Questions tagged [cw]

Continuous Wave (CW), or Morse code over audible tones. Use this tag for any question relating to Morse code.

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8
votes
1answer
239 views

Calculating the signal-to-noise ratio for CW (Morse Code) signals?

How is the signal-to-noise ratio for received CW and QRSS CW (and/or other ultra narrow-band DSP digital modes) typically computed? e.g. What noise bandwidth should be used to measure the spectrum ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Sunspot numbers? forecast? broadcast on CW/HF

I have vague memories from the early 1990:s of some sort of service that broadcast something related to sunspot numbers, in CW, probably shortwave. I think the world "BOULDER" was in there ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Repeater identification ending (CW)

I am just starting to learn CW, and for practice I have been recording and transcribing repeater identifications that I hear. This is what I heard today: DE W9KIC/R BBG What is the meaning of "BBG"?
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Converting WPM to CPM

I'm using an Anroid app for learning CW. In Germany, it's common to define the speed in CPM ("characters per minute", or German BPM for "Buchstaben pro Minute). However, the Morse trainer I use ...
1
vote
3answers
205 views

Why can I hear Morse when not in CW mode?

I don't "get" CW. I can't understand the chatter on an FM radio broadcast when my radio is set to AM. This makes sense, the signal is modulated using frequency modulation and I am trying to ...
5
votes
3answers
229 views

Why are contest signal reports always “59” or “599”?

I've heard lots of contest exchanges, and the signal report almost always seems to be 59 for phone or 599 for Morse, even when the operator giving the report has to request information to be repeated ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What is an Audio Peaking Filter?

What is an Audio Peaking Filter? And how might that be different from an ordinary (narrow) CW bandpass filter, or from tunable audio filters (with fully configurable upper and lower cutoffs)? Does a ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

What nations still require Morse code testing for Amateur radio license?

Going a bit further I'll ask, for which licenses (all or just for licenses for HF operation) and at what speed (5 WPM, 10 WPM, none specified)? The reason I ask is because every so often I'll see ...
15
votes
5answers
8k views

If I receive an SOS signal, what is the proper response?

My 5-year old son loves sending out an SOS signal using a toy Morse code generator (wired, don't worry about false alarms for real authorities). He has learned to send the SOS signal and was asking ...
2
votes
2answers
229 views

What is the current state of the art in CW filters?

In the 1970s I made a CW “filter” based on a phase locked loop that detected a specific audio frequency, and this drove an NE555 oscillator: the result seemed at first like a “zero bandwidth” CW ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

FT450D no cw tx unless ppt is held

FT450D in cw mode does not transmit unless PTT is actuated. "BK-IN" not in display despite pressing function followed by vox/store button.
3
votes
2answers
180 views

Maximum legal QRQ CW speed?

Computer generated and decoded Morse Code seems to be a not-uncommon operating practice in the HF bands. Given this, and that there's no reason why Morse/CW signals can't be synthesized and decoded ...
8
votes
5answers
139 views

I can copy 15wpm how to to continue?

I solely learned to copy cw via a computer program using the Koch - method (http://f6dqm.free.fr/soft/cwplayer/en/cwplayer.htm) I never learned how to send and if it is no big disadvantage, I would ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

How proper HIHI sounds like?

Recently I've read Zen And The Art Of Radiotelegraphy by Carlo Consoli, IK0YGJ. I must say, it's a great book, and as a new CW operator I've found plenty of useful information in it. What especially ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Info on this Bunnell J-38 key

I've been trying to find manufacturing date info on the J.H. Bunnell key ("J.H. Bunnell&Co" is stamped on top of the frame), but it seems to be somewhat unique. Most J-38 keys that I've found ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

What is NR and a number instead of city and state after my QTH?

I have been a ham for almost 20 years, and when on CW I have always sent my call, name, RST, and full QTH. I have noticed that now many operators send NR 5280 or something similar instead of their ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

What gain and power are required for successful DX contacts on 2m/70cm bands in CW?

I would like to practice in CW on 2m/70cm bands when and if there will be a tropospheric or sporadic-E propagation. However I don't have mush space for the antenna. There is a possibility to install 3+...
6
votes
2answers
420 views

CW: when I supposed to send “E E”?

I'm new to CW and one thing I couldn't figure out is when I supposed to send "E E". Let's say I'm calling CQ and somebody answers me. The QSO is almost over. Should it be ended like this: ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Both OOK and FSK used in the same transmission

My gas burning heating unit takes its temperature readings from a 433 MHz thermostat, which is emitting precisely the same data packets in a packet train at some ~100 ms interval like this: 2 x OOK ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Last Morse call for Thomas?

What does this mean: CQ de KYHP QTC? K My father-in-law was a radio operator in the merchant marines during WWII — this was his last writing.
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Shaving Quartz Crystal for New Frequency

Back in the 1960s during my Novice days I operated on the 40-meter band only with 4 different quartz crystals that determined my transmitting frequency with my Eico 720 CW transmitter. I had heard ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the most common CW audio filter center frequency?

For older receivers with a fixed (crystal?) audio filter for CW, what is the usual center frequency of the audio bandpass of the filter? Or cut-off frequency for low-pass CW filters? For newer ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Why do some straight keys have a slider that shorts the contacts continuously?

I ended up with an old straight key that has a curious feature: below the main arm that you would tap on, there's an extra metal flange that can sort of loosely pinch an extra sliding lever underneath,...
10
votes
2answers
329 views

What is the decimal in Morse Code?

The ITU's International Morse Code recommendation ITU-R M.1677-1 specifies a "Full stop (period)" as ".−.−.−", however it falls short of specifying a decimal point. Even the examples, though they ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Wiring a CW paddle and straight key to a TRS connector?

Some transceivers come with a TRS plug input labeled "key". When wiring my paddle or a straight key for these TRS connector inputs, is there any current standard for which key connection goes to ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

CW skimmers and spotting networks?

What are CW skimmers, especially with regard to spotting networks? Are there more than one (of each)? How do the skimmers interface with spotting networks? (Or are they combined into a single ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

How does this circuit work? Why is the antenna connected to the output of the amplification stage?

What is the function of the configuration of R1, C3,C10 and R3? How does the LC tank in this circuit work?
5
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the record for the highest non-automated over-the-air CW WPM speed?

Related to this question, but using humans, and in an actual QSO, not lab conditions: Is there a record for QSO QRQ speed? And, if so, what is the record for the highest non-automated over-the-air ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to use a Linux computer as a paddle key code practice oscillator

I'm working on learning Morse code, and I'm looking for a way to use my computer as a practice oscillator with a double paddle key. I'm using a Linux PC, but a Raspberry Pi solution would be cool to. ...
7
votes
4answers
975 views

How many new amateur operators can currently use CW?

Given that it is no longer a license requirement, are there any current statistics available on what percentage of licensed amateur radio operators still learn Morse Code to some degree of proficiency?...
60
votes
16answers
7k views

Why is Morse Code still in use?

Why do people still use Morse Code? What are its advantages over newer Voice or Data communication modes?
10
votes
1answer
338 views

Dominant speeds of Morse Communications

5 wpm is easy to learn and better than nothing in emergency. Speed Morse Coding is fine for "sport competition" I am trying to find out which is the typical speed for what I call "conversation" and ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Single or Dual Paddle Key?

I want to eventually use a CW paddle and built in keyer in my Yaesu FT-890. What are the merits of each style. Single or Dual Paddle. Does it make any difference if I start with say a dual paddle then ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

Is this strange Morse signal type common?

I, just as a hobby project, am writing a program for decoding Morse code. I am not a ham, but generally interested in radio and programming. I have a first version of the project, but it failed to ...
5
votes
4answers
795 views

Are QRP transceivers only meant for CW communication?

I was just thinking about making a QRP transceiver, but are they only used for CW (Morse code) communication? If it is so, can I modify a QRP for two way audio communication?
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Problem recording morse with sdr#

I have a problem with recording SWS-morse using SDRSharp and RTL-SDR. I want fixed gain, not audio automatic gain control. The problem is that all signal but the weakest will cause the recorded audio ...
31
votes
11answers
4k views

Are there well-known methods that can help improve my CW copying speed?

I've been having a hard time getting my Morse Code copying speed above 7-10 words per minute. Are there any techniques I can use to improve my skill?
6
votes
2answers
320 views

What does QSL mean in a CW conversation?

When the other party sends QSL, do they just want to know whether I received the previous message and expect RR or ...
2
votes
2answers
380 views

How does keying a CW transmitter work?

In my handbook it talks about keying the transmitter to produce the dots and dashes. Does this mean that the operator is turning the transmitter on and off, or does this mean that the key is turning ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

If I send periodic SOS and nothing else, what would be the response by hams and/or government?

TL;DR: If I blast out a periodic SOS, what rescue action should I expect? Similar to if I activated an EPIRB, or something less? This question is inspired by If I receive an SOS signal, what is the ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

What was the origin of the Morse code abbreviations “hi” and “es”?

In Morse code, hams use "hi" to indicate a laugh, and "es" to mean "and". Where did these abbreviations come from? Both being all dots, they are short and easy to send and easy to recognize, but why ...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

Will I get cleaner keying by keying the oscillator, or interrupting the amplifier B+?

One of my goals as a new ham is to homebrew my own transmitter (using vacuum tubes, aka valves). Initially I'll stick with CW for the transmitter, though over time I might build an AM modulator or ...
14
votes
11answers
5k views

Is Morse code a digital, binary mode?

At first glance Morse code looks like a digital mode - there are dits and dahs, two values which contain the information of the transmission. Alternatively, at any point in time there either is a ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How low a sidetone frequency will allow QRQ CW to be copied?

What sidetone frequency range (or VFO/BFO receiver offset) will allow one to copy CW when trying to learn to copy QRQ? (high-speed Morse code, 40 WPM and higher) It seems like there will be very few ...
5
votes
2answers
294 views

Has anyone actually heard or used rare Morse code characters on the air?

When I got my license about 50 years ago, I believe the only punctuation marks on the test were the period, comma, question mark, and slash mark. Once on the air, I heard and used the usual prosigns, ...
2
votes
2answers
688 views

How to transition CW ability to listening instead of simply copying - software assist?

I was recently reading this article from the ARRL web site, Morse Code at 140 WPM (ARRL) about Chuck Adams, K7QO, who claims to be able to handle this speed all by himself. Very interesting article....
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Do MRI machines use the ISM band, and do they generate audible CW signals?

I've recently had an MRI, and after studying chapter two and three of the ARRL manual, I've got a better understanding of how my MRI machine might have worked. Now, I am curious to know what would ...
0
votes
2answers
322 views

Why do CW signals get converted to pure sine wave tones at 750 Hz?

I've been reading about the history of telegraphy, and I knew that back then radio signals were produced in massive strength by using powerful dynamos and magnetos, with a telegraph key to interrupt ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Why were “PARIS” and “CODEX” considered “typical words”?

In the context of wondering how to convert characters per minute to words per minute, it was pointed out that CODEX and PARIS are used as typical words for measuring speed of CW operators. As the ...
9
votes
2answers
142 views

What is the purpose of the German CW exam if it is not required to use CW?

To receive the amateur radio license Klasse A (HAREC) in Germany it is since 2005 not required anymore to pass a CW exam, due to a corresponding change in the Radio Regulations. However, the exam is ...