and vice versa. So is P2P sharing of digital files (like .exe, .7z, .pdf or any other file) possible using radio spectrum? ...
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2answers
2k views

Do FCC regulations limit digital data rate?

Are there FCC regulations that specifically limit digital data rate on the amateur bands? Are there any recent or proposed changes? If so, what are they specifically?
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1answer
174 views

FSK real world application BER

I have designed a receiver for FSK reception in 434 MHz ISM band. For this I used USRP1 and GNU Radio. Now, I would like to measure performances of my receiver. For this purposes I did following: I ...
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1answer
58 views

I configured FlDIGI to dislay letters before my PSK31 signal and then I forgot how I did it

Several months ago, before I had a Transceiver that worked, I configured FLDIGI to graphically display the letters QC 13P in the waterfall as a preamble to my PSK31 transmission. I remember I was ...
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2answers
710 views

Troposcatter: really all that bad?

The previous question, Packet Radio at 100 miles and specifically, Phil's answer raised an interesting question: In a 50–100 km distance situation where Line-Of-Sight beams aren't an option for ...
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3answers
2k views

How to receive a signal from multiple sources simultaneously (helical antenna)

I'm working on a system (theoretical at the moment) whereby I wish to receive data from multiple sources all transmitting at the same time. I've read that a helical antenna is capable of this. I'm ...
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2answers
127 views

Multiple CDMA transmitters with same frequency and code

Theoretical assumption: I have multiple CDMA transmitters operating at same frequency and code placed 5 metres apart. My questions: Does the chances of my receiver receiving the data improve? That ...
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0answers
84 views

Which digital modes are formally specified sufficiently to be implemented?

Which currently popular digital/SDR modes do not require a pre-compiled library or pre-written source code? (e.g. has actually been used for QSOs as implemented from specification or sufficiently ...
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1answer
68 views

Is there a way to get FreeDV output level to follow the input audio amplitude?

I'm using a commonly available imbedded firmware implementation of FreeDV with an SSB HF transceiver. It seems that FreeDV encodes the input audio signal in both the frequency and time domains, ...
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1answer
181 views

Digital Modes Transmission Traffic Comparisons

I am looking for data that compares the number of transmissions per month or year among the various digital modes such as DMR, D-star and Fusion. I want to see how popular these technologies have ...
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1answer
115 views

How to fix SignaLink non-linearity problem?

I decided to check the linearity of my Yaesu FT-891 signal using an RF sampler and an oscilloscope. To generate two-tone (1550 Hz, 2150 Hz) signal I used Audacity. To connect the transceiver to the PC ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the minimum equipment necessary to get on the air with FT8?

To the extent that FT8 is a way to bring people into the hobby or re-ignite passion among those who haven't been on the air in a while, what's the easiest way to get someone on the air with this new ...
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2answers
87 views

What contemporary digital modes do not require a GUI? [closed]

Assume a computer (Raspberry Pi, Mac, etc.) is used to connect to a radio (HF transceiver, etc.) via audio cable(s), USB port, or GPIO, etc. What contemporary computer DSP/digital modes, of those ...
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1answer
95 views

How to connect MX614 to an ATmega 328p and a DRA818V to make an APRS transceiver

I am in a process of making a nanosatellite on which I am considering putting an APRS digipeater. I know about micro-modem based on ATmega 328P but it is pretty power hungry. MX614 has really good ...
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1answer
1k views

Confusion about radio-computer interfaces: TNC, CAT, TRRS, Wolphi Link, ...?

This is probably a very simple and stupid question, but I'm getting more confused over time. Perhaps it is a matter of terminology, but a unified resource differentiating and explaining the different ...
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3answers
1k views

Open Source Library for Digital Mode

I want to play a bit more with programming side of digital modes. However, a quick Google search turned up lots of software and some general explanations but no open-source library implementing such a ...
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0answers
64 views

What value goes in the AX.25 PID field if the Layer 3 protocol is not defined in the standard?

I am working on space-ground networking for a Cube Satellite, and one of our candidate Layer 2 protocols is AX.25. We haven't settled on a physical layer, but it's likely to be some form of quadrature-...
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4answers
958 views

Amateur Radio Long Distance Data Communication

My friends and I are going off to college ~180 miles/290 kilometres apart. As a project, we are looking into creating a data communication connection between our two schools. Our requirements would be:...
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2answers
2k views

What makes JT65 preferable for VHF, and JT9 for HF

Are the bands really that different in characteristics where JT65 works better for VHF, and JT9 for HF? The claim comes from the WSJT website: JT65 was designed for EME (“moonbounce”) on the VHF/...
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1answer
664 views

What is "Billion Code" for garage door openers from around 1996?

I've been trying to "hack" my garage door using an SDR (LimeSDR) for a high school physics project, and I have run into a snag. When I look at the signal and demodulate it using ASK in Ultimate Radio ...
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1answer
66 views

Relative computational requirement for various digital modes?

What might be the relative computational performance requirements for the various popular digital modes? (FT, JT, WS, PSK31, etc.) I seem to recall FSK modulation/demodulation being done with 1 or so ...
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1answer
4k views

Why there is no AFSK in FLDIGI

I was expecting to see an AFSK option in the Fldigi "Op Mode" menu (as there is one option for CW, i.e.), why isn't it there? Basically, I want to get the data send according to this.
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1answer
222 views

Pre-transmission burst sent by fldigi

Every time I click on a PSK macro, before transmitting the message, fldigi outputs a burst of something for about a second. This is visible but not readable on my waterfall display. It wastes time ...
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2answers
2k views

What rig should I start with when trying to get hands-on experience with Fldigi?

I would like to get hands-on experience with Fldigi. What setup is recommendable?
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1answer
412 views

What is the difference between MFSK64 and MFSK64L?

I noticed this after updating fldigi to decode a Voice of America Radiogram. The only thing I could find in the fldigi changelog was this: ...