Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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1answer
59 views

Can radio waves be made to travel as or along a particle beam? [closed]

Can a laser be used as an antenna? Can a beam of any type extend transmission distance of an electromagnetic field? https://medium.com/starts-with-a-bang/this-is-why-the-2018-nobel-prize-in-...
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1answer
298 views

Antenna height for LoRaWAN Gateway

I have designed a LoRaWAN gateway and it is under testing. I have been using omnidirectional ...
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2answers
319 views

How to design a meander antenna for 2 meter band?

How should I start if I want to design a compact antenna for 2 meter band using the principle of meander antenna? I noticed meander antennas are frequently used in mobile devices and notebooks for 2.4 ...
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2answers
878 views

Do the radials of a quarter or 5/8 wavelength antennas connect to the braid of the coaxial cable?

I'm studying for my foundation license (in the UK) and I have these diagrams: Do the radials in a quarter or 5/8 wavelength antennas connect to the braid/shield of the coaxial cable? If so, how does ...
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4answers
2k views

Can I test a base station CB radio with a magnetic mobile antenna?

I am looking at a base station and want to test it before purchasing can I use a magnetic mobile antenna to see if it transmits and receives without damaging it?
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1answer
66 views

I have a hf vertical antenna I'd like to put on my high-rise balcony

If I mount an HF vertical antenna at say a 45 degree angle to avoid a balcony ceiling, what do you suppose might happen?
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2answers
114 views

ISOTRON 80m 75m Antenna Position

I know, a dipole is the way to go, but cannot fit one, only a 'birdhouse' antenna like the 75m 80m Isotron antenna. Is it better to put at 15 feet Above Ground Level outside, or 20 feet AGL ...
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1answer
60 views

Lead in wire size [closed]

I have a copper wire antenna about 100 feet long that I have relocated and now need about 75 feet of lead in wire. What type & size of wire should I use?
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2answers
130 views

Strong but unreadable signal received on 2m FM voice, transmitter less than 2km away. What could be the cause of the readability problem?

I conducted an experiment today using a prototype copper wire 2m dipole at a ground level base station (noted on images) and a FT2D HT with an SRH77CA antenna. I recorded my transmissions using a ...
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1answer
61 views

Understand Radio Pattern of a WIFI antenna

I have a Fortigate AP, and need to understand its radio pattern for optimal positioning. I've already understood the E-plane and H-plane representations and also that number on the circumference of ...
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1answer
356 views

Antenna relay switch design

I want to build a generic multi-antenna switch using relays. Many projects on the web have done this but the relays have silver contacts. This would be fine if I were to transmit to all antennas so ...
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2answers
1k views

Simple Longwire/Dipole Antenna design

In a couple of days I am going to a mountain cabin and I were thinking about making myself a semi broadband antenna for LF/HF (300KHz - 20MHz or so) for receiving only. I was thinking about creating ...
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1answer
267 views

ADS Simulation: How to model an antenna in a simple rectifier circuit?

As titled, I'd like to explore the output power of a simple diode-based rectifier circuit, excited by an antenna (assumed to be 50 ohm impedance). Please give me some advice as to how to do this. It ...
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2answers
68 views

Does adding just an antenna adapter to a 3G modem add to it reception power?

I am looking to increase the 3G GSM reception of my mobile hotspot device by adding an antenna adapter I can attach to RS-9 port in the device. It's a simple pigtail adapter, the other end of which is ...
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1answer
67 views

Will rewiring this antenna change the characteristics?

Speaking of the antenna in this question: What kind of 2 meter antenna is this? The connections are rusted and corroded so I'd like to rewire it. If I move the shield from where it is currently ...
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2answers
156 views

What type 2 m /70 cm antenna to use when I want to receive a number of spacially separated beams?

So I have a 1.5 m by 1.5 m window. Through it, I have a number of spatially separated ~10 cm wide "beams" coming from local repeaters. It looks something like this: Outside of the marked areas, ...
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2answers
101 views

Acquiring specs on anntenas so as to mathematically model level curves in their transmission feilds

Is there an antenna supplier out there that is particularly well known for publishing enough data on their antennas that one can model their antennas' transmission fields in spherical or cylindrical ...
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1answer
133 views

Amateur Radio shack/antenna considerations during house construction

We are constructing a house on a tiny 30ft by 55ft plot and the construction uses cement bricks and the roof has embedded iron rods. The house has ground + 2 floors and the top floor mostly has two ...
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1answer
748 views

Which matters most in a fan dipole: Overall linear length or actual wire length?

I'm in the midst of constructing a fan dipole for 80, 40, 30, 20 and 10 meters. I have everything laid out and am about to start cutting wire. I have an ugly balun (RF choke) wound at the feed point ...
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1answer
99 views

If the desired frequency is known, can an antenna tuner tune its 'x' different dimensions sequentially for maximum gain?

Assume I have rotators that are able to move an antenna in different dimensions. For example, on the x, y, and z axis. I want to automatically move the antenna to its optimal physical orientation, ...
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1answer
55 views

What is the optimum length for a random longwire?

I have all the space in the world and wish to errect a single random longwire to use on the one band only. I understand that once such a wire is very long, losses associated with the wire itself (a ...
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1answer
31 views

Hatch Mount Antenna Selection - Dual Band 2m/70cm

I just bought a Diamond CP-5NMO hatch/lip mount and intend to put it on the hatchback lip of our 2018 Subaru Forester and, if it will fit, another one on our 2019 Kia Niro EV. I understand that hatch ...
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1answer
45 views

60cm 9 kHz 30 MHz Shielded loop antenna behavior as a transmitting antenna

I know how shielded loop antenna work as a receiver antenna. (How behave electric and magnetic field). But I can not understand how shielded loop antenna works as a transmitter. Will it produce only ...
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3answers
66 views

Loop a long wire antenna or EFHW

For a typical EFHW antenna, let's say we are in a very space-restricted environment, says a hotel room. I am thinking of the idea loop around the wire around the room, maybe even many loops. This is ...
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2answers
74 views

Multi-wire EFHW?

I have an EARCHI EFHW (40:1 unun)antenna that I used quite successfully until it fell from a tree. I wasn't able to get it back up, so ran it along my wooden fence temporarily. Unfortunately, the ...
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1answer
38 views

On a horizontally setup 20m delta loop I am looking to determine the calculations for the proper length of a feed wire

Base of loop will be about 6 feet above ground. RG-8 or 213 will be used for the feed wire. Ugly balun as well.
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1answer
87 views

Solid angle for different E/H plane beamwidths

The solid angle formula calculates the surface area on a unit sphere, from projecting a rectangular patch onto the surface of a sphere. Image source This is calculated using the azimuth angle $\phi$ ...
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2answers
97 views

Small size vertical 10 m antenna with high gain

I need a directional antenna for 10 m that is less than half the size of a yagi or quad with more than about 7 dBi of gain, does anyone know if such a thing exists ?
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1answer
88 views

How does the height above ground of a VHF/UHF receive antenna affect the r-f voltage at its output terminals?

It is commonly known that greater antenna heights usually improve the performance of these point-point terrestrial paths. Here's a NEC study showing the relationship of receive antenna height AGL to ...
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1answer
142 views

6 meter mobile antenna grounding

So I've been looking at my different options for 6 meter mobile antennas. My question mainly pertains to grounding. I've heard hams talk about needing a ground to the frame of the vehicle when using ...
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1answer
94 views

Antenna Type of a Chinese Antenna

Recently, I have received an antenna from one of the Chinese manufacturer and they haven't disclosed the detailed specification with us. Below is the picture of my antenna (please ignore the ...
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1answer
2k views

Input and output impedance of antenna/circuit: theory and measurement methods?

As illustrated in my previous post, I got stuck with the matching circuit between an receiving antenna and my circuit, including a rectifier and sensory circuits. I got confused with input and output ...
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1answer
473 views

Gain in long wire antennas

DARA (you know, Hamvention) TNG is looking for projects. Thursday, I will be proposing building and characterizing a vertically-polarized 1 wavelength on a side reentrant rhombic. Since in doing the ...
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2answers
233 views

Amplified antenna & typical boombox radio

Can an amplified antenna be connected to a typical boombox radio with a telescoping antenna without damaging the radio?
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4answers
2k views

Good Hidden Antenna For 2m

I would like to have an antenna outside for 2 meter VHF use but I do not want it to be expensive and I won't be allowed to put it up if it stands out too much. Does anyone know a good antenna to buy ...
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1answer
2k views

My Baofeng radio won't recieve but transmit does not work when I hold the MONI button [closed]

My radio won't receive. Help? It literally went dead and I still have the rubber duck antenna
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1answer
60 views

Transmission Line Model of Co-ax Lines

I have got 2 questions on transmission line. In coax line, the centre wire is Copper, and the outer line is Aluminium, as far as I can see in the coax that I have. I have got couple of questions on ...
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1answer
360 views

What is the directivity of thin dipole antenna of length 1.25λ?

I want to know about the directivity of thin dipole antenna of length 1.25λ for my assignment.Is there any formula related to its length?
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1answer
177 views

How does a multi-element vertical work?

For example, Diamond makes the X700HNA which is stated as a 4x5/8 vertical on 2m. Does this just mean that it is 20/8 wavelength long vertical? Or is there some magic to phasing the 5/8 segments? I'...
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0answers
38 views

How to decide between Dipole and Monopole antenna for Cubesat Uplink (433 MHz)? [duplicate]

We are currently deciding between a dipole and a monopole for uplink (435MHz) , while the monopole is easier to feed, we are unsure of how effectively we'll be able to implement the ground plane, ...
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2answers
104 views

How should I go about finding the transmitter or antenna of a radio signal?

This site gets many questions about people trying to track down RFI, or interesting signals picked up on radios. Often the exact location of the transmitter or the antenna would be a valuable clue to ...
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1answer
26 views

Bidirectional motor control using MFJ-4116 with RCS-4

I have the RCS-4 with two MFJ-4116. Prior to installing my motorized HF antenna system topside, I bench-tested the core of the assembly in my shack. The MFJ-4116 near my transceiver was injected with ...
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1answer
47 views

Effective area of a phased array

For a $N$-element planar phased array, all the elements are same isotropic antennas. Then, what is the effective area of this array? Is it $$A_e=\frac{\lambda^2}{4\pi}GN$$ where $G$ is the directivity ...
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0answers
70 views

Can I make a simple Tx/Rx antenna (Radio System) which will receive signal from BTS and broadcast/transmit it, and vice versa? [duplicate]

Consider a situation as below. I am stay in a farm field, which my house is 9.4km distance from the nearest and the only one BTS (Base Transceiver System), a cellular antenna for transmit and receive ...
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1answer
158 views

Feed line direction for Quad antenna

I am currently getting my EE degree, and I'm trying to build my first antenna for a weather balloon. I understand with a dipole, you want the feed line perpendicular to the antenna for at least l/4, ...
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2answers
111 views

Why can't we use a simple wire for receiving 2.4 GHz signals?

I wanted to build a small drone of my own as a hobby project. My old drones were broken so I wanted to salvage as much as I could to build a small indoor one. I wanted to use an Arduino, however, I am ...
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1answer
128 views

How would I calculate aperture efficiency for an antenna?

How to calculate aperture efficiency for an antenna with the following parameters: Big reflector diameter= 24 mm Gain= 9.265 dbi Frequency= 11.60 GHz
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1answer
278 views

Is it right for Amateur Radio operators to hide their antennas? [closed]

Is it right for us hams to hide our antennas? And should we tell our neighbors that we are a ham?

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