Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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Distance between antenna and radio

I live in a small cottage with an unlevelled terrain. My house was built in the lower part of it (left-side), and in the other half of it there is a hill. On top of the hill there's a fairly good ...
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2answers
123 views

Abilities to limit antenna use?

What kinds of abilities does a Home Owners' Association (HOA) in the United States have to limit the use of antennas placed on a roof to an owner of a home in the area?
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What ways are there to extend an antenna?

I am using an arduino micro controller with a LoRa radio module to communicate. The shield has 2 ways of connecting an antenna: either a SMA jack or a hole for soldering. Now my problem is this: I ...
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2answers
7k views

How to construct a loop antenna for receiving HF?

I have a unused hula-hoop in my garage, and I ran some stranded speaker wire around it once, and attached one side of the wire to the coax shielding, and the other to the coax core wire. Is this the ...
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2answers
689 views

RF Antenna - V pole - Should one leg go to ground and the other to signal?

I'm attempting to follow this white paper in order to build an antenna. This is my first antenna and as such I have a rather simple question. DIY 137 MHz APT Weather satellite antenna by Adam-9A4QV ...
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4answers
736 views

What might this tower be used for?

This tower is located on the campus of my wife's employer. She's asked around but no one seems to know the purpose of it. Does anyone have any idea what this may be used for? Edited to add ...
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3answers
823 views

Tiger Tail + capacitive coupling… what's the interaction?

I've been working on a 2m setup for hiking. My goal is to have the best possible antenna that can be used while walking, and that won't get damaged if I walk under a low branch or some other forest ...
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2answers
191 views

Designing a helical antenna for a dish

I'm interested in a dish antenna with an axial mode helical feed for receiving video. My target frequency is about 1280 MHz or the 1.2/1.3GHz range. I've been able to figure out helical basics, like ...
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5answers
117 views

Is “coil loading” a type of impedance match?

If I have a too short dipole, or vertical, I can add a coil to lenghten in electrically. But it's my understanding that I could also do this with any other kind of match: given the complex impedance ...
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4answers
500 views

Why does not a bigger antenna receive more power?

According to http://www.antenna-theory.com/basics/aperture.php, the power received by an antenna depends on the power density of the incoming wave, the wave length (which I consider to be fixed) and ...
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5answers
466 views

Signal path to maximize RFI rejection in an urban environment

Urban ham here (Cambridge, MA - FN42ki - KC1JZE) looking for tips to make this hobby possible in the city. I rarely can hear both sides of HF phone transmissions, and have yet to make contacts despite ...
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3answers
607 views

HF antenna design for high-altitude balloon

I'd like to put a WSPR or JT65-like transmitter on a high-altitude balloon, but lacking much experience with HF antennas, I don't quite know where to start. I'm thinking it will operate on 20 meters, ...
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130 views

Why does no one use a Buddipole as an Inverted V?

I have been looking at the Buddipole, and I've seen the most popular configuration is as a standard dipole with the arms parallel to the ground. I've also seen it configured as an upright V, as well ...
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2answers
1k views

How can I calculate the 1/4-wave monopole impedance dependence on groundplane angle?

I watched this video of a very nice explanation of a simple dipole and 1/4-wave monopole. In that video they show how you can impedance match the 1/4-wave monopole by bending the 4 (virtual ground ...
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2answers
5k views

Can I use a CB antenna with a ham radio?

I just passed General and purchased a FT-450D with an internal antenna tuner. While my ultimate plan is to use a G5RV, it will be a while before I can get it up. What modifications would I need to ...
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3answers
492 views

Mounting my antenna

I just bought a CB and mounted it in my truck. I ran my antenna to the back and was going to stick it to my tool box but it turns out to be aluminum, so I'm thinking of bolting a metal plate to the ...
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2answers
431 views

Is there any practical advantage to a parabolic reflector over a high-gain beam antenna?

I've been looking at options for a high-gain directional antenna recently, and I've noted that there are commercially available parabolic antennae for the shorter bands -- specifically 70 cm, with an ...
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1answer
313 views

Dipole antenna radiation field equation

Can anybody provide me with an idealised formula that describes the radiation pattern of an omnidirectional dipole antenna? In particular I am interested in the formula that creates a plot similar to ...
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1answer
90 views

Will stainless steel bolts work with my copper antenna?

My antenna is copper, elements and the beam. I would like to bolt them together where they cross. Would stainless bolts work? Just sweating them together lets them twist and move some in high winds.
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309 views

What kind of antenna connector is this?

I'm looking for antennas to attach to my CB radio. This one is a "rubber ducky" antenna. I'm not sure what the connector is, can anyone identify it for me? [edit] Here are some other pictures
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3k views

What type of solder is best suited for radio and electronic use?

Many types of solder are available today, such as acid-core, silver, rosin-core and aluminum solder. What kind should I use for building antennas and radio equipment? Why? From test question: T7D08
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15k views

How to improve reception with a headphone-cord antenna?

I have a headphone and a cellphone that has built-in FM radio, and the headphone acts as the radio antenna. but my problem is the radio stations I listen to are very far from my place, good thing ...
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2answers
12k views

What is the aperture efficiency of an antenna?

For reflector antennas, I see a number called aperture efficiency. What does it mean?
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6k views

Shortwave Antenna Listening with Portable Receiver Like TECSUN PL-660?

I have a Tecsun PL-660 (link is to the manual) has the usual AM/FM radio telescoping internal antenna, and a 1/8th-inch jack for an external shortwave antenna. There appears to be no facility for ...
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2answers
5k views

What is the impedance of a 1.25 λ dipole antenna?

I would like to make a dipole antenna. This particular antenna is used for reception only; no transmission is involved. I would like to receive as much power as possible by this antenna as it is used ...
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4answers
2k views

Can my small ham radio antenna interfere with WiFi in my RV park?

We live full time in our RV. We are at an RV park for the winter. They just knocked on my door and asked what kind of antenna I have on top of my RV. I told them it's a small ham radio antenna that I ...
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1answer
372 views

How do I determine antenna spacing?

How do I determine antenna spacing so that I don't end up overdriving the front end of a receiver when transmitting?
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1answer
61 views

Do External Signals Affect Antenna S11/SWR Measurement?

Do external signals affect the S11/SWR measurement of an antenna? For example, if I try measuring the S11/SWR of an HF antenna with a SWR meter or a Vector Network Analyzer in the middle of a field ...
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3answers
465 views

Why a capacitor is needed in Fuchs antenna?

I tried to understand the physics of Fuchs antenna and there is one thing that I don't quite understand. This is probably a very silly question, but I spent a lot of time looking for an answer (books, ...
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3answers
660 views

Feeding a folded dipole

Can I feed a folded dipole constructed of hollow tubing by threading coax through the element to create both an impedance transformation and balun? I have fed coax through the tubing of the dipole ...
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1answer
127 views

Are there reasons why a receive-only wire antenna should not be λ/2 in length?

The answers to this question explain why it's difficult to transfer power from a transmitter to an antenna that is λ/2 in length (or a multiple for long wires, or as half a dipole's length). Are ...
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1answer
138 views

Can this 960 MHz CelWave fiberglass antenna be retuned for the 70cm band?

I recently inherited a CelWave fiberglass antenna pictured below. It is marked that it's for 959.9875 MHz. The model number appears to be either 339 or 359. It is 96 1/2 inches from base to tip. I ...
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1answer
399 views

HF/VHF antenna for high altitude balloon

I'm working on the design of a dual band transmitter for use on a high altitude balloon. I'll be transmitting on 2 meters and 20 meters (APRS and WSPR) with about 50 mW. To keep the weight to an ...
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1answer
678 views

What happens to the “Yo-Yo Tenna” when you coil up its ends for use on higher frequencies?

I have gathered what is basically a Yo-Yo Tenna using some Camco laundry reels and a spool of cheap speaker wire split in half (pretty much exact duplicate of this build as it turns out). I've got a ...
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3answers
790 views

Is possible to make small HF microstrip or helical antenna by using high permittivity dielectric material?

Is possible to make small HF microstrip or helical antenna by using high permittivity dielectric material like SrTiO3 ?
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1answer
2k views

maximum acheivable range on CB radio by ground wave? [duplicate]

I have 10 watt CB radio system & 0.64 lambda monopole antenna , I think it has a 5 dBi gain . what is the maximum acheivable range by ground wave in an urban area ? If I want to increase my ...
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1answer
259 views

What is a general procedure for aligning directional antennas?

I want to establish a microwave link (1.2GHz) between two stations using antennas with a directional radiation pattern. The stations have a clear line of sight to each other. Each antenna is attached ...
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1answer
1k views

How to calculate or estimate surface area of required ground plane for a mobile antenna?

I don't have conditions for installation of a fixed 2 m/70 cm antenna at home, so I'm thinking of using a mobile magnetically mounted antenna on a conductive plate instead. So my question is: What ...
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1answer
1k views

Why is optimal polarization different for fm as to SSB/CW

On the article "7db for 7 bucks", which is an article about building a simple three element 2M yagi, they stated that vertically polarizing the antenna is better for FM work, and horizontally ...
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2answers
4k views

What are some good options for covert dual band vehicle antennas?

Would like to have a 50W mobile in my SUV, but I'm not allowed to have a big whip on the outside. What 2m/70cm dual band antennas are available that don't say, "Ham Radio Operator"? Are there three ...
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1answer
1k views

How to calculate power loss between radio and antenna

I have a 5W HT that only kicks out about 1W by the time it hits my antenna (which I understand is the norm). How do I go about calculating power loss in various equipment?
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81 views

How does this quarter-wave stub balun work?

I was searching for 1:1 balun designs that would be efficient at VHF yet could easily be made from commonly available materials when I came across these two: While the design on the right seems ...
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2answers
616 views

Base vs center loading a vertical antenna

I currently use a homebrew 40/60/80m vertical consisting of a 5M aluminium tube with a multi tapped coil at the base. The ground plane is the metal roof at my house, and the antenna is not centered in ...
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1answer
197 views

Antenna for receiving 868MHz rocket telemetry: QFH(QHA), Helical, or?

I'm building a radio communication system for an amateur rocket project. We've decided to use LoRa 868MHz system. My question is, which antenna for the ground station will be the best choice? We're ...
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1answer
124 views

How do I have a full signal of noise on a handheld?

I'm new to ham (although I've had a license for a long time) and I'm having issues with receiving on a basic handheld. I have a cheap BaoFeng UV-82HP and I keep getting full signal noise at random ...
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2answers
672 views

How to adapt commercial VHF yagi for 2 meter amateur use?

I recently acquired a Decibel 3-element VHF Yagi that was formerly in commercial service. I connected my MFJ-259B antenna analyzer to the antenna and found its minimum SWR at 155 MHz. I have not ...
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1answer
811 views

Minimum thickness of whip antenna

I'm looking at designing a communication system using very low power transmitter (0.1 W) and operating in the 400 Mhz range. For my uses I think a quarter wave whip antenna would work well, so I've ...
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2answers
145 views

How is RF a radio receives just not a mishmash of eletromagnetic energy?

So at any given time, electromagnetic waves of many different frequencies are flooding the space around me. I have a little 2 meter radio. Are not all these electromagnetic waves exciting the ...
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158 views

What are these antennas?

On a recent trip to China I photographed a number of "antennas" that I do not recognize. Are they even antennas?
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1k views

EFHW works only on one band - what am I missing?

I tried to build a multiband EFHW antenna as described in articles by PA3HHO, PD7MMA, G0KYA and many others. I decided to start with a short 40/20/(15?)/10 meters version without any loading coils. ...

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