Questions tagged [cw]

Continuous Wave (CW), or Morse code over audible tones. Use this tag for any question relating to Morse code.

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3
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1answer
51 views

CW skimmers and spotting networks?

What are CW skimmers, especially with regard to spotting networks? Are there more than one (of each)? How do the skimmers interface with spotting networks? (Or are they combined into a single ...
10
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1answer
137 views

Dominant speeds of Morse Communications

5 wpm is easy to learn and better than nothing in emergency. Speed Morse Coding is fine for "sport competition" I am trying to find out which is the typical speed for what I call "conversation" and ...
2
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6answers
2k views

Is this strange Morse signal type common?

I, just as a hobby project, am writing a program for decoding Morse code. I am not a ham, but generally interested in radio and programming. I have a first version of the project, but it failed to ...
5
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4answers
297 views

Are QRP transceivers only meant for CW communication?

I was just thinking about making a QRP transceiver, but are they only used for CW (Morse code) communication? If it is so, can I modify a QRP for two way audio communication?
2
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2answers
132 views

How does keying a CW transmitter work?

In my handbook it talks about keying the transmitter to produce the dots and dashes. Does this mean that the operator is turning the transmitter on and off, or does this mean that the key is turning ...
0
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2answers
115 views

If I send periodic SOS and nothing else, what would be the response by hams and/or government?

TL;DR: If I blast out a periodic SOS, what rescue action should I expect? Similar to if I activated an EPIRB, or something less? This question is inspired by If I receive an SOS signal, what is the ...
5
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2answers
245 views

What does QSL mean in a CW conversation?

When the other party sends QSL, do they just want to know whether I received the previous message and expect RR or ...
1
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1answer
71 views

Problem recording morse with sdr#

I have a problem with recording SWS-morse using SDRSharp and RTL-SDR. I want fixed gain, not audio automatic gain control. The problem is that all signal but the weakest will cause the recorded audio ...
4
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1answer
98 views

Will I get cleaner keying by keying the oscillator, or interrupting the amplifier B+?

One of my goals as a new ham is to homebrew my own transmitter (using vacuum tubes, aka valves). Initially I'll stick with CW for the transmitter, though over time I might build an AM modulator or ...
14
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4answers
6k views

If I receive an SOS signal, what is the proper response?

My 5-year old son loves sending out an SOS signal using a toy Morse code generator (wired, don't worry about false alarms for real authorities). He has learned to send the SOS signal and was asking ...
3
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2answers
98 views

Do MRI machines use the ISM band, and do they generate audible CW signals?

I've recently had an MRI, and after studying chapter two and three of the ARRL manual, I've got a better understanding of how my MRI machine might have worked. Now, I am curious to know what would ...
0
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2answers
117 views

Why do CW signals get converted to pure sine wave tones at 750 Hz?

I've been reading about the history of telegraphy, and I knew that back then radio signals were produced in massive strength by using powerful dynamos and magnetos, with a telegraph key to interrupt ...
3
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1answer
109 views

Why were “PARIS” and “CODEX” considered “typical words”?

In the context of wondering how to convert characters per minute to words per minute, it was pointed out that CODEX and PARIS are used as typical words for measuring speed of CW operators. As the ...
9
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2answers
118 views

What is the purpose of the German CW exam if it is not required to use CW?

To receive the amateur radio license Klasse A (HAREC) in Germany it is since 2005 not required anymore to pass a CW exam, due to a corresponding change in the Radio Regulations. However, the exam is ...
14
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11answers
5k views

Is Morse code a digital, binary mode?

At first glance Morse code looks like a digital mode - there are dits and dahs, two values which contain the information of the transmission. Alternatively, at any point in time there either is a ...
4
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1answer
83 views

Is a US Extra class exam from the '90s valid to upgrade from Advanced class today?

If one passed the Extra written test in the late '90s at an ARRL test center but did not get the 20wpm endorsement, yet is an Advanced operator, would they now be upgraded to Extra class or do they ...
2
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1answer
906 views

Converting WPM to CPM

I'm using an Anroid app for learning CW. In Germany, it's common to define the speed in CPM ("characters per minute", or German BPM for "Buchstaben pro Minute). However, the Morse trainer I use ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Yaesu FT-450D CW from computer - DATA and CAT connectors

Yaesu FT-450D Transceiver USB-to-DB9 cable installed to the CAT interface Computer runs the ADMS-450 channel-programming program fine. Computer can run the PCC remote-control program fine. DATA ...
6
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2answers
507 views

Morse Code meta-command sequences?

When using Morse Code as an accessibility/disability communication or input method, are there any non-alphanumeric dot-dash sequences that are more common or more suitable for meta-commands, such as “...
1
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1answer
219 views

Morse code in a puzzle

I'm working on a morse code geocache puzzle. Firstly I had to listen to Morse code and I got the following words from it SYGYO UMPET KUSIK MUMWY MOPPE MACOP TUGNY WAAXT MUFAJ MIAMG TUGND I suspect ...
7
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2answers
174 views

Are there any rules/conventions for transmitting coordinates in CW?

I am wondering how hams transmit coordinates in Morse code. Considering that coordinates can be represented in many different formats (such as DD, DDM, DMS, WGS84, etc.) and that an error in the ...
5
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2answers
239 views

Has anyone actually heard or used rare Morse code characters on the air?

When I got my license about 50 years ago, I believe the only punctuation marks on the test were the period, comma, question mark, and slash mark. Once on the air, I heard and used the usual prosigns, ...
6
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3answers
246 views

How do I send negative numbers or below zero in CW?

Sometimes when operating CW I want to send numbers that are negative. In particular when operating outdoors during the winter and someone asks the temperature, I would like to come back in CW with -...
7
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4answers
669 views

What was the origin of the Morse code abbreviations “hi” and “es”?

In Morse code, hams use "hi" to indicate a laugh, and "es" to mean "and". Where did these abbreviations come from? Both being all dots, they are short and easy to send and easy to recognize, but why ...
1
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1answer
83 views

“;” in morse “-.-.-” or “-.-.-.”? [duplicate]

What is the correct sign for ";" in morse? FLdigi converts "-.-.-." to ";" whereas in various code lookup tables I see "-.-.-" Can both be used or is one of the morse codes valid?
11
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6answers
353 views

Key CW on zero crossings - zero bandwidth?

I remember being surprised to learn that a CW signal has a bandwidth (albeit small), but when I thought it over, it made sense. Essentially, we are modulating the carrier with a low frequency square ...
2
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2answers
312 views

How to transition CW ability to listening instead of simply copying - software assist?

I was recently reading this article from the ARRL web site, Morse Code at 140 WPM (ARRL) about Chuck Adams, K7QO, who claims to be able to handle this speed all by himself. Very interesting article....
2
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1answer
156 views

How does this circuit work? Why is the antenna connected to the output of the amplification stage?

What is the function of the configuration of R1, C3,C10 and R3? How does the LC tank in this circuit work?
3
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1answer
408 views

Difference between Iambic keyer modes?

What is the difference between Iambic Keyer mode A and mode B? Are there any other popular keyer modes? Why would one choose one mode over the other? If only one Iambic keyer mode is to be ...
2
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3answers
648 views

How to use a Linux computer as a paddle key code practice oscillator

I'm working on learning Morse code, and I'm looking for a way to use my computer as a practice oscillator with a double paddle key. I'm using a Linux PC, but a Raspberry Pi solution would be cool to. ...
3
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4answers
405 views

What's this maybe-morse-code “CQ CQ GE EDEN” and “DD” in Le Eden de la Grisaia?

The ending song of an anime television series called Le Eden de la Grisaia here has a light flashing. I suspect it may be Morse Code. By watching the video a little more slowly than usual (frame by ...
5
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3answers
733 views

How slow is slow telegraphy?

On the UK Band Plan there are frequencies stating “QRS (slow telegraphy) Centre of Activity”. For example, 14,055 kHz on 20m and 3,555 kHz on 80m. What is considered slow? (<15 wpm?) How close ...
3
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1answer
218 views

Where exactly is the Morse code character “;” defined?

I've seen that quite often in Morse code tables (for example here), under punctuation, a semicolon ";"character is listed. However, the ITU-R M.1677-1 doesn't specify that character as a part of ...
6
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4answers
814 views

Why do some straight keys have a slider that shorts the contacts continuously?

I ended up with an old straight key that has a curious feature: below the main arm that you would tap on, there's an extra metal flange that can sort of loosely pinch an extra sliding lever underneath,...
6
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4answers
2k views

Single or Dual Paddle Key?

I want to eventually use a CW paddle and built in keyer in my Yaesu FT-890. What are the merits of each style. Single or Dual Paddle. Does it make any difference if I start with say a dual paddle then ...
5
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2answers
137 views

Air gapped digital communications mode on VHF?

According to this question MCW (modulated continuous wave) is allowed on large portions of the VHF bands in the U.S. Is using MCW suitable for passing small amounts of digital data between 2 PCs or ...
2
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2answers
123 views

Morse code help

http://vocaroo.com/i/s0fsMOJ82A7k Trying to decipher this morse code if someone can help me. It's 14 characters long and the first lot is Illuminatih I think.
3
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2answers
451 views

Looking for a morse code decoder that simulates keyboard input

I know that there are several commercial programs that will decode incoming CW using the computer's sound card, but this is not quite what I need. The specific requirement that I have is to feed the ...
7
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5answers
3k views

Should I learn morse at “both” speeds?

There are many anecdotes of hams learning Morse Code at e.g. 5wpm and then "hitting a wall" trying to gradually speed up to 15wpm. David G. Finley, N1IRZ claims the reason is this: Morse at 5 wpm ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Is there a preferred order for learning Morse code using the Koch method?

The Koch method of learning Morse code is based on the idea that you learn characters at full speed, but a reduced set of characters that is expanded over time, instead of learning the full set of ...
2
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4answers
237 views

CW “training” recordings

I'd like to get some recordings of typical receiver audio output of HF CW transmissions. I'd like to both train my mental copying capabilities and look into improved automatic (software) CW ...
3
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3answers
623 views

Comms between Raspberry Pis over CW on 40m

I'm completely new to amateur radio, so please forgive me if this is a silly question. I'm looking at these devices: Assembled HAM RADIO 40M CW HF QRP Pixie Transmitter Receiver 7.023-7.026MHz DIY on ...
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0answers
62 views

Is it suitable to use DSSS in a narrow-band channel for a power-starved system

I want to build a system that can transmit data through 2-way radios as far as possible. I use the "line-in" as the input of the baseband signal in the transmitter and use the "audio out" as the ...
8
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3answers
1k views

What is the origin, history behind “Ben's Best Bent Wire”?

Bens Best Bent Wire My uncle, who was a Merchant Marine in WWII used to tell me this. He was a ham, and said it would develop my fist musically. I was a small child at the time, and through his ...
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6answers
598 views

Looking for a CW Tutor app [closed]

Is there an app that sends random morse code that I can copy to paper, then shows me what was sent for me to check my work? Basically an app that works like the MFJ-418 Code Tutor. All the apps I find ...
2
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1answer
590 views

Where can I find the definition of the Q Codes as they should be used in amateur radio (CW)?

Where can I find the definition of the Q Codes for amateur radio? So far I could only find ITU-R M.1172 ANNEX 1 Miscellaneous abbreviations and signals to be used for radiocommunications in ...
0
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1answer
172 views

CW paddle interface wiring problem

I have the MFJ-564B iambic paddle which I need to wire to the MFJ-552 CW interface. The paddle is stereo (dits/dahs) and the interface is mono (when connected to paddle, only gives DITS). How can I ...
0
votes
1answer
218 views

Testing my HB-1B QRP CW Transceiver on 40m

I'm a new ham and have only used 2m/70cm so far. I have recently completed a QRP CW setup: a YouKits HB-1B transceiver and a simple wire dipole. I haven't made any contacts yet, and I'm wodering if ...
2
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0answers
148 views

How can I connect a CW keyer to my Mac and transmit CW on VHF? [duplicate]

I currently have a Kenwood TM-V71A 2m/70cm transceiver that I would like to connect to my Macbook to transmit morse code, using the cocoaModem software. Aside from the cables needed to connect the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Morse code for hash (#)

Is there a morse code for a hash character? If so, what is that morse code? My thoughts where that there is morse code for an @ but why not for a #?