Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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4
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2answers
221 views

100MHz to 1000MHz Antennas for Transmit and Receive

I am building a ground and wall penetrating frequency modulated continuous wave radar. The only components that I have not been able to track down are the antennas. I need two antennas (one for ...
4
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1answer
430 views

DAB antenna in roof space

We are setting out our roof-space as an attic, and after decorating, there will be a triangular void under the house ridge, which will be about 36" wide, and 18" high. I can easily fit a standard ...
4
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1answer
267 views

How to calculate effective isotropic radiated power apply to lossy antennas

If a band allows one watt EIRP and I have an antenna that is 1% effective could I legally run 100 watts into the antenna because only one watt is radiated? If that same antenna also has a gain would ...
4
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2answers
879 views

Cross Yagi Antenna Design

What will be the effect if I add the insulation between elements and metallic boom of the cross yagi antenna (where elements from outside of the boom, instead of through boom) and in this case boom ...
4
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1answer
2k views

How to measure gain of an antenna?

I have dual stacked crossed yagi antenna. How can I practically measure the gain of the antenna combination? I know that this can be done in an anechoic chamber. But this is not feasible for me (...
4
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2answers
214 views

Antenna Design for specific directions

I am designing an antenna for a device and was hoping to gain some insight in the correct design direction for the antenna. The Idea: A receiver & antenna that fits in a 6" diameter by 3" deep ...
4
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1answer
120 views

Commercial Loopstick Antenna Manufacturers?

I am an electrical engineer working on a product that needs a loopstick antenna. I had thought that AM radios were so commoditized that I'd be able to find an off-the-shelf vendor. However the closest ...
4
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1answer
118 views

Dipole symmetry?

In ideal free space, both arms of a tuned wire dipole will be of identical length. However, the real world is not perfectly symmetric free space. The support heights, ground levels, ground ...
4
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1answer
888 views

What is the difference between “Cross Polarized” vs “Circularly Polarized” Antennas?

What is the difference between cross-polarized yagi antennas and circularly polarized antennas?
4
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1answer
624 views

How to bypass LNA for TX in UHF Antenna?

I want to work with amateur, low power, and/or pico satellites. I would like to use an Eggbeater or Turnstile antenna with my UHF 433 MHz radio, since those antennas are very cheap and easy to build ...
4
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1answer
769 views

Correct number of elements in 4nec2 antenna simulation

I am designing a 1.25-wavelength dipole antenna with the 4nec2 software. What I noticed is that the input impedance of antenna is changing greatly when I change the number of segments. How many ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Does antenna width/shape affect resonant frequency like length does?

I was wondering if I made an antenna from a Rohn 25G tower, would it have the same resonant frequency as a pole of the same height (assuming guys are insulated)? Also with the Rohn antenna, the waves ...
4
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0answers
140 views

Dipole loading coil winding directions?

A single inductive loading coil in a vertical or a pair of loading coils in a dipole are commonly used to match a given total antenna length parameter to a given frequency wavelength (where the ratio ...
3
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4answers
1k views

Is a copper J-Pole antenna better than a Slim Jim for transmitting?

I live in a fairly sheltered valley but there are several hill-top VHF repeaters that I can receive very well. However the one repeater in particular I want to transmit to, I can't reach well. I ...
3
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5answers
128 views

Can I use a 1/4 wave decoupling stub to enable mounting of a vertical yagi on a metal pole?

My understanding is that the ground plane radials used on, for example, a free standing 5/8 wave 10 m vertical antenna mounted on a metal pole, are actually 1/4 wave length decoupling stubs, the ...
3
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3answers
451 views

The right antenna size

I'm preparing for the USA Technician exam and I was reading in the manual that the ideal size for a dipole is following this strange formula: 1/2-lambda. But based on what I read after, it seems it ...
3
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5answers
469 views

How should I select an HF antenna for portable work?

I'd like to get started doing portable HF work and I'd like some information on antenna possibilities. My broad (and somewhat flexible) criteria are: By "portable" I mean it can be carried in a ...
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2answers
1k views

Does a receiving antenna need radials?

I am very new to radio and am using two 433MHz 1/4 wavelength monopole antennas to send and receive data. On the transmitting antenna I'm going to add radials (as it is the standard in my application)...
3
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3answers
2k views

How to receive a signal from multiple sources simultaneously (helical antenna)

I'm working on a system (theoretical at the moment) whereby I wish to receive data from multiple sources all transmitting at the same time. I've read that a helical antenna is capable of this. I'm ...
3
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3answers
1k views

How do I determine which HT antenna is better based on their very similar catalogue descriptions?

I'm considering getting an after-market antenna for my new 2 m/70 cm HT and am trying to decide which of the two antennas I should get. My primary reason for considering an alternative antenna is ...
3
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2answers
142 views

What kind of loop antenna is this, and what is the relationship between its diameter and wavelength?

At the bottom of webpages in the advertisement swamps I keep seeing this image of an antenna, accompanied by an offer that I won't be clicking on. But the antenna itself looks quite intriguing. It's ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Antenna polarization when dealing with satellite communications

It's easy to understand, conceptually anyway, the difference between a horizontally polarized antenna and a vertically polarized one, when referenced to ground. However, when they are pointed nearly ...
3
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4answers
375 views

How does the thickness of the radiator affect an antenna

Another question (Metal for antenna construction?) covered some aspected of this question, but the answers didn't exactly answer it, so I'll make it specific. Given 2 dipole antennas, resonant at the ...
3
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3answers
2k views

How thick should counterpoise wires be?

I would like to use a shortened whip antenna with a coil in it's base, e.g. OPEK HVT-400B. My transceiver maximum power is 100 W (and antenna's - 120 W). To make the antenna work I need counterpoise ...
3
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2answers
80 views

How much loss is there in traps, really?

I searched and couldn't find a direct answer so thought I'd ask. We all know the mantra "traps aren't good as they have losses", but how much loss are we talking about, really? Am I correct ...
3
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5answers
135 views

2.45GHz: constructing a horn of *thin* steel, what are good ways to join the edges (at least one joint along corner?)

TL/DR: How does someone make a good horn antenna system without using expensively made parts? Welding thin steel for this is not something even pro welders can do (it's a specialty app.) What are DIY ...
3
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4answers
273 views

NMO bicycle mount antenna has unexpected SWR

I built a bicycle antenna mount featuring an NMO connector to allow quick changes. With a 2m 1/4 wave monopole it gives reasonable SWR results (1.4 or so in the band of interest), with a particular ...
3
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2answers
508 views

How does an E-Z-O Antenna work and why does it appear in Wikipedia's article on quad antennas?

How are the conductors/radiators in the E-Z-O Antenna configured, and why is it described in Wikipedia's article Quad antenna? I see three circles and a spider web of wires inside each, but from an ...
3
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2answers
1k views

proximity of rain gutter to dipole antenna

I am a new ham and wish to mount a center-fed G5RV dipole antenna under the eaves of my house, where I have a 78' clear run available two stories above ground. The problem is a metal rain gutter which ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Optimising a small magnetic loop with 1:1 SWR but little radiation

I'm trying to build a small magnetic loop for 5W on at least 40m - 20m following ideas of G4ILO's wonder loop. For this, I'm using coax with a ~2mm copper core and ~1mm spacing to the braid (see 1st ...
3
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3answers
498 views

How to Measure Signal Strength

I am building several types of radio antennas, and I would like to test which is the most effective. I am wondering: What is the best way to measure the strength of the received signal? It is at ~151 ...
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2answers
378 views

Magnetic Loop Antenna with RFI Choke

Because of space limitations, am purchasing a magnetic loop antenna. Because of needing to move the antenna around, do i need a RFI choke in the feed line?
3
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2answers
2k views

HF SWL antenna wire? Will plain 16-Gauge copper wire work well enough?

Planning to set up a HF antenna for RX-only. However, I can't decide what kind of wire to use. I want to buy something new. My first thought is to buy a spool of 16 Gauge copper wire, but am hoping ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Broadband antenna for SDR radio

I recently bought a very wideband SDR receiver (DX-Patrol MK4, declared covered frequencies are 100kHz-2GHz). I'm experimenting with antenna designs because unfortunately I live in an apartment ...
3
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3answers
396 views

How do you keep your vehicle clean with a mobile antenna?

I want to add a V/U antenna to my truck, but my wife started asking about weather proofing and car washes and I had no answer. How do you keep your vehicle clean after installing a new antenna, and ...
3
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2answers
7k views

How the Coaxial Collinear Antenna Works?

A length of coaxial cable radiates negligible amount of RF. Same length, if cut into pieces of length (λ/2 * VF), and these pieces joined again cross-connected (i.e. core of a piece to shield of ...
3
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1answer
590 views

Receiving through a linear amplifier

I want to build a simple amplifier using those Mitsubishi modules (like the RA30H1317M or other RA parts). I know this might seem like a very obvious question, but I am unable to find the answer after ...
3
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2answers
621 views

Why isn't the mast an antenna?

A lot of "big antenna" pictures show these very tall masts being used to hold up a variety of other HF antennas. The mast itself is almost always conductive, though, and I'm wondering why they aren't ...
3
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2answers
11k views

Spacing between elements on a Yagi antenna

Does anyone know what the spacing between elements on a beam antenna should be? I built a 146 MHz 3 element beam following instructions, and the spacing was 16" between the driven element and the ...
3
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1answer
65 views

Is this “floating” output single-ended or differential and against GND or VCC?

I'm looking at a simple FM transmitter output (see picture). It is from the collector of a transistor and it goes through a DC blocking capacitor before the antenna would be connected. The entire ...
3
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3answers
159 views

Applications for 100 GHz band?

I was reading this paper and I found it very interesting and the following question came up, What are the main applications (what is used for) 100 GHz band? I couldn't find any reference on what is ...
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2answers
711 views

Antenna installation for a base station

I have a detached garage that is approximately 15 feet high. The garage is approximately 20 feet from my home I will be using a Kenwood D-710GA radio, a Grandmaster SWR Meter and a 6 foot comet GP-3 ...
3
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5answers
3k views

Slot antenna for 2 meter mobile

My primary vehicle is a Smart car, with a roof that's a piece of plastic(100% moon roof). Not the most awesome of cars to use for grounds. I'm building a bumper mounted antenna tower, EMT with some ...
3
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2answers
319 views

Good Coating for a Radome

My club has a well used Motorola branded StationMaster UHF repeater antenna that needs to be sanded and recoated. Besides the surface, the antenna is in very good working order so we're not ...
3
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2answers
3k views

Choosing a wideband antenna design

On a previous question I asked about proper antenna design for wideband SDR receiver and ways to improve signal/noise ratio. Ideally the reciever has a range of 100kHz-2GHz. Keeping in mind is ...
3
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2answers
1k views

What is the minimum length antenna I can use with my vehicle setup?

Devices I need to hook up to roof-mounted antennas in my truck. Scanner - 25Mhz-800Mhz (mostly listen to FD/EMS on 2m and 70cm) Handheld HAM (possibly upgrading to mobile unit) - 2m/70cm CB Radio - ...
3
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1answer
613 views

Idea for better reception in crowded city

I am living in crowed area of a city. It is impossible for me to set up an antenna outside the apartment. I receive signal inside the room. I have a funcube dongle pro+ and some RTLSDR, the picture ...
3
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1answer
1k views

How does adjusting the sleeve on antenna traps tune an antenna?

Take for example, the Hustler 4BTV. It has traps formed by an inductor, covered by a sleeve that's connected at the lower end, and the upper end is covered by a non-conductive cap: The tuning ...
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6answers
3k views

Smallest HF antenna for DX?

There seem to be reports of people trying to see how far an HF DX contact can be made using the tiniest transmit power (mW or even sub-mW QRP). But many of these contacts seem to be accomplished ...
3
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2answers
91 views

4:1 Balun question

With an OCF dipole, does it matter which leg, short or long, is connected to which side of the 4:1 balun, hot(coax center) or shield? How can you tell which is which, the balun is not marked. Thank ...

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