Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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304 views

What are the effects of a ground plane under a horizontal dipole?

What are the effects on signal propagation if this ground plane is just a metal object and what are the effects if the ground plane is actually grounded? I am asking this question because someone ...
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1answer
602 views

Benefit to remote antenna tuner for end-fed non-resonant antenna?

Does addition of a remote feed-point antenna tuner affect the use of the coax braid as a radiator? If it no longer "radiates" in such a setup, what does? Is a shack or remote tuner better for ...
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1answer
84 views

Antenna Patterns and Multipath Effect

It's said that in order to decrease multi-path effects on receiving antennas that your antenna pattern should have a sharp slope near the horizon. Why? for example this is article mentioned it.(...
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2answers
1k views

Stabilization of an antenna pole with anchoring cables

I am mounting my first antenna. It is a TRAM 1481 (about 16' height), which will be placed on a 20' pole, on my home's flat roof (about 25' height). To properly stabilize the pole/antenna: - How far ...
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2answers
359 views

Not-too-distant saltwater ground

Problem I'm planning on mounting a vertical HF multiband antenna on the edge of my roof. Due to the presence of a paved walkway and some other similar property constraints, I have no room for ...
3
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2answers
407 views

What is the easiest way to eliminate a beam antenna's backward radiation (rear lobe)?

I tried a metallic reflector which works well in terms of radiation, but considerably degrades the return loss and adds more complexity to the design.
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3answers
4k views

How to produce a NEC antenna file (and what software to use it with)?

So I'm really trying to get to grips with antenna radiation patterns, and more importantly things that are to close to the antenna that might interfere. I've downloaded Qantenna and 4NEC2 to try and ...
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2answers
1k views

Dipole versus ungrounded end fed for HF RX

I've built a 2 meter ground plane antenna that works pretty well for RX and has a decent SWR on 2 meters with my Alinco. However, I'm experimenting with SDR quite a bit and would really like to build ...
3
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1answer
519 views

Are there any antennas I shouldn't use in my car?

I've heard that "rubber duck" antennas shouldn't be used inside an automobile. What is the reason for this, and are there any other types of antennas that shouldn't be used inside a vehicle? From ...
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3answers
63 views

Recommendation for hobbyist flight computer radio antenna

I'm a CS college student working on the flight computer of my Rocketry Club's rocket. My flight computer has a 915MHz radio transceiver, and it needs to transmit data to my computer with another radio ...
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3answers
121 views

What is an expected SWR plot for a trap dipole?

I've build a trap dipole for 20/40m bands. Traps are made of a coil wound on an insulator of RG213 coax and 3 kV NP0 capacitors. The impedance measured with EU1KY antenna analyzer is following: This ...
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1answer
129 views

Grounding for lightning safety - upper floor (UHF/microwave antennas)

I have some UHF, microwave antennas and an antenna rotator on a roof mounted mast. The "radio room" is in the second floor just below the antennas. Also the service entrance for building electricity ...
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2answers
94 views

How do I use a signal generator + oscilloscope to measure feeder length?

I could relatively easily take the feeder down and use a tape measure but it’s more of a challenge to learn how to measure the length using my oscilloscope -Red Pitaya - but I have to admit I have no ...
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2answers
115 views

Dielectric Constant of Insulation/RF Permeability

I recently purchased a 500-foot roll of military surplus 14 AWG stranded copper wire at a hamfest for next to nothing . It is Prestolite M13486/1-6 (spec sheet). It has very thick chlorinated ...
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2answers
261 views

What are these large antenna structures (used for)?

Flying around the area, I noticed this from the air - I have tried doing some searching but have been unable to find the name of the design or its specific use; What is this massive antenna, and what ...
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2answers
400 views

Will wrapping an antenna around my house next to metal affect it?

My unit is 25' by 25' each side and the front is 22' across. The overhang is about one foot with aluminum and vinyl underneath. If I wrap an OCF dipole (fed with 4:1 balun) around this overhang in ...
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1answer
1k views

Twisting copper wire for a less-flexible DIY antenna

I am making DIY antenna for a home project. The antenna is going to be "V-dipole" with leg length about 53cm. Unfortunately, I didn't find a thick copper wire, but I have a lot of thin core from tv ...
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3answers
793 views

Mounting a J-Pole and Yagi on the same mast

I have two 2-meter antennas, a copper J-Pole and a Hy-Gain VB-25FM. The J-Pole is my all-around antenna, what I use for general 2 meter stuff like connecting to my local repeaters using my main 2-...
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1answer
551 views

Is a J-pole an appropriate antenna for mounting to a steel handrail?

Last year, a group of us placed a battery-powered 2m digipeater using a J-pole antenna on a mountaintop. We're planning on doing the same this year except we plan to use a surge arrestor from the feed ...
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1answer
650 views

Using an HF antenna for VHF scanning

Are there any disadvantages (or advantages) to using a long-wire HF antenna for wide-band VHF reception? Or would feedline losses make that useless compared to a ground level ducky or short whip? (...
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3answers
1k views

Would retrofitting an external antenna to a smartphone be feasible?

I'm not sure if this is the proper StackExchange site, but you guys know RF and I don't know who else would know better. I take the commuter rail to work every day. I have 60-70% cell phone coverage. ...
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1answer
2k views

How to build the smallest directional antenna (ISM band)?

What kinds of configurations should I try when trying to make the physically smallest 2.4 GHz (ISM band) antenna that is significantly directional front-to-back. "Smallest" meaning in in cm maximum ...
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1answer
308 views

Is it possible to make a shield that blocks time-varying electric fields, but not time-varying magnetic fields?

Take, for example, a shielded loop antenna. It is often claimed that the antenna is inside the shield, and the shield blocks electric fields from reaching the antenna, while allowing magnetic fields ...
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2answers
2k views

Adequate lightning protection for sloped dipole or G5RV?

Has anyone had experience, or knows from first principles, whether installing a G5RV or dipole BELOW a "lightning-rod" in such a manner would serve as a means of discouraging direct lightning strikes ...
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1answer
674 views

Why are loop antennas placed horizontally in HF

I am thinking of a large (circumference $\approx \lambda$) loop antenna at low (HF) frequencies. At higher frequencies the loops are used as quad antennas that have relatively high gain towards the ...
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1answer
70 views

impedance matching with window twinlead

Question from new ham here, regarding ways of matching impedances between a feedline and an antenna. Is it possible to fashion a broadband HF impedance matcher from a length of windowed twinlead, in ...
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3answers
107 views

Antenna testing, minimizing feed-line radiation?

Assume that one does not have access to a multi-million-dollar RF anechoic chamber. When testing an amateur radio HF or VHF antenna, how would one absolutely minimize the amount of any RF radiation ...
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2answers
181 views

Determining whether signal meets the 12 dB SINAD voltage

The specification for a certain radio receiver says: Typically 12dB SINAD NBFM for 0.15uV at 145MHz. If I understand correctly, this means that the received radio wave should have a voltage level of ...
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4answers
1k views

One dipole for multiple bands?

I've just get my license, and I'm reviewing some equipend my father in law had when he passed away. I have found a dipole antenna with 15m aprox in each side, so, 60m band antenna. It feels weird to ...
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1answer
463 views

Microstrip Loop Antenna Design

I am trying to design a loop antenna for operation at 2.4 GHz, I would like for it to have above 2.5 dB gain at 2.4 GHz and have relatively good return loss (<-10 dB). I have started my design as ...
3
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2answers
498 views

Noticeable difference between trunk and roof mount?

Between trunk-mounting and roof-mounting a 2m/70cm antenna, both as through-hole NMO mounts, is there really that big a difference performance-wise? I mean, I know roof mounting is better, but let's ...
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3answers
775 views

Unexpected Resonance - Dual-Band Dipole

I tried to make a dual-band (2m/70cm) dipole this morning by following the instructions on this page: http://www.amateurradio.bz/2m-70cm_vertical_dipole_antenna.html, with the rather major significant ...
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1answer
314 views

Mathematica notebook for NEC2 (NEC, Numerical Electromagnics Code)

Are there any open source Mathematica notebooks that interface with NEC2? I am primarily interested in plotting the NEC2 results from Mathematica.
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3answers
641 views

Which is better in my situation: Balanced dipole, or as much wire as possible in the air?

I'm finally getting to the point of hopefully putting up a HF antenna. The idea is to start with a simple, straight wire dipole using trees as support points. (No traps or coils.) However, with the ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Is it possible to calculate the Q factor for an antenna type, given a frequency?

With only pen and paper, is it possible to calculate the ideal Q-factor for e.g. a dipole antenna, loop etc, given a frequency?
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2answers
352 views

Fox Hunting w/o yagi to find a lost High altitude balloon payload

First off, very new to ham radio. I wanted to track my High altitude balloon using APRS, and after loosing that payload in a mature cornfield for 2 months, decided to add a micro-fox from Byonics to ...
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1answer
961 views

maximum distance omnidirectional antenna

I want to know this omnidirectional antenna's maximum distance: gain 15 dBi frequency 2400 GHz power 50 watts
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1answer
211 views

Does a rotating source antenna (omi) cause any issue for receiving?

Lets say I want to send some data from the London eye. I decide to mount the antenna at the centre of the wheel point out (normal to the circular plane). It's an omnidirectional antenna so I know ...
3
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2answers
787 views

2 antennas and 2 amplifiers connected to same exciter radio

Does anyone here have experience connecting one exciter radio to a pair of identical amplifiers each connected to identical cables connected to identical antennas? Let's suppose we are talking about ...
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3answers
579 views

WIFI Antenna Design

I have designed a dual band WIFI antenna (2.4-2.5GHz and 5.1-5.7GHz). In 2.4GHz it's completely omnidirectional but with negative gain and in 5.6GHz it's somehow directional but with very good ...
3
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1answer
585 views

What determines the optimum frequency range for the transmission of signals?

What determines the optimum frequency range for the transmission of signals in a system that's transmitting electromagnetic signals between an antenna on the surface of the earth and an orbiting ...
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2answers
568 views

70cm antenna for an apartment

I have a blind friend who can't put anything outside, and is restricted to antennas near the window in his apartment. Luckily he lives closer to the top, which helps with range a little bit. He has a ...
3
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1answer
89 views

How much distortion would aluminium wire stays for the centre-pole on my inverted-vee cause?

I used nylon rope from the nearest hardware store to stay the centre-mast on my inverted-vee for the 20. The centre-pole is a long long looong bamboo. The trouble is rain here really isn't friendly to ...
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2answers
60 views

horizontal EFHW antenna attached to gutter

I'm brainstorming methods of mounting an EFHW. Unfortunately, I have no trees, so I'm considering a horizontal gutter mount which would afford me about 70 feet. Is this workable or should I consider a ...
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2answers
44 views

Connecting Directional Antenna To Two Antenna Ports on NIC

I want my n/ac Wi-Fi card to operate in a spatially directional manner. To achieve that I want to use a directional antenna(s). There is a slight complication though, because my Alfa AWUS036ACH ...
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2answers
294 views

What is the radiation pattern of an ~60 foot end fed wire antenna used for 40 meters?

I live in a retirement center. The rule here is “Never do anything anywhere at anytime.” That translates to “No Antennas” which I have been told means I can put out an antenna as long as it is ...
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1answer
123 views

Do Far-Field Radiation Patterns/Gains of NEC Software Accurately and Always Show the E-M Fields “Launched” by Vertical Monopoles?

Judging from posts on the Internet, this belief commonly is considered to be valid. But what is the correct answer?
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1answer
79 views

How to simulate two antennas in 4nec2

I need to simulate 2 helix antennae placed side by side, and see the resultant radiation pattern. But after adding the second antenna with a separate and when I try to simulate 4nec2, only simulated ...
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1answer
176 views

Fan dipole with loading coil(s)?

There seem to be plenty of construction articles on center-fed wire fan dipoles with pairs of arms of different lengths, each pair dimensioned for a different band (e.g. half-wave 80M+40M+20M). Would ...
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2answers
521 views

Simple antenna for an old Grundig Satellit 800

I just got my technician license, and I'm just fooling around a bit on the Grundig. I'm trying to pull in WWV from NJ, so 1st, is that possible with the radio whip? I've tried the built-in whip on 5,...

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