Questions tagged [digital-modes]

Transmission of digital signals over Amateur Radio, including modes like PSK-31, RTTY, JT-65, JT-9, etc.

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16
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a disadvantage to using a cheap HT for APRS?

Looking to build a cheap (not even inexpensive, just dirt cheap) APRS beacon transmitter. Right now you can get a dual band handheld transceiver with rechargeable battery, antenna, etc for under $31 [...
14
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11answers
5k views

Is Morse code a digital, binary mode?

At first glance Morse code looks like a digital mode - there are dits and dahs, two values which contain the information of the transmission. Alternatively, at any point in time there either is a ...
12
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4answers
1k views

What is generally considered “too much” power for JT-65 on HF?

Recently, I have begun experimenting with JT-65A, mostly on 20 meters. I usually run about 5 watts with that mode, since I know that JT-65 is a weak-signal mode. Is that still too much power? What is ...
12
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3answers
583 views

What is the role of digital data modes in emergency communications?

Emergency operations are typically reliant on voice traffic today. Are digital data modes used at all in emergency operations, and why/ why not? Couldn't data modes be used to pass information more ...
10
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2answers
666 views

Can an amateur use cellular technologies with SDR?

Software Defined Radio is opening up many new possibilities for amateur digital modes. One family of technologies that interests me is cellular. 2G GSM voice/sms and 2.5G GPRS data has been proven to ...
10
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1answer
4k views

How do I discover APRS coverage?

I'm considering adding simple APRS transmitters to my vehicles. I'd rather just put one in and forget about it, but I understand there are areas of the US where a stronger transmitter would be ...
10
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2answers
634 views

Getting Started with Digital Modes on VHF on Linux

I am interested in learning about digital modes using 2m and Linux. I have a couple of older 2m rigs (HTX-212 and an old Yaesu) with no additional hardware, like a TNC. What current resources exist ...
9
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4answers
15k views

2m or 70cm FM mobile radio for digital mode operation

Are there any 2m and/or 440cm FM mobile radios that have audio inputs for supporting digital modes, like PSK31 or SSTV? I have a Rigblaster that I use with my HF radio so I could get a mike cable and ...
9
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3answers
941 views

Are hashes (such as md5) legal in the US

If I were to implement a remote computer control system using amateur radio, would using hashes (such as md5, sha-*, etc...) for authentication be permissible under the United States rules?
9
votes
4answers
393 views

How to operate on HF if an AM transmitter is only 540 feet away?

I'm a General Class Licensee, and due to pulmonary disease I cannot operate voice. I am also about 540 feet from a 24/7 1 kW AM station. The signal is so pronounced that most audio devices in the ...
9
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2answers
3k views

HF Digital Mode Band Plan for the USA

I recently started playing with the digital modes, but have been frustrated with the difficulty in finding where certain modes are commonly used. Is there a digital mode band plan for the HF bands, to ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Digital-mode signal reports

When operating analog voice, we give a qualitative (or possibly just arbitrary) signal report, 'scoring' the signal either out of a maximum 'five by five', or a maximum '599'. How do you report the ...
8
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6answers
4k views

What transfer rates are actually achievable using known digital modes?

I've found all sorts of info concerning digital modes, sound samples, spectrum samples, but nobody ever cites what speed a given digital mode can reach. Could anyone tell me more about that, or point ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Do FCC regulations limit digital data rate?

Are there FCC regulations that specifically limit digital data rate on the amateur bands? Are there any recent or proposed changes? If so, what are they specifically?
8
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2answers
1k views

What is a fixed digital message forwarding system?

What is a fixed digital message forwarding system? I noticed this on the lower end of the 222MHz allocation in the US but it's not explained on the band chart:
8
votes
1answer
369 views

What is the difference between MFSK64 and MFSK64L?

I noticed this after updating fldigi to decode a Voice of America Radiogram. The only thing I could find in the fldigi changelog was this: ...
8
votes
1answer
236 views

How can I do direct digital synthesis of a 630m WSPR signal?

I want to do direct digital synthesis of a 630m band WSPR signal. Specifically I'd like to use an Atmega 328 chip running at 20 MHz to produce such a signal. I will use standard phase accumulator ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Moon->Earth 433MHz link achievable digital bandwidth

Let's assume we have the following situation: Transmitter on moon orbit (distance from earth ~400'000km), around 433Mhz. Transmitter power 1W, antenna gain 10dB, circular polarization. Steered to ...
7
votes
7answers
3k views

What does sending SK after calling CQ mean?

When I was at a local radio club today, I witnessed a bit unusual response by a station calling CQ using BPSK31, that is to say phase-shift keying, not the regular A1A telegraphy, on the 20 meter band....
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How does signal strength relate to bandwidth?

Let's say I have a 25 W transmitter. First I transmit some SSB signal with 2500 Hz bandwidth (no audio compressor is used, etc...). Then I transmit a BPSK31 signal with at most 100 Hz bandwidth using ...
7
votes
2answers
761 views

Store-and-forward capable satellites in operation?

The amateur satellite community used to have a small fleet of pacsat satellites (AO-16 and friends), which were capable of store-and-forward message passing: you could upload messages to the LEO ...
7
votes
1answer
124 views

Efficient BPSK31 amplification

I'm looking at making a portable system that can transmit BPSK31. I have a limited power budget, so I'm looking at trying to make my final power amplifier as efficient as possible. From my ...
7
votes
1answer
137 views

Can club stations register callsigns on the D-Star network?

Some of the members at my local radio club are interested in working with D-Star. Since the equipment is very expensive, it was proposed that the club purchase and operate one rig collectively. Is ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Confusion about radio-computer interfaces: TNC, CAT, TRRS, Wolphi Link, …?

This is probably a very simple and stupid question, but I'm getting more confused over time. Perhaps it is a matter of terminology, but a unified resource differentiating and explaining the different ...
6
votes
2answers
425 views

Is it possible for an amateur to transmit ATSC?

Amateur television has long used the NTSC (analog) television standards to transmit video and audio. Several years ago, the digital broadcast television transition made higher-quality television ...
6
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5answers
5k views

Are there any commonly used digital modes that work with an FM transceiver?

Like many new hams, I have just one radio: an inexpensive 2m/70cm FM transceiver. It doesn't do SSB and it doesn't have a digital input. If I wire up a connection between the radio and my computer's ...
6
votes
1answer
449 views

What is “Billion Code” for garage door openers from around 1996?

I've been trying to "hack" my garage door using an SDR (LimeSDR) for a high school physics project, and I have run into a snag. When I look at the signal and demodulate it using ASK in Ultimate Radio ...
6
votes
2answers
563 views

Filtering for PSK31 demodulation

What's the ideal filter for PSK31 demodulation? That is, something that minimizes ISI, while having a narrow bandwidth to reject adjacent channels, while being reasonably matched? Most PSK modes use ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate UMTS bitrates?

Assuming: Radio frame Subdivided in 15 slots Number of chips: 38.400 Duration: 10 ms; each slots = 666.6 μs and has 2.560 chips Example of channels DPDCH (Dedicated Physical Data Channel) (UL) ...
6
votes
1answer
172 views

Pre-transmission burst sent by fldigi

Every time I click on a PSK macro, before transmitting the message, fldigi outputs a burst of something for about a second. This is visible but not readable on my waterfall display. It wastes time ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

DMR / DSTAR / P25 Software Encode / Decode

The large VHF / UHF digital voice communication modes all require the same AMBE vocoder chip from dvsinc. This surface mount chip can be aquired standalone for a relatively high price or all of the ...
5
votes
2answers
72 views

How does a digital demodulator know which level it is reading?

I have recently started getting into wireless digital communications and I read about QAM modulation. But I am a little confused as to how the receiving demodulator would know which symbol it is ...
5
votes
2answers
715 views

Unidentified signals on FT8 frequencies

When I work in FT8 mode I often see signals like these: I couldn't identify these signals using SigiWiki nor managed I to decode them using WSJT-X. Though these signals seem to use 15 second frames. ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Air gapped digital communications mode on VHF?

According to this question MCW (modulated continuous wave) is allowed on large portions of the VHF bands in the U.S. Is using MCW suitable for passing small amounts of digital data between 2 PCs or ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

What about the digital mode ROS causes some to consider it spread spectrum?

The FCC disallows amateur spread spectrum communications below 220MHz. At the moment the relatively new digital mode, ROS, is considered, by some, to be spread spectrum. So this mode is getting ...
5
votes
1answer
523 views

Is there a legal limit to the bandwidth of a signal used in the amateur bands?

While a normal voice channel is ~10kHz-15kHz in bandwidth, some digital modes can be significantly wider. Are there any legal restrictions on how much bandwidth I could use for amateur radio ...
5
votes
2answers
561 views

Troposcatter: really all that bad?

The previous question, Packet Radio at 100 miles and specifically, Phil's answer raised an interesting question: In a 50–100 km distance situation where Line-Of-Sight beams aren't an option for ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Requirements for 9600 baud

I want to setup a TCP/IP link between my friends house 7km away from me on 70cm. 1200 Baud is a bit slow, and we are looking into something with a faster data rate. I know normal audio does not ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

APRS: WIDEn-N vs. TRACEn-N

The suggested APRS digipeater path is WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 for the most use cases. According to the specs, this ensures two retransmissions by fill-in / regular ...
5
votes
2answers
70 views

Weak signal digital modes and clock synchronization

Why to some weak signal digital modes (jt9, jt65, etc.) require knowing a clock time? Does knowing this clock time provide any gain in signal detection ability? (lower required S/N?) What clock ...
5
votes
1answer
583 views

Receive Data on Specific Frequency

So if I were to build a simple AM radio transmitter just using say, my Arduino, an oscillator, and wire for an antenna (this is all crude I know, but work with me here) and use it to transmit data ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

maximum acheivable range on CB radio by ground wave? [duplicate]

I have 10 watt CB radio system & 0.64 lambda monopole antenna , I think it has a 5 dBi gain . what is the maximum acheivable range by ground wave in an urban area ? If I want to increase my ...
5
votes
2answers
114 views

LOS One-way radio system, 4km with at least 1000bytes/s

In order to track skydivers/BASE-jumpers with flysight I am looking for a one-way radio system to transmit the location data. System needs the following specifications: ...
4
votes
3answers
609 views

Bridging LAN over ~1-2km distance

A friend of mine and I live across a lake from each other, and recently we thought it'd be fun to try and connect our computers together somehow across that distance. Running cable from either side ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Why there is no AFSK in FLDIGI

I was expecting to see an AFSK option in the Fldigi "Op Mode" menu (as there is one option for CW, i.e.), why isn't it there? Basically, I want to get the data send according to this.
4
votes
1answer
53 views

I configured FlDIGI to dislay letters before my PSK31 signal and then I forgot how I did it

Several months ago, before I had a Transceiver that worked, I configured FLDIGI to graphically display the letters QC 13P in the waterfall as a preamble to my PSK31 transmission. I remember I was ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Relative computational requirement for various digital modes?

What might be the relative computational performance requirements for the various popular digital modes? (FT, JT, WS, PSK31, etc.) I seem to recall FSK modulation/demodulation being done with 1 or so ...
4
votes
3answers
365 views

Is compression “encryption” under FCC regs?

I read this question about digital signatures and FCC prohibitions on "obscuring" messages in amateur transmissions, and it cause me to think of something: the difference between encryption and ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

Is using a DDS chip directly a viable way to transmit 2FSK and PSK on HF?

I'm thinking of building an HF transmitter for data (AX.25 or PSK31). Rather than using an IF stage, I'm thinking of generating the RF frequencies (or phases) directly with a Direct Digital Synthesis ...
4
votes
4answers
377 views

Low power long distance wireless data communication

I am looking for a communication solution with the following requirements: wireless unidirectional, point to point low power (li-ion battery powered, should operate at least one hour on the single ...